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The FDP Faculty Burden Survey

Rockwell, Sara
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
To better understand the administrative burdens placed on faculty who perform research, the Faculty Standing Committee of the Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP) invited 23,325 full-time faculty members who were Principal Investigators (PI) or Co-Principal Investigators (Co-PI) on active federally funded research grants to participate in a web-based survey that contained questions on the nature, size, and impact of the administrative tasks associated with their research projects. The responses of the 6,081 faculty respondents show that the administrative burden on faculty is very significant: 42% of the time spent by an average PI on a federally funded research project was reported to be expended on administrative tasks related to that project rather than on research. This administrative burden does not stem from one or a few exceptionally onerous tasks, but instead reflects the cumulative effect of the many administrative burdens imposed by different funding agencies, different offices within agencies, auditing and accrediting agencies, and academic institutions. The lack of institutional assistance contributes to the administrative workload of the faculty. Many burdens are remarkably constant across funding agencies, universities...

Measuring disease activity in adults with systemic lupus erythematosus: the challenges of administrative burden and responsiveness to patient concerns in clinical research

Mikdashi, Jamal; Nived, Ola
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
Measuring lupus disease activity accurately remains a challenging and demanding task given the complex multi-system nature of lupus, an illness known for its variability between patients and within the same patient over time. Many have attempted to define what disease activity means and how it should be measured, and several instruments were devised for a standardized assessment of disease activity and outcome domains in clinical research. Several of these measuring tools have been able to detect clinical improvement and have demonstrated adequate reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change in observational studies, and some were found to be useful in randomized controlled trials. However, several failed clinical trials have confronted these metrics, as they were not intended for clinical trials. The Outcome Measures Rheumatology group and the US Food and Drug Administration have recommended using measures of disease activity, cumulative organ damage, health-related quality of life, and adverse events as outcomes of interest. Composite responder indices that determine disease global improvement, ensure no significant worsening in unaffected organ systems, and include a physician’s global assessment have been used in randomized clinical trials. Yet unmet therapeutic needs were further challenged by the complex content and psychometric information of the updated instruments...

Workplace health and safety: establishing the administrative burden of regulation, and assessing the use of information as a means of addressing the burden and improving perceptions

Newell, Áine
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.6%
peer-reviewed; Compliance with occupational health and safety (OHS) regulation requires a significant commitment in terms of time, money and personnel which is potentially difficult for many organisations who are struggling to survive in the current economic climate. The study initially evaluated the levels of OHS awareness and knowledge and established the OHS administrative burdens in small, medium and large organisations in Ireland. This was done by means of a questionnaire distributed to organisations nationally. The questionnaire identified that the completion of risk assessments, safety statements and OHS training were the most significant OHS administrative burdens in participating organisations. Online or electronic applications were identified by 88% of participants (n=180) as the preferred method of completion of OHS administrative activities. Small organisations (1-49 employees) have been identified as having greater difficulties with OHS legislative compliance than medium (50-249 employees) and large organisations (250+ employees). The responses obtained in the initial questionnaire (n=205) were used to develop an online tool, namely SME Safety, to assist in addressing the administrative burden posed by OHS regulation...

Trends in Corruption and Regulatory Burden in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
This study assesses levels and trends in corruption and the administrative burden from government regulation of private firms. It is largely based on the fourth round of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Surveys (BEEPS) covering over 11,000 firms in 29 countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA). The report provides an update of the progress that ECA countries have made since 2005, extends (in certain respects) the analysis of corruption and regulatory burden on firms provided in the earlier Anticorruption in Transition (ACT) reports covering the period from 1999 to 2005, and in several instances provides comparisons of ECA countries to similar countries outside of the region using the World Bank enterprise surveys and other sources of data. Despite making significant progress on administrative bribery overall, corruption is cited more frequently by firms in the region as an obstacle to doing business than any other problem, with the exception of tax rates. In part...

Preference Erosion and Multilateral Trade Liberalization

François, Joseph; Hoekman, Bernard; Manchin, Miriam
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Because of concern that OECD tariff reductions will translate into worsening export performance for the least developed countries, trade preferences have proven a stumbling block to developing country support for multilateral liberalization. The authors examine the actual scope for preference erosion, including an econometric assessment of the actual utilization and the scope for erosion estimated by modeling full elimination of OECD tariffs, and hence full most-favored-nation liberalization-based preference erosion. Preferences are underutilized due to administrative burden-estimated to be at least 4 percent on average-reducing the magnitude of erosion costs significantly. For those products where preferences are used (are of value), the primary negative impact follows from erosion of EU preferences. This suggests the erosion problem is primarily bilateral rather than a WTO-based concern.

Reforming Inspections

Coolidge, Jacqueline
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
Government inspections of firms are important for enforcing regulations to protect public health, safety, and the environment and to carry out economic functions such as tax collection and banking regulation. But most inspection regimes in developing countries impose excessive costs on firms while failing dismally to prevent accidents or mitigate losses from disasters. There is a strong interest in models of reform that will reduce the burden of government inspections while improving standards. This paper offers solutions that do both.

Russian Federation : National and Regional Trends in Regulatory Burden and Corruption

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Using data from business environment and enterprise performance survey (BEEPS) and other enterprise surveys, studies have shown that firm entry, growth and productivity are impeded by corruption and overly burdensome regulation. Most of these studies have been based on cross-country data (e.g. Barseghyan, 2008), or country-specific studies of firms in China (e.g. Cai et al., 2011; Cull and Xu, 2005), Mexico (Bruhn, 2011) and other nations. Other studies, however, are specific to Russia (e.g. Yakovlev and Zhuravskaya, 2007). Cross-regional variation in corruption and regulatory burden in Russia are potentially important factors in explaining differential performance in private sector development, income levels and growth rates. The intended audiences of this note are policymakers and policy analysts in the non-governmental organization (NGO) and academic communities who are interested in regulatory reform, corruption, and related aspects of the business environment in Russia. A broad range of evidence shows that overly burdensome regulation and corruption are significant impediments to firm entry...

Afghanistan Public Sector Pension Scheme : From Crisis Management to Comprehensive Reform Strategy

Sluchynsky, Oleksiy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
After years of dealing with pension policy in crisis management mode, the Government of Afghanistan has begun the process of formulating a national pension policy based on a long-term vision. Until very recently the Government had been focused on short-term policy actions to alleviate growing pressure on the budget. While these measures were necessary, pension policy must take a long term view. Recently, the Government has developed a comprehensive reform package and initiated the process of legal drafting. A reformed system must have clear objectives, be fiscally sustainable, and address needs of various population groups. The final choices will need to be made as to mandate and design and administrative arrangements of the reformed system. The challenge is to ensure that the measures taken in the next few years do not make it more difficult to pursue certain preferred policies later. This paper shows that, according to the financial projections, there is now a window of opportunity for implementing a reform of the system.

Timor-Leste : The Business Regulatory Environment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Timor-Leste started as an independent country facing some very difficult challenges. The country was extremely short of skilled human resources and remains so. It faced the challenge of moving from the inherited Indonesian legal system to a new legal system based on the lusophone tradition. Added to this was the adoption of Portuguese as a new official language. Good work has been done by the Government and the Parliament in addressing the constraints and creating the building blocks of the legal and regulatory framework needed for competitive and equitable private sector development. In setting its development agenda for the business regulatory environment we recommend that the Government take account of the realities in Timor-Leste by adopting several key guiding principles: accept that everything cannot be done at once. ; accept the reality that institutions cannot be built overnight; adopt pragmatic solutions which take this fact into account and minimize the administrative burden; in building institutions...

Closing the Licensing and Permit Regulatory Implementation Gap at the Sub-national Level in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sahovic, Tarik; Tetyora, Victoria; Radaslic, Imeldin
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is classified as a Fragile and Conflict-Affected State. It has a complex government structure which is plagued with significant political turmoil each election cycle. BiH comprises the national (federal) level government, and two entities, the Federation BiH, Republika Srpska (RS), and Brcko District, all of which have strong legislative powers aff ecting day-to-day business operations. The Federation BiH is further divided into 10 cantons, each with their own government and legislative powers, although ultimately they are governed by the laws of the Federation BiH. Both the Federation BiH and RS are further subdivided into 143 cities and municipalities, each with their own municipal councils. Such a complex structure gives rise to overlapping competencies, conflicting legislative provisions, and a regulatory implementationgap at the sub-national level. The aim of this paper is to analyze and describe the approach, process and tools used by the team in identifying the problem of ambiguity in the text and the inconsistency of application of the same legislation across several BiH jurisdictions; and how the team’s decisions...

The FSX project : a case study in burden sharing and international armaments cooperation

Bowen, George Jackson, II
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; This thesis examines the relationship between the benefits and the major objections expressed over burden sharing and international armaments cooperation. These concerns include: (1) protectionism, (2) transfer of technology and (3) bureaucratic problems. An analysis of these factors will be conducted through a case study of the Fighter Support Experimental (FSX) project. It will be conducted so as to determine the validity of these benefits and objections. The objective of this thesis is to examine both the benefits of burden sharing, and the objections raised concerning armaments cooperation in relation to the FSX project. The validity of the objections to the FSX agreement will be analyzed in addition to how they relate to future projects.

Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) changes in South Australia: comparison of burden of disease morbidity and survey-based health utility estimates

Banham, D.; Hawthorne, G.; Goldney, R.; Ratcliffe, J.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Background: Global research shows a clear transition in health outcomes over the past two decades where improved survival was accompanied by lower health related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by morbidity and disability. These trends suggest the need to better understand changes in population HRQoL. This paper compares two perspectives on population HRQoL change using burden of disease morbidity estimates from administrative data and self-reports from random and representative population surveys. Methods: South Australian administrative data including inpatient hospital activity, cancer and communicable disease registrations were used within a Burden of Disease study framework to quantify morbidity as Prevalent Years of Life lived with Disease and injury related illness (PYLD) for 1999 to 2008. Self-reported HRQoL was measured using the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) in face to face interviews with at least 3000 respondents in each of South Australia ’ s Health Omnibus Surveys (HOS) in 1998, 2004 and 2008. Results: Age specific PYLD rates for those aged 75 or more increased by 5.1%. HRQoL dis-utility in this age group also increased significantly and beyond the minimally important difference threshold. Underlying increased dis-utility were greater difficulties in independent living (particularly requiring help with household tasks) and psychological well-being (as influenced by pain...

Burden Sharing in the Persian Gulf: Lessons Learned and Implications for the Future

Gates, William R.; Terasawa, Katsuaki
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: NA
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The United States was the dominant member of the coalition formed to counter Iraq's annexation of Kuwait. This led to U.S. concerns that countries benefiting from the coalition were contributing less than their fair share. This paper compares contributions and benefits for the major coalition participants in Operation Desert Storm. The benefits include national sovereignty and oil supply security. The contributions include defense resources and financial and in-kind payments to the U.S. and other countries. The analysis concludes that national sovereignty was the more significant of the two benefits and that the oil supply security benefit may be larger for the U. S. than for countries completely dependent on imported oil (i.e., Japan and Germany). Thus, the Gulf countries may have under contributed to the coalition. Japan and Germany may have over contributed, relative to these benefits, though they may have received other benefits not measured here. Burden Sharing, Operation Desert Storm, Alliances; Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army; http://archive.org/details/burdensharinginp00tera; MIPR S489088; NA

NATO burden-sharing: redefinition for a changing European threat

Martello, Charles P.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: iv, 81 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis develops a model of burden-sharing that includes both operational and non-operational contributions to the common defense. Based on the 'Atlanticist' perspective of recognizing contribution, the model includes categories for standing forces, reserve forces, defense industrial capacity, reserve defense industrial capacity, and related defense factors that historically have not been recognized. This work addresses the availability of information suitable for the comparative evaluation of defense share within the model framework and identifies deficiencies in current data bases relative to the defense industrial capacities of participating nations. Recommendations for providing defense industrial base information center around tailoring OECD (organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) capacity utilization equations to defense industry parameters and reporting capacity and reserve capacity via the NATO Defense Planning Questionnaire.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Reducing Undeclared Employment in Hungary : Synthesis Report of The World Bank Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Undeclared work and incomes are a serious concern for the Government of Hungary, primarily because of the negative consequences for the country's already difficult fiscal situation. The Government has already introduced a number of reforms intended to reduce undeclared economic activity. Much of the effort to this point has focused on strengthening the "stick" through enforcement and sanctions. A successful strategy to combat the undeclared economy also requires more effective "carrots" that improve the incentives to operate in the formal sector. The most important measures will involve reforms to lighten the tax burden, especially on labor. Public information and education is the final element in a strategy to move Hungary to the "tipping point" in the struggle against the undeclared economy.

Bulgaria - Administrative and regulatory barriers to business

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.57%
The present report on the Administrative and Regulatory Barriers to Business is part of an ongoing World Bank analytical and advisory support to the Government of Bulgaria in the area of regulatory reform. Since 2006, the World Bank has provided analytical and advisory support to the government in this area. In 2007, the Bank reviewed administrative procedures in the tourism, food, and road transportation sectors, calling for reduction and simplification of certain burdensome administrative regimes and emphasizing superfluous regulation at the municipality level. This report aims to identify ways in which Bulgaria can further remove obstacles to business regulation, recognizing that achieving pre-crisis growth levels, raising labor productivity and improving the business environment will require continued reforms to eliminate administrative and regulatory barriers to business. The report serves three purposes, such as: 1) providing the economic backdrop and comparators of Bulgaria's regulatory environment; 2) reporting on survey results including assessments by and perceptions of senior managers of Bulgarian enterprises; and 3) identifying strategic reform recommendations...

Bulgaria - Ex-post impact assessment of the act on limiting administrative regulation and administration control on economic activity

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
The ex-post impact assessment of the Limiting Administrative Regulation and Administrative Control on Economic Activity Act (LARACEAA) is part of the World Bank's support to the Government of Bulgaria through on-going analytical and advisory work in the area of regulatory reform. The purpose of the present ex-post impact assessment of the LARACEAA is to: (i) assess how the Act has been enforced, (ii) identify and estimate the impacts of the Act, and (iii) provide recommendations for amendments to the Act. Chapter one emphasizes the importance of the Act as part of the Bulgarian Government's role in advancing regulatory reform and improving the business environment; gives the scope of the assessment and presents the sources of information utilized; and delineates general limitations of the analysis. Chapter two outlines a policy framework by discussing coherence with the Governmental and European Union (EU) policies, as well as touching upon relevant documents on regulatory reform, followed by analysis of the goal and objectives of the Act...

Better Regulation for Higher Growth : Bulgaria's Business Regulation - Achievements and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Removing regulatory obstacles that create barriers to business is a major objective for economic policymakers. There is broad understanding among policymakers and development practitioners that microeconomic reforms aimed at strengthening property rights, unleashing competition, and reducing the cost of doing business are critical to creating a sound investment climate and promoting economic growth (World Bank 2004; World Bank 2005; Lewis 2004). It is also commonly agreed that these changes need to be credible and sustained for private firms to respond by increasing investment and production (World Bank 2005). This report summarizes the findings of three topical studies of the World Bank: Administrative and Regulatory Barriers to Business (volume two) studies the overall burden of regulation for companies in comparison to other new European Union (EU) peers and specifically assesses Information Technology (IT) and manufacturing companies and the role of key stakeholders. The ex-post impact assessment of the act on limiting administrative regulation and administrative control on economic activity (Volume three) makes an assessment of how the act has been enforced...

Doing Business 2007 : How to Reform

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Doing Business 2007: How to reform is the fourth in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 175 economies-from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe-and over time. This publication points out how regulations affecting 10 areas of everyday business are measured: starting a business, dealing with licenses, employing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and closing a business. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked, where and why. The study stresses that there are 4 steps to successful reform: 1) Start simple and consider administrative reforms that don't need legislative changes; 2) Cut unnecessary procedures, reducing the number of bureaucrats entrepreneurs interact with; 3) Introduce standard application forms and publish as much regulatory information as possible; 4) And remember: many of the frustrations for businesses come from how regulations are administered. The internet alleviates these frustrations without changing the spirit of the regulation.

The administrative burden reduction policy boom in Europe: comparing mechanisms of policy diffusion

Wegrich, Kai
Fonte: Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2009 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Much has been written on the diffusion of public management and regulatory reform tools. Available evidence suggests that cross-national policy diffusion is an increasingly significant phenomenon, especially in the European context. While internationalisation of policy discourses and expert communities are regarded as key driving forces of policy diffusion, public management reforms are also said to be particularly vulnerable to mechanisms of 'diffusion without convergence'. This paper analyses the case of policies aiming at reducing administrative burdens of regulations through the lens of the literature on policy diffusion. The diffusion of the so-called Standard Cost Model for measuring administrative burden between 2003 and 2007 is used as a case to explore the mechanisms facilitating policy diffusion in this domain. The analysis reveals patterns of rapid diffusion. This policy boom has been driven by a combination of different mechanisms of policy diffusion rather than by a single driving factor.