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Are portuguese school libraries providing access to information for everyone?: the case of 20 selected ones

Novo, Ana
Fonte: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Publicador: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /01/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.63%
Simpósio realizado em Zadar, na Croácia, de 28-30 de Janeiro de 2008; This paper aims at describing the today’s reality of 20 school libraries (SL) belonging to Portuguese public basic integrated schools (Escolas Básicas Integradas, EBIs), which were in the school libraries network (Rede de Bibliotecas Escolares, RBE) till 2005, in terms of their human resources, clients, physical space, books and other materials’ collection and some ongoing activities. This paper is based on the field notes analysis and non-participant direct observation that took place at 20 SL during November and December 2006 and January 2007. This was the 2nd phase, out of four, of a PhD program research for which was adopted a qualitative methodology both for data gathering and analysis techniques. In this sense, the majority of data were obtained through semi-structured interviews and field notes taken during about 4 hours of non participant direct observation to selected respondents. By the end of this research phase it was found that the most significant element in bring about improvements was the commitment and support of the school’s management board. Nevertheless, school libraries with more students coming in, more activities, larger and catalogued/classified book stock...

Leitores de locadora de livros; Readers of books rental stores

Paula Virginia de Almeida Rochetti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.67%
Percebemos indícios de locações de livros desde o século XVIII. Essa forma de acesso aos livros, tão legítima quanto a compra em livrarias ou o empréstimo em bibliotecas, está presente ainda hoje. Encontrar uma locadora de livros em Campinas, SP, possibilitou a nossa aproximação desse universo, das práticas presentes nesse espaço e dos leitores e das leituras que ali encontramos. Este trabalho procura apresentar a locadora de livros, sua forma de funcionamento e características comerciais; os leitores, suas principais características e a rede que formam; assim como suas leituras, preferências e modos de praticá-la. Os dados foram construídos a partir de informações colhidas através de observações, entrevistas, questionários e conversas com a proprietária. O trabalho se apoia em contribuições da pesquisa qualitativa em educação e na história cultural, com autores como Roger Chartier, Robert Darnton, Michael Certeau.; We noticed indications of book renting dating back eighteenth century. This form of access to books, which is as legitimate as buying from bookstores or borrowing from libraries, is still present today. Finding a book rental store in Campinas, SP made it possible for us to have a closer look at this universe...

Some trends in electronic publication and Open Access in Portuguese history journals

Guardado, Maria Cristina; Borges, Maria Manuel
Fonte: IOS Press Books Publicador: IOS Press Books
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.69%
In the last decades, ICT development and the use of computer networks led to major changes in the way scientists communicate the results of their researches. One of the most important transformations occurred in scholarly communication through the acceleration in the unbounded disclosure of scientific information (open access). However, the adoption of new channels varies according to the scientific areas. This study is part of an ongoing research that aims to understand the impact of digital media in the mechanisms of production and dissemination of scientific knowledge within a specific scientific community: historians. This paper will look at whether and how the history journals in Portugal are adopting electronic publishing and providing open access to their contents. To operationalise the study, thirteen R&D Units were contacted and asked to provide a list of the journals published and the format used. Furthermore, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Latindex and European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH) were researched. Finally, the websites of Portuguese higher education institutions with History Departments were consulted, with the aim of identifying any periodicals that might not have been previously identified. At the end...

University students: buying behavior of books and illegal copy market

Abreu, Sofia Rodrigues Brito
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
Mestrado em Marketing; This Thesis, with the aim to obtain a Master’s degree in Marketing, pretend to characterize the sector of publishing and selling books and understand their importance to Portuguese economic and social context. The book market can be characterized as been a market in a concentration process:  On the one hand, in the Book Edition, the acquisition of companies and constitution of big groups like Leya, Babel and Porto Editora groups.  On the other hand, in the Book Retail, the growth of the chain FNAC, the reinforcement of Sonae, with the beginning of the book sales in the Worten stores and the acquisition of Bertrand by the Porto Editora group. However, the Retail is still fragmented because exists a big diversity of point of sales, such as bookstores, hypermarkets and large specialized surfaces, post services and so on. The data collected from Banco de Portugal and INE have a problem that difficult the real analysis of the sector. This difficulty comes from the sales between edition companies, the incorrect classification of the enterprises in CAE (Classificação das Actividades Económicas), no inclusion of big chains (e.g. FNAC) and large surfaces in CAE, being classifying as no specialized retail. So...

Niger - Public Expenditure Tracking Survey : Education and Health - Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.74%
The objective of the first Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) for Niger is to increase understanding of the link between public spending and service delivery at the facility level in order to contribute to improving the effectiveness and accountability in the use of public funds. Specifically, this PETS focuses on identifying the discrepancies, inefficiencies and delays in public spending execution for selected expenditures in the education and health sectors. The medium to long term goal of these PETS is to launch a process aimed at continuous improvements in public expenditure efficiency and equity by focusing on capacity building in this area in the ministries of education and health and in the Institute of National Statistics (INS). The main challenge faced by a tracking survey in a country like Niger is the availability and accuracy of records keeping. The Niger PETS highlights a general lack of systematic information recording. The quality of records in the education sector is low and data often incomplete. This is especially a problem when a higher level agency distributes resources to lower level agencies. The absence of downstream records indicates a lack of systems for downward accountability and can facilitate the diversion of resources. This compares unfavorably with a country such as Ghana...

Niger - Public Expenditure Tracking Survey : Education and Health - Survey Questionnaire

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.74%
The objective of the first Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) for Niger is to increase understanding of the link between public spending and service delivery at the facility level in order to contribute to improving the effectiveness and accountability in the use of public funds. Specifically, this PETS focuses on identifying the discrepancies, inefficiencies and delays in public spending execution for selected expenditures in the education and health sectors. The medium to long term goal of these PETS is to launch a process aimed at continuous improvements in public expenditure efficiency and equity by focusing on capacity building in this area in the ministries of education and health and in the Institute of National Statistics (INS). The main challenge faced by a tracking survey in a country like Niger is the availability and accuracy of records keeping. The Niger PETS highlights a general lack of systematic information recording. The quality of records in the education sector is low and data often incomplete. This is especially a problem when a higher level agency distributes resources to lower level agencies. The absence of downstream records indicates a lack of systems for downward accountability and can facilitate the diversion of resources. This compares unfavorably with a country such as Ghana...

Addressing Regulatory Software Barriers to Business Growth

Kularatne, Chandana; Lopez-Calix, Jose
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.63%
This policy paper explores the relative importance of the software regulatory barriers to growth in Pakistan. Such software barriers have been identified as part of the major constraint in the Framework for Economic Growth of the Government of Pakistan. Indeed, adequate software is needed to provide an environment in which the hardware of growth (physical infrastructure) could be expanded and made more productive. Among possible software constraints, the findings of various international surveys allow to disentangle the relative importance of multiple possible regulatory barriers; first by identifying what is in the books, and then by assessing what is actually experienced on the ground by entrepreneurs. Following the ensuing prioritization of the identified barriers, this paper suggests that the new growth strategy would benefit from focused policy efforts in seven key areas, where regulatory barriers and perceived obstacles are most constraining to business development: getting electricity, paying taxes...

Diagnostics and Policy Advice for Supporting Roma Inclusion in Romania

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.71%
Romanian Roma families today constitute a large, young, and extremely poor ethnic minority group, facing exclusion from markets and services. Investments in Roma inclusion are essential for Romania to achieve its Europe 2020 social inclusion goals, and the considerable returns on such investments will lay a more solid foundation for achieving sustained, shared prosperity across Romanian society. Therefore, Roma inclusion is not only a moral imperative, but also smart economics for Romania. This report discusses what it will take for Romania to achieve the socioeconomic inclusion of its Roma population. The report identifies the most important socioeconomic achievement gaps of Romanian Roma. It identifies obstacles to Roma inclusion and examines the relevant institutional framework. It draws policy recommendations based on the observed gaps in outcomes and policies, informed by evidence on what works from international experience. These recommendations focus on providing support and enhancing opportunities for the next generation of Roma while helping to improve the living conditions of the current generation. In this context...

Great Teachers : How to Raise Student Learning in Latin America and the Caribbean--Overview

Bruns, Barbara; Luque, Javier
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.51%
While the importance of good teaching may be intuitively obvious, only over the past decade has education research begun to quantify the high economic stakes around teacher quality. In a world where the goals of national education systems are being transformed, from a focus on the transmission of facts and memorization to a focus on student competencies for critical thinking, problem solving and lifelong learning the demands on teachers are more complex than ever. Governments across the world have put teacher quality and teacher performance under increasing scrutiny. The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is no exception to these trends; indeed, in some key areas of teacher policy, the region is at the vanguard of global reform experience. The study aims to benchmark the current performance of LAC s teachers and identify key issues. It shares emerging evidence on important reforms of teacher policy being implemented in Lac countries. The study also analyzes the political room for maneuver for further reform in Lac. They focus on teachers in basic education (preschools...

The Permanent Input Hypothesis : The Case of Textbooks and (No) Student Learning in Sierra Leone

Sabarwal, Shwetlena; Evans, David K.; Marshak, Anastasia
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
A textbook provision program in Sierra Leone demonstrates how volatility in the flow of government-provided learning inputs to schools can induce storage of these inputs by school administrators to smooth future consumption. This process in turn leads to low current utilization of inputs for student learning. A randomized trial of a public program providing textbooks to primary schools had modest positive impacts on teacher behavior but no impacts on student performance. In many treatment schools, student access to textbooks did not actually increase because a large majority of the books were stored rather than distributed to students. At the same time, the propensity to save books was positively correlated with uncertainty on the part of head teachers regarding government transfers of books. The evidence suggests that schools that have high uncertainty with respect to future transfers are more likely to store a high proportion of current transfers. These results show that reducing uncertainty in school input flows could result in higher current input use for student learning. For effective program design...

You can't judge a digital book by its POD cover: e-books and scholarly communication futures

Steele, Colin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Book chapter; Submitted Version Formato: 28 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
The chapter examines digital publishing (E-books)within the context of recent developments in scholarly communication, academic publishing and pricing. It emphasises the need for global access to eScholarship, scholarship that combines authority with public accessibility.

Africa's Water and Sanitation Infrastructure : Access, Affordability, and Alternatives

Banerjee, Sudeshna Ghosh; Morella, Elvira
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.71%
The Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD) has produced continent-wide analysis of many aspects of Africa's infrastructure challenge. The main findings were synthesized in a flagship report titled Africa's Infrastructure: a time for transformation, published in November 2009. Meant for policy makers, that report necessarily focused on the high-level conclusions. It attracted widespread media coverage feeding directly into discussions at the 2009 African Union Commission Heads of State Summit on Infrastructure. Although the flagship report served a valuable role in highlighting the main findings of the project, it could not do full justice to the richness of the data collected and technical analysis undertaken. There was clearly a need to make this more detailed material available to a wider audience of infrastructure practitioners. Hence the idea of producing four technical monographs, such as this one, to provide detailed results on each of the major infrastructure sectors, information and communication technologies (ICT)...

An Impact Evaluation of Sri Lanka's Policies to Promote the Academic Performance of Primary School Students through School Improvement and Report Card Programs

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
The Government of Sri Lanka's Education Sector Development Framework and Program (ESDFP) initiated a major development innovation for primary and secondary education for the period 2006-2010. Their strategy was organized around four key themes: improving equitable access to basic and secondary education; improving the quality of basic and secondary education; enhancing the economic efficiency and equity of resource allocation; and strengthening service delivery (Ministry of Education, 2007). Under each theme there were a number of key development initiatives. Among these, the program for school improvement, through which the government sought to introduce school-based management, constituted an important innovation. A smaller intervention, the school report card program, was also introduced to inform schools on their performance. The World Bank supported the ESDFP through a programmatic sector-wide operation, the Education Sector Development Project (ESDP), and a range of analytical activities of key initiatives. The Program for School Improvement (PSI) was a central element of the World Bank's support under the ESDP. The World Bank undertook an impact evaluation of the PSI...

Open access in Southern European countries

Abadal, Ernest (Ed.); Anglada, Lluís (Ed.); Abad, Francisca; André, Francis; Badolato, Anne-Marie; Barthet , Emilie; Cassella, Maria; Creppy, Rachel; Gargiulo, Paola; Georgiou, Panos; Gurdal, Gultekin; Lutz, Jean-François; Melero, Remedios; Moral, Ayn
Fonte: Madrid : Fundacion española para la ciencia y la tecnología, 2010. Publicador: Madrid : Fundacion española para la ciencia y la tecnología, 2010.
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
192 p.; Libro Electrónico; Presenta un “mapa” del acceso abierto en los países del Sur de Europa: Francia, España, Grecia, Italia, Portugal y Turquía, unos territorios que comparten varias características: utilizan idiomas diferentes al inglés -canal habitual para la comunicación científica-, y no tienen una industria editorial potente, entre otras. El informe va dirigido especialmente a las autoridades y gestores académicos para que se den cuenta de la importancia de impulsar acciones a favor del acceso abierto a la ciencia, así como a las editoriales (publishers), especialmente las del sector público, a los propios académicos, y a los profesionales de las bibliotecas.; CONTENTS 1 Presentation 11 2 Introduction 13 3 Open access in France 15 3.1 Introduction 15 3.2 Background 16 3.2.1 Institutional background 20 3.2.2 Historical background 3.3 Open access journals in France 3.3.1 How the list of open access journals was compiled 3.3.2 Comments 3.4 Open archives in France 3.4.1 How the list of repositories was compiled 3.4.2 Comments 3.5 Large digitization programs 3.6 Conclusions 3.7 References 4 Open access in Greece 39 4.1 Introduction 39 4.2 Scholarly publishing in Greece 40 4.2.1 Book publishing 40 4.2.2 E-books 45 4.2.3 Journals 51 4.3 OA in Greece: an overview 4.4 Open access journals 4.5 OA books 4.6 Open access in Southern European Countries Repositories & digital collections 52 4.6.1 OA institutional repositories 52 4.6.2 Digital collections 53 4.6.3 Harvesters...

Open access bibliography: liberating scholarly literature with e-prints and open access journals

Bailey Jr., Charles W.
Fonte: Washington, DC : Association of Research Libraries, 2005. Publicador: Washington, DC : Association of Research Libraries, 2005.
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
xxii, 129 p. ; 26 cm.; Libro Electrónico; The Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals presents over 1,300 selected English-language books, conference papers (including some digital video presentations), debates, editorials, e-prints, journal and magazine articles, news articles, technical reports, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding the open access movement’s efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature. Most sources have been published between 1999 and August 31, 2004; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1999 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet (approximately 78 percent of the bibliography’s references have such links).; Preface; Acknowledgments; Key open access concepts; i. General works; 1.1 Overviews 1.2 Analysis and Critiques 1.3 Debates and Dialogs 1.3.1 Nature Web Debate on Future E-Access to the Primary Literature 1.3.2 Nature Web Focus on Access to the Literature: The Debate Continues 1.3.3 Other 1.4 Research Studies 1.5 Other; ii. Open access statements; 2.1 Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities 2.2 Bethesda Statement on Open Access 2.3 Budapest Open Access Initiative 2.4 NEAR 2.5 OECD Final Communique 2.6 Tempe Principles 2.7 Washington D.C. Principles for Free Access to Science 2.8 Wellcome Trust Position Statement and Research Reports 2.9 World Summit on the Information Society Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action 2.10 Other; iii. Copyright arrangements for self-archiving and use; 3.1 General Works 3.2 Copyright Ownership and Rights 3.3 Creative Commons 3.4 Permissions Crisis 3.5 Research Studies; iv. open access journals; 4.1 General Works 4.2 Economic Issues 4.2.1 General Works 4.2.2 BMJ Rapid Responses about “Author Pays” May Be the New Science Publishing Model 4.3 Open Access Journal Change Agents 4.3.1 SPARC 4.4 Open Access Journal Publishers and Distributors 4.4.1 BioMed Central 4.4.2 Public Library of Science 4.4.3 PubMed Central 4.4.3.1 General Works 4.4.3.2 Science Magazine dEbate on “Building a GenBank of the Published Literature” 4.4.3.3 Science Magazine dEbate on “Is a Government Archive the Best Option?” 4.4.3.4 Science Magazine dEbate on “Just a Minute...

ESTABLISHING BOOKS AS CONDITIONED REINFORCERS FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AS A FUNCTION OF AN OBSERVATIONAL INTERVENTION

Singer-Dudek, Jessica; Oblak, Mara; Greer, R. Douglas
Fonte: The Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Publicador: The Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
We tested the effects of an observational intervention (Greer & Singer-Dudek, 2008) on establishing children's books as conditioned reinforcers using a delayed multiple baseline design. Three preschool students with mild language and developmental delays served as the participants. Prior to the intervention, books did not function as reinforcers for any of the participants. The observational intervention consisted of a situation in which the participant observed a confederate being presented with access to books contingent on correct responses and the participant received nothing for correct responses. After several sessions of this treatment, the previously neutral books acquired reinforcing properties for maintenance and acquisition responses for all three participants.

Books as a source of medical education for women in the middle ages

Green, Monica H.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
The development of philosophical medicine in the high and late Middle Ages brought with it a powerful association of medical knowledge with the written word. To possess books, or at least to have access to books, was both a prerequisite for and a symbol of the kind of theoretical learning that distinguished the learned practitioner from the empiric. This study examines evidence for women’s access to medical books, raising the question of what difference gender made. I argue that, for the most part, women did not own medical books, whether they were laywomen or religious. I suggest that this was largely due to the limits on advanced education for women, a factor that would have effected both laywomen and nuns.

A study to assess the aesthetic and economic viability of producing original fine art prints and autographic artists books on a rotary offset press, and an introduction to a new medium for creating and producing original fine art prints and autographic artists books

Tucker, Daniel Richard
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
This study investigates factors which the author believes could contribute to the determination of the aesthetic and economic viability of producing original fine art prints and artists books on a rotary offset press using direct imaged, uncoated lithographic plates. It also introduces a new medium for the creation and production of these works which was developed during this study. This investigation has been accomplished in the following ways: First, answers were sought to ten questions the author believed any artist considering the use of a rotary offset press as a means of producing these works would want to know. The answers were obtained through direct experimentation with a variety of plates which were processed by different procedures and then printed on a rotary offset press. The author concludes on the basis of this experimentation that when the artist's intentions for a specific work coincide with the capabilities of this production process as described in the answers, then this process can be considered aesthetically viable. Second, five-hundred copies of a sixteen page artists book were produced by the author to determine the aesthetic and economic viability of this production process for a specific work. The results indicated that a substantial saving in labor...

When Do In-service Teacher Training and Books Improve Student Achievement?; Experimental Evidence from Mongolia

Fuje, Habtamu; Tandon, Prateek
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
This study presents evidence from a randomized control trial (RCT) in Mongolia on the impact of in-service teacher training and books, both as separate educational inputs and as a package. The study tests for the complementarity of inputs and non-linearity of returns from investment in education as measured by students test scores in five subjects. It takes advantage of a national-scale RCT conducted under the Rural Education and Development project. The results suggest that the provision of books, in addition to teacher training, raises student achievement substantially. However, teacher training and books weakly improve test scores when provided individually. Students whose teachers have received training and whose classrooms have acquired books improved their cumulative score (totaled across five tests) by 34.9 percent of a standard deviation, relative to a control group. Students treated only with books improved their total score by 20.6 percent of a standard deviation relative to a control group of students. On the other hand...

Tax Immunity of E-Books: an assessment of the decisions of the Federal Supreme Court and their relation with the fundamental rights to culture, to freedom of expression and to an ecologically balanced environment doi:10.5007/2177-7055.2011v3; Imunidade dos livros eletrônicos: Uma análise dos (des)caminhos do STF sob a perspectiva dos direitos fundamentais à cultura, à liberdade de expressão e ao meio ambiente ecologicamente equilibrado. doi: 10.5007/2177-7055.2011v32n63p377

de Araújo e Mendonça, Maria Lírida Calou; UNIFOR; Belchior, Germana Parente Neiva; Faculdade Christus; C. Pacobahyba, Fernanda Mara de Oliveira M.; UNIFOR/FEAAC
Fonte: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux Publicador: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/12/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the challenges the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil faces regarding the tax immunity of e-books, focusing on the fundamental rights to an ecologically balanced environment, to culture and to freedom of expression. Methodology used is bibliographical, theoretical, descriptive, dialetic and case law-based, being also mainly inductive. The issue of the tax immunity of e-books must be examined taking into account that postpositivism and neoconstitutionalism are basic references in modern Law. Different to the limited and misguided interpretation used by the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil, and based upon systematic and teleological interpretation methods, the juridical notion of book should be the widest possible, rendering legitimate and necessary a constitutional mutation, which would affect Section 150, IV, “d”, of Brazilian Federal Constitution. The author concludes that extending tax immunity to e-books contributes to the protection of a healthier environment, as well as to the diffusion of culture and to the promotion of freedom of expression. Finally, the author expects that the Federal Supreme Court adopts a new position, favourable to Brazilian culture and to a more ecologically correct access to information; O objetivo geral deste artigo é investigar os desafios e as perspectivas doSTF no que se refere à temática da imunidade dos livros eletrônicos...