Página 1 dos resultados de 43 itens digitais encontrados em 0.001 segundos

Exploring the relationship between professional and organizational commitment : the attitudes of Ontario chartered accountancy students

Axisa, Jill L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
This study was undertaken to investigate the attitudes of chartered accountancy (CA) students toward professional commitment and organizational commitment. The focus of the study was to discover if a relationship between these two constructs existed and determine which situational and individual characteristics facilitate or impede commitment. The sample included those CA students who wrote the 1995 UFE (n=423). Four instruments were used for data collection: Job Diagnostic Survey, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, Career Commitment Questionnaire, Career Facilitation Survey, and individual demographic inquiry. The study found a significant relationship between professional commitment and organizational commitment. Situational characteristics tended to influence organizational commitment, while individual characteristics more often governed professional commitment. Specific satisfactions, general satisfaction, growth satisfaction, and satisfaction with compensation, co-workers, and supervision were found to facilitate organizational commitment. Organizational commitment was also influenced by supplemental job characteristics, internal work motivation, career facilitation, and autonomy. Implications for practice involved the cooperation and collaboration of the governing body for the CA profession and the CA firms in activities addressing pertinent issues that influence commitment. Implications for future research were also discussed.

Kingdom of Thailand : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
Thailand has made great efforts over the past ten years to improve the quality of corporate financial reporting. Considerable progress has been made on various fronts to strengthen the institutional framework of accounting and auditing, and to move towards converging Thai national accounting and auditing standards with international benchmarks. This report focuses on areas where stakeholders in the accounting profession in Thailand could consider making changes to strengthen the profession and increase consistency with global benchmarks. The Federation of Accounting Professions (FAP) is the self-regulatory professional body, which is a member of the International Federation of Accountants. The FAP is also the standard-setter, perhaps overly stretched with many responsibilities covered by the volunteer efforts of its members. The FAP develops and reviews accounting standards, as well as audit and ethics standards in line with international good practices. Thailand has in place legislation governing the creation and responsibilities of entities engaged in commercial activities: the accounting act...

Republic of Rwanda : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
This report is an assessment of the corporate sector accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices within Rwanda. This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) is benchmarked to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) and draws on international experience and good practices to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional underpinnings of corporate financial reporting and make policy recommendations. This assessment is mainly aimed at preparing a road map for institutional capacity building including development of the accountancy profession for bolstering the corporate sector accounting, financial reporting, and auditing in Rwanda. Rwanda is making considerable effort to align its accounting and auditing practices with internationally accepted standards and codes. Along with its growing economy, Rwanda must take effective steps for strengthening all the pillars of the infrastructure of accounting and auditing in line with the international good practices. The ROSC review findings reveal that there are varying compliance gaps in both accounting and auditing practices in Rwanda. These gaps stem from lack of clearer understanding among practicing accountants and auditors about the requirements of internationally accepted standards...

Republic of Botswana : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
This accounting and auditing report, part of the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for the Republic of Botswana, provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices within the corporate sector in Botswana with reference to the International Financial Reporting Standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and International Standards on Auditing issued by the International Federation of Accountants. Botswana has made considerable efforts in aligning its accounting and auditing practices with internationally accepted standards and codes. Corporate accounting and disclosure practices have considerably improved over the last 5 years. Monitoring and enforcement of financial reporting requirements in the banking sector have contributed to improved transparency of the financial sector. Even with progress, there is room for further improvements. The report highlights areas that need attention for strengthening the infrastructure of accounting and auditing practices in Botswana. The report concludes with recommendations to integrate with regional and sub-regional initiatives, wherever applicable, to share resources in order to strengthen accounting and auditing practices in Botswana.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan : Punjab Public Financial Management and Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
The Country Financial Accountability Assessment - Pakistan (December 2003) concluded that there were substantial opportunities for consolidating current reforms throughout Pakistan, and for introducing additional reforms to further strengthen public financial accountability, which would require sustained policy level commitment at national, and provincial levels. This provincial Public Financial Management (PFM) and Accountability Assessment follow this theme of continuing reform. The PFM Performance Measurement Framework provides for a four-grade rating mechanism for measuring the attributes of PFM in a government against the benchmarks provided therein. It provides a useful mechanism for charting a path towards demonstrable improved PFM. The study notes that the reforms already underway are developing a strong trajectory for PFM improvement, and this report sets out the continuing concerns, challenges, and proposals for further reforms and development, while setting the issues for further negotiation, although most issues are within the capacity of the Punjab Provincial authorities. Areas for urgent additional reform are in the budget execution, accounting and audit areas, and specific areas for priority attention suggest the improvement of arrears information on expenditures and revenues; of frequent monitoring of fiscal risks arising from State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)...

Accounting : The Zambia Centre for Accountancy Studies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
The study education and training of accountants in Anglophone Africa examines the problems facing the accounting profession and identifies examples of best practice. One such example is the Zambia Centre for Accountancy Studies (ZCAS). The objective of this study is to address the problem of an acute shortage of qualified accountants. ZCAS was established in 1988 with support from the European Union (EU). The establishment of the centre enabled Zambia to introduce a national accounting qualification. The key lessons identified include: to successfully introduce a national accounting qualification, a country needs to have good accounting education, and quality education has increased the number of accountants, and improved the standing of the profession in Zambia.

Saving Viable Businesses : The Effect of Insolvency Reform

Klapper, Leora
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
The 2008 financial crisis and consequent rise in corporate insolvencies highlight the clear need for efficient bankruptcy systems to liquidate unviable firms and reorganize viable ones and to do so in a way that maximizes the proceeds for creditors, shareholders, employees, and other stakeholders. This note summarizes the empirical literature on the effect of insolvency reforms on economic and financial activity. Overall, research suggests that effective reforms increase timely repayments, reduce the cost of credit, and lower the rate of liquidation among distressed firms.

Republic of Liberia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
This report provides an assessment of the corporate sector accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices in Liberia. The assessment undertaken is positioned within the broader context of the country s institutional framework and capacity needed to enhance the quality of corporate financial reporting that is a key contributor to improving investor confidence and ultimately economic growth. Efforts are necessary for strengthening the capacity of the regulators and developing accounting and auditing standards in Liberia.

Financing of Panchayati Raj Institutions in World Bank-Financed Operations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
The Government of India (GOI) is committed to strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) with a concerted effort to integrate and secure a central role for the village to district-level governments in World Bank-financed operations. The World Bank is actively seeking ways of achieving a greater degree of internal coherence between Bank-financed operations and consistency with the GOI approach to decentralization. With these objectives as backdrop, the report financing of panchayati raj institutions in World Bank-financed operations provides advice to World Bank task teams and clients for designing appropriate fiduciary mechanisms for PRI financing, ones that are consistent with the GOI constitutional framework and comply with World Bank operational policies and procedures. The report uses findings from a mapping exercise of ongoing Bank-financed operations in Panchayati Raj Institutions, analyzing the public financial management and accountability (PFMA) and procurement arrangements to determine what has or has not worked well and whether any can be replicated or mainstreamed. The report also covers the efficiency issues of panchayati raj institutions dealing with multiple financing sources with a resulting heavyload of reporting requirements; the extent to which existing PRI systems are being utilized or could have been utilized...

Strengthening Financial Reporting Regimes and the Accountancy Profession and Practices in Selected Caribbean Countries

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.85%
The main objectives of this report are to: (a) provide a synthesized analysis of financial reporting and auditing standards and practices across the countries in which the Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean (ICAC) is active and (b) provide a basis for recommendations to ICAC and respective national institutes for a regional strategy to enhance the accounting profession and the accounting and auditing practices in the public and private sectors. This report’s focus on reforms and identification of areas and means to strengthen the accounting profession have at their root the conviction that systemic enhancements to the standards and practices of the profession can materially improve the lives of the region’s populace, particularly its less prosperous citizens, through greater transparency, strengthened economic growth and its attendant employment and tax revenue prospects, and greater access to financing for and formalization of the region’s dominant sector-micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). The report finds that a constraint limiting both investment across the region...

Sri Lanka Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.77%
The Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes, Accounting and Auditing (ROSC AA) in Sri Lanka aims to assess the progress made on implementation of the policy recommendations of the first ROSC AA in 2004 and supports the Government of Sri Lanka in preparing a country action plan. This will further enhance the quality of corporate financial reporting, and thereby contribute toward the country’s goal of improving the investment climate, attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), and fostering business development. The ROSC review, requested by the Minister of Finance and Planning, entailed an evaluation exercise that assesses the strengths and weaknesses of existing institutional frameworks that underpin financial accounting and auditing practices; determines the comparability of national accounting and auditing standards; and evaluates the effectiveness of enforcement mechanisms for ensuring compliance with existing national standards, rules, and regulations. The review was conducted from December 2013 to September 2014 using the World Bank’s multi-layered review methodology. All findings reflect this time period of the review; some stated future events may have been achieved by publication date. The data and information used for the review was gathered from a diagnostic questionnaire completed by stakeholders; by reviewing accountancy profession-related documents; and through interviews with many stakeholders from government...

The Philippines : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.73%
Historically, accounting and auditing in the Philippines has been heavily influenced by practices of the United States. More recently, efforts have been made to adapt International Accounting Standards and International Standards on Auditing to national circumstances. However, there are gaps between the current international standards and the applicable Philippine standards, and in compliance of Philippine standards. Established in 1929, the Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) is one of the oldest professional accountancy bodies in Asia. The passage of the Accountancy Act 1923 led to the creation of the Board of Accountancy, with authority to issue certificates for certified public accountants. The PICPA presently lacks effective mechanisms either for monitoring members' professional activities or for taking appropriate actions against errant members. There are gaps in the capacity of the SEC and the Central Bank to monitor and enforce rules and regulations with reference to accounting...

Sierra Leone : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
This report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices in Sierra Leone with reference to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) requirements issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) issued by the International Federation of Accountants. This assessment is positioned within the broader context of the country's institutional framework and capacity needed to ensure the quality of corporate financial reporting. Efforts are necessary for strengthening the capacity of the regulators and ensuring compliance with applicable standards and codes. The accounting and auditing practices in Sierra Leone need to develop in line with a growing economy, as well as with international best practice. With the exception of banks and similar financial institutions, there is no legal mandate for other corporate entities to follow IFRS in preparation of financial statements and ISA in conducting audits. There are varying compliance gaps in both accounting and auditing practices. These gaps are likely to stem from lack of clearer understanding of professional accountants, inadequate technical capacities of the regulators, absence of implementation guidance, lack of independent oversight of the auditing profession...

Malawi : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
This report is based on the findings of a review of accounting and auditing standards and practices in Malawi's corporate sector. The review exercise focused mainly on the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional framework that supports the corporate financial reporting system in the country; a review of Government accounting and auditing practices is outside the scope of this report. This report provides policy recommendations to improve accounting and auditing practices, including strengthening enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance with accounting and auditing requirements. The key policy recommendations include: 1) Reviewing the Companies Act to provide for up-to-date requirements for financial reporting, and to ensure that there is room/flexibility to incorporate updates as they arise; 2) Reviewing the Public Accountants and Auditors Act to strengthen the regulatory functions of the Malawi Accountants Board (MAB), and reorganizing MAB into an effective independent oversight institution; 3) Putting in place arrangements to require public interest entities to apply IFRS for financial reporting...

Suriname : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes - Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
This report provides an assessment of the corporate sector accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices in Suriname, with the aim of assisting the Government of Suriname's efforts to strengthen private sector accounting and auditing practices and enhance financial transparency in the corporate sector, so as to support the Government's objective of private sector-led growth and deepened integration with the international economy. This ROSC A&A aims to support the government's objectives of improving the investment climate and fostering private sector growth, in particular through: (a) designing a solid legal and regulatory framework governing the accounting and audit profession in Suriname, (b) improving the technical skills of accounting and audit practitioners, and (c) enhancing the institutional capacity of the country's accounting professional body and educational institutions. The ROSC A&A focuses on the institutional framework regulating accounting and auditing practices, and the comparability of national accounting and auditing practices with international standards and best practice...

Doing Business 2014 Economy Profile : Gambia, The

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This economy profile presents the Doing Business indicators for Gambia. In a series of annual reports, Doing Business assesses regulations affecting domestic firms in 189 economies and ranks the economies in 10 areas of business regulation, such as starting a business, resolving insolvency and trading across borders. This year's report data cover regulations measured from June 2012 through May 2013. The report is the 11th edition of the Doing Business series.

Auditors and Independence

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.72%
Independence is a concept of fundamental importance in business relations and corporate governance. It is above all crucial in auditing, which provides a guarantee of the integrity of the numbers on which an efficient allocation of capital within the capital market system depends. The job of auditors is to express an independent opinion on whether financial statements are reliable and credible. They report on the statements' compliance with the law and accounting standards and, depending on the jurisdiction, whether the accounts prepared by the board reveal either a fair, or a true and fair, picture of economic reality.

Cambodia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
This report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices within the corporate sector in Cambodia with reference to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), and the International Standards on Auditing (ISA) issued by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC). This assessment is positioned within the broader context of the Cambodia's institutional framework and capacity needed to ensure the quality of corporate financial reporting Cambodia is putting in place an institutional framework with regard to accounting, auditing, and financial reporting practices. However, institutional weaknesses in regulation, compliance, and enforcement of standards and rules still exist. The accounting and auditing statutory framework suffers from inconsistencies among different laws. Although the national accounting standards and auditing standards are based on IFRS, and ISA, respectively, they appear outmoded and have gaps in comparison with the international equivalents. There are varying compliance gaps in both accounting and auditing practices. These gaps could primarily stem from lack of clearer understanding by professional accountants...

India : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes - Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
This report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices in India, within the broader context of institutional capacity available for ensuring high-quality financial reporting. India's accounting profession was among the earliest to develop historically, when the Indian Companies Act was enacted in the mid-l800s, giving the accounting profession its start. Since then, considerable efforts have been made to align India's accounting and auditing standards and practices, with the internationally accepted standards and codes. In order to further improve the quality of corporate financial reporting in India, there is a need to improve the institutional framework, and take steps for enhancing compliance with the applicable standards and rules. Enhanced by significant inputs from stakeholders, this report provides some principles-based policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the corporate financial reporting regime in India. These recommendations specifically focus on strengthening the monitoring and enforcement arrangements. Moreover...

International trade in services and services co-production: An investigation into the nature of services and their political economy consequences on international trade.

Herman, Lior
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
Goods and services are bundled together in economic analysis, which largely considers them to be similar despite contrary empirical evidence. Services have been largely absent from international political economy literature, so current explanations of international trade in services liberalisation and integration leave a lot to be desired. Using the WTO framework of the four modes of service supply, this thesis provides a comprehensive analysis of international trade in both healthcare and accountancy services. This empirical investigation sheds light on services' patterns of internationalisation and the relationships between different modes of trade. It finds that services differing from each other in many aspects are nevertheless intemationahsing following similar patterns and particularly through commercial presence. The empirical findings of this study are supported by an enquiry into the nature of services. They form the basis of the development of the theory of services coproduction, whereby the services output is jointly created by producers and consumers and/ or goods under their control. Co-production creates an inherent proximity constraint between producers and consumers, which is explained through the Services Production Trap (SPT). Co-production and the SPT have significant consequences for international political economy. Examination of firms' response to the SPT shows that accountancy firms developed a particular organisational model based on a network of partnerships that has been highly successful for internationalisation. In addition...