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Brazilian Portuguese version of the Iowa Gambling Task: transcultural adaptation and discriminant validity; Versão em português do Iowa Gambling Test: adaptação transcultural e validade discriminate

MALLOY-DINIZ, Leandro Fernandes; LEITE, Wellington Borges; MORAES, Paulo Henrique Paiva de; CORREA, Humberto; BECHARA, Antoine; FUENTES, Daniel
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
OBJECTIVE: The Iowa Gambling Task is a neuropsychological task developed in English, most widely used to assess decision-making. The aim of this work was to adapt the Iowa Gambling Task to Brazilian Portuguese, compare it with the original version and assess its validity. METHOD: We assessed 75 Brazilian adults divided into three groups: 1) 25 healthy volunteers holding the Proficiency Certificate in English tested using the English version of the Iowa Gambling Task; 2) 25 healthy volunteers who did not speak or read English tested using the Iowa Gambling Task-Portuguese; 3) 25 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects tested with the Iowa Gambling Task-Portuguese. RESULTS: No difference between groups 1 and 2 was observed. Nonetheless, we found significant differences between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects and the other 2 groups on blocks 3, 4, 5, and on net score. CONCLUSION: Our results are similar to those previously described in the literature concerning adults without neuropsychiatric diseases. Since those two versions were equivalent and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects performed significantly worse than healthy volunteers we can conclude that the adaptation of the Iowa Gambling Task to Brazilian Portuguese is valid and can be used for research purposes in the Brazilian context.; OBJETIVO: Iowa Gambling Task é uma tarefa neuropsicológica originalmente desenvolvida em inglês...

Efeitos da adubação potássica sobre a adaptação à seca do Eucalyptus grandis; Effects of potassic fertilization on drought adaptation in Eucalyptus grandis plantations

Laclau, Patricia Renee Françoise Battie
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Com a continuação do aquecimento global, prevê-se o aumento dos períodos de seca, um dos mais importantes fatores abióticos a afetar o crescimento dos eucaliptos no Brasil. Nessa direção, as práticas silviculturais poderiam adaptar-se para favorecer os mecanismos de adaptação das árvores à seca. Assim, na Estação Experimental de Itatinga, foram avaliados os efeitos da adubação potássica sobre os aspectos produtivos e fisiológicos de um povoamento de Eucalyptus grandis, em primeira rotação, submetido à exclusão parcial de chuva durante trinta meses após o plantio. O dispositivo experimental foi um split plot, com três blocos completos e quatro tratamentos: dois regimes hídricos (100% e 63% das chuvas, com exclusão parcial artificial) e duas doses de K (0 e 4,5 kmol ha-1). A meta foi avaliar a influência da nutrição potássica sobre as características e a atividade fotossintética das folhas. A transpiração foi medida por sensores de fluxo de seiva para estimar a eficiência de transpiração do povoamento. O potencial foliar e as trocas gasosas foliares foram monitorados, enquanto os valores de 'delta'13C do floema foram medidos, para avaliar o estado hídrico e o funcionamento estomático das árvores...

Fragmentação do sono e adaptação ao trabalho noturno; Sleep fragmentation and adaptation to night work

Moreno, Claudia Roberta de Castro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/1998 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
Este estudo é parte de um projeto mais amplo que investiga as diferenças individuais no processo de adaptação de trabalhadores aos esquemas temporais de trabalho a que estão submetidos. As diferentes estratégias dos trabalhadores para se adaptar ao trabalho noturno têm sido amplamente investigadas com o objetivo de se conhecer modos de lidar melhor com a organização temporal do trabalho. Neste trabalho foi realizado um estudo de uma possível estratégia de adaptação ao débito de sono provocado pelo trabalho noturno em uma população de mulheres: a fragmentação do sono, ou seja, a realização de mais de um episódio de sono ao longo das 24 horas. A princípio, foram identificadas trabalhadoras que se auto-avaliaram como bem adaptadas ao esquema de trabalho. A avaliação da adaptação foi realizada através de um formulário construído a partir dos depoimentos das próprias trabalhadoras acerca do impacto do trabalho noturno. O acompanhamento do ciclo vigília-sono das trabalhadoras, por dez semanas consecutivas, através de protocolos de atividades preenchidos por elas, permitiu identificar aquelas que fragmentavam o sono e posteriormente confrontar esse resultado com a autoavaliação da adaptação das trabalhadoras. Nessa última etapa...

Compreensão de pais sobre o Tratamento de Déficit de Atenção/Hiperatividade em adolescentes e a exposição desses em situações de violência; Parents´ understanding about Attention Deficit Disorder / Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents and their exposure to situations of violence

Stefanini, Jaqueline Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/09/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
O Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção/Hiperatividade (TDAH) é caracterizado por sintomas de desatenção, hiperatividade e impulsividade. Surge na infância e pode persistir ao longo da vida, podendo ocasionar dificuldades pessoal, acadêmica, familiar, social e profissional. Este trabalho objetivou compreender os sentidos e os significados para os pais ou responsáveis por adolescentes com TDAH acerca do transtorno e as respectivas relações que esses adolescentes estabelecem no convívio familiar ou fora deste. Para tanto foi realizado um estudo qualitativo com uso da história oral temática. Participaram do estudo 9 pais dos adolescentes com TDAH atendidos no Ambulatório de Psiquiatria Juvenil de um hospital público universitário do interior do Estado de São Paulo. A entrevista temática foi realizada no domicílio dos participantes. A análise das narrativas permitiu construir quatro unidades temáticas: "Sentidos e significados acerca do TDAH"; " Compreensão dos pais sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento do TDAH"; "Conflitos no convívio familiar"; "Conflitos no contexto da escola e da comunidade". Os pais percebem que tanto eles como os profissionais das escolas apresentam dificuldades ao lidar com o adolescente portador do TDAH. Reconhecem que desde a infância seus filhos manifestam comportamentos diferentes de outras crianças. Referiram falta de conhecimento...

Adaptação psicossocial em mães de crianças com transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade

Bellé, Andressa Henke
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Este trabalho apresenta dois artigos sobre a adaptação psicossocial de mães de crianças com TDAH. O primeiro corresponde a uma revisão de literatura sobre o TDAH, fundamentada no Modelo de Estresse e Adaptação Familiar. Foram identificadas limitações metodológicas (e.g. ausência de grupos controle e exame de co-morbidades). O segundo artigo investigou o estresse parental em mães de crianças com TDAH combinado (n=30), mães de crianças com TDAH e comorbidade com o Transtorno Opositor Desafiador (TOD) (n=30), e de crianças com desenvolvimento típico (n=30). Foram também investigadas possíveis correlações do estresse parental, com as estratégias de coping, apoio social e severidade do TDAH. Dentre outros fatores, os resultados indicaram que as mães das crianças com TDAH combinado e TDAH + TOD apresentaram mais estresse parental do que mães de crianças com desenvolvimento típico e que o apoio social, o coping auto-estima e médico atuaram como moderadores do estresse parental.; This paper present two articles about psychosocial adaptation’s mothers of the children with ADHD. The first is a literature review about ADHD, fundaments of the Stress and Family Adaptation Model. Were identified methodological limitations (e.g. absence of the control groups and examination of the co morbidity). The second article has investigated the parental stress in mothers of children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=30)...

Estresse e adaptação psicossocial em mães de crianças com transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade; Stress and psychosocial adaptation in mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Bellé, Andressa Henke; Andreazza, Ana Cristina; Wierzchowski, Jan Ruschel; Bosa, Cleonice Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
O presente estudo investigou o estresse parental em mães de crianças com Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção/Hiperatividade (TDAH) (n=30), de crianças com TDAH e comorbidade com o Transtorno Opositor Desafiador (TOD) (n=30), e com desenvolvimento típico (n=30). Além disso, foram investigadas possíveis correlações do estresse parental, com as estratégias de coping, apoio social e severidade do TDAH. As mães foram avaliadas a partir dos seguintes instrumentos: Questionário de Suporte Social (SSQ); Inventário de Coping Parental – Área da Saúde – CHIP; Questionário de Estresse Parental para Pais de Criança com Transtorno de Desenvolvimento; MTA SNAP-IV Escala de pontuação para pais e professores. Dentre outros fatores, os resultados indicaram que as mães das crianças com TDAH combinado e TDAH + TOD apresentaram mais estresse parental do que mães de crianças com desenvolvimento típico e que o apoio social, o coping auto-estima e médico atuaram como moderadores do estresse parental.; The present study has investigated the parental stress in mothers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=30), in mothers of children with co-morbidity with the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (n=30)...

Brazilian Portuguese version of the Iowa Gambling Task: transcultural adaptation and discriminant validity

Malloy-Diniz,Leandro Fernandes; Leite,Wellington Borges; Moraes,Paulo Henrique Paiva de; Correa,Humberto; Bechara,Antoine; Fuentes,Daniel
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
OBJECTIVE: The Iowa Gambling Task is a neuropsychological task developed in English, most widely used to assess decision-making. The aim of this work was to adapt the Iowa Gambling Task to Brazilian Portuguese, compare it with the original version and assess its validity. METHOD: We assessed 75 Brazilian adults divided into three groups: 1) 25 healthy volunteers holding the Proficiency Certificate in English tested using the English version of the Iowa Gambling Task; 2) 25 healthy volunteers who did not speak or read English tested using the Iowa Gambling Task-Portuguese; 3) 25 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects tested with the Iowa Gambling Task-Portuguese. RESULTS: No difference between groups 1 and 2 was observed. Nonetheless, we found significant differences between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects and the other 2 groups on blocks 3, 4, 5, and on net score. CONCLUSION: Our results are similar to those previously described in the literature concerning adults without neuropsychiatric diseases. Since those two versions were equivalent and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder subjects performed significantly worse than healthy volunteers we can conclude that the adaptation of the Iowa Gambling Task to Brazilian Portuguese is valid and can be used for research purposes in the Brazilian context.

Arabidopsis Plants Acclimate to Water Deficit at Low Cost through Changes of Carbon Usage: An Integrated Perspective Using Growth, Metabolite, Enzyme, and Gene Expression Analysis1[C][W][OA]

Hummel, Irène; Pantin, Florent; Sulpice, Ronan; Piques, Maria; Rolland, Gaëlle; Dauzat, Myriam; Christophe, Angélique; Pervent, Marjorie; Bouteillé, Marie; Stitt, Mark; Gibon, Yves; Muller, Bertrand
Fonte: American Society of Plant Biologists Publicador: American Society of Plant Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Growth and carbon (C) fluxes are severely altered in plants exposed to soil water deficit. Correspondingly, it has been suggested that plants under water deficit suffer from C shortage. In this study, we test this hypothesis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) by providing an overview of the responses of growth, C balance, metabolites, enzymes of the central metabolism, and a set of sugar-responsive genes to a sustained soil water deficit. The results show that under drought, rosette relative expansion rate is decreased more than photosynthesis, leading to a more positive C balance, while root growth is promoted. Several soluble metabolites accumulate in response to soil water deficit, with K+ and organic acids as the main contributors to osmotic adjustment. Osmotic adjustment costs only a small percentage of the daily photosynthetic C fixation. All C metabolites measured (not only starch and sugars but also organic acids and amino acids) show a diurnal turnover that often increased under water deficit, suggesting that these metabolites are readily available for being metabolized in situ or exported to roots. On the basis of 30 enzyme activities, no in-depth reprogramming of C metabolism was observed. Water deficit induces a shift of the expression level of a set of sugar-responsive genes that is indicative of increased...

Functional Analysis of the Group 4 Late Embryogenesis Abundant Proteins Reveals Their Relevance in the Adaptive Response during Water Deficit in Arabidopsis1[C][W][OA]

Olvera-Carrillo, Yadira; Campos, Francisco; Reyes, José Luis; Garciarrubio, Alejandro; Covarrubias, Alejandra A.
Fonte: American Society of Plant Biologists Publicador: American Society of Plant Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Late-Embryogenesis Abundant (LEA) proteins accumulate to high levels during the last stages of seed development, when desiccation tolerance is acquired, and in vegetative and reproductive tissues under water deficit, leading to the hypothesis that these proteins play a role in the adaptation of plants to this stress condition. In this work, we obtained the accumulation patterns of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) group 4 LEA proteins during different developmental stages and plant organs in response to water deficit. We demonstrate that overexpression of a representative member of this group of proteins confers tolerance to severe drought in Arabidopsis plants. Moreover, we show that deficiency of LEA proteins in this group leads to susceptible phenotypes upon water limitation, during germination, or in mature plants after recovery from severe dehydration. Upon recovery from this stress condition, mutant plants showed a reduced number of floral and axillary buds when compared with wild-type plants. The lack of these proteins also correlates with a reduced seed production under optimal irrigation, supporting a role in fruit and/or seed development. A bioinformatic analysis of group 4 LEA proteins from many plant genera showed that there are two subgroups...

A Common Genetic Determinism for Sensitivities to Soil Water Deficit and Evaporative Demand: Meta-Analysis of Quantitative Trait Loci and Introgression Lines of Maize1[W][OA]

Welcker, Claude; Sadok, Walid; Dignat, Grégoire; Renault, Morgan; Salvi, Silvio; Charcosset, Alain; Tardieu, François
Fonte: American Society of Plant Biologists Publicador: American Society of Plant Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Evaporative demand and soil water deficit equally contribute to water stress and to its effect on plant growth. We have compared the genetic architectures of the sensitivities of maize (Zea mays) leaf elongation rate with evaporative demand and soil water deficit. The former was measured via the response to leaf-to-air vapor pressure deficit in well-watered plants, the latter via the response to soil water potential in the absence of evaporative demand. Genetic analyses of each sensitivity were performed over 21 independent experiments with (1) three mapping populations, with temperate or tropical materials, (2) one population resulting from the introgression of a tropical drought-tolerant line in a temperate line, and (3) two introgression libraries genetically independent from mapping populations. A very large genetic variability was observed for both sensitivities. Some lines maintained leaf elongation at very high evaporative demand or water deficit, while others stopped elongation in mild conditions. A complex architecture arose from analyses of mapping populations, with 19 major meta-quantitative trait loci involving strong effects and/or more than one mapping population. A total of 68% of those quantitative trait loci affected sensitivities to both evaporative demand and soil water deficit. In introgressed lines...

Mapping Vulnerability to Climate Change

Heltberg, Rasmus; Bonch-Osmolovskiy, Misha
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
This paper develops a methodology for regional disaggregated estimation and mapping of the areas that are ex-ante the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and variability and applies it to Tajikistan, a mountainous country highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The authors construct the vulnerability index as a function of exposure to climate variability and natural disasters, sensitivity to the impacts of that exposure, and capacity to adapt to ongoing and future climatic changes. This index can inform decisions about adaptation responses that might benefit from an assessment of how and why vulnerability to climate change varies regionally and it may therefore prove a useful tool for policy analysts interested in how to ensure pro-poor adaptation in developing countries. Index results for Tajikistan suggest that vulnerability varies according to socio-economic and institutional development in ways that do not follow directly from exposure or elevation: geography is not destiny. The results indicate that urban areas are by far the least vulnerable...

Designing Climate Change Adaptation Policies : An Economic Framework

Hallegatte, Stephane; Lecocq, Franck; de Perthuis, Christian
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
Adaptation has long been neglected in the debate and policies surrounding climate change. However, increasing awareness of climate change has led many stakeholders to look for the best way to limit its consequences and has resulted in a large number of initiatives related to adaptation, particularly at the local level. This report proposes a general economic framework to help stakeholders in the public sector to develop effective adaptation strategies. To do so, it lays out the general issues involved in adaptation, including the role of uncertainty and inertia, and the need to consider structural changes in addition to marginal adjustments. Then, it identifies the reasons for legitimate public action in terms of adaptation, and four main domains of action: the production and dissemination of information on climate change and its impacts; the adaptation of standards, regulations and fiscal policies; the required changes in institutions; and direct adaptation actions of governments and local communities in terms of public infrastructure...

Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change : Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
To address these objectives, the study was conducted on two parallel tracks: (1) a global tracka top-down approach, in which national databases were used to generate aggregate estimates at a global scale, drawing on a wide variety of sector studies; and (2) a country level track: a bottom-up approach, in whichsub-national data were aggregated to generate estimates at economywide, sectoral, and local levels. This Synthesis Report integrates and summarizes the key findings of a global study report and seven country case study reports covering Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Samoa, and Vietnam(Figure ES-1). By providing information on lessons learned and insights gained on adaptation to climate change from global, country, and sector-level analyses,the hope is to help policymakers worldwide prioritize actions, along with developing a robust, integrated approach for greater resilience to climate risks. The Report begins with the concepts and methodology used for analyses in both the global and the country case studies...

The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change : Methodology Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
The proposed methodology begins with a consistent downscaling of projected climatic changes from a multiplicity of General Circulation to local levels. Subsets of the suite of downscaled climatic factors are then to be used to estimate the vector of impacts on key economic sectors of each country, using sector-specific impact assessment models. Based on this information, alternative government adaptation projects will be specified and optimally chosen subject to a government budget constraint. Thereafter, direct impacts of climate change will serve as inputs into a macroeconomic framework to examine the indirect inter-sectoral impacts of climate change as well as adaption strategies. Finally, at each step the analysis will be complemented with perspectives and insights of people whose livelihoods are being or will be affected by changes in climate. Impacts of the climate change and the benefits of specific adaptation measures will be examined in the context of sub-populations defined by livelihood profiles. Local-level analysis of past and present autonomous adaptation measures for a range of groups stratified by sets of livelihood profiles will be conducted using participatory rural appraisal based primary fieldwork in addition to holding participatory workshops and consultations.

Is There a Community-Level Adaptation Deficit?

Ashwill, Maximillian; Heltberg, Rasmus
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
This paper uses primary source data from several World Bank-led case studies on the “social dimensions of climate change” from 2008-2012 to understand how communities in developing countries can more successfully adapt to climate change. Poor communities face an adaptation deficit, specifically local communities, which engage more in coping measures than in adaptation measures, because the costs of adaptation remain too high while the effectiveness of adaptation in building resilience to severe weather events often remains limited or not sufficient in addressing long-term environmental trends. Further, adaptation can lead to negative outcomes, or maladaptation, which can occur when (1) planning does not sufficiently account for temporal and spatial factors, (2) policies contradict one another and create perverse incentives, (3) governance systems fail, and (4) communities lack the knowledge to adapt. Community leadership, organization, and trust towards nonlocal adaptation planners can build the social capital needed for collective action and successful adaptation.

Adapting to Climate Change in Europe and Central Asia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
The climate is changing; and the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region is vulnerable to the consequences. Many of the region's countries are facing warmer temperatures, a changing hydrology and more extremes, droughts, floods, heat waves, windstorms, and forest fires. Already the frequency and cost of natural disasters have risen dramatically in the region. And the concentration of greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere guarantees that similar or greater changes are yet to come, even if the world completely stopped emitting carbon dioxide. Now, and at least for the near future, ECA vulnerability is being driven more by its existing sensitivity than by the severity of the climate impacts. In fact, ECA already suffers from a serious adaptation deficit even to its current climate. This derives from a combination of socioeconomic factors and the Soviet legacy of environmental mismanagement. This report presents an overview of what adaptation to climate change might mean for ECA. It starts with a discussion of emerging best practice adaptation planning around the world and a review of the latest climate projections. The report then discusses possible actions to improve resilience organized around impacts on natural resources (water...

Estimating Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change; Climate Policy

Narain, Urvashi; Margulis, Sergio; Essam, Timothy
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Journal Article; Journal Article
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
In 2009 the World Bank launched the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC) study to provide up-to-date and consistent estimates of adaptation costs for developing countries. The EACC study addresses many of the shortcomings found in the adaptation cost literature. First, it defines 'adaptation costs' as those additional costs of development due to climate change, thereby avoiding confounding the costs of closing the development deficit and the implicit adaptation deficit. Second, the study covers eight major sectors: infrastructure, coastal zones, water supply, agriculture, fisheries, forests and ecosystems, human health, and extreme weather events. Third, it employs common population and GDP growth trajectories across sectors and uses two climate scenarios to capture the full spread of model predictions. Finally, the EACC study uses an innovative methodology for aggregating costs at the sector level within a country, and across countries. Under these assumptions, the global price tag for the developing world of adapting to an approximately 2 degrees C warmer world by 2050 is US$ 70-100 billion per year for 2010-2050.

Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Fay, Marianne; Block, Rachel I.; Ebinger, Jane
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
The climate is changing, and the Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region is vulnerable to the consequences. Many of the region's countries are facing warmer temperatures, a changing hydrology, and more extremes, droughts, floods, heat waves, windstorms, and forest fires. This book presents an overview of what adaptation to climate change might mean for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It starts with a discussion of emerging best-practice adaptation planning around the world and a review of the latest climate projections. It then discusses possible actions to improve resilience organized around impacts on health, natural resources (water, biodiversity, and the coastal environment), the 'unbuilt' environment (agriculture and forestry), and the built environment (infrastructure and housing). The last chapter concludes with a discussion of two areas in great need of strengthening given the changing climate: disaster preparedness and hydro-meteorological services. This book has four key messages: a) contrary to popular perception...

Adaptação transcultural para o português da escala Adult Self-Report Scale para avaliação do transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) em adultos; Transcultural adaptation of the Adult Self-Report Scale into portuguese for evaluation of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Mattos, Paulo; Segenreich, Daniel; Saboya, Eloísa; Louzã, Mário; Dias, Gabriela; Romano, Marcos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
The criteria listed in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) from the American Psychiatric Association are the most used ones for the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) being based on field studies with children and adolescents. The Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS, version 1.1) was developed to adapt those symptoms to an adult life context. The present study consisted of a transcultural adaptation of the original instrument in English into a final version to be used in Brazil. Results indicated a satisfactory equivalence between versions, with some modifications being done after debriefing, supporting the importance of this step in studies like this.; Os critérios mais utilizados para o diagnóstico de transtorno do déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) são aqueles listados pela quarta edição do Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) da Associação Americana de Psiquiatria, baseados em estudos de campo com crianças e adolescentes. A Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS, versão 1.1) foi desenvolvida para adaptar os sintomas listados no DSM-IV para o contexto da vida adulta. O presente estudo consistiu em uma adaptação transcultural do instrumento original em inglês para uma versão final para uso corrente no Brasil. Os resultados indicaram uma equivalência satisfatória entre as versões...

Understanding the adaptation deficit: why are poor countries more vulnerable to climate events than rich countries?

Fankhauser, Samuel; McDermott, Thomas K. J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2014 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Poor countries are more heavily affected by extreme weather events and future climate change than rich countries. One of the reasons for this is the so-called adaptation deficit, that is, limits in the ability of poorer countries to adapt. This paper analyses the link between income and adaptation to climate events theoretically and empirically. We postulate that the adaptation deficit may be due to two factors: A demand effect, whereby the demand for the good “climate security” increases with income, and an efficiency effect, which works as a spill-over externality on the supply-side: Adaptation productivity in high-income countries is enhanced because of factors like better public services and stronger institutions. Using panel data from the Munich Re natural catastrophe database we find strong evidence for a demand effect for adaptation to two climate-related extreme events, tropical cyclones and floods. Evidence on the efficiency effect is more equivocal. There are some indications that adaptation in rich countries might be more efficient, but the evidence is far from conclusive. The implication for research is that better data, in particular on adaptation effort, need to be collected to understand adaptation efficiency. In terms of policy...