Página 9 dos resultados de 19478 itens digitais encontrados em 0.029 segundos

## Anomalous \phi Meson Suppression in Au+Au Collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV Measured by the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC

Naglis, Maxim; collaboration, for the PHENIX
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the \phi-meson production at mid-rapidity in p+p, d+Au, Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV via the K^+K^- decay mode. The transverse momentum spectra of the \phi-meson and the nuclear modification factor as a function of centrality are reviewed here.; Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures; To appear in the conference proceedings for Quark Matter 2009, March 30 - April 4, Knoxville, Tennessee

## Long range rapidity correlations as seen in the STAR experiment

Lappi, T.; McLerran, L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We analyze long range rapidity correlations observed in the STAR experiment at RHIC. Our goal is to extract properties of the two particle correlation matrix, accounting for the analysis method of the STAR experiment. We find a surprisingly large correlation strength for central collisions of gold nuclei at highest RHIC energies. We argue that such correlations cannot be the result of impact parameter fluctuations.; Comment: 16 pages, 5 figures, uses elsart.cls. V2: typo corrections

## The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

Guiseppe, V. E.; Collaboration, for the Majorana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Neutrinoless double-beta decay searches play a major role in determining the nature of neutrinos, the existence of a lepton violating process, and the effective Majorana neutrino mass. The Majorana Collaboration proposes to assemble an array of HPGe detectors to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge-76. Our proposed method uses the well-established technique of searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in high purity Ge-diode radiation detectors that play both roles of source and detector. The technique is augmented with recent improvements in signal processing and detector design, and advances in controlling intrinsic and external backgrounds. Initially, Majorana aims to construct a prototype module containing 60 kg of Ge detectors to demonstrate the potential of a future 1-tonne experiment. The design and potential reach of this prototype Demonstrator module will be presented. This paper will also discuss detector optimization and low-background requirements, such as material purity, background rejection, and identification of rare backgrounds required to reach the sensitivity goals of the Majorana experiment.; Comment: paper submitted to the 2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record

## Prospectives for A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at the LHC: AFTER@LHC

Lansberg, J. P.; Chambert, V.; Didelez, J. P.; Genolini, B.; Hadjidakis, C.; Lorce, C.; Rosier, P.; Anselmino, M.; Arnaldi, R.; Scomparin, E.; Brodsky, S. J.; Ferreiro, E. G.; Fleuret, F.; Rakotozafindrabe, A.; Schienbein, I.; Uggerhoj, U. I.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We argue that the concept of a multi-purpose fixed-target experiment with the proton or lead-ion LHC beams extracted by a bent crystal would offer a number of ground-breaking precision-physics opportunities. The multi-TeV LHC beams will allow for the most energetic fixed-target experiments ever performed. The fixed-target mode has the advantage of allowing for high luminosities, spin measurements with a polarised target, and access over the full backward rapidity domain --uncharted until now-- up to x_F ~ -1.; Comment: 6 pages, 1 table, LaTeX. Proceedings of the 36th International Conference on High Energy Physics (ICHEP2012), 4-11 July 2012, Melbourne, Australia

## The Majorana experiment: an ultra-low background search for neutrinoless double-beta decay

Phillips II, D. G.; Aguayo, E.; Avignone III, F. T.; Back, H. O.; Barabash, A. S.; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F. E.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, M.; Chan, Y. -D.; Christofferson, C. D.; Collar, J. I.; Combs, D. C.; Cooper, R. J.; Detwiler, J. A.; Doe,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would resolve the Majorana nature of the neutrino and could provide information on the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The initial phase of the Majorana experiment, known as the Demonstrator, will house 40 kg of Ge in an ultra-low background shielded environment at the 4850' level of the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The objective of the Demonstrator is to determine whether a future 1-tonne experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a narrow region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay peak.; Comment: Presentation for the Rutherford Centennial Conference on Nuclear Physics

## Measurements of inclusive J/psi production in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV with the ALICE experiment

Maire, Antonin; Collaboration, for the ALICE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Charmonium is a prominent probe of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), expected to be formed in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion (A-A) collisions. It has been predicted that the J/psi(c-cbar) particle is dissolved in the deconfined medium created in A-A systems. However this suppression can be counterbalanced via regeneration of the charm/anti-charm bound state in QGP or via statistical production at the phase boundary. At LHC energies, the latter mechanisms are expected to play a more important role, due to a charm production cross section significantly larger than at lower energies. Measurements obtained by the ALICE experiment for inclusive J/psi production are shown, making use of Pb-Pb data at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV, collected in 2010 and 2011. In particular, the focus is given on the nuclear modification factor, R_AA, derived for forward (2.5 < y < 4) and mid rapidities (|y| < 0.9), both down to zero transverse momentum (pT). The centrality, y and pT dependences of R_AA are presented and discussed in the context of theoretical models, together with PHENIX and CMS results.; Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures. To be published in PoS. Proceedings of the Xth QCHS conference (Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum), 2012, 8-12 October 2012...

## Double-quarkonium production at a fixed-target experiment at the LHC (AFTER@LHC)

Lansberg, Jean-Philippe; Shao, Hua-Sheng
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We present predictions for double-quarkonium production in the kinematical region relevant for the proposed fixed-target experiment using the LHC beams (dubbed as AFTER@LHC). These include all spin-triplet S -wave charmonium and bottomonium pairs, i.e. Psi(n_1S) + Psi(n_2S), Psi(n_1S) + Upsilon(m_1S) and Upsilon(m_1S) + Upsilon(m_2S ) with n_1,n_2 = 1,2 and m_1,m_2 = 1,2,3. We calculate the contributions from double-parton scatterings and single-parton scatterings. With an integrated luminosity of 20 fb-1 to be collected at AFTER@LHC, we find that the yields for double-charmonium production are large enough for differential distribution measurements. We discuss some differential distributions for J/Psi + J/Psi production, which can help to study the physics of double-parton and single-parton scatterings in a new energy range and which might also be sensitive to double intrinsic c-bar(c) coalescence at large negative Feynman x.; Comment: Latex, 24 pages, 23 figures, 12 tables. v2: published version: complete analysis of the colour-octet contributions for psi+Y production added and the impact of the NLO corrections discussed

## SLAC's Polarized Electron Source Laser System and Minimization of Electron Beam Helicity Correlations for the E-158 Parity Violation Experiment

Humensky, T. B.; Alley, R.; Brachmann, A.; Browne, M. J.; Cates, G. D.; Clendenin, J.; deLamare, J.; Frisch, J.; Galetto, T.; Hughes, E. W.; Kumar, K. S.; Mastromarino, P.; Sodja, J.; Souder, P. A.; Turner, J.; Woods, M.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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SLAC E-158 is an experiment designed to make the first measurement of parity violation in Moller scattering. E-158 will measure the right-left cross-section asymmetry, A_LR^Moller, in the elastic scattering of a 45-GeV polarized electron beam off unpolarized electrons in a liquid hydrogen target. E-158 plans to measure the expected Standard Model asymmetry of ~10^-7 to an accuracy of better than 10^-8. To make this measurement, the polarized electron source requires for operation an intense circularly polarized laser beam and the ability to quickly switch between right- and left-helicity polarization states with minimal right-left helicity-correlated asymmetries in the resulting beam parameters (intensity, position, angle, spot size, and energy), ^beam A_LR's. This laser beam is produced by a unique SLAC-designed flashlamp-pumped Ti:Sapphire laser and is propagated through a carefully designed set of polarization optics. We analyze the transport of nearly circularly polarized light through the optical system and identify several mechanisms that generate ^beam A_LR's. We show that the dominant effects depend linearly on particular polarization phase shifts in the optical system. We present the laser system design and a discussion of the suppression and control of ^beam A_LR's. We also present results on beam performance from engineering and physics runs for E-158.; Comment: 64 pages...

## Cold Nuclear Matter Effects on J/psi Yields as a Function of Rapidity and Nuclear Geometry in Deuteron-Gold Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV

Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y.; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Angerami, A.; Aoki, K.; Apadula, N.; Aphecetche, L.; Aramaki, Y.; Asai, J.; Atomssa, E. T.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T. C.; Azmoun, B.; Babintsev, V.; Bai, M.; B
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We present measurements of J/psi yields in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV recorded by the PHENIX experiment and compare with yields in p+p collisions at the same energy per nucleon-nucleon collision. The measurements cover a large kinematic range in J/psi rapidity (-2.2 < y < 2.4) with high statistical precision and are compared with two theoretical models: one with nuclear shadowing combined with final state breakup and one with coherent gluon saturation effects. To remove model dependent systematic uncertainties we also compare the data to a simple geometric model. We find that calculations where the nuclear modification is linear or exponential in the density weighted longitudinal thickness are difficult to reconcile with the forward rapidity data.; Comment: 449 authors from 66 institutions, 6 pages, 3 figures. Submitted to Physical Review Letters. Plain text data tables for the points plotted in figures for this and previous PHENIX publications are (or will be) publicly available at http://www.phenix.bnl.gov/papers.html

## New determination of double-beta-decay properties in 48Ca: high-precision Q-value measurement and improved nuclear matrix element calculations

Kwiatkowski, A. A.; Brunner, T.; Holt, J. D.; Chaudhuri, A.; Chowdhury, U.; Eibach, M.; Engel, J.; Gallant, A. T.; Grossheim, A.; Horoi, M.; Lennarz, A.; Macdonald, T. D.; Pearson, M. R.; Schultz, B. E.; Simon, M. C.; Senkov, R. A.; Simon, V. V.; Zuber, K
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We report a direct measurement of the Q-value of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay candidate 48Ca at the TITAN Penning-trap mass spectrometer, with the result that Q = 4267.98(32) keV. We measured the masses of both the mother and daughter nuclides, and in the latter case found a 1 keV deviation from the literature value. In addition to the Q-value, we also present results of a new calculation of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay nuclear matrix element of 48Ca. Using diagrammatic many-body perturbation theory to second order to account for physics outside the valence space, we constructed an effective shell-model double-beta-decay operator, which increased the nuclear matrix element by about 75% compared with that produced by the bare operator. The new Q-value and matrix element strengthen the case for a 48Ca double-beta-decay experiment.; Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure

## Nuclear Parity-Violation in Effective Field Theory

Zhu, Shi-Lin; Maekawa, C. M.; Holstein, B. R.; Ramsey-Musolf, M. J.; van Kolck, U
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We reformulate the analysis of nuclear parity-violation (PV) within the framework of effective field theory (EFT). To order Q, the PV nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction depends on five a priori unknown constants that parameterize the leading-order, short-range four-nucleon operators. When pions are included as explicit degrees of freedom, the potential contains additional medium- and long-range components parameterized by PV piNN couplings. We derive the form of the corresponding one- and two-pion-exchange potentials. We apply these considerations to a set of existing and prospective PV few-body measurements that may be used to determine the five independent low-energy constants relevant to the pionless EFT and the additional constants associated with dynamical pions. We also discuss the relationship between the conventional meson-exchange framework and the EFT formulation, and argue that the latter provides a more general and systematic basis for analyzing nuclear PV.; Comment: 67 Page Latex file with typos corrected

## 8Be Nuclear Data Evaluation

Page, Philip R.; Hale, Gerald M.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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An R-matrix analysis of experimental nuclear data on the reactions 4He(alpha,alpha), 4He(alpha,p), 4He(alpha,d), 7Li(p,alpha), 7Li(p,p), 7Li(p,n), 7Be(n,p), 6Li(d,alpha), 6Li(d,p), 6Li(d,n) and 6Li(d,d), leading to the 8Be intermediate state, has been completed in the last two years. About 4700 data points from 69 experimental references are included. The excitation energy above the 8Be ground state is 25-26 MeV for all reactions except 4He(alpha,alpha) and 7Be(n,p). The data for the reactions 4He(alpha,alpha) and 6Li(d,d) do not fit well, but the other reactions fit with a chi^2/(point) of less than the overall value of 7.9. Most of the 19 resonances found in the R-matrix analysis correspond to resonances formerly known from experiment. Evaluated integrated 4He(alpha,p), 4He(alpha,d), 7Li(p,alpha), 7Li(p,n), 7Be(n,p), 6Li(d,alpha), 6Li(d,p) and 6Li(d,n) reaction cross-sections are presented. Evaluated cross-section and angular dependence files in ENDF format were prepared for the twelve reactions p 7Li, n 7Be, d 6Li -> alpha 4He, p 7Li, n 7Be, d 6Li. Maxwellian averaged temperature-dependent cross-sections in NDI format were prepared for the six reactions 7Li(p,alpha), 7Li(p,n), 7Be(n,p), 6Li(d,alpha), 6Li(d,p) and 6Li(d,n).; Comment: Published in proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology (ND2004)...

## Unprecedented studies of the low-energy negatively charged kaons interactions in nuclear matter by AMADEUS

Curceanu, C.; Piscicchia, K.; Bazzi, M.; Berucci, C.; Bosnar, D.; Bragadireanu, A. M.; Clozza, A.; Cargnelli, M.; D'uffizi, A.; Fabbietti, L.; Fiorini, C.; Ghio, F.; Guaraldo, C.; Iliescu, M.; Sandri, P. Levi; Marton, J.; Pietreanu, D.; Lener, M. Poli; Qu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The AMADEUS experiment aims to provide unique quality data of $K^-$ hadronic interactions in light nuclear targets, in order to solve fundamental open questions in the non-perturbative strangeness QCD sector, like the controversial nature of the $\Lambda(1405)$ state, the yield of hyperon formation below threshold, the yield and shape of multi-nucleon $K^-$ absorption, processes which are intimately connected to the possible existence of exotic antikaon multi-nucleon clusters. AMADEUS takes advantage of the DA$\Phi$NE collider, which provides a unique source of monochromatic low-momentum kaons and exploits the KLOE detector as an active target, in order to obtain excellent acceptance and resolution data for $K^-$ nuclear capture on H, ${}^4$He, ${}^{9}$Be and ${}^{12}$C, both at-rest and in-flight. During the second half of 2012 a successful data taking was performed with a dedicated pure carbon target implemented in the central region of KLOE, providing a high statistic sample of pure at-rest $K^-$ nuclear interactions. For the future dedicated setups involving cryogenic gaseous targets are under preparation.; Comment: 14 pages, 6 figures

## On Making Predictions With Effective Field Theories In Nuclear Physics

Park, Tae-Sun; Kubodera, Kuniharu; Min, Dong-Pil; Rho, Mannque
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Based on the effective field theory previously formulated by us to accurately postdict all low-energy two-nucleon properties as well as predict certain electroweak transitions in heavy nuclei, we make parameter-free predictions for the polarized np capture process \vec{n}+\vec{p} --> d +\gamma presently being measured at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble. Other participants of this meeting are invited to make their own predictions using their preferred approaches and join the bet for the best prediction to confront the forthcoming experiment.; Comment: 19 pages, sprocl.sty needed. Talk given by MR at the Workshop on "Nuclear Physics with Effective Field Theories," Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, February 25-26, 1999, to appear in World Scientific

## Simulations of Doppler Effects in Nuclear Reactions for AGATA Commissioning Experiments

Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The purpose of this master thesis is to simulate suitable nuclear reactions for a commissioning experiment, to be performed with the AGATA gamma-ray tracking spectrometer. The main aim of the work is to find a reaction, which gives large Doppler effects of the emitted gamma rays, with as small contribution as possible due to the energy and angular spread of the nuclei emitting the gamma rays. Inverse kinematics heavy-ion (HI) fusion reactions of the type (HI,gamma), (HI, n) on proton and deuteron targets have been studied. Target effects were investigated using the program TRIM in order to determine the impact on the Doppler effects caused by energy and angular straggling in the target material. The cross sections of a large number of reactions of protons and deuterons on nuclei with mass numbers in the range A=20-100 have been evaluated using the TALYS reaction code. The fusion-evaporation reactions, d(V-51,n)Cr-52 and d(Cl-37,n)Ar-38 were simulated in detail using the Monte Carlo code evapOR. The interactions in AGATA of the gamma rays emitted in these reactions were simulated using Geant4. The energy resolution of the gamma rays after gamma-ray tracking and Doppler correction were determined as a function of the interaction position resolution of the germanium detectors. The conclusion of this work is that of the two reactions d(V-51...

## Nuclear Physics at the TESLA*HERA Complex

Sultansoy, S.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Construction of the TESLA linear electron-positron collider tangentially to the HERA proton ring will provide a number of new facilities for particle and nuclear physics research. In this paper main parameters and physics goals of eA, gamma-A and FEK gamma-A colliders, as well as fixed target experiments are discussed.; Comment: Talk given at the I. Eurasia Conference on Nuclear Science and its Applications, Izmir, Turkey, 23-27 October 2000

## Scintillation-only Based Pulse Shape Discrimination for Nuclear and Electron Recoils in Liquid Xenon

Ueshima, K.; Abe, K.; Hiraide, K.; Hirano, S.; Kishimoto, Y.; Kobayashi, K.; Koshio, Y.; Liu, J.; Martens, K.; Moriyama, S.; Nakahata, M.; Nishiie, H.; Ogawa, H.; Sekiya, H.; Shinozaki, A.; Suzuki, Y.; Takeda, A.; Yamashita, M.; Fujii, K.; Murayama, I.; N
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In a dedicated test setup at the Kamioka Observatory we studied pulse shape discrimination (PSD) in liquid xenon (LXe) for dark matter searches. PSD in LXe was based on the observation that scintillation light from electron events was emitted over a longer period of time than that of nuclear recoil events, and our method used a simple ratio of early to total scintillation light emission in a single scintillation event. Requiring an efficiency of 50% for nuclear recoil retention we reduced the electron background to 7.7\pm1.1(stat)\pm1.2 0.6(sys)\times10-2 at energies between 4.8 and 7.2 keVee and to 7.7\pm2.8(stat)\pm2.5 2.8(sys)\times10-3 at energies between 9.6 and 12 keVee for a scintillation light yield of 20.9 p.e./keV. Further study was done by masking some of that light to reduce this yield to 4.6 p.e./keV, the same method results in an electron event reduction of 2.4\pm0.2(stat)\pm0.3 0.2(sys)\times10-1 for the lower of the energy regions above. We also observe that in contrast to nuclear recoils the fluctuations in our early to total ratio for electron events are larger than expected from statistical fluctuations.; Comment: 25 pages, 15 figures

## Nuclear Double Beta Decay, Fundamental Particle Physics, Hot Dark Matter, And Dark Energy

Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Hans V.; Krivosheina, Irina V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Nuclear double beta decay, an extremely rare radioactive decay process, is - in one of its variants - one of the most exciting means of research into particle physics beyond the standard model. The large progress in sensitivity of experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay in the last two decades - based largely on the use of large amounts of enriched source material in "active source experiments" - has lead to the observation of the occurrence of this process in nature (on a 6.4 sigma level), with the largest half-life ever observed for a nuclear decay process (2.2 x 10^{25} y). This has fundamental consequences for particle physics - violation of lepton number, Majorana nature of the neutrino. These results are independent of any information on nuclear matrix elements (NME)*. It further leads to sharp restrictions for SUSY theories, sneutrino mass, right-handed W-boson mass, superheavy neutrino masses, compositeness, leptoquarks, violation of Lorentz invariance and equivalence principle in the neutrino sector. The masses of light-neutrinos are found to be degenerate, and to be at least 0.22 +- 0.02 eV. This fixes the contribution of neutrinos as hot dark matter to >=4.7% of the total observed dark matter. The neutrino mass determined might solve also the dark energy puzzle. *(It is briefly discussed how important NME for 0nubb decay really are.); Comment: This paper has been withdrawn by the authors since we want to add another figure

## Measurement of beam energy dependent nuclear modification factors at STAR

Horvat, Stephen P.; Collaboration, for the STAR
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The nuclear modification factors R_{AA} and R_{CP} have been used to measure medium-induced suppression in heavy-ion collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200GeV which was among the earliest evidence for the existence of a strongly interacting medium called a quark-gluon plasma (QGP). Nuclear modification factors for asymmetric collisions (R_{dA}) have measured the Cronin Effect, an enhancement of high transverse momentum particle yields in deuteron-gold collisions relative to proton-proton collisions. A similar enhancement is observed in data presented in these proceedings and competes with the quenching caused by partonic energy loss in the QGP. In these proceedings we will present charged-hadron R_{CP} at mid-rapidity for sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7.7 - 62.4GeV as well as identified pi^{+}, K^{+}, and proton R_{CP}. Comparisons to HIJING motivate possible methods for disentangling competing modifications to nuclear transverse momentum spectra.; Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, proceedings for Hot Quarks 2012

## Nuclear Transparency Effect in the Strongly Interacting Matter

Ajaz, M.; Suleymanov, M. K.; Abdinov, O. B.; Zaman, Ali; Khan, K. H.; Wazir, Z.; Khalilova, Sh.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica