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'A fundação do Acre': um estudo sobre comemorações cívicas e abusos da história; 'The foundation do Acre': a study in civic celebrations and abuses of history

Carneiro, Eduardo de Araújo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
Esta tese analisa tanto o papel político e simbólico das comemorações de efemérides relacionadas à anexação do Acre ao Brasil, quanto a veracidade das narrativas de eventos históricos divulgadas por ocasião dessas festividades. No Mundo Ocidental, desde a Antiguidade até os nossos dias, se tornou comum a utilização do discurso epopeico em festas cívicas. Dessa forma, o fenômeno comemorativo no Acre foi estudado como parte dessa tradição milenar. A releitura da formação histórica do Acre levou em consideração a inserção dessa região amazônica à cadeia mercantil da economia-mundo capitalista ocorrida na segunda metade do século XIX. As informações sobre o Acre foram obtidas em jornais, documentos e livros encontrados nos acervos da Biblioteca Nacional (RJ), do Museu da Borracha (AC) e do Departamento de Patrimônio Histórico do Acre (DPHAC). Aquelas sobre festas cívicas no Mundo Ocidental foram conseguidas por meio de consulta bibliográfica no acervo da Biblioteca Florestan Fernandes (FFLCH/USP). A pesquisa teve caráter exploratório com predominância do método qualitativo. Uma das conclusões parciais a que se chegou foi que as festas cívicas no Acre desempenharam o mesmo papel político que há anos elas cumprem no Mundo Ocidental...

Recursos da psicanálise na psicoterapia de crianças vítimas de abuso sexual incestuoso

Simão, Paula Vanessa Pestana
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 75 f.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Pós-graduação em Psicologia - FCLAS; Pesquisas sobre violência revelam que o Brasil possui altos índices de maus-tratos à infância e a juventude e apontam a violência sexual incestuosa, ou seja, as cometidas por parentes próximos (pais, tios, padrastos, dentre outros) como a mais freqüente. Uma das conseqüências desses altos índices de violência é o aumento do número de crianças vitimas de abusos sexuais incestuosos em busca de auxílio psicoterapêutico. Para atender essa demanda, é preciso que os profissionais estejam devidamente capacitados e, para isso, o desenvolvimento de estudos, pesquisas, supervisões e projetos de atuação, terapias que visem a refletir sobre o assunto são fundamentais. O objetivo deste estudo é contribuir para o entendimento do abuso incestuoso e suas conseqüências, tendo em vista demandas sociais atuais. A pesquisa teve como eixo teórico metodológico teorias psicanalíticas, desde Freud com a noção de trauma [ano] e estudos sobre a Sexualidade Infantil [ano] e, mais detidamente, Ferenczi que abordou a experiência de abuso,e outros. E com o objetivo de pensar sobre a possibilidade de lidar com esse trauma no contexto psicoterapêutico, foram utilizadas algumas teorias de Winnicott. Não temos resultados conclusivos...

Enterococcus faecalis and pseudomonas aeruginosa behaviour in frozen watercress (Nasturtium Officinale) submitted to temperature abuses

Oliveira, Sílvia R.; Cruz, Rui M.S.; Vieira, Margarida C.; Silva, Cristina L.M.; Gaspar, Maria N.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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Watercress is an herb traditionally consumed fresh. If frozen, would be readily available to consumers. However, pathogenics resistant to frozen storage are a safety concern in this new product. In this study watercress was artificially contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212. Their survival was evaluated after blanching, frozen storage and temperature fluctuations of the frozen product. The blanching caused a reduction of about 2 log cfu per gram of product of total viable count (TVC) and about 1.7 and 1.3 log cfu per gram of product of P. aeruginosa and E. faecalis, respectively. P. aeruginosa seemed to be more sensitive to temperature abuses than E. faecalis. After 3 months, TVC was still observed with a reduction of about 3 log cfu per gram of product. At the end of the study, exposure to freeze–thaw cycles resulted in death or injury of the microorganisms. These findings on the behaviour of two microorganisms of concern in frozen watercress will help improving the safety and cold chain settings for this product.

Effect of cold chain temperature abuses on the quality of frozen watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.)

Cruz, Rui M.S.; Vieira, Margarida C.; Silva, Cristina L.M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The objective of this work was to study the effect of temperature abuses on the colour and vitamin C content of a new frozen vegetable, watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.). The vitamin C content, expressed as ascorbic (AA) and dehydroascorbic (DHAA) acids, and colour, expressed in the Hunter Lab parameters, were evaluated along a plan of temperature abuses, based on a real situation for a four month frozen storage period. A comparison between the hue angle and AA experimental data and prediction models, using kinetic parameters determined under isothermal conditions, was also run. The colour showed some variation, namely on the parameters L, a, TCD (Total Colour Difference) and hue angle. Although, during the temperature abuses, some fluctuation was observed, no vitamin C degradation or major colour changes occurred. A zero-order and a first-order prediction models fitted well the experimental data for the hue angle and AA behaviour with temperature abuses, respectively. In general, the frozen watercress colour and vitamin C content were not impaired by the imposed temperature abuses. This work will help to predict and understand the sensory and nutritional quality changes of frozen watercress that might occur during frozen storage and distribution in the cold chain under the used conditions.

Influence of temperature abuses on the quality of frozen broad beans

Martins, R. C.; Despré, B.; Molinari, A. F.; Silva, C. L. M.
Fonte: Institut International du Froid, International Institute of Refrigeration Publicador: Institut International du Froid, International Institute of Refrigeration
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of temperature abuses on the quality of frozen broad beans. Test samples suffered the application of three types of abuses, simulating the pack in the outermost corner of a pallet when placed at room temperature, defrosting in a display cabinet and home transport. Control samples were kept at -18±2°C. Several quality parameters were analysed along storage. No significant difference in acidity, pH, moisture and sugars was detected, and no regeneration of peroxidase was observed. However, a significant difference was found for colour coordinates. Sensory evaluation lead to the conclusion that there is a significant difference in terms of colour, flavour intensity and firmness, but there was no preference for any of the samples. Frozen broad beans are sensitive to temperature abuses, therefore special care must be taken to keep a constant storage temperature.

The impact of cold chain temperature abuses on the quality of frozen strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa)

Cruz, Rui M. S.; Vieira, Margarida C.; Silva, Cristina L. M.
Fonte: ISEKI-Food Association Publicador: ISEKI-Food Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
The quality of frozen foods can be negatively a ected if improper storage and distribution temperatures are allowed. The objective of this study was to investigate the e ect of freeze-thaw cycles, which may occur in the cold chain, on colour (Lab, Total Colour Di erences (TCD), chroma and hue angle) and vitamin C (ascorbic and dehydroascorbic acids) content of frozen strawberries (Fragaria ananassa, Duschesne, cv. Selva). A plan of temperature abuses (TAs) was established, based on a real situation, and applied to frozen strawberries during a four month frozen storage period. The results showed that the lightness (L) was the only parameter that was not signi cantly a ected by range of TAs studied. The colour showed some variation on the parameters a, b, TCD, chroma and hue angle. During TAs, ascorbic acid decreased about 75% and dehydroascorbic acid increased 73%. The non-abused strawberry samples showed better overall appearance than the abused samples. This work contributes to an understanding of the quality changes of frozen strawberries that might occur during frozen storage and cold chain distribution.

Ethical abuses in the authorship of scientific papers

Carneiro,Marco Antonio A.; Cangussú,Silvia D.; Fernandes,G. Wilson
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2007 EN
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Problems regarding the order of authorship of scientific papers have become more frequent and more abusive. These problems may have heightened due to the ever increasing pressure to "publish or perish" in the academic world, given that the publication of scientific articles has become the benchmark of success in a field with few job opportunities. This article reviews the abuses in the authorship of scientific papers. Different examples are given of the most common problems and recommendations are provided for authors and journal editors.

A Population-Based Assessment of Human Rights Abuses Committed Against Ethnic Albanian Refugees From Kosovo

Iacopino, Vincent; Frank, Martina W.; Bauer, Heidi M.; Keller, Allen S.; Fink, Sheri L.; Ford, Doug; Pallin, Daniel J.; Waldman, Ronald
Fonte: © American Journal of Public Health 2001 Publicador: © American Journal of Public Health 2001
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
Objectives. This study assessed patterns of displacement and human rights abuses among Kosovar refugees in Macedonia and Albania.

The role of the pathologist in human rights abuses

Thomsen, J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
The objective and unbiased statement is much valued in international work against human rights abuses. Pathologists play an increasingly important role. In this article, this role is illustrated by examples and the international set of rules is described. It is emphasised that under no circumstances should physicians assist in procedures, such as torture, which can weaken a human being. There is ongoing research into the sequelae of torture, both by gross and microscopic examination and in the living and dead victims.

Beyond Transitional Justice: Exploring Continuities in Human Rights Abuses in Argentina between 1976 and 2010

Lessa, Francesca
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
The article constitutes an initial attempt to combine the insights provided by the disciplines of Transitional Justice (TJ) and human rights, and it originates from a concern with the current situation of human rights in Argentina. Although there have been significant improvements since democratization in the mid-1980s, conditions favouring human rights abuses still persist. In particular, specific human rights abuses (torture, disappearances, and murder) that resemble practices common during the repression under state terrorism (1976 to 1983) continue to take place. The article has four parts. First, it provides a brief literature review on TJ and investigates the relationship between TJ and human rights. Second, the article offers a concise theoretical background on the notion of impunity, considering its nature and sustaining mechanisms. Third, the case of Argentina is examined, looking at the years of military rule and the reforms undertaken since transition. Fourth, the persistence of continuities between past and present human rights abuses in Argentina is unpacked, by offering an empirical consideration of impunity and its consequences; the lack of successful police reform; and a social context that tolerates human rights violence. The combined lenses of TJ and human rights can be useful for practitioners to spot continuities in human rights violations and enable them to develop policies and strategies that better address the causes of human rights abuses.

Beyond Transitional Justice: Exploring Continuities in Human Rights Abuses in Argentina between 1976 and 2010

Lessa, Francesca
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.39%
The article constitutes an initial attempt to combine the insights provided by the disciplines of Transitional Justice (TJ) and human rights, and it originates from a concern with the current situation of human rights in Argentina. Although there have been significant improvements since democratization in the mid-1980s, conditions favouring human rights abuses still persist. In particular, specific human rights abuses (torture, disappearances, and murder) that resemble practices common during the repression under state terrorism (1976 to 1983) continue to take place. The article has four parts. First, it provides a brief literature review on TJ and investigates the relationship between TJ and human rights. Second, the article offers a concise theoretical background on the notion of impunity, considering its nature and sustaining mechanisms. Third, the case of Argentina is examined, looking at the years of military rule and the reforms undertaken since transition. Fourth, the persistence of continuities between past and present human rights abuses in Argentina is unpacked, by offering an empirical consideration of impunity and its consequences; the lack of successful police reform; and a social context that tolerates human rights violence. The combined lenses of TJ and human rights can be useful for practitioners to spot continuities in human rights violations and enable them to develop policies and strategies that better address the causes of human rights abuses.

Abuses in Fuel Markets : How to Protect Consumers and Public Health

Kojima, Masami; Bacon, Robert
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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In the fuel business, smuggling, adulteration, mislabeling, and short-weighting are widespread in many developing counties. Not only do these commercial abuses reduce consumer welfare and government excise revenue but the combustion of substandard fuels can have a serious public health impact. This Note looks at how the structure of the fuel industry affects incentives for such abuses and shows how some developing countries have worked to combat the practices.

Fostering Institutions to Contain Corruption

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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27.12%
Corruption is bad for development. Leaving aside the morality of bribe taking, influence peddling, embezzlement, and other abuses of power for personal or narrow group gain, corruption impedes investment and growth and exacerbates poverty and inequality. Human beings are prone to self-seeking behavior. What constrains individual behavior and makes it conform to larger collective ends includes the laws that form the core of norms and institutions. Corruption can never be completely or permanently eliminated. Effective and durable corruption control requires multiple, reinforcing, and overlapping institutions of accountability. And where corruption is endemic, these institutions need to be of three kinds: horizontal accountability, vertical accountability, and external accountability.

Parallels and Differences in the Attitudes towards Single-Firm Conduct: What are the Reasons? The History, Interpretation and Underlying Principles of Sec. 2 Sherman Act and Art. 82 EC

SCHWEITZER, Heike
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
In the US and in the EU, the antitrust rules on single-firm conduct are currently under review. Antitrust authorities on both sides of the Atlantic are reconsidering the tests to be applied in order to distinguish between lawful competition on the merits and exclusionary conduct. In the transatlantic comparison that accompanies the review, it has been observed that in the US, the tests for identifying anti-competitive single-firm conduct under Sec. 2 Sherman Act are frequently more narrowly construed than the tests applied in the EU under Art. 82 EC. A standard explanation for the divergence is an in-built regulatory tendency of EU competition law which is frequently ascribed to German ordoliberal influence – a theory supposedly antagonistic to sound economic analysis. This paper challenges this view. Tracing the history of Art. 82 EC and comparing US and EU competition law attitudes towards exploitative abuses, predatory prices and refusals to deal, it argues that transatlantic differences are sometimes less pronounced than is claimed, and may be explained by valid economic and normative reasons where they exist. Along the way, the paper attempts to clarify the frequently misinterpreted concept of ordoliberalism.

Burma assessing options for U.S. engagement

Heaney, Dennis S.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 97 p. : map (col.) ;
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; This thesis will provide a background look at Burma's recent history from World War II to present day to examine how the current state of affairs came about in the country. Burma's diverse ethnic groups and the nearly continuous insurgencies since World War II will be analyzed relative to a short period of democracy (following British colonial rule) from 1948 to 1962, to repressive military rule from 1962 to today. This thesis examines how Burma's military juntas have retained internal control in the face of insurgent and pro-democracy movements. Burma's geographic location, between the rising powers of India and China, its abundant natural resources, its drug trade, and the government's human rights abuses, all make the country important to United States' foreign relations in Asia. This thesis will look at the current U.S. policies toward Burma and explore possible Burmese policy options for the U.S. in the future. The thesis will conclude with recommendations for future policy based on the research to determine if the United States can effect change in Burma.; US Army (USA) author.

Litigating Abuses Committed by Private Military Companies

RYNGAERT, Cedric
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
One of the main tools for 'socializing' private military contractors (PMCs) is litigation. The threat of litigation may encourage contractors to set up their own corporate social responsibility and accountability mechanisms with a view to preventing them being hauled before courts. The article identifies the jurisdictional opportunities and pitfalls of criminal (public law) and civil/tort (private law) litigation against PMCs in domestic courts. The focus lies on litigation for human rights abuses, with special emphasis on US proceedings, the US being the home and hiring state of the majority of PMCs active in overseas conflict zones. It is argued that, because the chances of success of tort litigation are, in fact, rather limited in the US, given the many procedural obstacles, the criminal law avenue may prove to be more promising, if at least prosecutors show more leadership in bringing cases. Also at a deeper accountability level, criminal litigation may be preferable on the ground that criminal punishment sends a stronger accountability and deterrence signal than a mere money judgment.; The ‘Regulating Privatisation of “War”: The Role of the EU in Assuring the Compliance with International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights” (PRIV-WAR) project is funded by the European Community’s 7th Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 217405.

The Application of Article 82 EC to Exclusionary Abuses: Evolution or revolution?

ROUSSEVA, Ekaterina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.12%
Defense date: 04/07/2008; Examining Board: Mr. Giorgio MONTI, London School of Economics Professor Ernst-Ulrich PETERSMANN, EUI (supervisor) Professor Heike SCHWEITZER, EUI Professor Richard WHISH, School of Law, King’s College London; The present thesis explores the application of Article 82 to exclusionary abuses throughout the history of the Community Courts’ jurisprudence with the purpose of identifying the evolution and the outstanding problems in the case law. Armed with this knowledge the thesis then considers options for reforming the current application of Article 82 to exclusionary abuses so that the interpretation of the provision accommodates modern economic theories and that it applies in the interest of consumers. The thesis seeks to answer the question of whether a 'soft' reform can attain these objectives, or whether there is instead a need for a more revolutionary approach.

Rethinking Exclusionary Abuses in EU Competition Law

ROUSSEVA, Ekaterina
Fonte: Hart Publishing Publicador: Hart Publishing
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
EN
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(Published version of EUI PhD thesis, 2008.); This book offers an original interpretation of the case law on exclusionary abuses under Article 82 EC (now Article 102 TFEU, according to the numbering introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon), and it identifies the various factors that have shaped the application of this provision through its history. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the European Commission's Guidance on enforcement priorities under Article 82 and it makes a provocative proposal for further modernisation of the analysis of exclusionary abuses by recasting the prohibition of abuse of dominance as a norm which deals only with unilateral conduct. The first part of the book reconsiders fundamental legal and economic concepts underpinning the assessment of exclusionary abuses and identifies the difficulties posed by the principal forms of abusive practices (refusals to deal, predatory pricing, rebates and tying). The EU case law is compared with the US experience under Section 2 of the Sherman Act. The second part of the book explores solutions, based on the premise that the reform of Article 82 (now Article 102 TFEU) should be in line with the modernisation of Article 81 (now Article 101 TFEU) and the EU merger control rules. The last chapter demonstrates the gradual convergence of the application of Articles 81 and 82 in the area of vertical restraints. It points towards a redefined division of labour between these two provisions with a view to ensuring efficient enforcement...

Whose agenda is it?: abuses of women and abuses of `culture' in Britain

Dustin, Moira; Phillips, Anne
Fonte: Sage publications Publicador: Sage publications
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
Developments in Britain reflect a shift from a shallow but widely endorsed multiculturalism to a growing preoccupation with abuses of women in minority cultural groups. Four main issues have been debated in the media and have become the basis of either public policy or legal judgment: forced marriage, honour killing, female genital cutting and women's Islamic dress. The treatment of these issues has often been problematic, with discourses over culture tending to misrepresent minority cultural groups as monolithic entities, and initiatives to protect women becoming entangled with anti-immigration agendas. It has therefore proved hard to address abuses of women without simultaneously promoting stereotypes of culture. The most encouraging signs of resolving these tensions appear where there has been a prior history of women's activism, and a greater willingness on the part of government to draw groups into consultation. We argue that this offers a greater prospect of devising effective initiatives that do not set up multiculturalism in opposition to women's rights.

BESTEIROS DO CONTO (CROSSBOWMEN): Organization, abuses of power and irregularities during the reign of Dom João I (1385-1433)

Ferreira,Leandro Filipe Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade do Porto; Brown University Publicador: Universidade do Porto; Brown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The aim of this paper is to examine an aspect of social life linked to one of the most important and original forms of military organization in the whole of Portuguese history-the besteiros do conto (crossbowmen). This research centers mainly on the royal documents issued under the rule of Dom João I, which made it possible to arrive at a series of perspectives illustrating the constant abuses perpetrated inside this militia, with attention being drawn most notably to the municipal offenses directed against the privileges enjoyed by the crossbowmen, the situations in which these men themselves committed abuses, and, finally, the attempts made to legally escape appointment to this military force.