Página 5 dos resultados de 132242 itens digitais encontrados em 0.054 segundos

The Portuguese experience with bee pathology laboratories for the diagnosis of bee diseases

Pires, Sância; Valério, Maria José; Almeida, Armandina
Fonte: World Organisation for Animal Health, OIE-Reference Laboratory for Bee Diseases Publicador: World Organisation for Animal Health, OIE-Reference Laboratory for Bee Diseases
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
In Portugal there are two referenced laboratories responsible for the diagnosis of bee diseases, namely the National Laboratory of Veterinary Investigation (LNIV) which is the National Reference Laboratory and the Bee Pathology Laboratory which belongs to the Agrarian Superior School of Bragança (ESAB). This laboratory was created in collaboration with the Apicultural Association of Montesinho Natural Park (AAPNM) and was certified by the Veterinary Authority in 2006. The Bee Pathology Laboratory is located in the city of Bragança, integrated in the Trás – Os – Montes e Alto Douro region. Is a research and also laboratory that provides a service to individual beekeepers when requested either directly from the laboratory or through the Apicultural Association including those of Controlled Zones. These Zones are defined as areas within the national territory where the systematic control of the bee diseases is undertaken. They are regulated at the national level by the Decree – Law nº 203 of November 25th -2005, which also established which diseases are considered to be of mandatory notification in our country. The diseases referred in this regulation are: American Foulbrood (AFB), European Foulbrood (EFB), Acarapidosis, Varroosis...

AIDS e doenças oportunistas transmissíveis na faixa de fronteira Brasileira; AIDS and transmissible opportunistic diseases in the Brazilian border area

RODRIGUES-JÚNIOR, Antonio Luiz; CASTILHO, Euclides Ayres de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
INTRODUÇÃO: A transmissão do HIV e de outras doenças transmissíveis, de pessoa a pessoa, pode ser associada à mobilidade humana. Este trabalho avaliou a incidência de doenças oportunistas transmissíveis entre os casos de AIDS, nos municípios da faixa de fronteira brasileira. MÉTODOS: Os municípios da faixa de fronteira brasileira foram agrupados em três regiões culturais; foram consideradas as notificações feitas ao Ministério da Saúde, entre 1990 e 2003, que tenham sido feitas com os critérios de definição CDC adaptado, Rio de Janeiro/Caracas e óbito; as doenças oportunistas detectadas foram agrupadas de acordo com o tipo de transmissão: 1) inalação do agente; 2) ingestão de água/alimento contaminado e 3) contato interpessoal. A análise descritiva considerou regiões culturais, anos de escolaridade, categoria de transmissão, sexo e faixa etária. RESULTADOS: Houve diferentes padrões de incidência de AIDS nos grupos de doenças oportunistas em cada região cultural. A região extremo-sul apresentou a maior incidência de AIDS; o número de casos de AIDS do sexo feminino foi maior na categoria heterossexual; o número de casos de AIDS do sexo masculino foi maior entre usuários de drogas injetáveis; as doenças transmitidas pelo contato interpessoal foram as mais frequentes...

Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases in the subequatorial Amazon: a time series approach; Poluição do ar e admissões hospitalares por doenças respiratórias na Amazônia subequatorial: abordagem de séries temporais

IGNOTTI, Eliane; HACON, Sandra de Souza; JUNGER, Washington Leite; MOURÃO, Dennys; LONGO, Karla; FREITAS, Saulo; Artaxo Netto, Paulo Eduardo; LEON, Antônio Carlos Monteiro Ponce de
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
The objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of the daily variation in concentrations of fine particulate matter (diameter less than 2.5µm - PM2.5) resulting from the burning of biomass on the daily number of hospitalizations of children and elderly people for respiratory diseases, in Alta Floresta and Tangará da Serra in the Brazilian Amazon in 2005. This is an ecological time series study that uses data on daily number of hospitalizations of children and the elderly for respiratory diseases, and estimated concentration of PM2.5. In Alta Floresta, the percentage increases in the relative risk (%RR) of hospitalization for respiratory diseases in children were significant for the whole year and for the dry season with 3-4 day lags. In the dry season these measurements reach 6% (95%CI: 1.4-10.8). The associations were sig-nificant for moving averages of 3-5 days. The %RR for the elderly was significant for the current day of the drought, with a 6.8% increase (95%CI: 0.5-13.5) for each additional 10µg/m3 of PM2.5. No as-sociations were verified for Tangara da Serra. The PM2.5 from the burning of biomass increased hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in children and the elderly.; Avaliar o efeito da variação diária nas concentrações de PM2.5 da queima de biomassa sobre o número diário de hospitalizações de crianças e idosos por doenças respiratórias...

Tendências das desigualdades sociais e demográficas na prevalência de doenças crônicas no Brasil, PNAD: 2003- 2008; Trends in social and demographic inequalities in the prevalence of chronic diseases in Brazil. PNAD: 2003- 2008

BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; FRANCISCO, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo; ZANCHETTA, Luane Margarete; CÉSAR, Chester Luiz Galvão
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Os objetivos do estudo foram: estimar as prevalências de doenças crônicas na população brasileira em 2008, comparando-as com as de 2003; avaliar o impacto da doença crônica no uso de serviços e nas restrições das atividades; e, analisar os diferenciais nas prevalências de doenças crônicas específicas, segundo nível de escolaridade e filiação a plano privado de saúde. Os dados foram obtidos do suplemento saúde das PNAD-2008 e 2003. As análises (prevalências e razões de prevalências brutas e ajustadas) foram feitas com o aplicativo Stata 11. A prevalência de ter ao menos uma doença crônica foi mais elevada em: idosos, mulheres, cor/raça preta ou indígena, menor escolaridade, migrantes, moradores em áreas urbanas e na região Sul do país. As condições crônicas mais prevalentes foram: hipertensão, doença de coluna, artrite e depressão. Houve, entre 2003 e 2008, aumento da prevalência de diabetes, hipertensão, câncer e cirrose, e redução de insuficiência renal crônica e tuberculose. A maioria das doenças estudadas foram mais prevalentes nos segmentos de menor escolaridade e sem plano de saúde. As maiores diferenças entre os segmentos sociais foram observadas nas prevalências de cirrose, insuficiência renal crônica...

Association between micronuclei frequency in pollen mother cells of Tradescantia and mortality due to cancer and cardiovascular diseases: A preliminary study in Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil

MARIANI, Rauda Lucia; JORGE, Maria Paulete Martins; PEREIRA, Sergio Silva; MELIONE, Luiz Paulo; CARVALHO-OLIVEIRA, Regiani; MA, Te Hsiu; SALDIVA, Paulo Hilario Nascimento
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
The present study was designed to explore the correlation between the frequency of micronuclei in Trad-MN, measured across 28 biomonitoring stations during the period comprised between 11 of May and 2 of October, 2006, and adjusted mortality rates due to cardiovascular, respiratory diseases and cancer in Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, an area with different sources of air pollution. For controlling purposes, mortality rate due to gastrointestinal diseases (an event less prone to be affected by air pollution) was also considered in the analysis. Spatial distribution of micronuclei frequency was determined using average interpolation. The association between health estimators and micronuclei frequency was determined by measures of Pearson`s correlation. Higher frequencies of micronuclei were detected in areas with high traffic and close to a petrochemical pole. Significant associations were detected between micronuclei frequency and adjusted mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases (r = 0.841, p = 0.036) and cancer (r = 0.890, p = 0.018). The association between mortality due to chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases was positive but did not reach statistical significance (r = 0.640, p = 0.172), probably because of the small number of events. Gastrointestinal mortality did not exhibit significant association with micronuclei frequency. Because the small number of observations and the nature of an ecological study...

Histone deacetylase inhibitors as suppressors of bone destruction in inflammatory diseases

Cantley, M.; Bartold, P.; Fairlie, D.; Rainsford, K.; Haynes, D.
Fonte: Royal Pharmaceutical Soc Great Britain Publicador: Royal Pharmaceutical Soc Great Britain
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Objectives  Despite progress in developing many new anti-inflammatory treatments in the last decade, there has been little progress in finding treatments for bone loss associated with inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis. For instance, treatment of rheumatic diseases with anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha agents has been largely successful in reducing inflammation, but there have been varying reports regarding its effectiveness at inhibiting bone loss. In addition, there is often a delay in finding the appropriate anti-inflammatory therapy for individual patients, and some therapies, such as disease modifying drugs, take time to have an effect. In order to protect the bone, adjunct therapies targeting bone resorption are being developed. This review focuses on new treatments based on using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) to suppress bone loss in these chronic inflammatory diseases. Key findings  A number of selected HDACi have been shown to suppress bone resorption by osteoclasts in vitro and in animal models of chronic inflammatory diseases. Recent reports indicate that these small molecules, which can be administered orally, could protect the bone and might be used in combination with current anti-inflammatory treatments. Summary  HDACi do have potential to suppress bone destruction in chronic inflammatory diseases including periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis.; Melissa D. Cantley...

Emerging infectious diseases in free-ranging wildlife-Australian zoo based wildlife hospitals contribute to national surveillance

Cox-Witton, K.; Reiss, A.; Woods, R.; Grillo, V.; Baker, R.T.; Blyde, D.J.; Boardman, W.; Cutter, S.; Lacasse, C.; McCracken, H.; Pyne, M.; Smith, I.; Vitali, S.; Vogelnest, L.; Wedd, D.; Phillips, M.; Bunn, C.; Post, L.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Emerging infectious diseases are increasingly originating from wildlife. Many of these diseases have significant impacts on human health, domestic animal health, and biodiversity. Surveillance is the key to early detection of emerging diseases. A zoo based wildlife disease surveillance program developed in Australia incorporates disease information from free-ranging wildlife into the existing national wildlife health information system. This program uses a collaborative approach and provides a strong model for a disease surveillance program for free-ranging wildlife that enhances the national capacity for early detection of emerging diseases.; Keren Cox-Witton, Andrea Reiss, Rupert Woods, Victoria Grillo, Rupert T. Baker, David J. Blyde, Wayne Boardman, Stephen Cutter, Claude Lacasse, Helen McCracken, Michael Pyne, Ian Smith, Simone Vitali, Larry Vogelnest, Dion Wedd, Martin Phillips, Chris Bunn, Lyndel Post

Double-stranded RNA is pathogenic in Drosophila models of expanded repeat neurodegenerative diseases

Lawlor, K.; O'Keefe, L.; Samaraweera, S.; van Eyk, C.; McLeod, C.; Maloney, C.; Dang, T.; Suter, C.; Richards, R.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
The pathogenic agent responsible for the expanded repeat diseases, a group of neurodegenerative diseases that includes Huntington's disease is not yet fully understood. Expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) is thought to be the toxic agent in certain cases, however, not all expanded repeat disease genes can encode a polyQ sequence. Since a repeat-containing RNA intermediary is common to all of these diseases, hairpin-forming single-stranded RNA has been investigated as a potential common pathogenic agent. More recently, it has become apparent that most of the expanded repeat disease loci have transcription occurring from both strands, raising the possibility that the complementary repeat RNAs could form a double-stranded structure. In our investigation using Drosophila models of these diseases, we identified a fortuitous integration event that models bidirectional repeat RNA transcription with the resultant flies exhibiting inducible pathology. We therefore established further lines of Drosophila expressing independent complementary repeat RNAs and found that these are toxic. The Dicer pathway is essential for this toxicity and in neuronal cells accounts for metabolism of the high copy number (CAG.CUG)100 double-stranded RNAs down to (CAG)7 single-stranded small RNAs. We also observe significant changes to the microRNA profile in neurons. These data identify a novel pathway through which double-stranded repeat RNA is toxic and capable of eliciting symptoms common to neurodegenerative human diseases resulting from dominantly inherited expanded repeats.; Kynan T. Lawlor...

Anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies in the context of assorted immune-mediated diseases

Dellavance, A.; Alvarenga, R. R.; Rodrigues, S. H.; Kok, F.; de Souza, A. W. S.; Andrade, L. E. C.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; MALDEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; MALDEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Background and purposes: Anti-aquaporin 4 antibodies are specific markers for Devics disease. This study aimed to test if this high specificity holds in the context of a large spectrum of systemic autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases. Methods: Anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies (NMO-IgG) were determined by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on mouse cerebellum in 673 samples, as follows: group I (clinically defined Devic's disease, n = 47); group II [ inflammatory/demyelinating central nervous system (CNS) diseases, n = 41]; group III (systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases, n = 250); group IV (chronic or acute viral diseases, n = 35); and group V (randomly selected samples from a general clinical laboratory, n = 300). Results: MNO-IgG was present in 40/47 patients with classic Devic's disease (85.1% sensitivity) and in 13/22 (59.1%) patients with disorders related to Devic's disease. The latter 13 positive samples had diagnosis of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (n = 10) and isolated idiopathic optic neuritis (n = 3). One patient with multiple sclerosis and none of the remaining 602 samples with autoimmune and miscellaneous diseases presented NMO-IgG (99.8% specificity). The autoimmune disease subset included five systemic lupus erythematosus individuals with isolated or combined optic neuritis and myelitis and four primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) patients with cranial/peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions: The available data clearly point to the high specificity of anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies for Devic's disease and related syndromes also in the context of miscellaneous non-neurologic autoimmune and non-autoimmune disorders.; Research and Development Division...

Plasmapheresis vs. immunoglobulin in autoimmune neurologic diseases: a meta-analysis

Ortiz Salas, Paola Andrea
Fonte: Facultad de Medicina Publicador: Facultad de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Objectives: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of human immunoglobulin versus plasmapheresis in the management of autoimmune neurologic diseases. Likewise, length of hospital stay and duration of ventilator support were compared. Methods: Randomized controlled trials and analytical observational studies of more than 10 cases, were reviewed. Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, HINARI Ovid, the Database of abstracts of reviews of effectiveness and the Economic evaluation Database were searched as data source. Reference lists were examined for further relevant articles. A random-effect model was used to derive a pooled risk ratio. Results: 725 articles were found and 27 met the criteria for a population studied of 4717 cases: 14 articles were about Guillain Barré syndrome, 10 of Myasthenia Gravis, one of Sydenham Chorea, one of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, and one of PANDAS. No evidence was found in favor of any of the two treatments as regards effectiveness (OR 0.94, IC 0.63 – 1.41, p= 0.77) or ventilator support time; IGIV had a significant better safety profile than plasmapheresis (OR 0.70, IC 0.51 – 0.96, p= 0.03) and patients needed less time of hospital stay (p=0.03). Conclusions: There is no evidence for superiority in the effectiveness of immunoglobulin or plasmapheresis in the management of autoimmune neurologic diseases. Nevertheless...

Soybean diseases in Brazil.

GODOY, C. V.; ALMEIDA, A. M. R.; COSTAMILAN, L. M.; DIAS, W. P.; HENNING, A. A.; MEYER, M. C.; SEIXAS, C. D. S.; SOARES, R. M.
Fonte: In: HARTMAN, G. L.; RUPE, J. C.; SIKORA, E. J.; DOMIER, L. L.; DAVIS, J. A.; STEFFEY, K. L. Compendium of soybean diseases and pests. 5. ed. St. Paul, MN: American Phystopathological Society, 2015. Publicador: In: HARTMAN, G. L.; RUPE, J. C.; SIKORA, E. J.; DOMIER, L. L.; DAVIS, J. A.; STEFFEY, K. L. Compendium of soybean diseases and pests. 5. ed. St. Paul, MN: American Phystopathological Society, 2015.
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico-científico (ALICE) Formato: p. 8-9.
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Soybean production. Soybean diseases. Diseases caused by fungi and Oomycetes. Diseases caused by nematoes. Diseases caused by viruses. Diseases management.; 2015

Eight challenges in modelling infectious livestock diseases

Brooks-Pollock, E.; Jong, M. C. M. de; Keeling, M. J.; Klinkenberg, D.; Wood, J. L. N.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epidem.2014.08.005; The transmission of infectious diseases of livestock does not differ in principle from disease transmission in any other animals, apart from that the aim of control is ultimately economic, with the influence of social, political and welfare constraints often poorly defined. Modelling of livestock diseases suffers simultaneously from a wealth and a lack of data. On the one hand, the ability to conduct transmission experiments, detailed within-host studies and track individual animals between geocoded locations make livestock diseases a particularly rich potential source of realistic data for illuminating biological mechanisms of transmission and conducting explicit analyses of contact networks. On the other hand, scarcity of funding, as compared to human diseases, often results in incomplete and partial data for many livestock diseases and regions of the world. In this overview of challenges in livestock disease modelling, we highlight eight areas unique to livestock that, if addressed, would mark major progress in the area.; EBP is funded by EPSRC fellowship EP/H027270/1. MJK was supported by the ERA-NET anihwa call funded by Defra. JLNW is supported by the Alborada Trust...

Doenças tropicais; Tropical diseases

Camargo, Erney Plessmann
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Discutem-se os componentes biogeográfico e econômico das doenças tropicais, ou, em sentido mais amplo, das doenças definidas como negligenciadas pela OMS. Doenças tropicais surgem graças a um conjunto de fatores biológicos, ecológicos e evolutivos que condicionam a sua ocorrência exclusivamente às proximidades do Equador, entre os trópicos de Câncer e Capricórnio. Nesse sentido, reconhece-se que há, de fato, uma "fatalidade tropical". Porém, a perpetuação das doenças tropicais em países aí situados depende fundamentalmente da precária situação econômica vigente e é conseqüência direta do subdesenvolvimento.; We discuss the biogeographic and economical components of tropical diseases or of neglected diseases in general as defined by the WHO. Tropical diseases result from a conjunction of biological, ecological and evolutionary factors, which are determinant of their selective occurrence in the equatorial region between the Cancer and Capricorn tropics. We submit that indeed there is tropical fatality in that geographical distribution. However, the continued prevalence of Tropical Diseases in tropical countries basically results from their precarious economy and is an immediate consequence of the underdevelopment.

Desaturation - distance ratio: a new concept for a functional assessment of interstitial lung diseases

Pimenta, Suzana Pinheiro; Rocha, Renata Barbosa da; Baldi, Bruno Guedes; Kawassaki, Alexandre de Melo; Kairalla, Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
INTRODUCTION: The functional evaluation has become increasingly important in the understanding and management of patients with interstitial lung diseases. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT), through their isolated variables, have been used to do this evaluation, with some limitations. OBJECTIVES: We proposed a new composite index (desaturation distance ratio using continuous peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the distance walked as a more reliable tool for doing a functional evaluation of these patients. METHODS: 6MWT was performed by interstitial lung diseases patients and controls. Analyzed parameters were walked distance and desaturation area (DAO2), obtained by taking the difference between maximal SpO2 possible (100%) and patient's SpO2 every 2 seconds. desaturation distance ratio was calculated using the ratio between DAO2 and distance walked. RESULTS: Forty-nine interstitial lung diseases patients and 11 control subjects completed the protocol. The mean (SD) age was 60 (12) years and 65 (9) years, respectively (p:NS). Data obtained from 6MWT showed a significant statistical difference between interstitial lung diseases patients and controls: mean walked distance (430 and 602 meters, respectively); SpO2 minimal maintained at least 10 seconds - SpO2 min (85% and 94%...

All hands on deck: transdisciplinary approaches to emerging infectious diseases

Parkes, Margot W; Bienan, Leslie; Breilh, Jaimie; Hsu, Lee-Nah; McDonald, Marian; Patz, Jonathan A; Rosenthal, Joshua P; Sahani, Mazrura; Sleigh, Adrian; Waltner-Toews, David; Yassi, Annalee
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
The increasing burden of emerging infectious diseases worldwide confronts us with numerous challenges, including the imperative to design research and responses that are commensurate to understanding the complex social and ecological contexts in which infectious diseases occur. A diverse group of scientists met in Hawaii in March 2005 to discuss the linked social and ecological contexts in which infectious diseases emerge. A subset of the meeting was a group that focused on "transdisciplinary approaches" to integrating knowledge across and beyond academic disciplines in order to improve prevention and control of emerging infections. This article is based on the discussions of that group. Here, we outline the epidemiological legacy that has dominated infectious disease research and control up until now, and introduce the role of new, transdisciplinary and systems-based approaches to emerging infectious diseases. We describe four cases of transboundary health issues and use them to discuss the potential benefits, as well as the inherent difficulties, in understanding the social-ecological contexts in which infectious diseases occur and of using transdisciplinary approaches to deal with them.

Doença crônica, auto-avaliação de saúde e comportamento de risco: diferença de gênero; Enfermedad crónica, auto-evaluación de salud y comportamiento de riesgo: diferencia de género; Chronic diseases, self-perceived health status and health risk behaviors: gender differences

Barreto, Sandhi Maria; Figueiredo, Roberta Carvalho de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2009 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre relato de doenças crônicas com comportamentos de risco e auto-avaliação da saúde, segundo o gênero. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 39.821 participantes com idade >;30 anos do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (VIGITEL) realizado em 27 capitais brasileiras em 2006. A variável dependente foi construída pelo relato de diagnóstico médico de diabetes, hipertensão e infarto e/ou acidente vascular cerebral. Os indivíduos foram agrupados segundo ausência de doença, uma doença crônica, e mais de uma. A associação dessa variável com comportamento de risco (composto por: fumar, consumir carnes com gordura e leite integral, não realizar atividade física regular no lazer, não consumir frutas e hortaliças regularmente e adicionar sal à refeição pronta), auto-avaliação da saúde, indicadores de saúde e sociodemográficos foi investigada por regressão logística multinomial segundo o sexo, tendo como referência a ausência de doença. RESULTADOS: O relato de uma e mais de uma doença crônica foi maior entre homens e mulheres mais velhos e com menor escolaridade, com IMC>;30kg/m², e que faziam dieta. Observou-se relação inversa entre número de comportamentos de risco e relato de duas ou mais doenças (OR=0...

Análise da informação em saúde: 1893-1993, cem anos da Classificação Internacional de Doenças; Analysis of information on health data: 1893-1993, a hundred years of the International Classification of Diseases

Laurenti, Ruy
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/1991 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
A análise da mortalidade por causas, bem como da morbidade, necessita de um instrumento que agrupe as doenças segundo características comuns, isto é, uma classificação de doenças. Atualmente está em uso a Classificação Internacional de Doenças da OMS, na sua Nona Revisão. Esta classificação surgiu em 1893; para 1993 está proposta a implantação da Décima Revisão. O trabalho descreve as raízes de uma classificação internacional, fazendo referências a John Graunt, William Farr e Jacques Bertillon bem como à evolução pela qual passou em suas sucessivas revisões. Inicialmente era uma classificação de causas de morte passando a ser, a partir da Sexta Revisão, uma classificação que incluiu todas as doenças e motivos de consultas, possibilitando seu uso em morbidade, sendo que a partir da Décima Revisão se propõe uma "família" de classificações, para os mais diversos usos em administração de serviços de saúde e epidemiologia. O trabalho também apresenta algumas críticas que são feitas à Classificação Internacional de Doenças.; The analysis of mortality by cause, as well as of morbidity, calls for an instrument that groups the diseases according to common characteristics, that is to say, a classification of diseases. The WHO Internatinal Classification of Diseases...

Impacto da vacinação contra influenza na mortalidade por doenças respiratórias em idosos; Impact of influenza vaccination on mortality by respiratory diseases among Brazilian elderly persons

Francisco, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo; Donalisio, Maria Rita de Camargo; Lattorre, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2005 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
OBJETIVO: As doenças respiratórias, particularmente as infecciosas, vêm se tornando cada vez mais representativas na morbi-mortalidade da população idosa. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a tendência de mortalidade por doenças respiratórias e observar o impacto da vacinação contra influenza nos coeficientes de mortalidade. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi realizado no período de 1980 a 2000 em idosos residentes no Estado de São Paulo, utilizando-se dados de mortalidade do Sistema de Informações de Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde. Trata-se de estudo ecológico de séries temporais. Foram analisadas as tendências das taxas padronizadas de mortalidade por doenças respiratórias infecciosas, segundo faixas etárias (60 a 64, 65 a 69, 70 a 74, 75 a 79 e 80 ou mais anos) e sexo, por meio de modelos de regressão polinomial. Foram calculados intervalos de confiança para a resposta média esperada nos anos subseqüentes à intervenção. RESULTADOS: Os coeficientes aumentaram para ambos os sexos na população idosa. Após a intervenção nota-se tendência ao declínio dos indicadores de mortalidade. Para a população idosa masculina, o coeficiente médio no período de 1980 a 1998 foi de 5,08 óbitos por mil homens com aumento linear não constante de 0...

The role of diet and nutrition in the etiology and prevention of oral diseases

Moynihan,Paula J.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Diet plays an important role in preventing oral diseases including dental caries, dental erosion, developmental defects, oral mucosal diseases and, to a lesser extent, periodontal disease. This paper is intended to provide an overview of the evidence for an association between diet, nutrition and oral diseases and to clarify areas of uncertainty. Undernutrition increases the severity of oral mucosal and periodontal diseases and is a contributing factor to life-threatening noma. Undernutrition is associated with developmental defects of the enamel which increase susceptibility to dental caries. Dental erosion is perceived to be increasing. Evidence suggests that soft drinks, a major source of acids in the diet in developed countries, are a significant causative factor. Convincing evidence from experimental, animal, human observational and human intervention studies shows that sugars are the main dietary factor associated with dental caries. Despite the indisputable role of fluoride in the prevention of caries, it has not eliminated dental caries and many communities are not exposed to optimal quantities of fluoride. Controlling the intake of sugars therefore remains important for caries prevention. Research has consistently shown that when the intake of free sugars is < 15 kg/person/year...

Why rare diseases?

Remuzzi,Giuseppe; Schieppati,Arrigo
Fonte: Istituto Superiore di Sanità Publicador: Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Patients with rare diseases are awaiting an answer to their needs. Traditionally, however, research on rare diseases has been limited by the idea that it was too difficult to do and too little rewarding in terms of return of profit. This attitude has actually changed during the last decade, because it was realized that research on rare diseases may help finding solutions valid also for common conditions. Indeed, while we all invoke translational research as the way to adapt results of laboratory studies into therapeutic interventions for patients, rare diseases often need the opposite path: we observe rare patients in the clinical practice, then we find out that they have a genetic defect, and finally we reproduce the defect in an animal model to extend the observation further beyond the clinic. In the process we also learn a lot about the physiology and the pathology and have insight into the mechanisms of common diseases. In other words, studying a rare condition may enlighten the path to other discoveries and to break the boundaries between disciplines and specialities to provide solutions for the sake of the patients.