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Host records for the immature stages of the South American tick, Amblyomma fuscum (Acari: Ixodidae)

MARTINS, Thiago Fernandes; DANTAS- TORRES, Filipe; NIERI-BASTOS, F. A; MARCILI, Arlei; SIQUEIRA, D. B; ALÉSSIO, F. M; MAUFFREY, Jean-François; MARVULO, Maria Fernanda Vianna; SILVA, Jean Carlos Ramos da; LABRUNA, Marcelo Bahia
Fonte: Philadelphia Publicador: Philadelphia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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This work reports free-living opossums (Didelphis aurita and Didelphis albiventris) and a rodent species (Thrichomys laurentius) naturally infested by the immature stages of Amblyomma fuscum Neumann, 1907 in Brazil. Previously the only host record for the A. fuscum immature stages was for a single nymph collected on an opossum D. aurita in the state of Sâo Paulo. Herein are presented two new host records (D. albiventris and T. laurentius) for A. fuscum. Our results indicate that opossums (Didelphis spp.), and one small rodent species (T. laurentius) are major hosts for immature stages of A. fuscum in Brazil. Based on the known feeding habits of immature stages of A. fuscum, coupled with previous reports of the adult stage parasitizing humans, A. fuscum is a potential vector of spotted fever group rickettsiae

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting wild birds in the eastern Amazon, northern Brazil, with notes on rickettsial infection in ticks

OGRZEWALSKA, Maria; UEZU, Alexandre; LABRUNA, Marcelo Bahia
Fonte: Heidelberg Publicador: Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The aim of the study was to report tick infestations on wild birds in a region of the eastern Brazilian Amazon and evaluate the rickettsial infection of these ticks. Wild birds captured by mist nets were examined for the presence of ticks, which were collected and identified to species by morphology or molecular methods. In addition, part of these ticks was individually tested by polymerase chain reaction targeting portions of the rickettsial genes gltA and ompA. Among 331 captured birds, representing 56 species, 133 individuals (40.2%) from 34 species were found infested by 443 ticks, being Amblyomma longirostre (Koch) the most common (103 larvae, 12 nymphs), followed by Amblyomma humerale Koch (15 larvae, 3 nymphs), Amblyomma geayi Neumann (seven larvae, one nymph), Amblyomma calcaratum Neumann (one larva, four nymphs), Amblyomma coelebs Neumann (two larvae), and Haemaphysalis juxtakochi Cooley (one larva, two nymphs). Other 285 larvae and 7 nymphs collected from birds could not be identified to species and were morphologically identified as Amblyomma spp. The species A. humerale and A. geayi are recorded for first time parasitizing birds in the Neotropical region. Among 67 A. longirostre and 7 A. geayi, 38 (56.7%) and 4 (57.1%)...

New tick records in Rondônia, Western Brazilian Amazon; Novos relatos de carrapatos em Rondônia, Amazônia ocidental brasileira

LABRUNA, Marcelo Bahia; BARBIERI, Fábio Silva; MARTINS, Thiago Fernandes; BRITO, Luciana Gatto; RIBEIRO, Francisco Dimas Sales
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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In the present study, we provide new tick records from Vilhena Municipality, in the Southeast of the State of Rondônia, Northern Brazil. Ticks collected from a capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus), were identified as Amblyomma romitii Tonelli-Rondelli (1 female), and Amblyomma sp. (1 larva). Ticks collected from a harpy eagle, Harpia harpyja (Linnaeus), were identified as Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) (16 nymphs) and Haemaphysalis juxtakochi Cooley (1 nymph). Ticks collected from a yellow-footed tortoise, Chelonoidis denticulada (Linnaeus), were identified as Amblyomma rotundatum Koch (10 females, 2 nymphs), and Amblyomma sp. (2 larvae). The present record of A. romitii is the first in the State of Rondônia, and represents the southernmost record for this tick species, indicating that its distribution area is much larger than currently recognized. Although both A. cajennense and H. juxtakochi have been reported parasitizing various bird species, we provide the first tick records on a harpy eagle. A. rotundatum is widespread in the State of Rondônia, and has been previously reported on the yellow-footed tortoise. The present records increase the tick fauna of Rondônia to 26 species.; O presente estudo relata novos achados de carrapatos provenientes do Município de Vilhena...

HOST RECORDS FOR THE IMMATURE STAGES OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN TICK, AMBLYOMMA FUSCUM (ACARI: IXODIDAE)

MARTINS, Thiago F.; DANTAS-TORRES, Filipe; NIERI-BASTOS, Fernanda A.; MARCILI, Arlei; SIQUEIRA, Daniel B. de; ALESSIO, Filipe M.; MAUFFREY, Jean-Francois; MARVULO, Maria Fernanda V.; SILVA, Jean C. R. da; LABRUNA, Marcelo B.
Fonte: AMER ENTOMOL SOC Publicador: AMER ENTOMOL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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This work reports free-living opossums (Didelphis aurita and Didelphis albiventris) and a rodent species (Thrichomys laurentius) naturally infested by the immature stages of Amblyomma fuscum Neumann, 1907 in Brazil. Previously the only host record for the A. fuscum immature stages was for a single nymph collected on an opossum D. aurita in the state of Sao Paulo. Herein are presented two new host records (D. albiventris and T. laurentius) for A. fuscum. Our results indicate that opossums (Didelphis spp.), and one small rodent species (T. laurentius) are major hosts for immature stages of A. fuscum in Brazil. Based on the known feeding habits of immature stages of A. fuscum. coupled with previous reports of the adult stage parasitizing humans, A. fuscum is a potential vector of spotted fever group rickettsiae.; FAPESP; CAPES; CNPq

Comparison of two methods for collecting free-living ticks in the Amazonian forest

TERASSINI, Flavio A.; BARBIERI, Fabio S.; ALBUQUERQUE, Saymon; SZABO, Matias P. J.; CAMARGO, Luis Marcelo A.; LABRUNA, Marcelo B.
Fonte: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG Publicador: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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In the present study, we compared 2 methods for collecting ixodid ticks on the verges of animal trails in a primary Amazon forest area in northern Brazil. (i) Dragging: This method was based on passing a 1-m(2) white flannel over the vegetation and checking the flannel for the presence of caught ticks every 5-10 m. (ii) Visual search: This method consisted of looking for guesting ticks on the tips of leaves of the vegetation bordering animal trails in the forest. A total of 103 adult ticks belonging to 4 Amblyomma species were collected by the visual search method on 5 collecting dates, while only 44 adult ticks belonging to 3 Amblyomma species were collected by dragging on 5 other collecting dates. These values were statistically different (Mann-Whitney Test, P = 0.0472). On the other hand, dragging was more efficient for subadult ticks, since no larva or nymph was collected by visual search, whereas 18 nymphs and 7 larvae were collected by dragging. The visual search method proved to be suitable for collecting adult ticks in the Amazon forest: however, field studies should include a second method, such as dragging in order to maximize the collection of subadult ticks. Indeed, these 2 methods can be performed by a single investigator at the same time...

INSECTICIDAL AND BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF SECONDARY METABOLITES FROM MELIACEAE ON BEMISIA TABACI (HEMIPTERA: ALEYRODIDAE)

Silva, Gerane Celly Dias Bezerra; Silva, Márcio Alves; Vendramim, José Djair; Dias, Carlos Tadeu dos Santos
Fonte: FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC; LUTZ Publicador: FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC; LUTZ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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We studied the effects of crude extracts and fractions of Azadirachta indica, Melia azedarach, Toona ciliata and Trichilia pallida on both egg and nymph mortality and embryonic development of Bemisia tabaci B biotype, using tomato plants grown in a greenhouse. Next, we studied the host selection behavioral effects on the adult whitefly under laboratory conditions. The dichloromethane extracts from all plant species and fractions of the extract from branches of T. pallida (EBTPD) and of the extract from leaves of T. ciliata (ELTCD) in dichloromethane caused mortality of nymphs, but neither affected egg viability. However, the branches of the ethanolic extract of A. indica increased the period of embryonic development of the B. tabaci. In addition, the tomato leaflets treated with the fraction of ELTCD dichloromethane (0.28%) were the least preferred by adults, reducing the number of insects resting on the tomato leaflets. The ELTCD methanol and EBTPD dichloromethane fractions inhibited B. tabaci oviposition. Thus, Meliaceae derivatives can contribute to the reduction of the B. tabaci population. The susceptibility of the B. tabaci to Meliaceae derivatives and the relevant behavioral changes of this pest are discussed.; Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); CAPES (Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico)

Description of the larva of Mnesarete pudica (Hagen in Selys, 1853) (Odonata: Calopterygidae) and notes on known genera of South American Calopterygidae larvae

Guillermo-Ferreira, Rhainer; Bispo, Pitagoras C.
Fonte: MAGNOLIA PRESS; AUCKLAND Publicador: MAGNOLIA PRESS; AUCKLAND
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The final instar larva of Mnesarete pudica is described and illustrated based on reared specimens collected in Brazil. This species can be distinguished from others by presenting: a) five palpal and three premental setae; b) no posterodorsal hooks on abdominal segments; c) lateral spines only in S9-10. M. pudica is compared to other South American calopterygids and biological notes are presented.; CAPES

Molting dynamics and juvenile hormone titer profiles in the nymphal stages of a lower termite, Cryptotermes secundus (Kalotermitidae) - signatures of developmental plasticity

Korb, Judith; Hoffmann, Katharina; Hartfelder, Klaus
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD; OXFORD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD; OXFORD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Termites are social cockroaches and this sociality is founded on a high plasticity during development. Three molting types (progressive, stationary and regressive molts) are fundamental to achieve plasticity during alate/sexual development, and they make termites a major challenge to any model on endocrine regulation in insect development. As the endocrine signatures underpinning this plasticity are barely understood, we studied the developmental dynamics and their underlying juvenile hormone OH) titers in a wood-dwelling termite. Cryptotermes secundus, which is characterized by an ancestral life style of living in dead wood and individuals being totipotent in development. The following general pattern elements could be identified during winged sexual development (i) regressive molts were accompanied by longer intermolt periods than other molting types, (ii) JH titers decreased gradually during the developmental transition from larva (immatures without wing buds), to nymph (immatures with wing buds), to winged adult, (iii) in all nymphal stages, the JH titer rose before the next molt and dropped thereafter within the first week, (iv) considerable variation in JH titers occurred in the midphase of the molting cycle of the 2nd and 3rd nymphal instar...

Distribution of Rickettsia rickettsii in ovary cells of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)

da Silva Costa, Luís ; Nunes, Pablo ; Soares, João Fabio; Labruna, Marcelo Bahia; Camargo-Mathias, Maria 
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Abstract Background Considering the fact that the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has a great potential to become the vector of Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) for humans, the present study aimed to describe the distribution of the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiological agent of BSF, in different regions of the ovaries of R. sanguineus using histological techniques. The ovaries were obtained from positive females confirmed by the hemolymph test and fed in the nymph stage on guinea pigs inoculated with R. rickettsii. Results The results showed a general distribution of R. rickettsii in the ovary cells, being found in oocytes in all stages of development (I, II, III, IV and V) most commonly in the periphery of the oocyte and also in the cytoplasm of pedicel cells. Conclusions The histological analysis of the ovaries of R. sanguineus infected females confirmed the presence of the bacterium, indicating that the infection can interfere negatively in the process of reproduction of the ticks...

Distribution of Rickettsia rickettsii in ovary cells of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)

Flávio da Silva Costa, Luís; Nunes, Pablo H; Soares, João F; Labruna, Marcelo B; Camargo-Mathias, Maria I
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Abstract Background Considering the fact that the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has a great potential to become the vector of Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) for humans, the present study aimed to describe the distribution of the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiological agent of BSF, in different regions of the ovaries of R. sanguineus using histological techniques. The ovaries were obtained from positive females confirmed by the hemolymph test and fed in the nymph stage on guinea pigs inoculated with R. rickettsii. Results The results showed a general distribution of R. rickettsii in the ovary cells, being found in oocytes in all stages of development (I, II, III, IV and V) most commonly in the periphery of the oocyte and also in the cytoplasm of pedicel cells. Conclusions The histological analysis of the ovaries of R. sanguineus infected females confirmed the presence of the bacterium, indicating that the infection can interfere negatively in the process of reproduction of the ticks, once alterations were detected both in the shape and cell structure of the oocytes which contained bacteria.

Distribution of Rickettsia rickettsii in ovary cells of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)

Flávio da Silva Costa, Luís; Nunes, Pablo H; Soares, João F; Labruna, Marcelo B; Camargo-Mathias, Maria I
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.41%
Abstract Background Considering the fact that the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has a great potential to become the vector of Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) for humans, the present study aimed to describe the distribution of the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiological agent of BSF, in different regions of the ovaries of R. sanguineus using histological techniques. The ovaries were obtained from positive females confirmed by the hemolymph test and fed in the nymph stage on guinea pigs inoculated with R. rickettsii. Results The results showed a general distribution of R. rickettsii in the ovary cells, being found in oocytes in all stages of development (I, II, III, IV and V) most commonly in the periphery of the oocyte and also in the cytoplasm of pedicel cells. Conclusions The histological analysis of the ovaries of R. sanguineus infected females confirmed the presence of the bacterium, indicating that the infection can interfere negatively in the process of reproduction of the ticks, once alterations were detected both in the shape and cell structure of the oocytes which contained bacteria.

Toxicidade de agrotóxicos utilizados no controle de Bemisia tabaci biótipo B, sobre fungos entomopatogênicos.; Toxicity of pesticides used against Bemisia tabaci biotipe b, on entomoathogenic fungi.

Faion, Melissa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/01/2005 PT
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Determinou-se a toxicidade de dezoito formulações de agrotóxicos utilizados no controle de Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biótipo B na cultura do tomate, sobre os fungos entomopatogênicos Beauveria bassiana (ESALQ 447) Metarhizium anisopliae (ESALQ E9). Para isso, avaliou-se o crescimento vegetativo, esporulação e germinação dos patógenos submetidos a ação das formulações, sugerindo-se uma alteração na expressão matemática para classificação da toxicidade de agrotóxicos. Subdoses (de 5,0 a 1,25 mL/ L) do produto Oberon 240 SC (spiromesifen) foram testadas sobre ninfas de 3º ínstar de B. tabaci. As mortalidades obtidas nos tratamentos variaram de 35,3 a 79,9%. A ação de B. bassiana e M. anisopliae e sua associação com o Oberon 240 SC foi testada sobre larvas do predador de B. tabaci, Delphastus sp. (Coleptera: Coccinellidae), não sendo observado efeito dos produtos sobre os insetos pulverizados. Os melhores tratamentos para o controle de B. tabaci em tomateiros foram obtidos pelo tratamento com 2,5 mL/ L de Oberon 240 SC e sua associação com 20 g/ L de B. bassiana.; The toxicity of eighteen insecticides used to control Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotipe B in tomato, was evaluated on the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana (ESALQ 447) and Metarhizium anisopliae (ESALQ E9). It was evaluated the effect of pesticides on the pathogen growth...

Effect of resistant and susceptible soybean cultivars on the nymphal development, fecundity and mortality of Euschistus heros (Hemiptera:pentatomidae).

MICHEREFF, M. F. F.; BLASSIOLI-MORAES, M. C.; HOFFMANN-CAMPO, C. B.; DINIZ, I. R.; SILVEIRA, S.; LAUMANN, R. A.; BORGES, M.
Fonte: In: LATIN AMERICAN MEETING OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY, 1., 2010, Colonia de Sacramento. Abstracts? Colonia de Sacramento: Latin American Association of Chemical Ecology, 2010. p. 138. Publicador: In: LATIN AMERICAN MEETING OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY, 1., 2010, Colonia de Sacramento. Abstracts? Colonia de Sacramento: Latin American Association of Chemical Ecology, 2010. p. 138.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
EN
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The association of resistant varieties and biological control has great interest and potential to be used for pest management. lhe aims of this work were to evaluate the effect of cultivars Silvânia (susceptible to stink bug attack), Dowling e IACI00 (resistant) on E. heras nymph development and to investigate the influence of the flavonoids on the resistance [1]. Nymphs of stink bug were placed in Petri dishes on a diet of soybean pods and observed daily. After adult emergence, they were weight and then put in pairs for mating. lhe nymph mortality, the adult longevity, fecundity and the eggs fertility were evaluated for each cultivar. To quantify the flavonoid compounds, extracts of immature seeds (cv Silvânia and Dowling) undamaged and damage by herbivory, were analysed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). lhe nymphs reared on cv Dowling did not complete their biological cycle. Survivorship curves of immatures in cv. Sylvania and IAClOO, analysed by Kaplan-Meier Survival Distribution, did not show significant difference. lhe medium weight of adults on others cultivars was not different. lhe medium male longevity on cv IAClOOwas 11.0 days, while on cv Silvânia was 35.8 days; for females was 13.4 days on cv IAClOOand 40.6 days on cv Silvânia. lhe female fecundity (105.7 eggs/female) and egg fertility (66.3 nymphs) on cv Silvânia were higher than on cv IACI00 (10.2 eggs/female e 5.8 nymphs). Total amount of flavonoids compounds was higher in cv Silvânia than in cv Dowling...

Life cycle of Glyphepomis spinosa Campos & Grazia (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): a new pest of rice in Brazil.

ALVES, T. M.; BARRIGOSSI, J. A. F.; QUINTELA, E. D.
Fonte: Neotropical Entomology, Londrina, v. 41, n. 6, p. 437-441, 2012. Publicador: Neotropical Entomology, Londrina, v. 41, n. 6, p. 437-441, 2012.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
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Nymph and adult biology of Glyphepomis spinosa Campos & Grazia (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) was studied on rice plants under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. The full life cycle of G. spinosa lasted 50.1 day. Nymph development ranged from 2.7 days for the first instar up to 11.9 days for the fifth instar. The egg stage showed the highest per capita rate of mortality (0.16). Nearly 13% of all eggs were laid on the same day. The sex ratio was 0.5. The average hatching rate was 58.0%. Pre-oviposition, oviposition, and post-oviposition periods took 12.9, 34.4, and 6.2 days, respectively; 2012

Nymph and swain. Madrigal; Nymph and swain

Dickinson, Clarence (1873 - 1969)
Fonte: H. W. Gray Publicador: H. W. Gray
Tipo: Musical Score Formato: Dimensions:27 cm; Number of Pages:score (8 p.)
ENG
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"Accompaniment for rehearsal only".

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting wild birds in an Atlantic Forest area in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, with isolation of Rickettsia from the tick Amblyoma longirostre

OGRZEWALSKA, Maria; PACHECO, Richard de Campos; UEZU, Alexandre; FERREIRA, Fernando; Labruna, Marcelo Bahia
Fonte: Lanham Publicador: Lanham
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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During field work in Nazaré Paulista, state of São Paulo, Brazil, we found 13 (56.5%) of 23 birds (mostly Passeriformes) to be infested by 28 larvae and 1 nymph of Amblyomma spp. Two larvae were reared to the adult stage, being taxonomically identified as Amblyomma parkeri Fonseca and Aragão, whereas five larvae and one nymph were identified as Amblyomma longirostre Koch. All six A. longirostre specimens were shown to be infected by rickettsia, as demonstrated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting two rickettsial genes (gltA and ompA) or isolation of rickettsia in cell culture from one of the ticks. This isolate was designated as strain AL, which was established in Vero cell culture and was molecularly characterized by DNA sequencing fragments of the rickettsial genes gltA, htrA, ompA, and ompB. Phylogenetic analyses inferred from ompA and ompB partial sequences showed a high degree of similarity of strain AL with Rickettsia sp. strain ARANHA, previously detected by PCR in A. longirostre ticks from Rondônia, northern Brazil. We conclude that strain AL is a new rickettsia genotype belonging to the same species of strain ARANHA, which are closely related to Candidatus 'R. amblyommii'. Further studies should elucidate if strains AL and ARANHA are different strains of Candidatus 'R. amblyommii' or are a new species

Effect of neem extract on the cotton aphid

Santos, Terezinha Monteiro dos; Costa, Nivânia Pereira; Torres, Adalci Leite; Boiça Júnior, Arlindo Leal
Fonte: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1071-1076
ENG
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); O pulgão Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), praga prejudicial à cultura do algodoeiro, causa danos diretos, reduzindo o vigor da planta, e indiretos, ao secretar substância doce e transmitir viroses. em virtude da resistência desse afídeo aos inseticidas, técnicas alternativas ao controle químico, como o uso de inseticidas naturais, têm sido pesquisadas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de extratos aquosos de pó de amêndoas de nim (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) sobre o desenvolvimento, sobrevivência e fecundidade de A. gossypii. Os tratamentos consistiram de pó de amêndoas de nim nas concentrações de 23,8, 122,0, 410,0 e 1.410,0 mg/100 mL de água. Os porcentuais de mortalidade durante o período ninfal para os pulgões mantidos sobre discos foliares de algodoeiro imersos nas duas maiores concentrações, foram, respectivamente, 60,0% e 100,0%. Com exceção da maior concentração (1.410,0 mg/100 mL), as demais não prolongaram as fases de desenvolvimento dos pulgões. A taxa líquida de reprodução foi de 35,0 ninfas/fêmea na testemunha e de 0,0 ninfa/fêmea no grupo dos pulgões expostos à concentração de 1.400 mg/100 mL...

Effect of neem extract on the cotton aphid

Santos,Terezinha Monteiro dos; Costa,Nivânia Pereira; Torres,Adalci Leite; Boiça Júnior,Arlindo Leal
Fonte: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Publicador: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2004 EN
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The aphid Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a harmful pest on cotton, causes direct damage, reducing plant vigor, and indirect damage by honeydew secretion and transmission of several viruses. Due to the problem of pesticide resistance, alternative techniques for chemical control, such as the use of natural insecticides, have been object of research. The effects of aqueous extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed powder on the development, survival and fecundity of A. gossypii were evaluated. Treatments consisted of neem seed powder in the concentrations of 23.8, 122.0, 410.0 and 1,410.0 mg/100 mL of distilled water. Mortality rate during the nymphal development for aphids maintained on cotton leaf discs treated with the two highest concentrations were, respectively, 60.0% and 100.0%. With the exception of the highest concentration (1,410.0 mg/100 mL), neem concentrations did not extend the aphids' development period. The net reproductive rate (R0) was of 35.0 nymphs/female for control aphids and of 0.0 nymph/female when the group of females was exposed to neem seed powder at 1,410.0 mg/100 mL since birth. The aqueous extract of neem seeds is efficient against the aphid A. gossypii, causing nymph mortality and reducing their survival period and fecundity.

Effect of neem extract on the cotton aphid.

SANTOS, T.M. dos; COSTA, N.P.; TORRES, A.L.; BOIÇA JUNIOR, A.L.
Fonte: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v.39, n.11, p.1071-1076, novembro 2004. Publicador: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v.39, n.11, p.1071-1076, novembro 2004.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
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The aphid Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a harmful pest on cotton, causes direct damage, reducing plant vigor, and indirect damage by honeydew secretion and transmission of several viruses. Due to the problem of pesticide resistance, alternative techniques for chemical control, such as the use of natural insecticides, have been object of research. The effects of aqueous extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seed powder on the development, survival and fecundity of A. gossypii were evaluated. Treatments consisted of neem seed powder in the concentrations of 23.8, 122.0, 410.0 and 1,410.0 mg/100 mL of distilled water. Mortality rate during the nymphal development for aphids maintained on cotton leaf discs treated with the two highest concentrations were, respectively, 60.0% and 100.0%. With the exception of the highest concentration (1,410.0 mg/100 mL), neem concentrations did not extend the aphids' development period. The net reproductive rate (R0) was of 35.0 nymphs/female for control aphids and of 0.0 nymph/female when the group of females was exposed to neem seed powder at 1,410.0 mg/100 mL since birth. The aqueous extract of neem seeds is efficient against the aphid A. gossypii, causing nymph mortality and reducing their survival period and fecundity.; 2004

Seasonal Changes in the Caste Distribution of Foraging Populations of Formosan Subterranean Termite in New Orleans, Louisiana

Cornelius, Mary L.; Osbrink, Weste L. A.; Gallatin, Erin M.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/08/2015 EN
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This study examined the relationship between temperature, precipitation, soil composition, levels of feeding damage, and the caste distribution (workers, soldiers, nymphs) of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, collected in underground monitoring stations over a 12 mo period. Because nymphs are the caste that develops into alates, the seasonal abundance of nymphs was examined over a 5 yr period. Numbers of workers, soldiers, and soldier/worker ratio were significantly affected by month. Recruitment and retention of foraging termites in stations was significantly affected by the level of feeding damage. The number of nymphs collected in monitoring stations was highly variable. In the 12 mo test, there was a significant correlation between numbers of nymphs and level of feeding damage, temperature, precipitation, and soil composition. Over a 5 yr period, significantly more nymphs were collected in 2011 than in 2007 and 2008. Peak nymph collections varied from year to year. Overall, peak nymph collections were more likely to occur in Mar., Sept., and Oct. Increasing our knowledge of the environmental factors that influence recruitment and retention of foraging termites in monitoring stations could influence termite bait placement and improve baiting strategies for termite control. Identifying the key factors that cause aggregations of nymphs in underground stations could increase our ability to predict the intensity and location of alate swarms.