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Desmistificação do regime contábil de competência; Debunking the accrual-basis accounting

BORGES, Thiago Bernardo; MARIO, Poueri do Carmo; CARDOSO, Ricardo Lopes; AQUINO, André Carlos Busanelli de
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.02%
Este artigo apresenta o regime de competência de forma simples e objetiva, e discute como pode ser aplicado às organizações públicas no Brasil. Para tanto, usa a experiência do governo do estado de Minas Gerais no processo de preparação para a adoção do regime de competência puro, que desde 2001 estuda a possibilidade de adoção do regime. Esse processo foi acelerado em 2009 pela iminência de convergência às normas internacionais de contabilidade para o setor público, demandada pela Secretaria do Tesouro Nacional e pelo Conselho Federal de Contabilidade. A análise apresenta os incentivos à iniciativa da adoção do regime, mesmo antes da exigência legal, e os potenciais impactos de tal adoção no processo decisório. O processo de reforma administrativa no caso de Minas Gerais, incentivado primariamente pela necessidade de saneamento fiscal, levou à adoção do conceito de contratualização, o que passou a demandar informação de desempenho. Apesar dos benefícios em potencial do regime de competência para decisão e accountability, o Estado necessitará enfrentar questões como capacitação, adequação de sistemas e incertezas quanto aos parâmetros da Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal; This paper presents accrual basis accounting in a straight and objective way...

Sri Lanka - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.96%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing is generally meant to assist with the implementation o f more effective Public Financial Management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Sri Lanka. Following the introduction, and chapters on public sector accounting and auditing, Annex A explains the methodology used for the study. Annex B provides a summary of accounting and auditing standards referred to in this study. Annex C and D provide Sri Lanka accounting and auditing legislation, respectively. Lastly, Annex E includes a description of the benefits of accrual accounting.

Botswana - Accrual Accounting Policy Note and Guide

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.17%
This paper comprises two volumes: volume one, this concise policy and guidance note that deals with the request as outlined, and a volume two which provides more detailed technical guidance on the implementation of International Public Sector accounting Standards (IPSAS) accrual based standards. Recommended reforms directly relevant to this paper include: 1) fiscal reforms on both the revenue and expenditure sides to limit fiscal deficits and ensure a return to a sustainable medium term fiscal path; and 2) transforming the current planning and budget system which falls short in meeting the usual measures of budget effectiveness by, for example, moving towards government-wide medium term fiscal and expenditure frameworks and a program budget in the medium term, in tandem with public sector reform and the necessary changes to the Public Financial Management (PFM) legal framework and the government accounting system. Accrual accounting is a methodology under which transactions and other events are accounted for when they occur...

Report on Pilot Study on Migration to Accrual Accounting : Forest and Health Departments of State Government of Madhya Pradesh (India)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.04%
The objective of this study is to identify gaps between the existing cash based accounting system and the accrual based accounting system to assist Government Accounting Standards Advisory Board (GASAB) to address issues related to Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE) and inventories during actual migration to accrual accounting. This study also includes documentation of operational and implementation issues and suggested solutions to latent problems and road blocks if any so as to provide necessary inputs to GASAB for framing appropriate. Guidelines for migration of Government accounts from cash basis to accrual accounting system. The study is noteworthy that not only statement of financial position for the reporting entity has been prepared but it also discloses physical assets and current liabilities. Maintenance of proper records of various classes of assets (constructed, acquired or donated), inventories, receivables and carry over as prescribed in the financial rules and departmental regulations is a starting point for transition to accrual accounting.

Issues in accrual accounting and budgeting by government

Barton, Allan D
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version Formato: 16 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.56%
The adoption of accrual accounting and budgeting systems has been central to the program of Commonwealth Public Sector reforms over the past 20 years. The reforms are explained in publications such as Department of Finance (DOF, 1994a,b), National Commission of Audit (1996); Guthrie and Parker (1998); and Wanna, Kelly and Forster (2000). They were heralded with much praise and promise for improvements in the efficiency of resource management and effectiveness in policy delivery, and in enhanced transparency of information and accountability to Parliament and the public. However, while major improvements have been made in these matters, significant concerns remain about the new systems and they have created many problems.

NSW public sector accrual accounting: Why did it happen and has it mattered?.

Christensen, Mark
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.22%
In 1988 the New South Wales (NSW) Government was the first in Australia, and amongst the first in the world, to commit to implement accrual accounting for its General Government Sector. Subsequently, accrual accounting has been implemented by numerous governments, including all Australian governments. This thesis examines why the NSW Government decided to implement accrual accounting and the impact of this accounting change on decision making within a General Government Sector organisation. The historical account is derived from a combination of archival and oral data sources whilst an organisational learning theoretical frame is used in a single-site case study to understand the impact of accrual accounting on managerial decision making. The history of the NSW Government adoption of accrual accounting is characterised by five notable features. First, the whole-of-government initiative was implemented with remarkable speed. Second, the change was aided by the actions of an epistemic community, in which private sector consultants were most active. Third, the change was justified through expected improvements in accountability and management. Fourth, a period of resistance to the change was followed by an absence of critical discussion on the implications of the change as forces supportive of the change synergistically combined. Fifth...

Accounting for veteran's educational assistance benefits

Broyles, Ned A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; The purpose of this study is to investigate accrual basis accounting as an alternative for accounting for the cost of GI Bill and VEAP veterans' educational assistance benefits. The history of veterans' educational assistance and current accounting methods are reviewed. The study suggests pension accounting techniques and inputs to a cost model as a basis to allocate the entitlements' cost.; http://archive.org/details/accountingforvet00broy; Commander, United States Naval Reserve

Accrual accounting within government: with emphasis on the Department of Defense

Del Duca, Ronald M.
Fonte: Washington, D.C.; George Washington University Publicador: Washington, D.C.; George Washington University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.93%
This thesis document was issued under the authority of another institution, not NPS. At the time it was written, a copy was added to the NPS Library collection for reasons not now known. It has been included in the digital archive for its historical value to NPS. Not believed to be a CIVINS (Civilian Institutions) title.; The purpose of this thesis is five fold. First and foremost, the writer wants to gain as complete an understanding as possible in the area of accrual accounting because of the impact it has made and will continue to make upon the Department of Defense. Second, it is believed that this will be one of the first papers that, under the same cover, relates to accrual accounting from the viewpoints of Congress, the Executive Office of the President, The President's Commission on Budget Concept's, the General Accounting Office, the Department of Defense, and contractors associated with the military-industrial complex. Third, the writer will point out some of the problem areas encountered in the Department of Defense while trying to implement accrual accounting. Fourth, the writer will illustrate how some of these problems have been solved, partially and fully. Fifth, the writer will make some general conclusions on the Navy's prospects of meeting the deadline for complete...

Bangladesh - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.85%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing for Bangladesh is meant generally to help implement more effective Public Financial Management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Bangladesh and to provide greater stimulus for more cost effective outcomes of government spending. More specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-founded knowledge as to where local practices stand against the internationally developed norms of financial reporting and auditing; (b) to assess prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths for improving the accordance with international standards; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Nepal - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing in Nepal is intended to assist with the implementation of more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes. It is intended to provide greater stimulus for more cost- effective outcomes of government spending. The specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well- based knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Maldives - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.9%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing standards purpose is to assist with the implementation of more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Maldives. The specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-based knowledge as to where local practices stand in comparison with internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. Annex A explains the methodology used for the study. Annex B provides a summary of international accounting and auditing standards referred to in this study. Annex C and D provide country accounting and auditing legislation, respectively. Lastly, Annex E includes a description of the benefits of accrual accounting.

Pakistan : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.89%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing is generally meant to help implement more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Pakistan and to provide greater stimulus for more cost-effective outcomes of government spending. More specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common, strongly-founded, knowledge as to where local practices stand against the internationally developed norms of financial reporting and auditing; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths for improving the accordance with international standards; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Bangladesh : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.88%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing for Bangladesh is meant generally to help implement more effective Public Financial Management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Bangladesh and to provide greater stimulus for more cost effective outcomes of government spending. More specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-founded knowledge as to where local practices stand against the internationally developed norms of financial reporting and auditing; (b) to assess prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths for improving the accordance with international standards; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Public Sector Accounting and Auditing in South Asia : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.87%
This report aims to support regional collaboration and renewed collective efforts to strengthen financial management and oversight practices in South Asia. It compares the public sector accounting and auditing practices in eight South Asian countries to international standards. It is intended to inform public sector accounting and auditing authorities, primarily Ministries of Finance, accountants general, and auditors general, and support their efforts to provide senior policy makers and the general public in their countries with credible, relevant, and useful financial information about the collection, management, and use of public resources. This report is based on detailed 'gap analysis' assessments that were prepared in recent years in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, providing comparisons of public sector accounting and auditing practices in those countries to international standards. This report is a synthesis of the gap analysis reports.

Georgia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.74%
This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors in Georgia. The report uses International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Standards on Auditing (ISA) and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation, including in European Union (EU) Member States, to assess the quality of financial information and make policy recommendations. The financial sector in Georgia is growing rapidly but remains largely underdeveloped, partly due to the lack of funding from local deposits and limited access to funding from foreign financial institutions. This report focuses on the principal reason for continuing with further reforms; specifically, on the benefits that the proposed reforms will bring to Georgia and its citizens. In this context, this report sketches policy recommendations to enhance the quality of corporate financial reporting and foster a financial reporting platform conducive to sustainable private and financial sector growth...

Nepal : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing in Nepal is intended to assist with the implementation of more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes. It is intended to provide greater stimulus for more cost-effective outcomes of government spending. The specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-based knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of fi nancial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Sri Lanka : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.89%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing is generally meant to assist with the implementation of more effective Public Financial Management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Sri Lanka. It is intended to provide greater stimulus for more cost-effective outcomes of government spending. The specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common strongly founded knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce those variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements.

Maldives : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.9%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing standards is generally meant to assist with the implementation of more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Maldives. It is intended to provide greater stimulus for more cost-effective outcomes of government spending. The specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-based knowledge as to where local practices stand in comparison with internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the causes of the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. Annex A explains the methodology used for the study. Annex B provides a summary of international accounting and auditing standards referred to in this study. Annex C and D provide country accounting and auditing legislation, respectively. Lastly...

Bhutan : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.78%
The objectives of this report are: (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-founded knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. The analysis in this report has been conducted in light of the strong measures being taken in the Kingdom of Bhutan to reform the accounting and auditing processes. The report addresses several issues such as: adopting international accounting standards in major public enterprises; implementing professional leadership in accounting and financial management; implementing a fully integrated, computerized government accounting system; drafting new acts on public financial management and combating corruption; strengthening the Royal Institute of Management (RIM); and providing training for finance...

Afghanistan - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
This assessment of public sector accounting and auditing is generally meant to help implement more effective public financial management (PFM) through better quality accounting and public audit processes in Afghanistan and to provide greater stimulus for more cost-effective outcomes of government spending. More specific objectives are (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common firmly based knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with international standards of financial reporting and auditing; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths for improving the accordance with international standards; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. The study has taken the international standards as axiomatic with any acceptable options incorporated in the standards. The study has not assessed whether the country should adopt a limited version of the standards, as the processes of developing the standards have already considered any acceptable options that can be incorporated into the text of the standards...