Página 1 dos resultados de 253 itens digitais encontrados em 0.002 segundos

Deveres e responsabilidade civil dos administradores de sociedades por ações; Duties and civil liability of the members of management of companies

Longhi, Caio Scheunemann
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Este trabalho analisa em sua primeira parte as sociedades por ações, apresentando sua definição, estrutura orgânica e destrinchando, em especial, os órgãos de administração, com a delimitação de suas respectivas funções, atribuições e papéis. delimitada a questão estrutural referente à administração de companhias são analisados propriamente os deveres impostos aos administradores de sociedades por ações, definindo-se cada um dos deveres legalmente previstos, bem como descrevendo as condutas esperadas dos administradores e respectivas consequências legais referentes a comportamentos diversos daqueles impostos pelos deveres. o trabalho define, ainda, o regime de responsabilidade civil a que estão sujeitos os administradores de sociedades por ações, bem como as respectivas esferas em que dita responsabilidade civil pode aflorar (relações entre, de um lado, administradores e, de outro, companhia, acionistas e terceiros), tudo de acordo com os ditames instituídos pela lei 6.404/76 (lsa). por fim, busca-se definir as hipóteses de exoneração da responsabilidade civil de administradores de companhias, especialmente para a finalidade de que seja gerada segurança jurídica aos atores que desempenham essa primordial função em nossa sociedade.; This work analyzes in its first part the corporations...

The professional structure of Soviet medical care: the relationship between personal characteristics, medical education, and occupational setting for Estonian physicians.

Barr, D A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
OBJECTIVES. Using the Estonian example, this study provides data to describe the ways in which personal, educational, and occupational factors interacted to determine the professional structure of the Soviet health care system. METHODS. The study analyzes data gathered from a survey of 20% of the physicians in Estonia. It measures the frequencies of pertinent personal and occupational factors, and uses multivariate analysis to explore relationships between these factors. RESULTS. Most physicians in Estonia are women and work in urban settings. About half of the physicians work in hospitals, and one third work in large outpatient clinics called polyclinics. About one third work in primary care. Gender affects education, specialty, type of workplace, and administrative duties; nationality affects education and administrative duties. CONCLUSIONS. The Soviet system of health care derived its professional structure from a combination of personal and occupational factors. Those considering options for reform of the health care systems of the newly independent states that once constituted the Soviet Union should appreciate the nature of these structural forces.

Registro: análise crítica do processo administrativo federal de tutela do patrimônio cultural imaterial brasileiro; Registry: critical analysis of the administrative federal trusteeship of brazilian intangible cultural heritage

Machado, Beatriz Auxiliadora Rezende
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Em resposta à proteção constitucionalmente assegurada ao acesso, produção e preservação de seu patrimônio cultural imaterial, e atendendo a ditames internacionais de efetivação do direito fundamental à cultura, a União estruturou processo administrativo de registro, cuja tramitação e atos decisórios reservou à esfera de atribuições do IPHAN. Apresenta-se a dissertação como resultado de pesquisa versada na confrontação da estrutura procedimental do processo de registro, disciplinado primordialmente pelo Decreto Federal n.º 3551/2000 e pela Resolução n.º 01/2006/IPHAN, com o arquétipo de devido processo legal administrativo insculpido pela CR/88 e, principalmente, pela Lei Federal n.º 9.784/99. Sua estruturação metodológica dá-se por incursão bibliográfica nacional dedutiva, paralela ao estudo comparativo, por análise de conteúdo e histórica, dos instrumentos normativos enunciados. Compulsados seus termos com o fito de compatibilizá-los com a abertura constitucional à participação nos atos decisórios, ao contraditório e à lógica de atribuições propícia à formação de pluralidade de instâncias, nota-se que a legislação ordinária, em especial a Lei n.º 9.784/99, ultrapassa a subsidiariedade para justificar a realização de múltiplos atos processuais estranhos ao procedimento originalmente proposto...

Human Rights as Demands for Communicative Action

Gauri, Varun; Brinks, Daniel M.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
A key issue with human rights is how to allocate duties correlative to rights claims. But the philosophical literature, drawing largely on naturalistic or interactional accounts of human rights, develops answers to this question that do not illuminate actual human rights problems. Charles Beitz, in recent work, attempts to develop a conception of human rights more firmly rooted in, and helpful for, current practice. While a move in the right direction, his account does not incorporate the domestic practice of human rights, and as a result remains insufficiently instructive for many human rights challenges. This paper addresses the problem of allocating correlative duties by taking the practices of domestic courts in several countries as a normative benchmark. Upon reviewing how courts in Colombia, India, South Africa, Indonesia, and elsewhere have allocated duties associated with socio-economic rights, the paper finds that courts urge parties to move from an adversarial to an investigative mode, impose requirements that parties argue in good faith...

Implications of WTO Disciplines for Special Economic Zones in Developing Countries

Creskoff, Stephen; Walkenhorst, Peter
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
Many developing countries operate geographically delineated economic areas in the form of export processing zones, special industrial zones, or free trade zones. This paper provides an overview of the application of World Trade Organization disciplines to incentive programs typically employed by developing countries in connection with such special economic zone programs. The analysis finds that the disciplines under the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures have the most immediate relevance for middle-income World Trade Organization members that are not exempt for certain "grandfathered" programs, but will also concern other developing countries in the future, as their exemption expires or their per-capita income passes a threshold of US$1,000. Incentives related to special economic zones can be broadly grouped into three categories: (i) measures that are consistent with the World Trade Organization, notably exemptions from duties and taxes on goods exported from special economic zones; (ii) measures that are prohibited or subject to challenge under World Trade Organization law...

Changes in Cross-Border Trade Costs in the Pan-Arab Free Trade Area, 2001–2008

Hoekman, Bernard; Zarrouk, Jamel
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.55%
The Pan-Arab Free Trade Area, negotiated under auspices of the Arab League, came into force in 1997. Under the agreement all tariffs on goods of Arab origin were to be removed by January 1, 2005. This paper summarizes the results of a firm-level survey in nine countries regarding the implementation of the Pan-Arab Free Trade Area. A majority of respondent companies report that tariffs on intra-regional trade have largely been removed, and that there has been a marked improvement in customs clearance-related procedures. Costs associated with administrative red tape and weaknesses in transport-related infrastructure services are ranked as the most important constraints to intra-regional trade. This suggests that from a policy perspective, efforts to reduce real trade costs deserve priority, including transportation and logistics services. Periodic monitoring and assessment of trade incentives and performance would help governments to benchmark performance and identify priority areas for action, at both the national and the sub-regional levels.

Antidumping and Safeguard Mechanisms : The Brazilian Experience, 1988-2003

Kume, Honorio; Piani, Guida
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
The authors focus on the evaluation of the antidumping regime from 1988 through 2003. During these years the Brazilian economy had to cope with several periods of macroeconomic instability and overvaluation of the domestic currency, particularly from 1990-92 and 1994-98. As a result, from 1992 through 1998, import volumes increased significantly. Although during these years, the demand for antidumping protection was growing, the number of investigations concluded with an affirmative determination was only 52 percent. The authors explain that the institutional framework in charge of administering the antidumping regime was subject to several reforms. Along this process, the Ministry of Development, Industry, and Trade saw its role strengthened. This ministry has a more protectionist bias than the Ministry of Finance that, during the initial years of the liberalization program, played a prominent role in decisions regarding antidumping investigations and measures. The authors conclude that in comparison with other countries that are important users of the antidumping mechanism, the Brazilian experience reveals two interesting features: 1) A relatively small rate of final positive determinations. 2) A tradition of applying antidumping duties in amounts that on average have been quite lower than the full dumping margins.

Trade Issues in East Asia : Preferential Rules of Origin

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
Rules of origin are a necessary feature of any regional trade agreement. They ensure that preferences are available only to the signatories of the agreement and that imports from non-members do not avoid customs duties by entering through the member with the lowest tariff. The rules of origin define the amount of local processing, or the extent of the transformation of the product, that must be undertaken in the country from which the product claiming preferences is exported. The definition of these requirements to prevent trade deflection is not straightforward. If the rules are too onerous and complex and are costly to comply with, they will limit the impact of tariff reductions on trade. Indeed, import competing industries have often been successful in obtaining restrictive rules of origin that dilute the impact of the loss of tariff protection. This is most apparent in agreements between developed countries and lower wage countries. As FTAs multiply in the region, putting in place rules of origin (ROO) that are simple...

Technical analysis of anomalies in respect of the test set out in point (b) of Article 2(3) of Regulation (EC) No 900/2008 for the determination of milk fat content in processed agricultural products for the purpose of establishing import duties, when fats other than milk fat are present Final Report - Administrative Arrangement S12.670777-1 between DG Enterprise and Industry (DG ENTR) and Joint Research Centre (JRC)

WENZL Thomas; KARASEK LUBOMIR; ZELINKOVA ZUZANA; ULBERTH Franz
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
The agricultural element (EA) of certain processed agricultural products (PAPs) is an element of the tariff classification and the determination of import duties of imported products. Commission Regulation (EC) No 900/2008 lays down provisions and analysis methods for certain parameters necessary for the determination of the agricultural element. The milk fat content is one of the parameters related to the agricultural element. A problem became apparent when the analysis of an instantised whey protein concentrate (WPC) imported from the USA into the EU revealed that the milk fat contained in the product was much below the expected one. This caused the classification of the product under a different additional code in the “Meursing” table, leading to a disadvantage of the importer. The Administrative Arrangement (AA) S12.670777-1 between DG Enterprise (DG ENTR) and DG Joint Research Centre (DG JRC) was set up to elucidate the reasons for this anomaly, to characterise the magnitude of the underestimation across relevant dairy products, and to propose a solution for the determination of the appropriate additional tariff code of concerned PAPs.; JRC.D.5-Standards for Food Bioscience

Shift and duty scheduling of surgical technicians in Naval Hospitals

Nurse, Nigel A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Surgical technicians at Naval hospitals provide a host of services related to surgical procedures that include handing instruments to surgeons, assisting operating room nurses, prepping and cleaning operating rooms, and administrative duties. At the Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD), there are 83 surgical technicians that must be scheduled for these duties. The three military and one civilian hospital interviewed for this thesis manually schedule these duties. Weaknesses of these manual schedules exposed during interviews at these hospitals include assignment inequities and the time needed to create them. This thesis reports on an optimization based and spreadsheet implemented tool developed to schedule surgical technicians for both daily and weekly duties at a Naval hospital. We demonstrate the tool for the surgical technician department at NMCSD. The schedulers at NMCSD verify the utility of the developed tool and cite a drastic reduction in the time required to generate timely, equitable, and accurate schedules. The study also investigates historical operating room usage data and makes suggestions for improving scheduling practices based on these data.

Contingency contracting officers: can they adequately support the force?

Campbell, Kelly N.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The purpose of this study was to determine whether the training Army Contingency Contracting Officers (CCOs) receive from their units while they are not deployed, prepares them to accomplish their mission during contingency deployments. This was accomplished by examining previous contingency operations for problem areas and determining whether the current CCO training program is correcting these problem areas. The issues were: garrison duties vs. duties on deployment, the experience level of CCOS, training planning, and assistance available to CCOs during deployments. The results of this study indicate the Army needs to re-examine the following areas: contracting experience of officers assigned as CCOS, contingency contracting guidance, specific duties of the CCO, training of Unit Ordering Officers, and the feasibility of the overall contingency contracting plan. This study recommends: using Non-Commissioned Officers as CCOS, providing firm guidance for contingency contracting, involving CCOs during early planning, and studying the size of the contracting element.

Rights of participation in European Administrative Law: A rights-based approach to participation in rulemaking

MENDES, Joana
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
Defense date: 16/03/2009; Examining board: Loïc Azoulai (University of Paris II), Paul Craig (St. John's College, Oxford), Bruno De Witte (EUI), Jacques Ziller (Supervisor, former EUI and University of Pavia); Awarded the Mauro Cappelletti Prize for the best comparative law doctoral thesis, 2010.; This dissertation critically assesses the current scope and meaning of participation rights in European administrative law and proposes a different normative solution to the problem of the procedural protection of rights and legally protected interests. The analysis of the Courts' case law on this matter demonstrates that their view on participation rights is determined by a bilateral conception of the procedure which involves the decision-maker and the decisiontaker and justifies the latter's right to be heard. All extensions of this right endorsed by the Courts' case law fall within the realm of this basic construction. Likewise, the exclusion of participation rights from rulemaking procedures is a consequence of this basic approach to participation rights. It is defended that the structural scheme within which the European Courts conceive participation rights prevails over the consideration of the substantive adverse effects that may be produced in the legal sphere of legal and natural persons. It is defended that this status quo is too restrictive and overlooks the procedural protection of rights and legally protected interests where this would be justified. An extension of the scope of participation rights is thus proposed. The solution defended is grounded on a concept of participation...

Use of the DACUM process in the identification and verification of competencies for the medical administrative assistant

Fortuna, Barbara Ann
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
Medicine has changed in recent years. Medicare will all of its rules and regulations, worker's compensation laws, managed care and the trend toward more and larger group practices all contributed to the creation of an extremely structured regulatory environment which in turn demanded highly trained medical administrative assistants.^ The researcher noted three primary problems in the identification of competencies for the medical administrative assistant position: A lack of curricula, diverse roles, and a complex environment which has undergone radical change in recent years and will continue to evolve. Therefore, the purposes of the study were to use the DACUM process to develop a relevant list of competencies required by the medical administrative assistant practicing in physicians' offices in South Florida; determine the rank order of importance of each competency using a scale of one to five; cross-validate the DACUM group scores with a second population who did not participate in the DACUM process; and establish a basis for a curriculum framework for an occupational program.^ The DACUM process of curriculum development was selected because it seemed best suited to the need to develop a list of competencies for an occupation for which no programs existed. A panel of expert medical office administrative staff was selected to attend a 2-day workshop to describe their jobs in great detail. The panel...

Rules of Origin and the Web of East Asian Free Trade Agreements

Manchin, Miriam; Pelkmans-Balaoing, Annette O.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
The authors provide an overview of the preferential rules of origin in East Asia, highlighting the aspects that might possibly generate some trade-chilling effects. They review characteristics of existing preferential trade agreements with special emphasis on lessons from the European experience, and analyze some important features of the existing rules of origin in East and South-East Asian regional integration agreements. The empirical analysis of the effectiveness of preferentialism on intra-regional trade flows focuses on the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), with the aim of providing a rough estimate of the costs of requesting preferences. The results suggest that preferential tariffs favorably affect intra-regional imports only at very high margins (around 25 percentage points). This points to the likelihood of high administrative costs attached to the exploitation of preferences, particularly with regard to the compliance with AFTA's rules of origin.

Stamp Duties in Indian States: A Case for Reform

Alm, James; Annez, Patricia; Modi, Arbind
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
The authors review the options for reform of stamp duties on immovable property transfers collected by Indian state governments. After briefly reviewing some of the many administrative difficulties experienced with the tax, they turn to an examination of its economic impacts. A review of stamp duties internationally indicates that Indian rates are exceptionally high, at rates often above 10 percent. Most countries' rates are less than 5 percent, including a number of low and middle-income developing countries. With these high rates, the authors find that while the tax has become the third largest revenue source for many Indian states, it imposes high compliance costs on taxpayers, has been subject to a good deal of evasion and fraud, and the distortionary impacts appear to be large, reducing the responsiveness of real estate markets in Indian cities by discouraging transactions essential to the efficient growth of cities. The authors then study the revenue implications of lowering stamp duty rates, which need to be understood if reform is to be viable. Evidence indicates that the current high duty rates...

Pre-trial Procedures in Administrative Justice Proceedings in England and Wales, France, Germany and the Netherlands : A Comparative Study with a View to the Possible Development of Pre Trial Procedures in Administrative Law in Turkey

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Disputes between citizens or businesses and the State about respective rights and duties are at the core of administrative law. The ability for citizens and businesses to hold Government accountable for acting within the rule of law is a key element of good governance. It provides legal certainty and guarantees predictable and rule-based implementation of legal and regulatory frameworks across different sectors. It also provides Government with effective mechanisms to enforce these frameworks. An effective administrative justice system is therefore a crucial element to make sure all players follow the rules of the game. As such, it is an important aspect of a sound investment climate. The Turkish Ministry of Justice has identified the absence of pre-trial procedures in the administrative justice system as a major obstacle to the efficient and effective delivery of judicial services to citizens, businesses, and the state. There are widespread complaints that administrative judges crumble after a heavy workload and that certain types of cases may be more effectively dealt with outside of the courts. This will make dispute resolution for citizens...

Economic Integration in the Lower Congo Region : Opening the Kinshasa-Brazzaville Bottleneck

Brulhart, Marius; Hoppe, Mombert
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.61%
This working paper assesses cross-border economic integration in the Lower Congo region. It focuses on the Kinshasa-Brazzaville conurbation, which is projected to become Africa's largest urban area by 2025, and is already serving as the gateway to large hinterlands. Despite their size and proximity, formal economic exchanges between the two cities are extremely limited. The volume of recorded passenger travel between Kinshasa and Brazzaville corresponds to about one-fifth of the volume of traffic between East and West Berlin during the time of the Berlin Wall, and formal trade volumes are derisorily small. As a consequence, the authors find evidence of statistically significant differences in retail prices, indicating unexploited scope for cross-river arbitrage. Through a survey of firms, they find that local traders perceive substantial scope for increasing cross-border economic activity if cross-river trade costs were reduced. Trade in locally produced goods and by small firms would especially benefit from such reductions. Existing high trade costs mainly result from a lack of competition in cross-river transport services...

Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization

Finger, J. Michael; Nogues, Julio J.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
The binding of tariff rates and adoption of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization-sanctioned safeguards and antidumping mechanisms provided the basis to remove a multitude of instruments of protection in the Latin American countries discussed in this paper. At the same time, they helped in maintaining centralized control over the management of pressures for protection in agencies with economy-wide accountabilities. The World Trade Organization's procedural requirements (for example, to follow published criteria, or participation by interested parties) helped leaders to change the culture of decision-making from one based on relationships to one based on objective criteria. However, when Latin American governments attempted to introduce economic sense - such as base price comparisons on an economically sensible measure of long-run international price rather than the more generous constructed cost concept that is the core of WTO rules - protection-seekers used the rules against them. They pointed out that World Trade Organization rules do not require the use of such criteria...

Antidumping Mechanisms and Safeguards in Peru

Webb, Richard; Camminati, Josefina; Thorne, Raúl León
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
Peru's experience in the application of antidumping and safeguard measures is characterized by a radical change in the philosophy and procedures of trade at the beginning of the 1990s, and by an increasing use of these mechanisms. Trade liberalization was accompanied by the liberalization of foreign currency transactions and of financial and labor markets. Also, the internal revenue administration was modernized, institutions for regulation and competition defense were created, and state enterprises were transferred to private owners or concessionaires. New laws and institutions were created to regulate markets, including INDECOPI, a novel government agency charged with antimonopoly regulation and consumer defense, and which houses the Antidumping and Subsidies Commission. This highly autonomous and technical Commission became the central player in the implementation of WTO rules and procedures for fair trade. Since the reform was launched, a total of 81 trade protection cases have been presented, of which 57 were followed by a dumping investigation. The application of antidumping duties was approved for 29 of the cases investigated. Only two cases of safeguard investigations were recorded, one of which (Chinese textile clothing articles) is still in the negotiation phase. This paper reviews that case experience in detail...

Cómo mejorar las competencias administrativas del profesional de la salud para evitar el impacto negativo sobre el desempeño financiero de la empresa donde laboral

Arana Moreno, Germán Eusebio
Fonte: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas; Maestría en Administración; Maestría en Administración Publicador: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas; Maestría en Administración; Maestría en Administración
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de maestría Formato: PDF; 62 p.; Electrónico
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
En este trabajo se analiza y se estima cómo se afecta financieramente una institución del sistema de salud colombiano, por el desconocimiento que tienen de las funciones administrativas los profesionales de la salud. Estas funciones que denominamos administrativas son aquellas que realiza el profesional de la salud cotidianamente, que le permiten documentar la labor que realiza sobre el paciente atendido, para que sirvan como soporte de cobro en la factura de la empresa. En caso de no realizarse adecuadamente su registro o su labor, se genera una glosa. Llamamos glosa a una no conformidad que afecta en forma parcial o total el valor de la factura por prestación de servicios de salud, encontrada por la entidad responsable del pago durante la revisión integral, que requiere ser resuelta por parte del prestador de servicios de salud. La situación actual de los profesionales de la salud, es que salen graduados de los centros de estudio con buenos conocimientos y buena preparación clínica (asistencial) para laborar en las instituciones del sistema de salud, pero con una gran falencia en conocimientos administrativos y normativos del mismo sistema. Los profesionales desconocen y no han tenido la preparación suficiente en estas competencias...