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Early Childhood Care and Development Project : Implementation Completion Memorandum

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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56.06%
The objective of the Project is to assist the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, through Save the Children UK on behalf of International Save the Children Alliance acting under the coordination of the Early Childhood Education Department of the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) in establishing an enabling environment in the poorest and most vulnerable communities, and providing young children the opportunities to develop to their full potential. All communes in three selected provinces of project locations (Quang Tri, Yen Bai and Dien Bien) face food insecurity, limited access to markets, limited provision of basic infrastructures, poor health, inadequate education, high illiteracy, and environmental degradation. Despite the challenging contextual environment in which this grant has taken place, the grant objectives were largely highly satisfactorily met and fulfilled though four key intermediate project results: increased access and availability of early childhood care and development services and supplies; increased quality of early childhood care and development services (Health and Education); increased family and community awareness and capacity to promote utilization of early childhood care and development services; and improved implementation of policies in support of ethnic minority children.

Tajikistan : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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46.03%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in Tajikistan. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework. Tajikistan has a population of 7.76 million people, of which 35 percent are below the age of 15. Unlike some countries in the region, Tajikistan has a positive population growth rate. SABER-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi- sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials, service providers, civil society, development partners and scholars. SABER-ECD identifies three core policy goals that countries should address to ensure optimal ECD outcomes: establishing an enabling environment...

Chile : Towards Equality of Opportunity, 2006-2010

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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55.85%
This package of policy papers aims to provide the Government with new analytical findings, international experiences, as well as a number of options which might be of interest in the deliberations of policy actions that could improve equalities of opportunity in Chilean society. The package includes a Development Policy Review which examines policy options that could help Chile to achieve the twin goals of fast and equitable growth. The Development Policy Review focuses on social protection, education, innovation, private sector development, and the financing of development policies. Further, the package includes five specific Policy Notes which provide additional in-depth discussions on a number of selected topics, all of them important to improving equalities of opportunity in the country. These specific topics had been suggested to us by a number of senior Chilean policy makers over the past months as being of potential interest for the incoming Chilean Government. This presentation of World Bank documents shows...

Yemen Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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56.03%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Yemen. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the SABER-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Yemen, along with regional and international comparisons. The SABER-ECD initiative is designed to enable ECD policymakers and development partners identify opportunities for further development of effective ECD systems. The SABER-ECD classification system does not rank countries according to any overall scoring; rather, it is intended to share information on how different ECD systems address the same policy challenges. This country report presents a framework to compare Yemen s ECD system with other countries in the region and internationally. Each of the nine policy levers are examined in detail and some policy options to strengthen ECD are offered. Yemen s National Strategy for Early Childhood shows a commitment to improving services for young children in the country. The challenge to address malnutrition...

Education Quality and Opportunities for Skills Development in Albania : An Analysis of PISA 2000-2012 Results

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
Albanian students improved their performance on PIS A1 reading, math, and science assessments between 2000 and 2012, a period over which access to upper secondary education expanded dramatically. The improvements are equivalent to a quarter to half a year of schooling in math and science and more than one year of schooling in reading. The improvements were realized despite substantial increases in enrollment and the attendant changes in the PISA sample composition. The gross enrollment rate in upper secondary education was only about 40 percent in 2000, but increased markedly to 72 percent in 2009 and 83 percent in 2012. A spike in enrollment usually results in lower average student performance due to the inclusion of poorer and traditionally excluded students. In the context of a rapidly expanding education system, it is remarkable that Albania managed to improve its average PISA scores. It is even more notable that the improvement came from significant advancements made by low-achieving students. Albania s improved PIS A scores coincide with the launch of intensive reform efforts in its education sector. The Government of Albania initiated the education sector strategy formulation process in 2002...

The Impact of Expanding Access to Early Childhood Services in Rural Indonesia

Brinkman, Sally Anne; Hasan, Amer; Jung, Haeil; Kinnell, Angela; Pradhan, Menno
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
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85.89%
This paper uses three waves of longitudinal data to examine the impact of expanding access to preschool services in rural areas of Indonesia on two cohorts of children. One cohort was children aged 4 at the start of the project and was immediately eligible for project-provided services when they began operation in 2009. The other cohort was children aged 1 at the start of the project and became eligible for project-provided services two years later. The paper presents intent-to-treat estimates of impact in the short term (first year of the project) and medium term (three years after the project started), using experimental and quasi-experimental methods. For the cohort of 4-year-olds, while the magnitude of the enrollment impact is similar across children from different backgrounds, the impact on child outcomes is larger for children from more disadvantaged backgrounds in the short and medium terms. However, for this cohort of children, it seems that project-provided playgroups encouraged substitution away from existing kindergartens...

Cambodia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief
EN_US
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45.97%
This bulletin showcases a World Bank supported study in Cambodia, where researchers set out to study the effects of scholarships on encouraging primary school students to continue their studies in lower secondary school, and whether bigger grants worked better than smaller ones. The results of the study underscore the importance impact evaluation can have for policymakers, even as researchers plan a second round of data collection to answer some important questions raised by the results. Building on the lessons learned from this evaluation, the government of Cambodia is planning a revised approach in its 2014-2018 strategic education plan to strengthen the quality of preschools and ensure demand for these services. This Evidence to Policy note was jointly produced by the World Bank Group, the Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund (SIEF), and the British governments Department for International Development.

Arab Republic of Egypt - Inequality of Opportunity in Access to Basic Services among Egyptian Children

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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65.78%
Egypt's children and youth, representing more than one-third of the country´s population and its future, face several significant challenges, as shown by higher child poverty rates and unequal access to basic services. The objective of this report is three-fold: (i) to analyze the extent of inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children; (ii) to inform government policy on how success in life is influenced by factors predetermined at birth; and (iii) to identify policies and interventions that may contribute to improving equality of opportunity. The underlying premise is that ensuring equality of opportunity entails leveling the playing field in such a way that every child, regardless of the circumstances of his/her birth, will have an equal chance to succeed in life. This report analyzes the extent of provision of equal access to basic opportunities to all children (including healthcare, education, clean water and sanitation), and identifies the main circumstances that affect it and therefore determine human development outcomes. The analysis in this report builds on the concepts and ideas developed in the World Development Report (WDR). The findings are aimed at supporting debates and discussions...

Life Chances in Turkey : Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation

Hentschel, Jesko; Aran, Meltem; Can, Raif; Ferreira, Francisco H.G.; Gignoux, Jeremie; Uraz, Arzu
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
Life chances explore the state of equality of opportunities in Turkey. It builds on the concepts and ideas presented in the World Development Report 2006: equity and development. The authors assess how today's distribution of wealth and the success of children in learning to read and write are shaped by the past, by factors predetermined at birth, factors over which today's children and families have no control: one's gender, parents' and grandparents' education, region and area of birth, or mother tongue. Some of the findings are stark, especially as they pertain to how the opportunities today's children have affect the future of the country: a girl born in a remote village to a poor family and parents with primary education degrees will very likely struggle in almost every area of her development. Compared with a boy born to well-off, highly educated parents in one of the urban centers in the country's west, that girl is four times as likely to suffer from low birth weight, one-third as likely to be immunized...

Measuring Beginner Reading Skills : An Empirical Evaluation of Alternative Instruments and their Potential Use for Policymaking and Accountability in Peru

Kudo, Ines; Bazan, Jorge
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
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45.95%
Based on analysis of reading performance data from 475 third-graders in Peru, this study makes recommendations on improving reading tests, choice of reading standards, and how to present the results at the school and individual levels. The paper reviews the literature on using reading skills measurement in the early grades to guide policymaking, strengthen accountability, and improve education quality. It uses data generated from the same students using two common approaches to measuring reading skills: an individually-administered oral fluency test, and a group-administered written comprehension test designed by the Ministry of Education for the 2006 universal standard test of second grade reading comprehension. These two approaches have sometimes been presented as competing alternatives, but the paper shows that it is better if they are used together, as complements. Based on psychometric analysis, the paper shows that both the oral and written tests adequately measured students' reading abilities. The results show that reading fluency and comprehension are correlated: fluent readers are more likely to understand what they read than non-fluent readers. The strength of the fluency-comprehension relationship depends on the level of fluency...

Brazil - Early Child Development : A Focus on the Impact of Preschools; Brasil - Desenvolvimento da primeira infancia : foco sobre o impacto das pre-escolas

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
The report focuses on preschool, as an effective early childhood development (ECD) intervention, especially for improving the status of the poorest groups in Brazil's population. Because of data limitations, the focus is primarily on pre-schooling, with some discussions on day care, and other services for the younger age group (0-3 years). Although the country is now out of the economic recession of the late 1990s, and, has laid the basis for an economic growth free of inflation, nonetheless, substantial development imbalances still need to be addressed. This will require sustained economic growth, and a range of policy interventions that affect the broad structure of the economy, therefore, this study looks at the impact of ECD, particularly preschool, in redressing these distortions. The main structural dimensions of access to pre-schooling are higher enrollments among older children, showing that enrollments - eight percent in the 0-3 age group - were seen to be particularly low in comparison with industrialized nations...

China Early Child Development : Early Childhood Education in Yunnan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Yunnan is a medium-sized and relatively poor Chinese province on the southwestern border of China. In 2012, the Yunnan department of education formally requested Bank support in conducting a review of early childhood education policies and programs in order to gain an in-depth and evidence-based understanding of the challenges the province faces in expanding early childhood education-in particular to rural and mountainous regions. The Bank's China education team embarked on raising funds, designing and implementing a rather elaborate research agenda around early childhood education. The goal was to investigate key challenges, and to propose policy interventions for expanding the Early Child Development (ECD) coverage in rural Yunnan. This report presents the findings from the background studies, and draws potential policy implications for improving the access to and quality of preschool education in Yunnan province. China has now almost achieved universal 9-year basic education. Over the last decade, the country has devoted increasing attention to policy development in early childhood education. Even though China does not yet have a specific early childhood education law...

A Good Start--Scaling-Up Access to Quality Services for Young Roma Children : Case Study of the Roma Education Fund Pilot Project

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.89%
This report is a case study of the Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) project 'a good start: scaling-up access to quality services for young Roma children' (hereafter, 'A Good Start' or 'AGS'), implemented by local partner organizations of the Roma Education Fund. It follows the companion report 'toward an equal start: closing the Early Learning Gap for Roma Children in Eastern Europe' (World Bank, 2012), which provided an assessment of the preschool and early learning gap between Roma and their non-Roma neighboring children using the UNDP/World Bank/EC regional Roma survey (2012) data. The objective of this report is to learn from the practical experiences by the AGS project and thus to provide practical insights for policy makers and program managers designing Early childhood and care services promoting inclusion of Roma children and their families. The annex at the end of this case study provides an overview of some other practical resources. By no means a comprehensive list, it includes information on early childhood education and care training materials and projects...

Uganda : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Uganda and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework1 and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition and social and child protection policies and interventions in Uganda, along with regional and international comparisons. Uganda's population is estimated at 35.8 million people, of which almost half (49.9 percent) is below 14 years of age. SABER-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi-sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials, service providers, civil society...

Impact Evaluation of Three Types of Early Childhood Development Interventions in Cambodia

Bouguen, Adrien; Filmer, Deon; Macours, Karen; Naudeau, Sophie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
Scaling up early childhood development services has the potential to increase children's cognitive and socio-emotional development and promote school readiness in a large segment of the population. This study used a randomized controlled trial approach to evaluate three scaled-up programs designed to widen access to early childhood development services: formal preschools, community preschools, and home-based services. The impacts of all three programs fell short of expectations because of two key flaws in how they were scaled up. First, implementation did not receive due attention; as a result, school facilities were not completed as planned, community-based programs were not always established, and low, irregular stipends created difficulties in hiring and retaining teachers. Second, the services that were available were not promoted and thus not used as widely as anticipated. The results imply that the quality of programs supplied is critical, as is attention to the demand side of the problem. The finding that these programs fell short of expectations does not mean that interventions such as these are ineffective. Rather...

Strengthening Kazakhstan's Education Systems : An Analysis of PISA 2009 and 2012

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Kazakhstan's Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 performance improved markedly compared to 2009, and indicated a narrowing achievement gap among students. Math and science performance improvements equivalent to more than half a year of schooling were achieved. According to the OECD, 40 points in PISA is equivalent to what students learn in one year of schooling. The improvements reduced the gap with other countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA) by almost half. Moreover, the performance improvements of the lowest achievers in 2009 and 2012 outpaced those of their higher achieving peers at a rate that compares favorably against OECD countries. However, performance on reading improved only marginally and overall reading achievement remained low, with some groups of students actually performing worse in 2012. Kazakhstan's PISA performance places it significantly behind other countries, especially in reading. Countries with income per capita levels similar to Kazakhstan's (namely Turkey and Russia) performed significantly better in math...

Kyrgyz Republic : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in the Kyrgyz Republic. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework and1 with financial and technical support from United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). The Kyrgyz Republic has a population of 5.5 million inhabitants, of which 65 percent reside in rural locations. Nearly 36.8 percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and 8.6 percent of the eligible workforce is unemployed. SABE-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi-sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials...

Skilling Up Vietnam : Preparing the Workforce for a Modern Market Economy

Bodewig, Christian; Badiani-Magnusson, Reena; Macdonald, Kevin; Newhouse, David; Rutkowski, Jan
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Education has played an important role in making Vietnam a development success story over the last 20 years. In the 1990s and early 2000s Vietnam experienced rapid economic growth. The accelerated growth was driven predominantly by productivity increases that came in the wake of a rapid shift of employment from low-productivity agriculture to higher-productivity nonfarm jobs. Vietnam's economy began to industrialize and modernize. Poverty fell dramatically. And education played an enabling role. Vietnam's committed effort to promote access to primary education for all and to ensure its quality through centrally set minimum quality standards has contributed to the country's reputation for having a young, well-educated workforce. Results from the 2012 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and new evidence from an adult skills survey presented in this book show that literacy and numeracy among Vietnam's youth and young urban adult workforce are strong and exceed those of even some wealthier countries. Despite its clear progress...

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development Using Interactive Audio Instruction; Guidelines for Program Design and Reportback on Prototyping in the Democratic Republic of Congo

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.85%
A large body of solid evidence demonstrates the significant effects of early childhood education and development (ECED) interventions on children’s success in school, long-term social integration, and improved life chances. Interactive audio instruction (IAI) provides one solution to the challenge of providing high quality ECE at scale and at reasonable costs. The IAI medium allows for the development and delivery of both teacher and caregiver training and direct instruction, using best practices in ECE, and has demonstrated powerful results in contexts as diverse as Honduras, Nepal, El Salvador, Indonesia, Zanzibar, Malawi, and Paraguay. The document outlines a general approach to high-quality IAI production for ECD, and uses the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) case study to detail the development process. It also provides technical recommendations for how to scale-up production and delivery in the DRC and considerations for program adaptation in other similar contexts, including an outline of necessary steps and components...

Laying the Foundation for Early Childhood Education in Sri Lanka; Investing Early, Investing Smartly, and Investing for All

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
The objective of this report is to analyze the state of early childhood education (ECE1) provision and the policy framework for delivering ECE in Sri Lanka, and suggest policy options for the future. The report is intended to serve several purposes. First, drawing upon the international literature in the field of early childhood development, it provides the rationale for investing in early childhood education in Sri Lanka. Second, it provides an understanding of the current policy framework and delivery system for ECE in the country. This policy analysis specifically looks at the extent to which there is an enabling environment for ECE, what provisions exist for monitoring and quality assurance, and how widely the policy is being implemented. Third, it presents a situation analysis of ECE provision in Sri Lanka, discussing the issues of access, equity, and quality in the delivery of ECE services. The discussion on equity focuses mainly on understanding disparities in access, and the analysis of quality looks at the quality of inputs...