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Análise do padrão decisório do auditor brasileiro com uso da metodologia Q e do DMI (Decision Making Inventory); Brazilian auditor's decision-making pattern analysis using Q methodology and DMI (Decision Making Inventory).

Sartorelli, Isabel Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Esta tese analisa o padrão decisório do auditor brasileiro (a partir do enfoque da Teoria do Processo Dual em sua versão modificada pela Regret Theory, aqui denominada TPD-m), já que o padrão decisório pode informar a maneira pela qual o auditor exerce seu julgamento. Considerando que auditor e norma precisam estar alinhados, e considerando a adoção de normas baseadas em princípios (IFRS), o objetivo foi aprofundar os estudos de Jamal e Tan (2010), verificando se os tipos de auditores por eles identificados (orientados a princípios, a regras e a clientes) poderiam ser observados empiricamente na amostra delimitada (29 sócios e 35 gerentes de auditoria de firmas Large Six localizadas no Brasil), e se tal tipologia encontraria suporte na literatura que define as características principais desses tipos de auditores. As quatro hipóteses de pesquisa versaram sobre: a ausência de predominância de um único padrão decisório; a associação entre os padrões identificados pelo DMI (se analítico, intuitivo ou emocional) e os tipos de auditores; a homogeneidade na determinação do que seria considerado como mais importante numa auditoria em arrendamento mercantil; a existência de associação entre os agrupamentos identificados pela Metodologia Q e as características condizentes com os tipos de auditores identificados por Jamal e Tan (2010). A primeira hipótese foi verificada com o Teste DMI...

Bangladesh : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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46.36%
This report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices within the broader context of the Bangladesh institutional framework and capacity needed to ensure the quality of corporate financial reporting. The accounting and auditing practices in Bangladesh suffer from institutional weaknesses in regulation, compliance, and enforcement of standards and rules. The preparation of financial statements and conduct of audits, in many cases, are not consistent with internationally acceptable standards and practices. Better-qualified graduates generally do not join the accounting profession because it is not viewed as a stepping-stone to a rewarding and prestigious career. The out-of-date legal requirements, widespread noncompliance with accounting and auditing standards, ineffective enforcement mechanism, poor quality accounting education and training, and inadequate adherence to professional ethics have contributed to the weakness of the financial reporting regime. The policy recommendations provided in this report focus on improving statutory framework...

Peru : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
The report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices within the corporate sector in Peru, using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, drawing on international experience and best practices in that field. This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) Accounting & Auditing review included the analysis of a sample of 20 published audited financial statements, and found that financial reporting standards broadly complied with by Peruvian corporations, although a number of cases of departures from IAS, and possibly from ISA, were noted. This points the need to strengthen the enforcement of financial reporting and auditing requirements for entities of public interest. The review also noted that existing arrangements for the licensing of auditors do not provide compulsory minimum academic course content in accounting and auditing, nor do they include professional examination; moreover, continuing education requirements are not effectively followed. This is detrimental to the quality of the accounting and audit practice in the country. The lack of quality control of auditors is also a cause of serious concern. The report offers several policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the regulatory framework governing accounting and auditing...

Lessons Learned from the World Bank’s Accounting and Auditing ROSC Program

Hegarty, John; Gielen, Frédéric; Hirata Baros, Ana Cristina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
This paper addresses challenges to the successful implementation of international accounting and auditing standards which have been observed by the World Bank when carrying out the Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) accounting and auditing assessments. It describes the ROSC program, outlines the methodological approach followed, identifies problems common across several jurisdictions, and makes suggestions for initiatives that could enhance the implementation of international standards. The ROSC results show that governments have primarily concentrated on adopting legislation mandating or allowing the use of international standards, and the private sector has sought to increase the competence of individuals and firms to apply international standards. This paper provides an overview of the main program of Bank diagnostic work in the field of private sector financial reporting: (ROSC) It summarizes some of the main findings of the 38 assessments that have been carried out to date, with specific reference to the challenges to the successful implementation of international accounting and auditing standards. Attention is drawn to the need for international consensus on a comprehensive framework of principles for the regulation of accounting and auditing that also addresses issues of implementation...

Financial Sector Assessment Program : Nigeria - Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
The assessment of the current state of the implementation of the Basel Core Principles (BCP) for effective banking supervision in Nigeria, against the BCP methodology issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) in October 2006, was completed between August 27 and September 19, 2012, as part of a Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) update, undertaken jointly by the Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, and reflects the regulatory and supervisory framework in place as of the date of the completion of the assessment. An assessment of the effectiveness of banking supervision requires a review of the legal framework, both generally and as specifically related to the financial sector, and a detailed examination of the policies and practices of the institutions responsible for banking supervision. Banking systems differ from one country to another, as do their domestic circumstances. The BCPs are capable of application to a wide range of jurisdictions whose banking sectors will inevitably include a broad spectrum of banks. The co-ordination of the activities of the Nigerian banking sector supervisory authorities is conducted under the aegis of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)/Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) executive committee on supervision which should ensure that operations of the two supervisory authorities are coordinated to remove overlaps...

The impact of mandatory IFRS adoption on accounting quality: evidence from Australia

Chua, Y.; Cheong, C.; Gould, G.
Fonte: American Accounting Association Publicador: American Accounting Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
Following the mandatory implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Australia as of January 1, 2005, this study examines its impact on accounting quality by focusing on three perspectives: (1) earnings management, (2) timely loss recognition, and (3) value relevance. Using four years of adoption experience since the mandate was first made effective in Australia for a wide range of accounting-based metrics and market-based information, we find that the mandatory adoption of IFRS has resulted in better accounting quality than previously under Australian generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). In particular, the findings indicate that the pervasiveness of earnings management by way of smoothing has reduced, while the timeliness of loss recognition has improved post-adoption. Additionally, the value relevance of financial statement information has improved, especially for non-financial firms. This is despite the fact that there is evidence to suggest that financial firms are engaged in managing earnings toward a small positive target after the mandatory adoption of IFRS in Australia.; Yi Lin Chua, Chee Seng Cheong and Graeme Gould

Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program; Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
This assessment of Moldova current state of compliance with the Basel core principles for effective banking supervision (BCPs) was undertaken as part of a joint International Monetary Fund (IMF) - World Bank mission in connection with a broader financial sector assessment program exercise. This version of the assessment has a greater focus on risk management policies and practices implemented by supervised institutions and their assessment by the supervisory authority as well as more emphasis on quality implementation of supervisory standards. The assessment has been conducted in accordance with the revised BCP assessment methodology approved by the Basel committee and was based on extensive discussions with officers and staff members of the Banking Supervision Department in National Bank of Moldova (NBM), and a review of internal supervisory documents, such as manuals, operating policies, examination reports, and external audit reports. The mission reviewed the BCP self-assessment undertaken by NBM preceding this assessment...

Bulgaria Financial Sector Assessment Program; Detailed Assessment of Observance--Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
This assessment of the current state of the implementation of the Basel core principles (BCP) for effective banking supervision in Bulgaria has been completed as a stand-alone report on the observance of standards and codes undertaken by the international monetary fund (IMF) and the World Bank during March of 2015 at the request of the Bulgarian authorities. It reflects the regulatory and supervisory framework in place as of the date of the completion of the assessment. The Bulgarian National Bank (BNB) has an internal governance structure which, by vesting the majority of the powers of supervision in the Deputy Governor for banking supervision, exposes the supervisory function to risks. Under the BNB’s legal structure, supervision and enforcement is dissociated from the Governing Council, and the Governing Council has no right to compel transparency of decision making or to impose a framework to ensure consistency in the use of the enforcement regime. There are material concerns that the BNB is too resource constrained to deliver effective minimum levels of supervision. Despite a broad range of supervisory powers...

The Philippines : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Historically, accounting and auditing in the Philippines has been heavily influenced by practices of the United States. More recently, efforts have been made to adapt International Accounting Standards and International Standards on Auditing to national circumstances. However, there are gaps between the current international standards and the applicable Philippine standards, and in compliance of Philippine standards. Established in 1929, the Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) is one of the oldest professional accountancy bodies in Asia. The passage of the Accountancy Act 1923 led to the creation of the Board of Accountancy, with authority to issue certificates for certified public accountants. The PICPA presently lacks effective mechanisms either for monitoring members' professional activities or for taking appropriate actions against errant members. There are gaps in the capacity of the SEC and the Central Bank to monitor and enforce rules and regulations with reference to accounting...

Russian Federation : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
This CFAA concentrates, by design, on federal-level public sector financial management in the Russian Federation. Its results feed into the fiduciary discussion presented in the new Russian Federation Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), and into the Core Integrative Fiduciary Assessment (CIFA). In budget management the CFAA recommends 1) strengthening the strategy phase of budget preparation to link macroeconomic resource constraints and sectoral and program targets; 2) adopting a uniform, simplified budget coding structure; 3) adopting a more participatory approach to budget planning and formulation; 4) introducing accounting principles by entities with extra-budgetary funds and preparing reports that are compatible with Treasury accounts and fiscal reporting; 5) preparing a program of institutional development for the MOF and applying modem information technology; and 6) amending the chart of accounts (COA) to fully reflect the budget classification. The development and implementation of a full-function Treasury system will take several years and is not expected to become fully operational before 2004/05. In the interim...

Suriname : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes - Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
This report provides an assessment of the corporate sector accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices in Suriname, with the aim of assisting the Government of Suriname's efforts to strengthen private sector accounting and auditing practices and enhance financial transparency in the corporate sector, so as to support the Government's objective of private sector-led growth and deepened integration with the international economy. This ROSC A&A aims to support the government's objectives of improving the investment climate and fostering private sector growth, in particular through: (a) designing a solid legal and regulatory framework governing the accounting and audit profession in Suriname, (b) improving the technical skills of accounting and audit practitioners, and (c) enhancing the institutional capacity of the country's accounting professional body and educational institutions. The ROSC A&A focuses on the institutional framework regulating accounting and auditing practices, and the comparability of national accounting and auditing practices with international standards and best practice...

Mexico : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
This report offers several policy recommendations aimed at improving the accounting and auditing regulatory framework. An important aspect is the strengthening of enforcement mechanisms for ensuring compliance with accounting and auditing requirements and auditors' professional code of ethics; in this context, a recommendation has been made for the establishment of an independent oversight body for the audit profession. The review of accounting and auditing standards and practices in Mexico, which forms the basis of this report, placed specific focus on the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional framework that supports the corporate financial reporting system in the country. In that context, specific emphasis was placed on the quality and consistency of academic curricula for public accountants, as well as on existing arrangements for the licensing of auditors.

West Bank and Gaza : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes - Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes for Accounting and Auditing (ROSC A&A) is a part of the World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) joint initiative to review countries use of 12 internationally recognized standards/codes related to economic stability and private and financial sector development, including evaluating the country's accounting and auditing practices based on internationally recognized benchmarks and, based on that review, to make policy recommendations to help it bridge the gaps between current practices and those considered adequate. ROSC policy recommendations are intended to help strengthen a country's financial architecture, attract more foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment, and mobilize domestic savings, which, in turn, would allow for pension savings. In addition, improved financial reporting allows investors to better evaluate corporate prospects and make informed investment and voting decisions, which results in a lower cost of capital and a better allocation of capital and resources. Financial reporting is also the bedrock of corporate governance...

Honduras : Accounting and Auditing; Informe sobre el cumplimiento de normas y codigos (ROSC) : contabilidad y auditoria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
This report analyzes corporate financial reporting and auditing practices in Honduras in support of the Government's efforts to : (a) improve the business environment and make it more attractive for domestic and foreign direct investment; (b) enhance financial transparency and governance in the corporate sector; and (c) foster economic integration within the Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCR). For the purpose of this study, relevant benchmarks have been used, including the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the International Standards on Auditing (ISA). The report also draws on international experience and good practice in those fields, particularly in LCR. Accounting and auditing (A&A) standards and practices in Honduras have been improving; however, continued efforts to align these with international ones are still needed. The review focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the accounting and auditing environment in the corporate sector (which includes private companies and state-owned enterprises) and how they influence the quality of corporate financial reporting.

Republic of Lebanon : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Despite Lebanon's overall commendable progress in implementing international standards, there are still compliance gaps of varying degrees in both accounting and auditing practices. There is less gap in listed companies and banks; a greater gap appears in other companies with determinants based on size and who is performing the audit. These gaps stem primarily from shortcomings in professional education and training in Lebanon. When the Lebanese Association for Certified Public Accountants was established in 1994, all applicants, who sought license to practice, were certified without examination. More importantly, no enforcement mechanism exists to ensure International Accounting Standards (IAS) compliance, except in the banking sector. Although many audit firms make effort to perform audits in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISA), quality of audits varies significantly. The Order on Auditing, issued by the Minister of Finance, does not cover regulation or supervision of the auditing profession and does not mention enforcement regulations or the monitoring of ISA compliance. This report provides recommendations for an action plan...

Ecuador : Accounting and Auditing; Ecuador - Informe sobre la Observancia de los Codigos y Normas (ROSC) - contabilidad y auditoria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting and auditing practices within the corporate sector in Ecuador, using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks and drawing on international experience and best practices in that field. The adoption of Ecuadorian Accounting Standards (Normas Ecuatorianas de Contabilidad, or NEC) and Ecuadorian Auditing Standards (Normas Ecuatorianas de Auditoría, or NEA) in 1999-2000 represented a significant step forward for the country in improving the quality of its standards. Nonetheless, further efforts are needed to improve those standards which leave out a number of critical areas. In that regard, full adoption of IFRS and ISA by public-interest entities is widely viewed among country stakeholders as the best solution for Ecuador, and this report endorses the accounting profession's recent initiative for such adoption.

Accounting Principles are Simulated on Quantum Computers

Diep, Do Ngoc; Giang, Do Hoang
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
The paper is devoted to a new idea of simulation of accounting by quantum computing. We expose the actual accounting principles in a pure mathematics language. After that we simulated the accounting principles on quantum computers. We show that all arbitrary accounting actions are exhausted by the described basic actions. The main problem of accounting are reduced to some system of linear equations in the economic model of Leontief. In this simulation we use our constructed quantum Gau\ss-Jordan Elimination to solve the problem and the time of quantum computing is some square root order faster than the time in classical computing.; Comment: LaTeX 13 pp., no figure

Accounting for business combinations: historical solutions to contemporary problems; Contabilidad para fusiones y adquisiciones de empresas: soluciones históricas para problemas contemporáneos; Contabilidade para fusões e aquisições de empresas: soluções históricas para problemas contemporâneos

Godoy, Carlos Roberto de; Santos, Ariovaldo dos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
The main motivation for this study was to examine and question the evolution of the theoretical, normative and practical accounting framework for business combinations in the North-American market, as the models issued by this country basically sustain disclosure models adopted by the European Union and various other countries. The North-American tradition of advanced studies in accounting standards and practices, associated with the constant need for accounting to adapt to economic practices (business combinations), has made this country develop a theoretical and normative accounting framework for business combinations that is unsurpassed until today. Our analysis included both the earliest editions of the main pronouncements related to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States (US-GAAP) and the recent standards issued by the FASB in 2001, more specifically SFAS n.141 and SFAS n.142. After a series of different accounting techniques for business combinations, the FASB pronouncement (SFAS n.141) that substituted for APB Opinion n.16 (Business Combinations) and eliminated the use of the Pooling of Interests Method, turned the US-GAAP more consistent with other countries. accounting standards. The FASB pronouncement (SFAS n.142) that substituted for APB Opinion n.17 (Intangible Assets) stands out because it approximated the accounting treatment of goodwill...

Entidade e Continuidade: reflexões sobre a base conceitual e a estrutura hierárquica dos Postulados e Princípios da ContabilidadeDOI:10.5007/2175-8069.2010v7n14p137; Entity and Continuity: reflections on the conceptual framework and the hierarchical structure of Accounting Postulates and Principles

Azevedo, Renato Ferreira Leitão; Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Ciências Contábeis, Universidade de São Paulo (FEA-USP)
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/01/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
Neste artigo apresenta-se, de forma sucinta e introdutória, uma crítica ao posicionamento hierárquico dos Postulados e Princípios da Teoria Contábil, analisando a relação entre os conceitos de Entidade e Continui­dade. Optou-se por esses dois conceitos, pois são esses os mais importantes, como evidenciado nas palavras de Iudícibus (2006, p.51): “os dois postulados mais importantes para a Contabilidade, conforme referidos por muitos autores, são: o postulado da entidade contábil e o postulado da continuidade” e por vezes são os únicos apresentados nos livros textos. Para analisar como esses dois conceitos são posicionados pelos autores de Teoria da Contabilidade, algumas reflexões e argumentos embasados na Filosofia das Ciências, na Teoria dos Conjuntos e na Prática Contábil foram conduzidos. Por meio desses argumentos, entende-se que o posicionamento dessa reflexão atinge a base de toda Estrutura Conceitual da Teoria Contábil e é de vital importância para o entendimento das discussões que serão realizadas na Ciência Contábil. Parece-nos que ao longo da história da Teoria da Contabilidade esse questionamento não é recorrente, para não dizer que não foi documentado enquanto formulação, sendo assim...

An expanded accounting framework for sustainable growth: Focus on the relationship between a focal firm and its stakeholders

Yoo,Taeyoung; Nam,Giseok
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
In contrast to current accounting principles, which have focused on financial information about the reporting entity, this study suggests that attention should be paid to the information about relationships between a focal firm and its stakeholders. That is, we could more accurately assess the sustainability of a firm's profit and growth by considering both its financial outcomes and business relationships. The rationale of the suggestion is that firms which facilitate mutual profitability between themselves and their stakeholders are more likely to achieve cooperative relationships and consequently enjoy better financial performance and sustainable growth than those who pursue their profitability in an exclusive way. This study therefore suggests that principles of accounting should embrace not only the incomes of a firm and its consolidations (subsidiaries, associates and joint arrangements) but also those of its stakeholders, such as suppliers.