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Perception regarding humanizing healthcare among the national healthcare service patients in Évora area - Portugal

Casas-Novas, Vitória; Batanete, Ermelinda
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
ABSTRACT Objective: to ascertain the perception regarding humanizing healthcare among the National Healthcare Service (NHS) patients in the area of Évora - Portugal. Method: this is a descriptive study, exploratory, with a quantitative approach using a random sampling starting from the guiding question: What is the NHS patients’ perception on humanizing the care provided by the healthcare services? Data were collected with an informed consent questionnaire, administered between September and October 2010 to 62 individuals who were patients in the NHS, according to the approval of the Ethic Committee on Research Involving Human Beings, with the 203/2008 legal opinion. Results: concerning humanizing health care, the respondents of this study outlined as particularly important aspects the following: being attended by gracious professionals who facilitate the dialogue and provide quality care in a short period of time. The value placed on being able to select one’s doctor and nurse is explained by aspects that patients find important such as availability, confidentiality, competence as well as the continuity of care and trust for the health professionals. Conclusion: the results highlight the following aspects: communication; attitudes and competence of the health professionals; accessibility and exercise of autonomy. Descriptores: humanizing; health care; health systems; consumer satisfaction; perception RESUMO Objetivo: conhecer a percepção dos usuários do Serviço Nacional de Saúde (SNS) do conselho de Évora - Portugal acerca da humanização dos cuidados. Método: estudo descritivo...

The Competitive Perception

Lima, João Tiago
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
This paper aims to define what competitive perception is. Using Dufrenne’s phenomenological analysis of the art spectator’s experience, namely the concept of aesthetic perception, I will claim that it is useful to apply this phenomenological approach to the experience of watching sport events. I will argue that the concepts of uncertainty and auto teleology, being two main features in sport competition, are helpful to define competitive perception.

Children’s health perception through creative drawing language; A perceção de saúde das crianças expressa na linguagem criativa dos desenhos; Percepción de la salud de los niños expresada en el lenguaje creativo de los dibujos

Rodrigues, Manuel Alves; Cruz, Dulce D
Fonte: Nursing Research and Education Publicador: Nursing Research and Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Objective. Children’s health perception through creative drawing language the identification of external factors perceived as negative or positive to health by children. Methodology. A descriptive study that describes the analysis of the expressive language of drawings and written comments. The sample consisted of 130 children in 3rd and 4th classes from four randomly selected schools, in the region of Central Portugal Continental (Coimbra district). The study was conducted during the first semester of 2011. The data collection was performed by means of Rodrigues’ drawing/writing sheet. This sheet is divided in 4 areas (2 of them to draw what children consider good for health and the other 2 to write the content or message of the drawings). The themes expressed are classified based on the priority areas for the promotion of healthy lifestyles. Results. children value healthy food, physical activity, mental health, prevention of inappropriate substance consumption and health and environment. The drawings and comments show links between diet and physical exercise, and between mental health and interpersonal relationships. Conclusion. Drawings and comments facilitate health professionals understanding of children’s perception of health positive and negative factors. The results of the study allow planning intervention strategies in school health from infant perception.

Ornamental flower meadows vs tradicional lawns in mediterranean climate: general public preferences and perception

Castro, Maria da Conceição; Clara, Ponte e Sousa
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
In Portugal lawns are used everywhere, even in small places where they are just to be seen. This creates a problem because in a Mediterranean climate turf-grass has to be watered to stay green. But people’s preferences seem to influence the design of green spaces using lawns everywhere, not considering the fact that lawns are more expensive economically and ecologically than other alternatives as ornamental flower meadows Over the last years an effort has been made to use alternatives to turf-grass, environmentally more sustainable, as ornamental flower meadows, trying to apply their ecological and aesthetic qualities and to influence the general public. In this work we intend to test these ideas, trying to get people’s preferences and perception of this different herbaceous vegetation cover. To do this, three different groups of people: landscape architects, landscape managers, and general public - will be asked about their perception and preference concerning different types of herbaceous vegetation cover. The method used is photographs with different sceneries using landscapes with different types of herbaceous vegetation cover that will be shown to the groups. The answers will be separated by gender and age groups. The different variables studied are the colour (one colour or multi-colour)...

A cross-cultural study on the effect of decimal separator on price perception

Baecker, Christian Roman
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /06/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; The impact of decimal separator use in prices has not received attention in previous research. The present study examines the effect of the two worldwide prevailing separators, comma and dot, on the price perception of Portuguese and US consumers via an anchoring and adjustment cognitive processing model. Both separator types were characterized in terms of their visual salience, either salient or non-salient, and contextual novelty, either familiar or novel. Price perception was measured in its negative role, as an outlay of economic resources. Applying a factorial design for multivariate testing of the hypothesized model which predicted lower price perception for salient and novel separators, the results indicated that the separators’ choice has no effect on its own. In turn, an interaction among the separators’ salience and novelty occurred mainly driven by two of the six presented products, possibly revealing limitations to the study. American consumers revealed generally higher levels of perceived prices than European. The study contributes by linking pricing and process numbering literature...

Self-perception and dissatisfaction with weight does not depend on the frequency of physical activity

Araújo,Denise Sardinha Mendes Soares de; Araújo,Claudio Gil Soares de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of satisfaction with body weight and the self-perception of the weight/height ratio and to verify the influence of the frequency of present and past physical activity on these variables. METHODS: Using questionnaires or interviews, we obtained height data, reported and desired weight, self-perception of the weight/height ratio, and the frequency of current physical activity in 844 adults (489 women). Of these, evaluated the frequency of physical activity during high school of 193 individuals,and we measured their height and weight. RESULTS: Less than 2/3 of the individuals had body mass index between 20 and 24.9 kg/m2. A tendency existed to overestimate height by less than 1 cm and to underestimate weight by less than 1kg. Desired weight was less than that reported (p<0.001), and only 20% were satisfied with their current weight. Only 42% of men and 25% of women exercised regularly. No association was found between the frequency of physical activity and the variables height, weight, and body mass index, and the level of satisfaction with current weight. CONCLUSION: Height and weight reported seem to be valid for epidemological studies, and great dissatisfaction with body weight and a distorted self-perception of height/weight ratio exists...

Effect of asthma severity on symptom perception in childhood asthma

Cabral,A.L.B.; Conceição,G.M.; Saldiva,P.H.N.; Martins,M.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Individual ability to perceive airway obstruction varies substantially. The factors influencing the perception of asthma are probably numerous and not well established in children. The present study was designed to examine the influence of asthma severity, use of preventive medication, age and gender on the association between respiratory symptoms (RS) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) rates in asthmatic children. We followed 92 asthmatic children, aged 6 to 16 years, for five months. Symptom scores were recorded daily and PEF was measured twice a day. The correlations among variables at the within-person level over time were analyzed for each child and for the pooled data by multivariate analysis. After pooling the data, there was a significant (P<0.05) correlation between each symptom and PEF; 60% of the children were accurate perceivers (defined by a statistically significant correlation between symptoms and PEF across time) for diurnal symptoms and 37% for nocturnal symptoms. The accuracy of perception was independent of asthma severity, age, gender or the use of preventive medication. Symptom perception is inaccurate in a substantial number of asthmatic children, independently of clinical severity, age, gender or use of preventive medication. It is not clear why some asthmatic patients are capable of accurately perceiving the severity of airway obstruction while others are not.

Perception of risk from electric and magnetic fields: Stress effects and psychological aspects

Lipp,Marilda Emmanuel Novaes; Barbieri,Flavio Eitor; Santánna,Leonel; Justo,Ana Paula; Cabral,Ana Carolina; Santos,Flavia Urbini dos; Gallo,Sabrina; Kheifets,Leeka
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
The present study aimed to investigate the perception of risk in the Brazilian population related to electric and magnetic fields. Six hundred adults were recruited from the surrounding communities. Three hundred of them lived in large cities and an equal number lived in small towns. A short questionnaire was constructed to assess risk perception, trust in government to control risk exposure, level of comfort with exposure to extra-low-frequency electromagnetic fields, measures perceived as necessary to reduce emotional discomfort, and trust in the regulatory agencies. The Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults was applied to assess stress levels. Findings indicate that the majority of the participants in this study did not trust the Government to provide protective measures from exposure to electric and magnetic fields, did not trust the regulatory agencies, felt that there is no adequate risk control and thought about it frequently, and some felt that line installations were being performed in excess and that this should be stopped. Results endorse the need for risk education and indicate that risk perception and feelings should be considered before starting new line installations. Risk communication should incorporate knowledge regarding social cognition since a large proportion of the people were concerned about electric and magnetic fields. Lack of communication can lead to a rejection of necessary transmission line installation...

Perception-action interaction and bissection

Matsushima,Elton; Chiaretti,Paula; Kreling,Daniel; Lima,Murilo; Silva,José Aparecido Da; Ribeiro-Filho,Nilton
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Several studies using visually directed actions as indicators of perceived distance showed that people could accurately walk toward targets far up to 22m. Those results, summed up to those related to perceptual measures of perceived distance, showed that those responses were controlled by a single internal variable, namely visually perceived location. In the present study, we compared performance in bisection tasks, performed by open-loop walking or by perceptual matching. Observers (N=20) walked toward or adjust a pointer to the mean point of an egocentric distance (5, 10 or 15m), under binocular viewing. Results indicated accuracy on both responses, with no reliable differences between them, supporting the hypothesis of a single internal variable controlling action and perception. This invariant may be determined by a weighted set of sources of information.

Measuring pictorial balance perception at first glance using Japanese calligraphy

Gershoni, Sharon; Hochstein, Shaul
Fonte: Pion Publicador: Pion
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/08/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
According to art theory, pictorial balance acts to unify picture elements into a cohesive composition. For asymmetrical compositions, balancing elements is thought to be similar to balancing mechanical weights in a framework of symmetry axes. Assessment of preference for balance (APB), based on the symmetry-axes framework suggested in Arnheim R, 1974 Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press), successfully matched subject balance ratings of images of geometrical shapes over unlimited viewing time. We now examine pictorial balance perception of Japanese calligraphy during first fixation, isolated from later cognitive processes, comparing APB measures with results from balance-rating and comparison tasks. Results show high between-task correlation, but low correlation with APB. We repeated the rating task, expanding the image set to include five rotations of each image, comparing balance perception of artist and novice participant groups. Rotation has no effect on APB balance computation but dramatically affects balance rating, especially for art experts. We analyze the variety of rotation effects and suggest that, rather than depending on element size and position relative to symmetry axes...

The Evolutionary and Cognitive Basis of the Perception and Production of Dance

Brady, Adena Michelle
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Dance is a universal and ancient human behavior; however, our understanding of the basis of this behavior is surprisingly weak. In this dissertation, I explore the cognitive and evolutionary foundations of human dance, providing evidence of two ways in which the production and perception of dance actions are rooted in the functions of more general cognitive systems.In doing so, I aim to both inform our understanding of dance, and use the study of dance to elucidate broader issues in cognition. Chapter 1 demonstrates that the ability to entrain, or move in time with an auditory beat, is not unique to humans. In addition, across hundreds of species, I find that all animals able to entrain can also vocally imitate sound. This supports the hypothesis that entrainment relies on cognitive machinery that originally evolved to support vocal imitation. Chapter 2 investigates the perception of dance-like actions. Previous work shows that we infer the goals of observed actions by calculating their efficiency as a means to external effects, like reaching an object or location. However, dance actions typically lack an external effect or external goal. In two experiments, I show that for dance-like actions, adults infer that the agents’ goal is simply to produce the movements themselves. Furthermore...

Oscillatory dynamics of Gestalt perception in schizophrenia revisited

Spencer, Kevin M.; Ghorashi, Shahab
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Background: Abnormalities in γ oscillations (30–100 Hz) in the scalp-recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) have been proposed to reflect neural circuitry abnormalities in schizophrenia. Oscillations in the γ band are thought to play an important role in visual perception, mediating the binding of visual features into coherent objects. However, there is relatively little evidence to date of deficits in γ-mediated processes associated with Gestalt perception in schizophrenia. Methods: Fourteen healthy control subjects (HC) and 17 chronic schizophrenia patients (SZ) discriminated between illusory Kanisza Squares and No-Square control stimuli, indicating their judgment with a manual button press. Time-frequency decomposition of the EEG was computed with the Morlet wavelet transform. Time-frequency maps of phase locking factor (PLF) values were calculated for stimulus- and response-locked oscillations. Results: HC and SZ did not differ in reaction time, error rate, an early ERP effect associated with Gestalt processing, nor an early visual-evoked γ oscillation. Two response-locked high γ effects had greater PLF for Square than No-Square stimuli in HC, and the reverse pattern in SZ. One of these effects was correlated with thought disorder symptom ratings in SZ. Conclusions: SZ demonstrated abnormalities in γ oscillations associated with the perception of Gestalt objects...

Evidence for hypodescent and racial hierarchy in the categorization and perception of biracial individuals.

Ho, Arnold K.; Sidanius, James; Levin, Daniel T.; Banaji, Mahzarin R.
Fonte: American Psychological Association (APA) Publicador: American Psychological Association (APA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Individuals who qualify equally for membership in two racial groups provide a rare window into social categorization and perception. In 5 experiments, we tested the extent to which a rule of hypodescent, whereby biracial individuals are assigned the status of their socially subordinate parent group, would govern perceptions of Asian–White and Black–White targets. In Experiment 1, in spite of posing explicit questions concerning Asian–White and Black–White targets, hypodescent was observed in both cases and more strongly in Black–White social categorization. Experiments 2A and 2B used a speeded response task and again revealed evidence of hypodescent in both cases, as well as a stronger effect in the Black–White target condition. In Experiments 3A and 3B, social perception was studied with a face-morphing task. Participants required a face to be lower in proportion minority to be perceived as minority than in proportion White to be perceived as White. Again, the threshold for being perceived as White was higher for Black–White than for Asian–White targets. An independent categorization task in Experiment 3B further confirmed the rule of hypodescent and variation in it that reflected the current racial hierarchy in the United States. These results documenting biases in the social categorization and perception of biracials have implications for resistance to change in the American racial hierarchy.; Psychology

Parents’ perception of child and adolescent mental health problems and their choice of treatment option in southwest Ethiopia

Abera, Mubarek; Robbins, Jeffrey M.; Tesfaye, Markos
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Background: Parents’ perception and awareness about psychiatric illness in children and adolescents is an important determinant of early detection and treatment seeking for the condition. However, there has been limited information about the perception and awareness of parents about these issues as well as their preferred treatment options in Ethiopia. This study is, therefore, aimed at assessing the perception of parents about psychiatric illness in children and adolescents and their preferred treatment options in Jimma, Ethiopia. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted among 532 parents in Jimma City, Ethiopia from April to May 2013. Parents from the city were invited to participate in this study to assess their knowledge on causes, and manifestations of psychiatric illness in children and adolescents as well as their preferred treatment options if their children exhibited signs and symptoms of mental illness. Results: Nearly three quarters of the parents identified genetic factors while approximately 20 % of them mentioned neuro-chemical disturbance as possible causes of their children’s mental health problems. On the other hand, magic, curse, and sin were mentioned as causes of mental health problems by 93.2, 81.8 and 73.9 % of the parents...

A Computational study of rigid motion perception

Bandopadhay, Amit (1954 - ); Ballard, Dana Harry
Fonte: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department. Publicador: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department.
Tipo: Technical Report; Thesis Formato: Number of Pages:xiv, 208 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Computer Science, 1986.; The interpretation of visual motion is investigated. The task of motion perception is divided into two major subtasks: i) estimation of two dimensional retinal motion, and ii) computation of parameters of rigid motion from retinal motion. Retinal motion estimation is performed using a point matching algorithm based on local similarity of matches and a global clustering strategy. The clustering technique unifies the notion of matching and motion segmentation and provides an insight into the complexity of the matching and segmentation process. The constraints governing the computation of the rigid motion parameters from retinal motion are investigated. The emphasis is on determining the possible ambiguity of interpretation and how to remove them. This theoretical analysis forms the basis of a set of algorithms for computing structure and three dimensional motion parameters from retinal displacements. The algorithms are experimentally evaluated. The main difficulties facing the computation are seen to be nonlinearity and a high dimensional search space of solutions. To alleviate these difficulties an active tracking method is proposed. This is a closed loop system for evaluation the motion parameters. It is shown that under such a regime it is possible to obtain closed form solutions for the motion parameters. This lead to a robust cooperative algorithm for motion perception requiring minimal amount of retinal motion matching. The central theme for this research has been the evaluation of a hierarchical model for visual motion perception. To this end...

Introduction de la vidéosurveillance intelligente à domicile:Perception des acteurs du système de santé à l’égard de leur pratique, de l’accessibilité et de l’image transmise

Jobidon, Mireille
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Introduction : Les personnes âgées vivant à domicile font des chutes qui peuvent entraîner des conséquences graves. La possibilité de les détecter et d’intervenir rapidement grâce à la vidéosurveillance intelligente constitue une avenue prometteuse. Objectif : L’étude vise à explorer la perception et la récep-tivité des acteurs du système de santé face à l’utilisation de cette technologie sous trois aspects : la transmission des images, l’accessibilité de leur clientèle à cette technologie et son introduction dans leur pratique. Méthodologie : Sept groupes de discussion focalisée ont permis de recueillir le point de vue de 31 participants. Une analyse de contenu avec le logiciel N’Vivo a été réalisée. Résultats : Les participants estiment que les images de chute pourraient parve-nir au CLSC, au proche aidant, au 911 ou à une centrale de surveillance. Ils considèrent que des critères d’admissibilité seraient nécessaires pour favoriser l’accessibilité à la vidéosurveillance intelligente qui, croient-ils, pourrait améliorer les interventions en termes de gestion des urgences lors de chutes et de déter-mination de leurs causes. Conclusion : Les participants sont favorables à la technologie proposée...

Perception, jugement et erreur dans les Quaestiones De anima de Nicole Oresme

Lapointe-Beaudoin, Laurie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Dans la question 10 du livre II de son commentaire au traité De l’âme d’Aristote, Nicole Oresme soulève la question suivante : est-ce que le sens se trompe relativement à son objet propre? S’attaquant à la problématique de l’illusion sensible, il soutient qu’il y a effectivement place pour l’erreur dans la connaissance sensible puisque les facultés sensitives de l’âme ont la capacité de former des jugements. Influencé par le modèle perspectiviste de la vision, Oresme met l’accent sur le rôle des sens internes, plutôt que les sens externes, dans la perception. Ce mémoire de maîtrise a pour but d’élucider les notions de « concept » (conceptus), « jugement » (iudicium) et « discours » (discursus) telles qu’Oresme les emploie dans le deuxième livre de ses Quaestiones De anima et est accompagné d’une traduction des questions I.4, II.8-15 et II.21 des Quaestiones De anima.; In question 10 of book II of his commentary on Aristotle’s De anima, Nicole Oresme asks whether the senses can be deceived about their proper objects. Tackling the issue of sense illusion, he maintains that there is indeed error in sense cognition since the sensitive faculties of the soul can form judgments. Influenced by the perspectivist account of vision...

Attentional modulations of pain perception: evidence from laser evoked potentials

VALENTINI, ELIA
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
This thesis aims to provide a contribution to the current neurophysiological and psychophysiological understanding of nociception and pain processing in humans. The introduction of high-power, radiant heat stimulators (lasers) in sensory physiology has revolutionised the study of the nociceptive system. Laser pulses activate Aδ and/or C skin nociceptors selectively, i.e. without coactivating deeper, tactile mechanoreceptors, and elicit brain responses that can be detected using electroencephalography, and are called laser-evoked potentials (LEP). This was the technique applied in the two experimental studies reported in the present thesis work. The doctoral dissertation is organized in five chapters. Chapter 1 – Introduction - defines the concepts of nociception and pain. It also provides an introduction to the event related potential technique (ERP), a description of basic biophysics and neurophysiology related to LEP recording, followed by a literature review of its related cortical generators. In addition, the Chapter attempts to draw an elementary parallel between LEPs and other EPs elicited by stimuli belonging to other sensory modalities. Chapter 2 – Determinants of vertex potentials – describes the determinants of neural processes of pain perception and support their interpretation through a neurocognitive model of attention. The mechanism of attention allows allocating resources for selection and integration of this process with working memory requirements. More in detail...

Threat perception and developmental states in Northeast Asia

Zhu, Tianbiao
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 329309 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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36.37%
The current literature on the developmental state tends to focus on state–economy and state–business relations. Very few studies take the developmental state as a historical phenomenon and analyse its origins and possible demise. Even fewer studies link threat perception to the rise and decline of such states. This study argues that a particular kind of threat perception, namely that of an extremely intensive and long-term threat, played a fundamental role in creating the developmental states in Northeast Asia. Later, a changed threat perception was one of the important factors that caused the decline of such states.; yes

Association between weight perception and psychological distress

Atlantis, E.; Ball, K.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Background: Obesity is a well-known cause of cardiovascular disease burden and premature death, but effects on depressive symptoms remain equivocal. Depressive symptoms may be more common among the obese individuals who perceive themselves as overweight, rather than those who perceive themselves as having an acceptable weight. Our aim was to determine whether weight status and weight perceptions are independently associated with psychological distress. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Australian National Health Survey 2004–2005 (N=17 253). All variables were collected by self-report. Adjusted multinomial logistic regression analysis was conducted to generate prevalence odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for medium (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) scores of 20–29) and high (K10 scores of 30–50) psychological distress (compared with K10 scores of 10–19 as the reference) associated with weight status (standard body mass index (BMI) cutoffs for underweight, overweight and obesity vs normal weight), weight perception (perceived underweight and overweight vs acceptable weight) and weight misperception (incorrect with BMI vs correct with BMI) adjusting for numerous important covariates. Results: Overweight and underweight perception increased the odds of medium (40 and 50%) and high (50 and 120%) psychological distress...