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Caracterização de camadas nitrocementadas por plasma produzidas no aço inoxidável austenítico AISI 316L; Characterization of plasma nitrocarburized layers produced on AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel

CASTELETTI, Luiz Carlos; FERNANDES, Frederico Augusto Pires; LOMBARDI-NETO, Amadeu; PICON, Carlos Alberto; TREMILIOSI-FILHO, Germano
Fonte: Escola de Minas Publicador: Escola de Minas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.03%
A dureza e, conseqüentemente, a resistência ao desgaste dos aços inoxidáveis austeníticos podem ser acentuadamente aumentadas, sem perdas na resistência à corrosão, com a produção de camadas superficiais pelo tratamento de nitrocementação por plasma. Nesse trabalho, foram nitrocementadas por plasma, na temperatura de 450°C, amostras do aço AISI 316L. As camadas obtidas foram caracterizadas por meio de ensaios micrográficos, de microdureza e de microdesgaste. A camada produzida constituiu-se de duas regiões, sendo a mais externa constituída de nitrocarbonetos de cromo e, abaixo dela, verificou-se a presença de austenita expandida, rica em nitrogênio, com dureza próxima a 850HV. A espessura média total da camada foi de, aproximadamente, 40µm. Sua resistência ao desgaste foi muito superior à do substrato.; Hardness and consequently wear resistance of austenitic stainless steel can be highly increased, without losing corrosion resistance, by plasma nitrocarburizing surface treatment. In this re-search, an AISI 316L stainless steel was plasma nitrocarburized at 450°C, and the obtained layers were characterized by optical microscopy, microhardness and micro-wear tests. It was verified that the layer is composed of chromium nitrides precipitates and beneath them...

Investigation on the intergranular corrosion resistance of the AISI 316L(N) stainless steel after long time creep testing at 600 degrees C

TERADA, M.; ESCRIBA, D. M.; COSTA, I.; MATERNA-MORRIS, E.; PADILHA, A. F.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.84%
The effect of precipitation on the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L(N) stainless steel previously exposed to creep tests at 600 degrees C for periods of up to 10 years, has been studied. The corrosion resistance was investigated in 2 M H(2)SO(4)+0.5 M NaCl+0.01 M KSCN solution at 30 degrees C by electrochemical methods. The results showed that the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion was highly affected by aging at 600 degrees C and creep testing time. The intergranular corrosion resistance decreased by more than twenty times when the creep testing time increased from 7500 h to 85,000 h. The tendency to passivation decreased and less protective films were formed on the creep tested samples. All tested samples also showed susceptibility to pitting. Grain boundary M(23)C(6) carbides were not found after long-term exposure at 600 degrees C and the corrosion behavior of the creep tested samples was attributed to intermetallic phases (mainly sigma phase) precipitation. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Application of Mossbauer spectroscopy to the study of corrosion resistance in NaCl solution of plasma nitrided AISI 316L stainless steel

OLZON-DIONYSIO, M.; SOUZA, S. D. de; BASSO, R. L. O.; SOUZA, S. de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.77%
Corrosion research in steels is one of the areas in which Mossbauer spectroscopy has become a required analytical technique, since it is a powerful tool for both identifying and quantifying distinctive phases (which contain Fe) with accuracy. In this manuscript, this technique was used to the study of corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided AISI 316L samples in the presence of chloride anions. Plasma nitriding has been carried out using dc glow-discharge, nitriding treatments, in medium of 80 vol.% H-2 and 20 vol.% N-2, at 673 K, and at different time intervals: 2, 4, and 7 h. Treated samples were characterized by means of phase composition and morphological analysis, and electrochemical tests in NaCl aerated solution in order to investigate the influence of treatment time on the microstructure and the corrosion resistance, proved by conversion electron Mossbauer spectroscopy (CEMS), glancing angle X-ray diffraction (GAXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and potentiodynamic polarization. A modified layer of about 8 gin was observed for all the nitrided samples, independently of the nitriding time. A metastable phase, S phase or gamma(N), was produced. It seems to be correlated with gamma`-Fe-4 N phase. If the gamma(N) fraction decreases...

"Caracterização do comportamento frente à corrosão de um aço inoxidável austenítico para aplicações biomédicas com revestimentos PVD de TiN, TiCN e DLC" ; CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF AN AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS COATED WITH TiN, TiCN AND DLC PVD COATINGS

Antunes, Renato Altobelli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.25%
Biomateriais metálicos devem apresentar uma combinação de propriedades como resistência à corrosão, biocompatibilidade e resistência mecânica. Os aços inoxidáveis austeníticos, especialmente do tipo AISI 316L, aliam estas propriedades com a possibilidade de fabricação a um baixo custo. No entanto, são susceptíveis à corrosão nos fluidos fisiológicos e seus produtos de corrosão podem causar reações alérgicas ou infecciosas nos tecidos vizinhos ao implante. No presente trabalho, a aplicação de revestimentos obtidos por processos de deposição física de vapor (PVD) sobre um aço inoxidável austenítico do tipo AISI 316L foi realizada a fim de aumentar sua resistência à corrosão e biocompatibilidade. Os filmes depositados foram de nitreto de titânio (TiN), carbonitreto de titânio (TiCN) e de carbono tipo diamante (DLC). Estes materiais têm alta dureza e resistência ao desgaste, além de biocompatibilidade intrínseca, características altamente desejáveis para aplicações biomédicas. A caracterização do comportamento eletroquímico do aço com os três tipos de revestimentos mostrou que a presença de defeitos na superfície das camadas depositadas exerce uma influência negativa sobre a resistência à corrosão do substrato. A presença dos defeitos foi evidenciada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Foi proposto um mecanismo...

Placas de aço inoxidável 316L aplicadas no reparo de fratura experimental diafisária do rádio e ulna de cães

Brasil, F.B.J.; Padilha Filho, J.G.; Guastaldi, A.C.; Ramires, I.; Castro, M.B.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Escola de Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Escola de Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 37-43
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.94%
O objetivo do presente trabalho foi o de estudar a resistência à corrosão em placas de aço inoxidável 316L, com diferentes tipos de acabamento e tratamento superficial, e a possível interferência dessa reação corrosiva na consolidação óssea. Utilizaram-se placas semi-acabadas, polidas, tratadas com jatos de microesferas de vidro e passivadas, as quais foram aplicadas na epífise distal do rádio de cães. Foram utilizados 12 animais, divididos em dois grupos, nos quais, após osteotomia bilateral do rádio e ulna, foram realizadas osteossínteses do rádio, totalizando 24 procedimentos. Avaliou-se a evolução clínica e radiográfica das regiões que receberam os implantes aos 30, 60, 90, 180, 240 e 360 dias. Os animais do grupo 1 (GI) foram sacrificados aos 180 dias e os do GII aos 360 dias para estudo histológico e de microscopia eletrônica de varredura do local da osteotomia sob a região dos implantes metálicos e para estudo da resistência à corrosão no organismo, pelos implantes metálicos, por meio de análises química e metalográfica (microscopia óptica e eletrônica de varredura e espectroscopia de espalhamento de energia por raios X). Os animais recuperaram a função dos membros operados 24 horas após a cirurgia. Radiograficamente...

Pulsed Nd:YAG laser seam welding of AISI 316L stainless steel thin foils

Ventrella, Vicente Afonso; Berretta, Jose Roberto; de Rossi, Wagner
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Sa Publicador: Elsevier B.V. Sa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1838-1843
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.75%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Experimental investigations were carried out using a pulsed neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser weld to examine the influence of the pulse energy in the characteristics of the weld fillet. The pulse energy was varied from 1.0 to 2.25J at increments of 0.25J with a 4 ms pulse duration. The base material used for this study was AISI 316L stainless steel foil with 100 mu m thickness. The welds were analyzed by optical microscopy, tensile shear tests and microhardness. The results indicate that pulse energy control is of considerable importance to thin foil weld quality because it can generate good mechanical properties and reduce discontinuities in weld joints. The ultimate tensile strength of the welded joints increased at first and then decreased as the pulse energy increased. The process appeared to be very sensitive to the gap between couples. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Caracterização de camadas nitrocementadas por plasma produzidas no aço inoxidável austenítico AISI 316L

Casteletti, Luiz Carlos; Fernandes, Frederico Augusto Pires; Lombardi-Neto, Amadeu; Picon, Carlos Alberto; Tremiliosi-Filho, Germano
Fonte: Escola de Minas Publicador: Escola de Minas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 143-146
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.94%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); A dureza e, conseqüentemente, a resistência ao desgaste dos aços inoxidáveis austeníticos podem ser acentuadamente aumentadas, sem perdas na resistência à corrosão, com a produção de camadas superficiais pelo tratamento de nitrocementação por plasma. Nesse trabalho, foram nitrocementadas por plasma, na temperatura de 450°C, amostras do aço AISI 316L. As camadas obtidas foram caracterizadas por meio de ensaios micrográficos, de microdureza e de microdesgaste. A camada produzida constituiu-se de duas regiões, sendo a mais externa constituída de nitrocarbonetos de cromo e, abaixo dela, verificou-se a presença de austenita expandida, rica em nitrogênio, com dureza próxima a 850HV. A espessura média total da camada foi de, aproximadamente, 40µm. Sua resistência ao desgaste foi muito superior à do substrato.; Hardness and consequently wear resistance of austenitic stainless steel can be highly increased, without losing corrosion resistance, by plasma nitrocarburizing surface treatment. In this re-search, an AISI 316L stainless steel was plasma nitrocarburized at 450°C, and the obtained layers were characterized by optical microscopy...

Influence of ethanol, acidity and chloride concentration on the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel

Ferreira, Elivelton A.; Noce, Rodrigo Della; Fugivara, Cecílio S.; Benedetti, Assis V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 397-405
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.91%
The influence of ethanol, sulfuric acid and chloride on the corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Over the studied range, the steel corrosion potential was independent of H2SO 4 and NaCl concentrations in aqueous solution. On the other hand, in solution containing 65 wt.% ethanol and 35 wt.% water, the corrosion potentials were higher than those obtained in aqueous solution. Besides, the steel corrosion potential was affected by the addition of H2SO4 and NaCl in solution. In solutions with and without ethanol, plus 0.35 wt.% NaCl, the presence of 1 wt.% H2SO4 inhibited the appearance of pitting corrosion. © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.

Application of Mossbauer spectroscopy to the study of corrosion resistance in NaCl solution of plasma nitrided AISI 316L stainless steel

OLZON-DIONYSIO, M.; SOUZA, S. D. de; BASSO, R. L. O.; SOUZA, S. de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.71%
Corrosion research in steels is one of the areas in which Mossbauer spectroscopy has become a required analytical technique, since it is a powerful tool for both identifying and quantifying distinctive phases (which contain Fe) with accuracy. In this manuscript, this technique was used to the study of corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided AISI 316L samples in the presence of chloride anions. Plasma nitriding has been carried out using dc glow-discharge, nitriding treatments, in medium of 80 vol.% H-2 and 20 vol.% N-2, at 673 K, and at different time intervals: 2, 4, and 7 h. Treated samples were characterized by means of phase composition and morphological analysis, and electrochemical tests in NaCl aerated solution in order to investigate the influence of treatment time on the microstructure and the corrosion resistance, proved by conversion electron Mossbauer spectroscopy (CEMS), glancing angle X-ray diffraction (GAXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and potentiodynamic polarization. A modified layer of about 8 gin was observed for all the nitrided samples, independently of the nitriding time. A metastable phase, S phase or gamma(N), was produced. It seems to be correlated with gamma`-Fe-4 N phase. If the gamma(N) fraction decreases...

Influence of ethanol, acidity and chloride concentration on the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel

Ferreira,Elivelton A.; Della Noce,Rodrigo; Fugivara,Cecílio S.; Benedetti,Assis V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.91%
The influence of ethanol, sulfuric acid and chloride on the corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Over the studied range, the steel corrosion potential was independent of H2SO4 and NaCl concentrations in aqueous solution. On the other hand, in solution containing 65 wt.% ethanol and 35 wt.% water, the corrosion potentials were higher than those obtained in aqueous solution. Besides, the steel corrosion potential was affected by the addition of H2SO4 and NaCl in solution. In solutions with and without ethanol, plus 0.35 wt.% NaCl, the presence of 1 wt.% H2SO4 inhibited the appearance of pitting corrosion.

Low temperature plasma carburizing of AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel and AISI F51 duplex stainless steel

Pinedo,Carlos Eduardo; Tschiptschin,André Paulo
Fonte: Escola de Minas Publicador: Escola de Minas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.13%
In this work an austenitic AISI 316L and a duplex AISI F51 (EN 1.4462) stainless steel were DC-Plasma carburized at 480ºC, using CH4 as carbon carrier gas. For the austenitic AISI 316L stainless steel, low temperature plasma carburizing induced a strong carbon supersaturation in the austenitic lattice and the formation of carbon expanded austenite (γC) without any precipitation of carbides. The hardness of the carburized AISI 316L steel reached a maximum of 1000 HV due to ∼13 at% carbon supersaturation and expansion of the FCC lattice. For the duplex stainless steel AISI F51, the austenitic grains transformed to carbon expanded austenite (γC), the ferritic grains transformed to carbon expanded ferrite (αC) and M23C6 type carbides precipitated in the nitrided case. Hardness of the carburized case of the F51 duplex steel reached 1600 HV due to the combined effects of austenite and ferrite lattice expansion with a fine and dispersed precipitation of M23C6 carbides.

Study of expanded austenite formed in plasma nitrided AISI 316L samples, using synchrotron radiation diffraction

Campos,Marcelo; Souza,Sylvio Dionysio de; Martinez,Luis Gallego; Olzon-Dionysio,Maristela
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.71%
AISI 316L stainless steel samples nitrided at different conditions of temperature and time, showing different properties, such as nitrogen concentration (C N) and nitrided layer thickness, were studied. Expanded austenite (γN) diffraction peaks up to the (222) reflection were observed using suitable wavelength synchrotron radiation. XRD patterns were fitted by Le Bail method, using a special triclinic crystal structure (with a lattice distortion n) for γN, whose peaks were decomposed in a few subpeaks, to consider C N gradient across the nitrided layer. Our results indicate that regarding γN magnetic behavior, which was observed for the samples nitrided at 450 °C, it seems to be correlated not only to high C N (≥31at.%), but also to higher η (≥2.4°), which reaches up to 5.6°. This distortion h decreases when C N increases, consequently, with its minimum close to the surface. On the other hand, for paramagnetic samples (350 °C),η increases up to 1.4° when C N increases up to 30 at.%.

Low-temperature plasma nitriding of sintered PIM 316L austenitic stainless steel

Mendes,Aércio Fernando; Scheuer,Cristiano José; Joanidis,Ioanis Labhardt; Cardoso,Rodrigo Perito; Mafra,Márcio; Klein,Aloísio Nelmo; Brunatto,Silvio Francisco
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.84%
This work reports experimental results on sintered PIM 316L stainless steel low-temperature plasma nitriding. The effect of treatment temperature and time on process kinetics, microstructure and surface characteristics of the nitrided samples were investigated. Nitriding was carried out at temperatures of 350, 380, 410 and 440 ºC , and times of 4, 8 and 16 h, using a gas mixture composed by 60% N2 + 20% H2 + 20% Ar, at a gas flow rate of 5.00 × 10-6 Nm³s-1, and a pressure of 800 Pa. The treated samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and microhardness measurements. Results indicate that low-temperature plasma nitriding is a diffusion controlled process. The calculated activation energy for nitrided layer growth was 111.4 kJmol-1. Apparently precipitation-free layers were produced in this study. It was also observed that the higher the treatment temperature and time the higher is the obtained surface hardness. Hardness up to 1343 HV0.025 was verified for samples nitrided at 440 ºC. Finally, the characterization of the treated surface indicates the formation of cracks, which were observed in regions adjacent to the original pores after the treatment.

Electrochemical properties of 316L stainless steel with culturing L929 fibroblasts

Hiromoto, Sachiko; Hanawa, Takao
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.02%
Potentiodynamic polarization and impedance tests were carried out on 316L stainless steel with culturing murine fibroblast L929 cells to elucidate the corrosion behaviour of 316L steel with L929 cells and to understand the electrochemical interface between 316L steel and cells, respectively. Potential step test was carried out on 316L steel with type I collagen coating and culturing L929 cells to compare the effects of collagen and L929 cells. The open-circuit potential of 316L steel slightly shifted in a negative manner and passive current density increased with cells, indicating a decrease in the protective ability of passive oxide film. The pitting potential decreased with cells, indicating a decrease in the pitting corrosion resistance. In addition, a decrease in diffusivity at the interface was indicated from the decrease in the cathodic current density and the increase in the diffusion resistance parameter in the impedance test. The anodic peak current in the potential step test decreased with cells and collagen. Consequently, the corrosion resistance of 316L steel decreases with L929 cells. In addition, collagen coating would provide an environment for anodic reaction similar to that with culturing cells.

Characterization of Porous TiO2 Surfaces Formed on 316L Stainless Steel by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation for Stent Applications

Huan, Zhiguang; Fratila-Apachitei, Lidy E.; Apachitei, Iulian; Duszczyk, Jurek
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.84%
In this study, a porous oxide layer was formed on the surface of 316L stainless steel (SS) by combining Ti magnetron sputtering and plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) with the aim to produce a polymer-free drug carrier for drug eluting stent (DES) applications. The oxidation was performed galvanostatically in Na3PO4 electrolyte. The surface porosity, average pore size and roughness varied with PEO treatment duration, and under optimum conditions, the surface showed a porosity of 7.43%, an average pore size of 0.44 µm and a roughness (Ra) of 0.34 µm. The EDS analyses revealed that the porous layer consisted of Ti, O and P. The cross-sectional morphology evidenced a double-layer structure, with a porous titania surface and an un-oxidized dense Ti film towards the interface with 316L SS. After the PEO treatment, wettability and surface free energy increased significantly. The results of the present study confirm the feasibility of forming a porous TiO2 layer on stainless steel by combining sputtering technology and PEO. Further, the resultant porous oxide layer has the potential to be used as a drug carrier for DES, thus avoiding the complications associated with the polymer based carriers.

Estudo da sinterização do aço inox 316L reforçado com 3% Carbeto de Tântalo - TaC

Oliveira, Leiliane Alves de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.06%
The present work shows a contribution to the studies of development and solid sinterization of a metallic matrix composite MMC that has as starter materials 316L stainless steel atomized with water, and two different Tantalum Carbide TaC powders, with averages crystallite sizes of 13.78 nm and 40.66 nm. Aiming the metallic matrix s density and hardness increase was added different nanometric sizes of TaC by dispersion. The 316L stainless steel is an alloy largely used because it s high resistance to corrosion property. Although, its application is limited by the low wear resistance, consequence of its low hardness. Besides this, it shows low sinterability and it cannot be hardened by thermal treatments traditional methods because of the austenitic structure, face centered cubic, stabilized mainly in nickel presence. Steel samples added with TaC 3% wt (each sample with different type of carbide), following a mechanical milling route using conventional mill for 24 hours. Each one of the resulted samples, as well as the pure steel sample, were compacted at 700 MPa, room temperature, without any addictive, uniaxial tension, using a 5 mm diameter cylindrical mold, and quantity calculated to obtain compacted final average height of 5 mm. Subsequently...

Sinterização de aço inoxidável reforçado com partículas nanométricas dispersas de carbeto de nióbio - NbC

Furukava, Marciano
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.11%
Metal powder sintering appears to be promising option to achieve new physical and mechanical properties combining raw material with new processing improvements. It interest over many years and continue to gain wide industrial application. Stainless steel is a widely accepted material because high corrosion resistance. However stainless steels have poor sinterability and poor wear resistance due to their low hardness. Metal matrix composite (MMC) combining soft metallic matrix reinforced with carbides or oxides has attracted considerable attention for researchers to improve density and hardness in the bulk material. This thesis focuses on processing 316L stainless steel by addition of 3% wt niobium carbide to control grain growth and improve densification and hardness. The starting powder were water atomized stainless steel manufactured for Höganäs (D 50 = 95.0 μm) and NbC produced in the UFRN and supplied by Aesar Alpha Johnson Matthey Company with medium crystallite size 16.39 nm and 80.35 nm respectively. Samples with addition up to 3% of each NbC were mixed and mechanically milled by 3 routes. The route1 (R1) milled in planetary by 2 hours. The routes 2 (R2) and 3 (R3) milled in a conventional mill by 24 and 48 hours. Each milled samples and pure sample were cold compacted uniaxially in a cylindrical steel die (Ø 5 .0 mm) at 700 MPa...

Estudo sobre o efeito dos parâmetros de processamento dos pós e sinterização do aço inox 316l reforçado com NbC

Mello Junior, Murillo Menna Barreto de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.97%
This masther dissertation presents a contribution to the study of 316L stainless steel sintering aiming to study their behavior in the milling process and the effect of isotherm temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties. The 316L stainless steel is a widely used alloy for their high corrosion resistance property. However its application is limited by the low wear resistance consequence of its low hardness. In previous work we analyzed the effect of sintering additives as NbC and TaC. This study aims at deepening the understanding of sintering, analyzing the effect of grinding on particle size and microstructure and the effect of heating rate and soaking time on the sintered microstructure and on their microhardness. Were milled 316L powders with NbC at 1, 5 and 24 hours respectively. Particulates were characterized by SEM and . Cylindrical samples height and diameter of 5.0 mm were compacted at 700 MPa. The sintering conditions were: heating rate 5, 10 and 15◦C/min, temperature 1000, 1100, 1200, 1290 and 1300◦C, and soaking times of 30 and 60min. The cooling rate was maintained at 25◦C/min. All samples were sintered in a vacuum furnace. The sintered microstructure were characterized by optical and electron microscopy as well as density and microhardness. It was observed that the milling process has an influence on sintering...

Metallic ions in organs of rats injected with metallic particles of stainless steel 316L and Ti6Al4V alloy

Giertz,Silvia Helena; Fernandes,Beatriz Luci; Fernandes,Carlos Roberto; Franco,Celia Regina Cavichiolo
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.9%
Despite the interest in identifying systemic effects caused by the metallic particles released from long term metallic implants in the body, few works support reliable conclusions about the effects of those particles in organs. The aim of the present work is to look for damages in tissues of liver, kidney, lung and heart of rats submitted to injection of Hank's solution contained particles of Ti6Al4V alloy and Stainless Steel 316L, obtained by metal friction. The particles size ranges from 50 to 200 µm for the Ti alloy and from 100 to 500 µm for the 316L. Tissues isolated from the organs after the euthanasia were prepared and analyzed in an optical microscope and Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS). Lesions caused by an inflammatory response such as strange body epithelioid granuloma and giant cells were found in some of the tissues containing yttrium and aluminum.

Bone quality around bioactive silica-based coated stainless steel implants: analysis by Micro-Raman, XRF and XAS techniques

Ballarre, Josefina; Desimone, Paula Mariela; Chorro, Matthieu; Baca, Matías; Orellano, Juan Carlos; Cere, Silvia
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.65%
Surface modification of surgical stainless steel implants by sol gel coatings has been proposed as a tool to generate a surface that besides being protective could also create a ‘‘bioactive’’ interface to generate a natural bonding between the metal surface and the existing bone. The aim of this work is to analyze the quality and bone formation around hybrid bioactive coatings containing glass-ceramic particles, made by sol–gel process on 316L stainless steel used as permanent implant in terms of mineralization, calcium content and bone maturity with micro Raman, X-ray microfluorescence and X-ray absorption techniques. Uncoated implants seem to generate a thin bone layer at the beginning of osseointegration process and then this layer being separated from the surface with time. The hybrid coatings without glass-ceramic particles generate new bone around implants, with high concentration of Ca and P at the implant/tissue interface. This fact seems to be related with the presence of silica nanoparticles in the layer. The addition of bioactive particles promotes and enhances the bone quality with a homogeneous Ca and P content and a low rate of beta carbonate substitution and crystallinity, similar to young and mechanical resistant bone.; Fil: Ballarre...