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Incarceration Predicts Virologic Failure for HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy

Westergaard, Ryan P.; Kirk, Gregory D.; Richesson, Douglas R.; Galai, Noya; Mehta, Shruti H.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
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In a community-based cohort study of injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, incarceration was the most important risk factor for loss of virologic control within 6 months after achieving HIV suppression in response to antiretroviral therapy.

Public Health and the Epidemic of Incarceration

Dumont, Dora M.; Brockmann, Brad; Dickman, Samuel; Alexander, Nicole; Rich, Josiah D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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An unprecedented number of Americans have been incarcerated in the past generation. In addition, arrests are concentrated in low-income, predominantly nonwhite communities where people are more likely to be medically underserved. As a result, rates of physical and mental illnesses are far higher among prison and jail inmates than among the general public. We review the health profiles of the incarcerated; health care in correctional facilities; and incarceration’s repercussions for public health in the communities to which inmates return upon release. The review concludes with recommendations that public health and medical practitioners capitalize on the public health opportunities provided by correctional settings to reach medically underserved communities, while simultaneously advocating for fundamental system change to reduce unnecessary incarceration.

Roe v Wade and the New Jane Crow: Reproductive Rights in the Age of Mass Incarceration

Paltrow, Lynn M.
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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All pregnant women, not just those who seek to end a pregnancy, have benefited from Roe v Wade. Today’s system of mass incarceration makes it likely that if Roe is overturned women who have abortions will go to jail.

Controversies in Knowledge Translation for Community-Based Drug Treatment: The Need to the End Policies of the War on Drugs and Mass Incarceration of Drug Offenders to Achieve Health Equity

Wallace, Barbara C.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The purpose of this article was to discuss significant challenges to the achievement of urban health, specifically acknowledging numerous controversies in knowledge translation for community-based drug treatment that prevent the achievement of health equity. Seven specific controversies are analyzed in this article. The results of the analysis are recommendations for moving toward the resolution of each controversy. Among the most important recommendations is a call to end the policies of the war on drugs and mass incarceration of drug offenders—as policies reflecting how politics and the misuse of power may derail knowledge translation. The article provides justification for evidence-based policy that supports community-based drug treatment as a public health approach consistent with the goals of health equity, ethical practice, and effective knowledge translation.

Acute gastric incarceration from thoracic herniation in pregnancy following laparoscopic antireflux surgery

Brygger, Louise; Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Harbo, Frederik Severin Gråe; Jørgensen, Jan Stener
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
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Diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication in pregnancy which due to misdiagnosis or management delays may be life-threatening. We report a case of a woman in the third trimester of pregnancy who presented with sudden onset of severe epigastric and thoracic pain radiating to the back. Earlier in the index pregnancy, she had undergone laparoscopic antireflux surgery (ARS) for a hiatus hernia because of severe gastro-oesophageal reflux. Owing to increasing epigastric pain a CT scan was carried out which diagnosed wrap disruption with gastric herniation into the thoracic cavity and threatened incarceration. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of severe adverse outcome after ARS during pregnancy, with acute intrathoracic gastric herniation. We recommend the avoidance of ARS in pregnancy, and the need to advise women undergoing ARS of the postoperative risks if pregnancy occurs within a few years of ARS.

Laparoscopic Treatment of Intrauterine Fallopian Tube Incarceration

Kondo, William; Bruns, Rafael Frederico; Nicola, Marcelo Chemin; Ribeiro, Reitan; Trippia, Carlos Henrique; Zomer, Monica Tessmann
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Herniation of the pelvic structures into the uterine cavity (appendix vermiformis, small bowel, omentum, or fallopian tube) may occur after uterine perforation. In this paper, we describe one case of intrauterine fallopian tube incarceration treated by means of laparoscopic surgery.

Neighborhood Incarceration Rate and Asthma Prevalence in New York City: A Multilevel Approach

Frank, Joseph W.; Hong, Clemens S.; Subramanian, S. V.; Wang, Emily A.
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Objectives. We examined the association between neighborhood incarceration rate and asthma prevalence and morbidity among New York City adults.

Gender Differences Among Prisoners With Pre-Incarceration Heroin Dependence Participating in a Randomized Clinical Trial of Buprenorphine Treatment

Gordon, Michael S.; Kinlock, Timothy W.; Couvillion, Kathryn A.; Wilson, Monique E.; Schwartz, Robert P.; O’Grady, Kevin E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The primary focus of the current study is to examine whether gender and other baseline characteristics were significantly associated with more severe patterns of drug use. It involves data from 260 male and female pre-release prison inmates with pre-incarceration heroin dependence who enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of prison-initiated buprenorphine. Three outcomes are examined: 1) Lifetime Intravenous drug use; 2) Lifetime number of drugs used; and 3) Heroin use in prison. Regarding lifetime intravenous drug use; race (p = .0001), education (p = .009), age (p = .0001), and psychological treatment (p = .028) were significant. Concerning lifetime number of drugs used; race (p =.0001) and age of first crime (p = .001) were significant. Finally, gender (p = .004), was the only significant variable in terms of using heroin while in prison. All of these differences may have important clinical, treatment, and research implications, which are discussed.

Combined antiretroviral and anti-tuberculosis drug resistance following incarceration

Stott, K E; de Oliviera, T; Lessells, R J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/09/2013 EN
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We describe a case of HIV/tuberculosis (TB) co-infection from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, characterised by drug resistance in both pathogens. The development of drug resistance was linked temporally to two periods of incarceration. This highlights the urgent need for improved integration of HIV/TB control strategies within prison health systems and within the broader public health framework.

The High Prevalence of Incarceration History Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States: Associations and Implications

Brewer, Russell A.; Magnus, Manya; Kuo, Irene; Wang, Lei; Liu, Ting-Yuan; Mayer, Kenneth H.
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Objectives. We examined lifetime incarceration history and its association with key characteristics among 1553 Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) recruited in 6 US cities.

Bladder incarceration with perforation in scrotal herniation: A case report

Kunit, Thomas; Hruby, Stephan; Schaetz, Tobias; Janetschek, Gunter; Lusuardi, Lukas
Fonte: Canadian Medical Association Publicador: Canadian Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Inguinoscrotal hernias containing urinary bladder are very rare. There are only a few cases described with perforation in the scrotum. This illness is a severe and should be kept in mind with any patient complaining of a scrotal hernia. We report a case of bladder perforation caused by inguinoscrotal hernia with incarceration and severe sepsis in a 93-year-old male. A computed tomography scan with excretory phase was used to diagnose the disease. A laparotomy with partial bladder resection and herniotomy were performed. Our patient recovered well from surgery. Ten days after surgery, a cystography was performed showing no extravasation.

Penile Incarceration with Encircling Metallic Objects: A Study of Successful Removal

Shukla, Pushpendra; Lal, Shyam; Shrivastava, G.P.; Singh, Lal Mani
Fonte: JCDR Research and Publications (P) Limited Publicador: JCDR Research and Publications (P) Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Objective: This article aimed to study the various treatment options according to the grading scale for penile incarceration.

Jails as Public Health Partners: Incarceration and Disparities Among Medically Underserved Men

Dumont, Dora M.; Gjelsvik, Annie; Redmond, Nicole; Rich, Josiah D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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There were nearly 12 million admissions to U.S. jails in 2011, the majority of them Black or Hispanic. We analyzed data on men’s health screenings from the last Bureau of Justice Statistics Survey of Inmates in Local Jails. Black and Hispanic men had the same or higher odds of reporting nearly all types of screenings compared to White male inmates. Because many prisoners are medically underserved, jails can be crucial public health partners in reducing disparities by identifying men in need of health care. The anticipated expansion of Medicaid eligibility in 2014 constitutes an important opportunity for correctional and public health authorities to work together to ensure linkage to care following release from incarceration.

Substantial Overlap Between Incarceration and Tuberculosis in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011

Haddad, Maryam B.; Foote, Mary K.; Ray, Susan M.; Maggio, David M.; Sales, Rose-Marie F.; Kim, Min Jung; Kempker, Russell R.; Spaulding, Anne C.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/06/2014 EN
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Standard tuberculosis case reporting captures incarceration at diagnosis only. This retrospective analysis of 106 US-born adults with prevalent tuberculosis in 2011 found that 46.2% had documented histories of being in jail or prison, including 16.0% during the year before diagnosis.

The Drug Treatment Court Concept : The Jamaican Drug Courts

Haisley, Stephane Jackson
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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The Drug Treatment Court (DTC) model was conceived out of the need to solve the numerous and intractable problems that drug related cases create for court systems. A DTC is generally seen as a court that deals specifically with offenders who have committed offenses while under the influence of drugs and provides an alternative to incarceration. DTCs make use of a multidisciplinary team involving judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, probation officers, treatment providers, police officers, and educational and vocational experts. The criminal justice and health service systems join to provide drug-dependent offenders with the mechanisms to recover from drug addiction and lead a productive and crime-free life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of DTCs. After providing an overview of the origins of the DTC, looking at its roots in the United States and Canada, the paper examines the foundation and present-day experiences of DTCs in Jamaica. It also refers to some efforts among various countries in the Western Hemisphere to monitor DTCs and evaluate their effectiveness. The paper concludes with a return to the achievements of DTCs in Jamaica and a brief look at the future of the DTC program worldwide.

A "Transforming the School-to-Prison Pipeline" Initiative: Mentoring Model Pilot Project Symposium

Pane, Debra M, PhD; Whitehead, Chaundra L; Pane, Heather T, PhD; Pena, Miguel
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Abstract: This informative and interactive teaching symposium posits the Positive Peer Leadership Mentoring Program (PPLM) as an evidence-based wrap-around service for youth and families in Miami-Dade who are involved in the school-to-prison pipeline. Presenters first provide information to initiate the dialogic process of discerning and interpreting the school-to-prison pipeline, impacted by costs of incarceration for Black youth and families and the move toward effective mental health services in the juvenile justice system. Then, participants experience an interactive pedagogical mentoring format set forth in PPLM as the first step toward transforming the school-to-prison pipeline in their own classroom or other educational setting.

Time since Release from Incarceration and HIV Risk Behaviors among Women

Hearn, Lauren E
Fonte: University of Florida; University of Florida ( [Gainesville, Fla.] ) Publicador: University of Florida; University of Florida ( [Gainesville, Fla.] )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1 online resource (10 p.)
Publicado em //2014 ENGLISH
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In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.; Includes vita.; (Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; (Source of Description) Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.; (Source of Description) This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.; (Statement of Responsibility) by Lauren E Hearn.; (Thesis) Thesis (M.S.)--University of Florida, 2014.; (Local) Adviser: WHITEHEAD,NICOLE ENNIS.; (Local) Co-adviser: WIENS,BRENDA A.

How can a Justice Reinvestment approach disrupt the synergy between social determinants of health and the incarceration of Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander juveniles and young people?

Connell, Caitlin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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The 1991 Royal Commission into Aboriginal deaths in Custody (RCIADC), told us unequivocally that “incarceration as a deterrent has been shown to be an ineffective means of dealing with the issue of aboriginal juvenile offending. The RCIADC went on to conclude that prison may actually be crime producing rather than crime preventing” (Satya & Barson, 2011, p. 87). Notwithstanding the findings presented twenty four years ago, on any single day in 2013-2014, fifty eight percent of the juvenile population in custody were in fact Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) young people (AIHW, 2015, p. 7). There has been a significant increase, rather than decrease, of ATSI juveniles within the criminal justice system despite an accumulation of reports affirming the recommendations from the Royal Commission. The exclusion of justice targets by consecutive governments has been detrimental in addressing the complex issues of ATSI youth within the criminal justice system. Despite successive literature stressing the need for justice targets and the importance of early intervention as a crucial factor in redressing the perpetuation of intergenerational ATSI offending, governments have not adequately adhered to or adopted these strategies. Clearly a new approach to ATSI youth problem behaviour and crime needs to be found. The cost of detaining a young person in a correctional facility in Australia stands at just over $600 per day (Hudson...

Collapsing insurgent organizations through leadership decapitation : a comparison of targeted killing and targeted incarceration in insurgent organizations

Staeheli, Paul W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 75 p. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Killing or capturing an insurgent leader provides a means of eliminating the knowledge, charismatic power, and direction that the leader instills within the organization. Technological breakthroughs in signal intelligence (SIGINT), an increase in the collection of human intelligence (HUMINT), and the beginning of the global war on terror have brought the employment of leadership decapitation as a means of collapsing insurgent organizations back into the consciousness of western society. While the goal of government forces is to separate the insurgent leader from the organization, the techniques of killing or capturing insurgent leadership provide distinct advantages and drawbacks. This thesis asks the research question: under what conditions is the targeted killing of an enemy leader preferable to the targeted incarceration of an enemy leader during counterinsurgency operations? The analysis of four case studies provides the insight required to determine whether an insurgent organization is susceptible to collapse as a result of leadership decapitation. This thesis finds that killing versus incarcerating a terrorist leader seems to make little difference. Instead, insurgent organizations are most likely to collapse when they fail to name a successor...

Nobody's Child: The Role of Trauma and Interpersonal Violence in Women's Pathways to Incarceration and Resultant Service Needs

Fuentes, Catherine Mitchell
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell; Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell; Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: mixed material Formato: Journal Article
Publicado em //March 2014 ENGLISH
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(Acquisition) Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Yasemin Akdas.; (Publication Status) Published.; (Citation/Reference) This is the author's post-print. Please cite the final version of the article, available from the link on the cover page.