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Abortamento espontâneo e provocado: ansiedade, depressão e culpa; Spountaneous and induced abortion: anxiety, depression and guilty

BENUTE, Gláucia Rosana Guerra; NOMURA, Roseli Mieko Yamamoto; PEREIRA, Pedro Paulo; LUCIA, Mara Cristina Souza de; ZUGAIB, Marcelo
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar a população que sofreu abortamento; investigar a existência de ansiedade e depressão; verificar se existe ou não sentimento de culpa após o abortamento e comparar os resultados entre mulheres que sofreram abortamento espontâneo e as que provocaram-no. MÉTODOS: 50 mulheres com abortamento espontâneo e 50 com provocado foram entrevistadas 30 dias após o abortamento. Foi realizada entrevista com questões abertas e fechadas e aplicada a escala Hospital Anxiety and depression. RESULTADOS: As mulheres que viveram o abortamento espontâneo encontram-se mais culpadas (30%) que as que provocaram-no (18%). No entanto, as mulheres que provocaram o abortamento encontraram-se mais ansiosas (média de 11) e mais deprimidas (média de 8,3) que as mulheres que viveram abortamento espontâneo (médias de 8,7 e 6,1; respectivamente, p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: As mulheres que provocaram o abortamento encontravam-se mais ansiosas e mais deprimidas, demonstrando a necessidade da realização de acompanhamento psicológico.; BACKGROUND: Pregnancy has a symbolic meaning for each woman. It varies according to personality structure and is related to women's previous life experiences. OBJECTIVES: the aim was to characterize the women that suffered abortion...

Abortion: a review of women's perception in relation to their partner's reactions in two Brazilians cities

Nonnenmacher,Daniele; Benute,Gláucia Rosana Guerra; Nomura,Roseli Mieko Yamamoto; Azevedo,George Dantas de; Dutra,Elza Maria do Socorro; Rebouças,Melina Séfora Souza; Luci,Mara Cristina Souza de; Francisco,Rossana Pulcineli Vieira
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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Objective: to analyze women's perception in relation to their partner's reaction and behavior during the abortion process in two Brazilian capitals, associating the variables from women who suffered a spontaneous abortion with those from women who induced it. Methods: semi-structured, questionnaire-based interviews were conducted with 285 women who underwent spontaneous abortion and 31 who reported having induced it. The data were analyzed using the thematic analysis technique, and, subsequently, by the IBM SPSS Statistics Standard Edition software program. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: in both capitals, the women who induced an abortion referred to the partner as the person who could not find out about the abortion (p<0.01 in Natal; p = 0.02 in São Paulo-SP) and, simultaneously, as the one who could have avoided it (p < 0.01 in Natal; p = 0.03 in São Paulo). In Natal-RN, induced abortion was associated with the partner's absence at the time pregnancy was confirmed (p = 0.02) and, in Sao Paulo-SP, with their negative reaction to news of the pregnancy (p = 0.04) and lack of participation in the abortion process (p < 0.01). Conclusion: despite having achieved independence, women still regard male participation in the abortion process as an important factor. The specifics of each capital denote the influence of the geographic and cultural dimension...