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Avaliação da estimação da imagem corporal em mulheres adultas a partir de dois métodos perceptivos; Assessment of body image estimation in adult women as from two perceptual methods

Xavier, Gabriela Salim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Esse trabalho teve como objetivo principal avaliar a estimação da imagem corporal por meio de dois métodos diferentes, entre mulheres eutróficas e com excesso de peso. A amostra foi composta por 80 mulheres adultas, com idades entre 20 e 50 anos, sendo que 40 delas pertenciam ao grupo Eutrofia e 40, ao grupo Excesso de Peso, de acordo com a classificação do IMC. As participantes foram recrutadas nas dependências do Campus de Ribeirão Preto da USP, sendo que as mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade estavam inscritas no Programa de Reeducação Alimentar da USP (PRAUSP). Para avaliação perceptiva da imagem corporal foram utilizados dois instrumentos: o programa Body Size Distortion, a partir do método Adaptive Probit Estimation (APE), e a Escala de Figuras de Silhuetas para adultos brasileiros (EFS). Foram coletados também dados sociodemográficos e aplicados instrumentos para mensuração da insatisfação com a imagem corporal, EFS, e sintomas depressivos, BDI. A coleta de dados foi feita em uma sala do Laboratório de Nutrição e Comportamento, na FFCLRP mediante aprovação do projeto pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa desta instituição. Os resultados demonstraram que o IMC, sozinho, não prediz diferenças na acurácia da estimação entre os dois grupos amostrais...

Violência doméstica psicológica sob a perspectiva da mulher idosa: um enfoque na fenomenologia social; Psychological domestic violence from the perspective of older adult women: a focus on social phenomenology

Souto, Rafaella Queiroga
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Introdução: A violência doméstica psicológica perpetrada pelo familiar contra a mulher idosa é uma importante e pouco pesquisada questão de saúde pública global. Objetivo: Compreender a experiência da mulher idosa que vivencia violência doméstica psicológica. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa ancorada pela fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz, realizada com onze mulheres idosas identificadas nos registros de dois serviços localizados no município de Campina Grande, Paraíba e um serviço localizado no município de São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre novembro de 2012 e fevereiro de 2013 por meio de entrevista aberta, norteada pelas questões: conte-me o seu dia a dia em relação à situação de violência doméstica? O que a senhora faz em relação a isso? O que a senhora pretende com essa ação? A análise dos dados foi realizada seguindo os passos adotados por pesquisadores da fenomenologia social. Resultados: O contexto vivencial da mulher idosa é marcado pela ameaça, agressões verbais, situações humilhantes, desrespeito, descaso, exploração, sentimentos negativos que impactam a sua saúde, como tristeza, raiva, sofrimento e medo. Ela manifesta compaixão pelo agressor e necessita de apoio para conviver com a violência ou tentar enfrentá-la. Quando recebe o apoio solicitado...

Effect of physical intimate partner violence on body mass index in low-income adult women

Ferreira,Marcela de Freitas; Moraes,Claudia Leite de; Reichenheim,Michael Eduardo; Verly Junior,Eliseu; Marques,Emanuele Souza; Salles-Costa,Rosana
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
This study aimed to assess whether physical intimate partner violence affects the nutritional status of adult women with different levels of body mass index (BMI). This was a population-based cross-sectional study with 625 women selected through complex multistage cluster sampling. Information on physical intimate partner violence was obtained with the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, and nutritional status was measured as BMI (kg/m2). A quantile regression model was used to assess the effect of physical intimate partner violence at all percentiles of BMI distribution. Physical intimate partner violence occurred in 27.6% of the women (95%CI: 20.0; 35.2). Mean BMI was 27.9kg/m2 (95%CI: 27.1; 28.7). The results showed that physical intimate partner violence was negatively associated with BMI between the 25th and 85th percentiles, corresponding to 22.9 and 31.2kg/m2. The findings support previous studies indicating that physical intimate partner violence can reduce BMI in low-income women.

Association between childhood trauma and loss of functionality in adult women with fibromyalgia

Filippon,Ana Paula Mezacaza; Bassani,Diego Garcia; Aguiar,Rogério Wolf de; Ceitlin,Lúcia Helena Freitas
Fonte: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether history of childhood trauma is associated with loss of functionality in adult women with fibromyalgia (FM). A secondary objective was to assess the presence of differences between depressed and non-depressed adult women with FM in a regression model for functionality. METHODS: A total of 114 adult women with FM according to the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria answered the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. All subjects were interviewed by trained psychiatrists and evaluated for depression using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) - Brazilian version 5.0.0. Correlation and regression models were used to investigate associations between childhood trauma and loss of functionality among patients with FM. The sample was stratified by presence and absence of clinical depression. RESULTS: Overall, childhood trauma was associated with of loss of functionality in adult women with FM. When stratified by depression, the regression model significantly increased the association among non-depressed patients, even after adjustment for age and use of psychotropic medications. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood trauma showed a clinically important association with loss of functionality among adult women with FM. The associations were more pronounced among subjects without comorbid depression.

GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO BMI IN ADOLESCENT AND YOUNG ADULT WOMEN

Duncan, A.E.; Agrawal, A.; Grant, J.D.; Bucholz, K.K.; Madden, P.A.F.; Heath, A.C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
The objective of this study was to determine the genetic and environmental contributions to variation in BMI over time in European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) adolescent and young adult women. Self-reported BMI (kg/m2) data from 2816 EA (1306 twin pairs, 56.5% monozygotic [MZ]) and 404 AA (178 twin pairs, 42.7% MZ) women at baseline (T1; median age 15 years) and 3225 EA (1511 twin pairs, 55.3% MZ) and 539 AA (252 pairs, 43.3% MZ) women at follow-up (T2; median age 22 years) from a Midwestern US, population-based twin registry were used to construct biometrical genetic models. For EA women, the majority of the variance in BMI was attributable to additive genetic effects at both time points (82% for each), with the remaining variance attributable to non-shared environment. Genetic and non-shared environment correlations between adolescent and young adult BMI were 0.87 and 0.23, respectively. Among AA women, non-additive genetic effects comprised 68% of the variance at T1 and 73% at T2, and were highly correlated (rD= 0.94). The proportions of variance attributable to non-shared environment at T1 (29%) and T2 (25%) were more modestly correlated (rE=0.31). The remaining variance in AA women could be attributed to additive genetic effects. Additive versus non-additive genetic effects contribute differentially to BMI in AA versus EA adolescent and young adult women. Additional research is needed to better characterize the environmental and genetic factors related to BMI in persons of different races to aid understanding of the complex determinants of body weight in individuals.

Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women

Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies...

Food insecurity and increased BMI in young adult women

Gooding, Holly C; Walls, Courtney E; Richmond, Tracy K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Food insecurity has been associated with weight status in children and adults although results have been mixed. We aimed to identify whether food insecurity was associated with BMI in young adults and whether this association differed by gender and was modified by food stamp use and the presence of children in the home. Cross-sectional data from Wave 4 (2007–2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was used to investigate the association between food insecurity and BMI in gender stratified models of young adult women (n=7116) and men (n=6604) controlling for age, race/ethnicity, income, education, physical activity, smoking, alcohol use, the presence of children in the home, and food stamp use in young adulthood and/or adolescence. Food insecurity was more common in young adult women (14%) than young adult men (9%). After controlling for a variety of individual variables, food insecure women had a BMI that was on average 0.9kg/m2 units higher than women who were food secure. This difference in BMI persisted after controlling for recent or past food stamp use and was not different among women with or without children in the household. No relationship was found between food insecurity and BMI in young adult men. Providers should inquire about food insecurity...

Violence Against Women and Girls : Finance and Enterprise Development Brief

Gennari, Floriza; Arango, Diana; Hidalgo. Nidia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
Violence against women and girls (VAWG) affects survivorsapos; ability to achieve individual potential and contribute to the economy. Unequal gender norms within a household can limit a woman s control over and access to economic resources. Restraining womenapos;s ability to access economic resources is a form of intimidation and coercion. Although microfinance projects can reduce household vulnerability, merely offering resources to women does not enable and empower them to exert control over those resources or make decisions about their lives. Providing women with an income can contribute to disrupting household and gender dynamics, potentially contributing to VAWG.

The Identification for Development Agenda; Its Potential for Empowering Women and Girls

Dahan, Mariana; Hanmer, Lucia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
Gender inequality and related issues remain a major global challenge, particularly for developing countries. Despite considerable progress on gender equality over recent decades, key gender gaps remain in endowments (health and education), in access to jobs and economic opportunities, and in voice and agency. Lack of data limits ability to assess gender gaps and measure progress toward eliminating them. Successfully addressing the incompleteness of civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems can help fill some of these vital data gaps. In addition, having official personal identification (ID) is an important stepping-stone for women and girls - enabling them to access services, claim their entitlements as citizens, and increase their voice and agency through participation in voting and other politics. Global initiatives such as identification for development (ID4D) promote opportunities to provide women with access to foundational documentation such as birth certificates and expansion of other ways to establish their legal identity. In addition...

Afghanistan : Country Gender Assessment, National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction, the Role of Women in Afghanistan's Future

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Gender Assessment (CGA); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Throughout the 20th century, the debate on women's rights and their role in Afghan society has been closely interlinked with the national destiny. Women not only carry the burden of symbolizing the honor of the family, but often are seen as embodying the national honor as well. Gender has thus been one of the most politicized issues in Afghanistan over the past 100 years, and attempts at reform have been denounced by opponents as un-Islamic and a challenge to the sanctity of the faith and family. During the years of turmoil, concerns about women's security led to the imposition of ever-stricter interpretations of socially acceptable female behavior, supported by the most conservative reading of the holy scriptures. Despite the rhetoric, women suffered from very serious human rights violations throughout the conflict. With the overthrow of the Taliban regime in 2001, Afghanistan embarked upon a new beginning, recognizing anew the contribution of the female half of its society. This Country Gender Assessment report identifies critical areas in which gender-responsive actions are likely to enhance growth, poverty reduction and human well-being. The extent of gender discrimination in Afghanistan is pervasive, and the present report focuses on a few key sectors deemed particularly important for both short- and long-term interventions. Gender gaps are widespread in health...

Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment : What Works?

Buvinic, Mayra; Furst-Nichols, Rebecca
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
A review of rigorous evaluations of interventions that seek to empower women economically shows that the same class of interventions has significantly different outcomes depending on the client. Capital alone, as a small cash loan or grant, is not sufficient to grow women-owned subsistence-level firms. However, it can work if it is delivered in-kind to more successful women microentrepreneurs, and it should boost the performance of women's larger-sized SMEs. Very poor women need a more intensive package of services than do less poor women to break out of subsistence production and grow their businesses. What works for young women does not necessarily work for adult women. Skills training, job search assistance, internships, and wage subsidies increase the employment levels of adult women but do not raise wages. However, similar interventions increase young women's employability and earnings if social restrictions are not binding. Women who run subsistence-level firms face additional social constraints when compared to similar men...

Son Preference, Fertility and Family Structure : Evidence from Reproductive Behavior among Nigerian Women

Milazzo, Annamaria
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Strong boy-bias and its consequences for young and unborn girls have been widely documented for Asia. This paper considers a country in Sub-Saharan Africa and finds that parental gender preferences do affect fertility behavior and shape traditional social institutions with negative effects on adult women's health and well-being. Using individual-level data for Nigeria, the paper shows that, compared to women with first-born sons, women with first-born daughters have (and desire) more children and are less likely to use contraceptives. Women with daughters among earlier-born children are also more likely to have shorter birth intervals, a behavior medically known to increase the risk of child and maternal mortality. Moreover, they are more likely to end up in a polygynous union, to be divorced, and to be head of the household. The preference for sons is also supported by child fostering patterns in which daughters are substitutes for foster girls, while the same does not hold for sons and foster boys. These results can partly explain excess female mortality among adult women in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Why Are Adult Women Missing? Son Preference and Maternal Survival in India

Milazzo, Annamaria
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
This paper is the first to show that excess mortality among adult women can be partly explained by strong preference for male children, the same cultural norm widely known to cause excess mortality before birth or at young ages. Using pooled individual-level data for India, the paper compares the age structure and anemia status of women by the sex of their first-born and uncovers several new findings. First, the share of living women with a first-born girl is a decreasing function of the women's age at the time of the survey. Second, while there are no systematic differences at the time of birth, women with a first-born girl are significantly more likely to develop anemia when young (under the age of 30) and these differences disappear for older women. Moreover, among those in the older age group, they appear to be significantly better off in terms of various predetermined characteristics. These findings are consistent with a selection effect in which maternal and adult mortality is higher for women with first-born girls...

On Norms and Agency : Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries

Muñoz Boudet, Ana María; Petesch, Patti; Turk, Carolyn; Thumala, Angélica
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
This report provides tremendous insight on gender norms an area that has been resistant to change, and that constrains achievement of gender equality across many diverse cultures. The report synthesizes data collected from more than 4,000 women and men in 97 communities across 20 countries. It is the largest dataset ever collected on the topic of gender and development, providing an unprecedented opportunity to examine potential patterns across communities on social norms and gender roles, pathways of empowerment, and factors that drive acute inequalities. The analysis raises the profile of persistent social norms and their impact on agency, and catalyzes discourse on the many pathways that create opportunities for women and men to negotiate transformative change. The report is underpinned by the fact that arguably the single most important contribution to development is to unleash the full power of half the people on the planet women. It underscores how crucial making investments in learning, supporting innovations that reduce the time costs of women s mobility...

Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q):Norms for young adult women

Mond, J M; Hay, Phillipa J; Rodgers, Bryan; Owen, Cathy
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
In order to establish norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among young adult women, the questionnaire was administered to a large general population sample of women aged 18-42 yr in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) region

Effects of Pilates-Based Exercise on Life Satisfaction, Physical Self-Concept and Health Status in Adult Women

Cruz-Ferreira, Ana; Fernandes, Jorge; Gomes, Dulce; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Kirkcaldy, Bruce; Barbosa, Tiago; Silva, António
Fonte: Publisher Routledge Publicador: Publisher Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates- based mat exercises on life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status in healthy women. A randomized controlled trial was con- ducted in Évora, Portugal, in 2008, in which 62 healthy adult women were randomized to a Pilates-based mat (experimental group) (n D 38, mean age ̇ SD, 41.08 ̇ 6.64 years) or a control group (n D 24, mean age ̇ SD, 40.25 ̇ 7.70 years). Experimen- tal group participants performed the Initial Mat of Body Control Pilates twice per week, 60-minutes per session. Repeated measure- ments were performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. No significant differences between the two groups were observed in life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status at three time point measures (baseline, after 3 months, and after 6 months). No sig- nificant differences were observed in the control group over time. The experimental group showed significant improvements between baseline and six months in life satisfaction (p D .04)...

Zinco eritrocitário (validação de um método de análise) e zinco dietético na avaliação do estado nutricional de mulheres adultas; Erythrocytic zinc (validation of an analytical method) and dietetic in nutriture evaluation of adult women

Santos, Hosana Gonçalves dos; Sardinha, Fátima Aparecida Arantes; Colli, Célia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
O objetivo deste estudo foi validar um método de determinação de zinco eritrocitário (ZnER) por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica (EAA), avaliar com esse parâmetro o estado nutricional em Zn de mulheres adultas, relacioná-lo com a ingestão dietética diária, identificando os alimentos fonte do mineral. O método foi validado com limites de detecção e de quantificação de 0,006 e 0,045(0,013) migZn/mL, respectivamente, e níveis de exatidão e de imprecisão intra-ensaio e inter-ensaio de 95 (0,4)% , 3,6% e 5,3%, respectivamente. A ingestão média de Zn do grupo (n=21) foi de 9,7(3)mgZn/dia e 15 desses resultados estão acima da RDA de 8 mg/d e 4 abaixo da EAR de 6,8 mg/d (Institute of Medicine/2000b). A concentração média de ZnER foi de 38,2(5) mgZn/gHb, valor menor do que o encontrado por outros autores para o mesmo gênero e estágio de vida. As fontes de Zn da dieta do grupo (>;1,2 mg Zn/100 g) foram: carnes bovina e suína, fígado bovino, linguiça, queijos dos tipos prato, branco, gouda e mussarela e amendoim.; The aim of this study was to validate a method for determining erythrocytic Zn (ZnER) by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS), in order to evaluate, with this parameter, the Zn nutriture of adult women (n=21)...

Padrões alimentares de mulheres adultas residentes em área urbana no sul do Brasil; Dietary patterns of adult women living in an urban area of Southern Brazil

Alves, Ana Luisa Sant'Anna; Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo; Costa, Juvenal Soares Dias da; Bairros, Fernanda Souza de; Balbinotti, Marcos Alencar Abaide
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
OBJETIVO: Explorar a existência de padrões alimentares em mulheres adultas e fornecer dados para validação do instrumento utilizado. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional com amostra representativa de 1.026 mulheres adultas (20 a 60 anos de idade), residentes na região do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Rio Grande do Sul, 2003. O instrumento utilizado para explorar os padrões alimentares foi o Questionário de Freqüência Alimentar, constituído de 70 itens. Para a identificação dos padrões alimentares utilizou-se a análise fatorial de componentes principais. RESULTADOS: O índice de confiança da análise fatorial foi verificado por meio do determinante da matriz de correlação (6,28-4), da medida de adequação amostral (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin=0,823) e do teste de esfericidade de Bartlett (chi²(1225)=7406,39; p; OBJECTIVE: To explore the dietary patterns of adult women and to provide information for validating the instrument used. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a representative sampling of 1,026 women aged 20 to 60 years living in Southeastern Brazil, in 2003. A 70-item food frequency questionnaire was used to measure food intake. Dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis. RESULTS: The reliability of factor analysis was assessed through the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin statistic...

Desigualdades raciais na mortalidade de mulheres adultas no Recife, 2001 a 2003; Racial inequality in the mortality of adult women in Recife, 2001-2003

Santos, Sony Maria dos; Guimarães, Maria José Bezerra; Araújo, Thália Velho Barreto de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
As desigualdades raciais, resultantes dos efeitos da exclusão social, são influenciadas pela prática de preconceitos e discriminações. O termo raça pode ser entendido como identidade coletiva ou consciência política que constrói uma auto-estima socialmente positiva. Objetivou-se caracterizar desigualdades raciais na mortalidade de mulheres adultas negras e brancas, residentes em Recife, entre 2001 e 2003. No estudo, tipo transversal, incluíram-se 2.943 óbitos de mulheres de 20 a 59 anos, captados no Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade, com raça/cor branca e negra (preta + parda), analisando-se a mortalidade proporcional, coeficientes de mortalidade e razões de taxas. O risco de morte de negras foi 1,7 vezes superior ao de brancas. Entre as negras identificou-se maior risco de morte em todas as faixas etárias e maior proporção de óbitos em hospitais do SUS, de mulheres sem companheiro e que exerciam serviços/atividades domésticas. Quanto às causas básicas, observaram-se maiores coeficientes de mortalidade em todos os capítulos e causas específicas, exceto por neoplasias na faixa de 20 a 29 anos e por câncer de mama nas faixas de 30 a 39 e 50 a 59 anos. Entre negras e brancas, quanto menor a idade, maior a desigualdade do risco de morte por causas externas. Em negras...

Determinants of postpartum weight variation in a cohort of adult women: a hierarchical approach

Monteiro da Silva,Maria da Conceição; Marlúcia Oliveira,Ana; Pereira Magalhães de Oliveira,Lucivalda; Silva dos Santos Fonseca,Nedja; Portela de Santana,Mônica Leila; Araújo Góes Neto,Edgar de; Rodrigues Porto da Cruz,Thomaz
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Introduction: Retention of the weight gained during pregnancy or the weight gain postpartum has been associated with increased prevalence of obesity in women of childbearing age. Objective: To identify determinants of weight variation at 24 months postpartum in women from 2 towns in Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Dynamic cohort data of 325 adult women were collected for 24 months postpartum. Weight variation at 24 months postpartum was considered a response variable. Socioeconomic, demographic, reproductive, related with childbirth variables and lifestyle conditions were considered exposure variables. A linear mixed-effects regression model with a hierarchical approach was used for data analysis. Results: Suitable sanitary conditions in the household (2.175 kg; p = 0.001) and participation social programs for income transfer (1.300 kg; p = 0.018) contributed to weight gain in distal level of determinants, while at intermediate level, pre gestational overweight and surgical delivery had effects on postpartum weight, causing an average increase of 3.380 kg (p < 0.001) and loss of 2.451 kg (p < 0.001), respectively. At proximal level, a score point increase for breastfeeding yielded an average post-partum loss of 70 g (p = 0.002). Conclusion: Our results indicate the need to promote weight control during and after pregnancy...