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Pt/TiO(2)/poly(vinyl sulfonic acid) Layer-by-Layer Films for Methanol Electrocatalytic Oxidation

FACCI, Tiago; PARREIRA, Renato L. T.; PEREIRA-DA-SILVA, Marcelo A.; OLIVEIRA JR., Osvaldo N.; HUGUENIN, Fritz
Fonte: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS Publicador: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
One major challenge for the widespread application of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) is to decrease the amount of platinum used in the electrodes, which has motivated a search for novel electrodes containing platinum nanoparticles. In this study, platinum nanoparticles were electrodeposited on layer-by-layer (LbL) films from TiO(2) and poly(vinyl sulfonic) (PVS), by immersing the films into a H(2)PtCl(6) solution and applying a 100 mu A current during different electrode position times. Scanning tunnel microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed increased platinum particle size and electrode roughness for increasing electrodeposition times. The potentiodynamic profile of the electrodes indicated that oxygen-like species in 0.5 mol L(-1) H(2)SO(4) were formed at less positive potentials for the smallest platinum particles. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements confirmed the high reactivity for the water dissociation and the large amount of oxygen-like species adsorbed on the smallest platinum nanoparticles. This high oxophilicity of the smallest nanoparticles was responsible for the electrocatalytic activity of Pt-TiO(2)/PVS systems for methanol electrooxidation, according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood bifunctional mechanism. Significantly...

Development of impedimetric and optical calcium biosensor by using modified gold electrode with porcine S100A12 protein

OLIVEIRA, Maria D. L.; MELO, Celso P. de; OLIVA, Glaucius; ANDRADE, Cesar A. S.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
We describe the development of a label free method to analyze the interactions between Ca(2+) and the porcine S100A12 protein immobilized on polyvinyl butyral (PVB). The modified gold electrodes were characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) techniques. SEM analyses of PVB and PVB-S100A12 showed a heterogeneous distribution of PVB spherules on gold surface. EIS and CV measurements have shown that redox probe reactions on the modified gold electrodes were partially blocked due the adsorption of PVB-S100A12, and confirm the existence of a positive response of the immobilized S100Al2 to the presence of calcium ions. The biosensor exhibited a wide linear response to Ca(2+) concentrations ranging from 12.5 to 200 mM. The PVB-S100A12 seems to be bound to the gold electrode surface by physical adsorption: we observed an increase of 1184.32 m degrees in the SPR angle after the adsorption of the protein on the PVB surface (in an indication that 9.84 ng of S100A12 are adsorbed per mm(2) of the Au-PVB electrode), followed by a further increase of 581.66 m degrees after attachment of the Ca(2+) ions. In addition, no SPR response is obtained for non-specific ions. These studies might be useful as a platform for the design of new reusable and sensitive biosensing devices that could find use in the clinical applications. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Rede ELINOR de Nanobiotecnologia/CAPES; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); MCT/FINEP; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP)

Síntese e caracterização de nanocatalisadores de ZrO2-CeO2/Ni para aplicação em ânodos de células a combustível de óxido sólido; Syntesis and Characterization of ZrO2-CeO2/Ni nanocatalysts for application in solid oxide fuel cell anodes

Bacani, Rebeca
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
Compósitos mesoporosos de ZrO2-CeO2 estão sendo desenvolvidos devido às suas excelentes propriedades morfológicas e estruturais, necessárias para várias aplicações, que incluem sensores de gás, catálise automotiva e ânodos de células a combustível de óxido sólido. Nesse trabalho foi desenvolvido um novo método de síntese sol-gel com template cooperativo utilizando o polímero tribloco P-123 e os cloretos de Zr/Ce como precursores dos óxidos. Foram sintetizados ZrO2-x(mol)%CeO2 com x = 50, 70 e 90% de CeO2, uma vez que esses materiais apresentam melhores características para aplicações catalíticas. Dois processos de calcinação diferentes foram testados (até 540 e 400ºC). O NiO (60% m/m) foi impregnado para que o material obtenha a condutividade eletrônica necessária para aplicação em ânodos de SOFC. Os resultados de difração de raios X indicaram sistemas cuja fase cristalográfica predominante é a cúbica tipo fluorita (a fase tetragonal é minoritária). Fase única cúbica foi obtida para 90% de CeO2 após a calcinação até 400ºC. Dentre as características morfológicas dos materiais calcinados até 540ºC, os resultados de adsorção/dessorção de N2, imagens de microscopia eletrônica e espalhamento de raios X a baixos ângulos apresentaram aglomerados cristalinos de ZrO2-CeO2...

Evaluation of 316L Stainless Steel Corrosion Resistance in Solution Simulating the Acid Hydrolysis of Biomass

Ferreira, E. A.; Noce, R. D.; Fugivara, C. S.; Benedetti, A. V.
Fonte: Electrochemical Soc Inc Publicador: Electrochemical Soc Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: C95-C103
ENG
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45.94%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 08/50579-7; The corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel in 65 wt % ethanol, 35 wt % water, 1 wt % H(2)SO(4) solution containing different NaCl concentrations and at different temperatures was investigated using open circuit potential measurements, polarization curves, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. At 25 degrees C, the minimum NaCl concentration required for occurrence of pitting was 0.58 wt %. In 0.35 wt % NaCl solution, localized corrosion was observed at temperatures higher than 40 degrees C and, depending on the potential, metastable or stable pits were observed. No pits were observed below 40 degrees C in 0.35 wt % NaCl solution. (C) 2011 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI: 10.1149/1.3554728] All rights reserved.

Monitoramento da presença de hidrogenio atomico na superficie de aço carbono atraves da espectroscopia de impedancia eletroquimica

Jose Roberto Pereira Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A presença de hidrogênio na estrutura de aços, mesmo em pequenas quantidades , pode provocar modificações de suas propriedades mecânicas. Os danos causados pela presença do hidrogênio atômico em solução sólida em materiais, oriundo dos processos de fabricação ou mesmo do seu uso em serviço, representam uma preocupação com a integridade mecânica desses sistemas. Em refinarias de petróleo este fato é muito importante, uma vez que os equipamentos operam em meios corrosivos, que levam à geração de hidrogênio atômico sendo este absorvido pelas paredes internas dos equipamentos levando a danificação destes. Neste trabalho procurou-se desenvolver um método mais eficiente em termos de resposta e sensibilidade que permitisse o monitoramento on-line da presença do hidrogênio durante o processo de corrosão. Utilizou-se a técnica de permeação eletroquímica de hidrogênio para se determinar o coeficiente de difusão do hidrogênio e a Espectroscopia de Impedância Eletroquímica para a realização das medidas do sinal de resposta do hidrogênio na interface de saída. Os ensaios foram realizados no aço ASTM 516 grau 60 imerso em solução de NaOH (O,lN). Os resultados obtidos mostram que a técnica de Espectroscopia de Impedância Eletroquímica pode ser usada para detectar a presença de hidrogênio atômico na superfície de metais; The aetion ofhydrogen in the steel that constitute the vessel building ofpetroleum catalytic units...

Corrosion study of electrodeposited Zn and Zn-Co coatings in chloride medium

De Lima-Neto,Pedro; Correia,Adriana N.; Colares,Regilany P.; Araujo,Walney S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The corrosion behavior of electrodeposited Zn and Zn-Co coatings in 0.1 mol dm-3 NaCl aqueous solutions was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDAX), galvanostatic electrochemical stripping (GES), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques and open circuit measurements (Eoc). All coatings were electrodeposited on mild steel. Using GES it was possible to identify Zn-Co intermetallic phases in the coatings with Co content higher than 1 at.%. The GES, SEM and EDX results revealed that the corrosion mechanism of the Zn-Co layers with high Co content is related to the appearance of cracks due to the dissolution of the gamma Zn-rich phases, while the corrosion of the Zn and Zn-1Co layers was characterized by dissolution of the coatings. The Zn and Zn-Co coatings were found to contain the same insoluble corrosion products, which act as a corrosion barrier that delays but does not prevent corrosion. The better corrosion resistance of the Zn-Co coatings obtained in the bath without additive, in comparison with Zn-1Co obtained in the bath containing additive is due to the high Co content which leads to an ennoblement of the coating. All Zn-Co electrodeposits showed greater corrosion resistance than the Zn electrodeposits. The Zn-18Co layer showed the best corrosion resistance...

Electrochemical oxidation, adsorption and quantification of 1,2-benzopyrone employing a glassy carbon electrode

Azevedo,Luiz Fernando M. de; Trevisan,Marcello G.; Garcia,Jerusa S.; Lucho,Alzira M. S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The electrooxidation of 1,2-benzopyrone (BP) was assessed via linear voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy on a glassy carbon electrode in dibasic potassium phosphate buffer. The oxidation process for BP requires one electron and forms a ketone. This oxidation product was adsorbed by the electrode surface to form a film that blocks active sites and increases in thickness over consecutive measurements. The oxidation conditions were optimized using factorial design and Doehlert matrices. This electrochemical method was compared to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), which has a detection limit of 26.4 µmol L-1 for BP. The voltammetric results were statistically similar to those from HPLC; however, the method was faster, simpler, more easily acquired, more sensitive, and required less organic solvent.

Ternary Monolayers as DNA Recognition Interfaces for Direct and Sensitive Electrochemical Detection in Untreated Clinical Samples

Campuzano, Susana; Kuralay, Filiz; Lobo-Castañón, M. Jesús; Bartošík, Martin; Vyavahare, Kedar; Paleček, Emil; Haake, David A.; Wang, Joseph
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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45.94%
Detection of specific DNA sequences in clinical samples is a key goal of studies on DNA biosensors and gene chips. Herein we present a highly sensitive electrochemical genosensor for direct measurements of specific DNA sequences in undiluted and untreated human serum and urine samples. Such genosensing relies on a new ternary interface involving hexanedithiol (HDT) co-immobilized with the thiolated capture probe (SHCP) on gold surfaces, followed by the incorporation of 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (MCH) as diluent. The performance of ternary monolayers prepared with linear dithiols of different lengths was systematically examined, compared and characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, with HDT exhibiting the most favorable analytical performance. The new SHCP/HDT+MCH monolayer led to a 80-fold improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) for 1 nM target DNA in undiluted human serum over the common SHCP/MCH binary alkanethiol interface, and allowed the direct quantification of the target DNA down to 7 pM (28 amol) and 17 pM (68 amol) in undiluted/untreated serum and urine, respectively. It also displayed attractive antifouling properties, as indicated from the favorable S/N obtained after a prolonged exposure (24 h) to untreated biological matrices. These attractive features of the SHCP/HDT+MCH sensor interface indicate considerable promise for a wide range of clinical applications.

Effect of TiO2 rutile nanorods on the photoelectrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells

Jung, Young Hee; Park, Kyung-Hee; Oh, Jeong Seok; Kim, Do-Heyoung; Hong, Chang Kook
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/01/2013 EN
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In order to enhance the electron transport on the photoelectrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells, one-dimensional rutile nanorods were prepared using electrospun TiO2 nanofibers. The grain size of the nanorods increased with increasing temperature. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements revealed reduced interface resistance of the cells with the one-dimensional rutile nanorods due to the improved electron transport and the enhanced electrolyte penetration. Intensity-modulated photocurrent/photovoltage spectroscopy showed that the one-dimensional rutile nanorods provided the electrons with a moving pathway and suppressed the recombination of photogenerated electrons. However, an excessive quantity of rutile nanorods created an obstacle to the electrons moving in the TiO2 thin film. The photoelectrode with 7 wt.% rutile nanorods optimized the performance of the dye-sensitized solar cells.

Electrochemical Characterization of Globotriose-Containing Self-Assembled Monolayers on Nanoporous Gold and their Binding of Soybean Agglutinin

Pandey, Binod; Tan, Yih Horng; Parameswar, Archana R.; Pornsuriyasak, Papapida; Demchenko, Alexei V.; Stine, Keith J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of α-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Glc-mercaptooctane (globotriose, Gb3-C8-SH) were prepared both as single-component SAMs and as mixed SAMs with either octanethiol (OCT) or 8-mercapto-3,6-dioxaoctanol (HO-PEG2-SH), on flat gold and on nanoporous gold (NPG) electrodes. The binding of soybean agglutinin (SBA) to the globotriose (Gb3) unit in the SAMs was then studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which is a label free method found to be quite sensitive to SAM composition and to the differences in SAM structure on NPG versus on flat Au. The affinity of SBA to the mixed SAM of HO-PEG2-SH and Gb3-C8-SH on NPG is found to be greater on NPG than on flat gold, and indicates a potential advantage for NPG as a substrate. The SAMs of HO-PEG2-SH were found to resist protein adsorption on either NPG or flat gold. The non-specific adsorption of SBA to OCT SAMs on flat Au was observed in EIS by the increase in charge transfer resistance; whereas, the increase seen on the NPG surface was smaller, and suggests that EIS measurements on NPG are less affected by non-specific protein adsorption. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of the SBA binding to mixed SAM of HO-PEG2-SH and Gb3-C8-SH on NPG showed a greater number of proteins on top of the OCT containing SAMs.

Improved Bi Film Wrapped Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Detection of Trace Cr(VI)

Ouyang, Ruizhuo; Zhang, Wangyao; Zhou, Shilin; Xue, Zi-Ling; Xu, Lina; Gu, Yingying; Miao, Yuqing
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We report here the successful fabrication of an improved Bi film wrapped single walled carbon nanotubes modified glassy carbon electrode (Bi/SWNTs/GCE) as a highly sensitive platform for ultratrace Cr(VI) detection through catalytic adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (AdCSV). The introduction of negatively charged SWNTs extraordinarily decreased the size of Bi particles to nanoscale due to electrostatic interaction which made Bi(III) cations easily attracted onto the surface of SWNTs in good order, leading to higher quality of Bi film deposition. The obtained Bi/SWNTs composite was well characterized with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the static water contact angle and the voltammetric measurements. The results demonstrates the improvements in the quality of Bi film deposited on the surface of SWNTs such as faster speed of electron transfer, more uniform and smoother morphology, better hydrophilicity and higher stripping signal. Using diethylene triaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) as complexing ligand, the fabricated electrode displays a well-defined and highly sensitive peak for the reduction of Cr(III)-DTPA complex at −1.06 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) with a linear concentration range of 0–25 nM and a fairly low detection limit of 0.036 nM. No interference was found in the presence of coexisting ions...

Ionic Liquid Electrolytes for Li–Air Batteries: Lithium Metal Cycling

Grande, Lorenzo; Paillard, Elie; Kim, Guk-Tae; Monaco, Simone; Passerini, Stefano
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this work, the electrochemical stability and lithium plating/stripping performance of N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (Pyr14TFSI) are reported, by investigating the behavior of Li metal electrodes in symmetrical Li/electrolyte/Li cells. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements and galvanostatic cycling at different temperatures are performed to analyze the influence of temperature on the stabilization of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), showing that TFSI-based ionic liquids (ILs) rank among the best candidates for long-lasting Li–air cells.

Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of lithium vanadium phosphate

Hsiung, Chwan Hai H. (Chwan Hai Harold), 1982-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 41 leaves; 2494839 bytes; 2493201 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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In a world where the miniaturization and the portability of electronic devices is king, batteries play an ever-increasingly important role. They are vital components in many consumer electronics such as cell phones and PDAs, in medical devices, and in novel applications, such as unmanned vehicles and hybrids. As the power demands of these devices increases, battery performance must improve accordingly. This thesis is an introductory investigation into the electrochemical properties of a promising new battery cathode material: lithium vanadium phosphate (Li3V2(PO4)3) (LVP). Studies of other members of the phospho-olivine family, which LVP is a part of, indicate that the olivines have high lithium diffusivity but low electronic conductivity. LVP is part of the phosphor- olivine family, which traditionally has been shown to have high lithium diffusivity but low electronic conductivity. LVP was synthesized via a solid-state reaction and cast into composite cathodes. (90/5/5 ratio of LVP, Super P Carbon, and PVDF.) These composite cathodes were used in lithium anode, LiPF6 liquid electrolyte, Swage-type cells that were galvanostatically cycled from 3.OV to 4.2V and from 3.4V to 4.8V at C/20 rates. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was carried out on an LVP / liquid electrolyte / LVP cells from 0.01Hz to 1MHz. Finally...

The influence of cement type and admixture on life span of reinforced concrete utility poles subjected to the high salinity environment of Northeastern Brazil, studied by corrosion potential testing

Joukoski,A.; Portella,K. F.; Baron,O.; Garcia,C. M.; Vergés,G. R.; Sales,A.; Paula,J. F. de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Cerâmica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Cerâmica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Reinforced concrete structures installed in coastal zones have constantly been threatened by environmental damaging elements. The chloride ion is known as one of the most aggressive of these elements, causing, among other damages, corrosion of the steel reinforcement and then degradation of the concrete matrix. The goal of this work was to determine the influence of cement type on the resistance and durability of reinforced concrete samples with 25 mm cover thickness, when submitted to aging in a 3.4% sodium chloride aqueous solution and in a high salinity marine environment. Reinforced concrete light poles were cast following the same batching procedures, and after the curing period, they were exposed to atmosphere in a corrosion station near Aracaju, Sergipe State, Northeastern Brazil's coast. Two concrete mixtures were made using CPII-F 32 (filler-modified Portland cement): a mix with no admixture and a mix with addition of 8% silica fume swapping fine aggregates. Another mixture was batched with CPV-ARI RS (high-early-strength Portland cement, with sulfur resistance). All the three mixtures were designed with cement content of about 350 kg/m³. The performance of the structures was evaluated from the results of physicochemical...

Revestimento à base de nióbio e nióbio-ferro obtido por aspersão térmica hipersônica sobre aço API 5L X70

Souza Júnior, Jair Garcia de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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45.87%
O nióbio apresenta características que o tornam atrativo para aplicação industrial, sendo a adição como elemento de liga em aços uma das suas principais aplicações. Contudo, devido ao fato de que o Brasil seja o detentor das maiores reservas mundiais deste metal, o interesse do desenvolvimento de novas aplicações para o Nb tem despertado o interesse. O Nb apresenta excelente resistência à corrosão em soluções de cloreto mesmo com presença de agentes oxidantes. A formação espontânea, ao ar, de um filme de Nb2O5, que é aderente e resistente à corrosão, permite a manutenção da passividade em presença de meios oxidantes e redutores. Nesse contexto, o presente trabalho teve por objetivo a obtenção e caracterização de revestimentos de nióbio e nióbio-ferro aplicados pelo processo de aspersão térmica hipersônica (HVOF) sobre o aço API 5L X70. A morfologia e a microestrutura dos revestimentos obtidos foram analisadas por: microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), espectroscopia de energia dispersiva (EDS), microscopia ótica, difração de raios-X (DRX) e perfilometria. As propriedades mecânicas dos revestimentos foram avaliadas por ensaio de aderência e microdureza Vickers. A resistência à corrosão dos revestimentos foi avaliada por monitoramento do potencial de circuito aberto...

Supervised learning of a regression model based on latent process. Application to the estimation of fuel cell life time

Onanena, Raïssa; Chamroukhi, Faicel; Oukhellou, Latifa; Candusso, Denis; Aknin, Patrice; Hissel, Daniel
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/12/2013
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This paper describes a pattern recognition approach aiming to estimate fuel cell duration time from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. It consists in first extracting features from both real and imaginary parts of the impedance spectrum. A parametric model is considered in the case of the real part, whereas regression model with latent variables is used in the latter case. Then, a linear regression model using different subsets of extracted features is used fo r the estimation of fuel cell time duration. The performances of the proposed approach are evaluated on experimental data set to show its feasibility. This could lead to interesting perspectives for predictive maintenance policy of fuel cell.; Comment: In Proceeding of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (IEEE ICMLA'09), pages 632-637, 2009, Miami Beach, FL, USA

Effect of Alkaline Etching on the Inhibition of the Acidic Corrosion of Aluminum by Lupine Extract

Abd-El-Naby,B. A.; Abdullatef,O. A.; El-Kshlan,H. M.; Khamis,E.; Abd-El-Fatahc,M. A.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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The inhibitive effect of Lupine extract on the corrosion of etched and non-etched aluminum in aqueous solution of 0.1 M HCl was investigated at 30 °C by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and optical microscopic techniques. Potentiodynamic polarization curves indicated that Lupine extract acts as anodic type inhibitor. EIS measurements showed that the charge transfer resistance and consequently the inhibition efficiency increase with increasing concentration of Lupine. The experimental data indicated that Lupine is more efficient as inhibitor for the acid corrosion of non-etched aluminum. The inhibitive effect of the extract was assumed to occur via adsorption of active ingredients of the extract on the metal surface. Theoretical fitting of the data to the Kinetic-thermodynamic model were tested to clarify the nature of adsorption. The optical micrographs obtained after surface pre-treatment show that alkaline etching reveals the surface to be porous-like in structure and both the acid and extract have limited effect on the size of pores.

Nano Analyses of Adsorbed Film onto Carbon Steel

Kasilingam,T; Thangavelu,C; Palanivela,V
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2014 EN
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The inhibition performance of a non-oxidising surfactant, namely cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), and its co-adsorption behaviour with zinc ion on carbon steel in well water was studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), weight loss, as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy. Results indicated that the formulation acted as an anodic inhibitor. Adsorption of the used inhibitor led to a reduction in the double layer capacitance and an increase in the charge transfer resistance. A synergistic effect was also observed for the studied inhibitor with Zn2+ in weight loss measurements and electrochemical studies.

Evaluation of Impedance Measurements on Al-Pure Corrosion in 1.0 M HCl in the Presence of Organic Schiff

Patel,A.S.; Panchal,V.A.; Trivedi,P.T.; Shah,N.K.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
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The inhibition performance of two Schiff bases, namely (A) Benzenamine, 2-chloro-N[( 4-methoxyphenyl)methylene] and (B) Benzenamine, 3-chloro-N-[(4methoxyphenyl) methy-lene] as corrosion inhibitors for Al-Pure in 1.0 M HCl has been investigated by galvanostatic polarization measurement, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and weight loss method. Galvanostatic polarization study showed that two inhibitors are mixed type with predominant action on the cathode. The adsorption of inhibitors on Al-Pure surface was found to follow Langmuir adsorption isotherm and the thermodynamic parameters (Ea, ΔGads and Qads) were determined. Two Schiff bases have shown remarkable inhibition on the corrosion of Al-Pure in 1.0 M HCl solution. The high inhibition efficiency was attributed to the blocking of active sites by adsorption of inhibitor molecules on the metal surface.

A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Corrosion Inhibition and Adsorption Behaviour of Quinoxaline Derivative During Carbon Steel Corrosion in Hydrochloric Acid

Zarrok,H.; Zarrouk,A.; Salghi,R.; Oudda,H.; Hammouti,B.; Touhami,M. Ebn; Bouachrinee,M.; Boukhris,S.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 EN
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The corrosion inhibitive effects of 2-(4-methylphenyl)-1,4-dihydroquinoxaline (Q1) on carbon steel surface in hydrochloric acid solution was studied using weight loss measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Tafel polarization techniques and quantum chemical approach, using the density functional theory (DFT). Inhibition efficiency increased with increase in concentration of the inhibitor. The degree of surface coverage of the adsorbed inhibitor was determined by weight loss technique, and it was found that the results obeyed Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Tafel polarization data indicated that this inhibitor is of mixed type. EIS shows that charge- transfer resistance increases and the capacitance of double layer decreases with the inhibitor concentration, confirming the adsorption process mechanism. Trends in the calculated molecular properties (e.g., dipole moment, HOMO and LUMO energies) were compared with trends in the experimentally determined inhibition efficiency. The results show that trends in the quantum chemical descriptors are in agreement with the experimentally determined inhibition efficiencies.