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Intra-industry trade and United States immigration

Leitão, Nuno Carlos
Fonte: IDOSI Publicador: IDOSI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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This paper examines the relationship between intra-industry trade and immigration flows using gravity model for the period 1995-2008 between United States and NAFTA, European Union and ASEAN. Our results show that the stock of immigration has a positive effect on intra-industry trade. We conclude that the immigration contributes to decrease the costs of transport costs ant this promotes the IIT. We examine this topic with static and dynamic panel data approach to test country-specific characteristics.

Immigration and trade

Leitão, Nuno Carlos; Dima, Bogdan; Dima, Stefana
Fonte: Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Department of Economics and Tourism Dr. Mijo Mirkovic Publicador: Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Department of Economics and Tourism Dr. Mijo Mirkovic
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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This paper investigates the relationship between intra-industry trade (IIT), horizontal IIT, vertical IIT (VIIT) and immigration flows using a gravity model for the period 1995-2008 amongst Portugal and European Union’s Member States (EU-27). Using a panel data approach, the results show a positive correlation between immigration and IIT. These outcomes indicate that the immigration can reduce transaction costs between home and host country. We also consider the economic dimension which appears to exercise a positive effect on trade. Our research confirms the hypothesis that there is a negative effect of transportation costs on trade.

Using the Gravity Equation to Explain the Portuguese Immigration-trade Link

Faustino, Horácio C.; Leitão, Nuno Carlos
Fonte: ISEG – Departamento de Economia Publicador: ISEG – Departamento de Economia
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2008 ENG
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This paper tests the relation between immigration and Portuguese bilateral trade. Using a panel data analysis, the results show that the stock of immigrants has a positive effect on Portuguese exports, imports and bilateral intra-industry trade. The underlying assumption is that immigration contributes to decrease the costs of transactions, which in turn promotes trade flows. The results do not confirm the hypothesis of a negative effect of immigration on Portuguese exports. Our findings suggest that when immigrants to Portugal come from a Latin partner-country, the effects on trade are stronger than in the case of immigrants from non-Latin countries. The study is based on an extended gravitational model, in order to incorporate the qualitative factors as control variables.

The analytics of the wage effect of immigration

Borjas, George J.
Fonte: Springer Science + Business Media Publicador: Springer Science + Business Media
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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The theory of factor demand has important implications for the study of the impact of immigration on wages. This paper derives the theoretical implications in the context of a general equilibrium model where the wage impact depends on the elasticity of product demand, the rate at which the consumer base expands as immigrants enter the receiving country, the elasticity of supply of capital, and the elasticity of substitution among inputs of production. The constraints imposed by the theory can be used to check the plausibility of the many contradictory claims that appear throughout the immigration literature.

Defining Difference: The Role of Immigrant Generation and Race in American and British Immigration Studies

Waters, Mary C.
Fonte: Informa UK Limited Publicador: Informa UK Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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This article reviews the ways in which Britain and the USA classify and analyse the integration of immigrants and their descendants. While both societies recognize racial differences in their official statistics and in the academic analyses of change over time, the USA tends to classify immigrants and their descendants by immigrant generation much more than Britain does. The importance of the concept of generation in American immigration research is highlighted and it is suggested that studies built on the importance of generation can illuminate social processes of integration in Britain. The complexities of defining and measuring immigrant generation are reviewed, including new developments in the measurement of generation that take into account age at migration, and historical period and cohort effects. Racial and ethnic minority groups formed through immigration may have very different characteristics depending on the average distance of their members from immigration – including the possibility of ‘ethnic leakage’, as more assimilated, later-generation individuals no longer identify with the group.; Sociology

FOREIGN STUDENTS IN CANADA: THE IMMIGRATION EXPERIENCE FROM START TO FINISH

Anderson Steele, Susan
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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The purpose of this project is to reveal the practical issues that arose for foreign students in Canada as they attempted to maintain their immigration documents in compliance with prescribed procedures, and to fully access the opportunities afforded by the regulations. The project covers the period ending in 2007 and is based on my observations as an international student advisor who has worked in the profession for many years. First, I review Canadian federal government news releases, and educational and business lobby statements regarding the value of foreign students to Canada. Second, I describe the Canadian federal government regulations that defined the processes that applicants were required to use to gain entrance to Canada and in order to maintain their documents throughout their period of study. Third, I describe the practical considerations students undertook in order to comply with the regulations concerning study and in opting to take advantage of newly-emerging work permit opportunities. I have included tables naming what actions the students needed to take with regard to their immigration documents and when these actions best needed to take place. I conclude that it is the intention of the federal government of Canada to encourage foreign students to come to Canada for study and to remain...

BC Immigrant Landings by Source and Class, 2005-2013

BC Stats; Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
EN
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All Canadian immigration applications and approvals by country of origin, province of destination and immigration category from 2002 to June 2013. The data was downloaded by the University of Britsh Columbia Library from a South China Seas Morning Post article (http://www.scmp.com/comment/blogs/article/1830484/here-are-immigration-statistics-vancouver-isnt-supposed-see-why; July 9, 2015) and the CSV files created from the PDF files.

Being Intolerant of the Intolerant. The exclusion of Western European anti-immigration parties and its consequences for party choice

VAN SPANJE, Joost; VAN DER BRUG, Wouter
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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In various European countries established parties have responded quite differently to the recent rise of anti-immigration parties. In Italy and Austria these parties entered governing coalitions. In France and Belgium the established parties agreed never to collaborate in any way with anti-immigration parties. In this paper we aim to assess whether this strategy of exclusion affects the electoral support for anti-immigration parties. To answer the research questions, we link expert survey data to individual-level survey data and perform analyses across 11 parties and across 4 time points. We find that the effect of exclusion depends on the institutional context, in particular the threshold for entering parliament, and the influence of parliamentary opposition parties on policy-making. According to our estimates the former Flemish Bloc benefited from being excluded and the Northern League in Italy would have benefited if it had been excluded. The Danish Progress Party, on the other hand, would have been hurt if it had been excluded. The other parties in our analyses are hardly affected. To the extent that the exclusion of anti-immigration parties is meant to change electoral outcomes in favour of the established parties, its success is thus quite mixed.

Housing market responses to immigration : evidence from Italy

KALANTARYAN, Sona
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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In this study I empirically examine the impact of immigration on the dynamics of housing prices across Italian provinces from 1996 till 2007. The massive debate upon the impact of current intensive immigration flows on the wellbeing of the native Italian population and Europeans in general is mainly focused on labor market outcomes which is, however, only one of the channels though which the real income and wealth can alter. This paper contributes to our understanding of the influence that recent intensive immigration flows have on the Italian economy by estimating its impact on the housing market. Moreover, it exploits different methodological approach with respect to the approach dominating in migration literature. Using the number of valid residence permits as a measure of immigration stock and the self-reported housing values from the Survey of Households Income Wealth in Italy I find that the increase in the concentration of immigrants in the Italian provinces has a positive but declining effect on the average housing prices in provinces. The obtained results also indicate that an increase of in immigrant population leads to an increase in average housing prices. The performed Difference and System GMM estimations confirm both the positive response of average housing prices to the increase in immigrant population and the non-linearity of its response to immigrants’ concentration in all specifications.

Persuasive rhetoric in Barack Obama’s immigration speech: pre- and post-electoral strategies

López Cirugeda, Isabel; Sánchez Ruiz, Raquel
Fonte: Instituto Franklin de Investigación en Estudios Norteamericanos. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares Publicador: Instituto Franklin de Investigación en Estudios Norteamericanos. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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The emerging power of the Latino community has become a recurring reflection for most analyses of the United States of America over the last two decades. However, their presence on the media usually focuses on two factors: the increasing immigration of undocumented workers, mostly from Mexico, and their decisive condition as voters due to their presence in the so-called “swing” States, which provides specific power to the Hispanic population to choose the President, especially when they are as disputed as the 2012 general elections. Barack Obama, whose presidential rhetoric has been extensively studied, decided to change his immigration policies during his campaign and to adapt his speech accordingly. It is our aim to study his rhetoric and figurative language as a means of electoral persuasion by analyzing two of his most representative speeches specifically addressed to a Latino audience: “Remarks by the President at the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials Annual Conference” (2012) and “Remarks by the President on Comprehensive Immigration Reform” (2013) under those theoretical approaches of the Political Discourse Analysis, the Critical Discourse Analysis and the Corpus Approach to Critical Metaphor Analysis...

¿Altruismo o interés?: el papel de la inmigración en la asignación geográfica de la ayuda oficial española al desarrollo; Altruism or interest?: the role of immigration flows in the geographical allocation of Spanish official development assistance

Tezanos Vázquez, Sergio; Gutiérrez Sobrao, David
Fonte: Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA) Publicador: Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; publishedVersion
SPA
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RESUMEN. Aunque el “eclecticismo” con el que se distribuye geográficamente la Ayuda Oficial al Desarrollo (AOD) no tiene visos de cambiar, sí se han alterado las prioridades del sistema internacional, “redefiniéndose” el mapamundi de la ayuda del siglo XXI. Uno de los fenómenos más relevantes es la intensificación de los flujos migratorios emitidos por los países en desarrollo y recibidos por los países desarrollados. No obstante, hasta la fecha no se ha estudiado la influencia que la inmigración ejerce en la asignación geográfica de la ayuda. Este artículo analiza en qué medida los flujos migratorios han modificado el patrón de asignación de la AOD española y revela que la inmigración es relevante tanto para la selección de países socios, como para la asignación de cuotas de ayuda, lo que agrava la fragmentación de los recursos y “difumina” la estrategia geográfica de la cooperación oficial española.; ABSTRACT. Although the “eclecticism” of the geographical distribution of Official Development Assistance (ODA) does not seem to change, the priorities of the international system have actually changed, “reshaping” the aid map of the 21st Century. One of the most relevant phenomenon is the intensification of the immigration flows emitted by developing countries and received by developed countries. However...

The impact of immigration on the wage structure : Spain 1995-2002

Carrasco, Raquel; Jimeno, Juan F.; Ortega, Ana Carolina
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; text/plain; application/pdf
Publicado em /02/2008 ENG
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In this paper we estimate the impact of inward migration flows on the Spanish wage structure over the period 1995-2002 by constructing counterfactual wage distributions that provide the wages that would have been observed had individual and job characteristics remain constant over time. Hence, we compute the impact of immigration on the wage distribution from (i) the estimated wage gaps between similar immigrants and native workers and (ii) the changes in the composition of employment associated to the arrival of new immigrants. Overall, we find that (i) the effects of immigration on wage changes are small and only noticeable when job characteristics are included as determinants of wages, and (ii) the correlation between the incidence of immigration in each decile of the wage distribution and the change in native wages not explained by changes in their individual and job characteristics is positive. These results suggest that other factors, besides immigration, should be identified as the key determinants of the wage moderation observed since the early nineties in Spain.

Identité et immigration au Japon

Champagne, Marie-Claude
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Dans le contexte actuel de la mondialisation, l’immigration a un impact sur la question identitaire des pays d’accueil et bien que l’exemple du Japon ne soit pas un cas isolé, il comporte tout de même ses particularités. En effet, il est curieux de voir un pays de l’OCDE avec un si bas taux d’immigration, d’autant plus que le vieillissement de sa population le place au cœur de cette problématique. De plus, le cas du Japon est particulièrement intéressant dans la mesure où la question de l’homogénéité ethnique et culturelle, présentée par le nihonjinron, est centrale dans la définition de l’identité nationale. C’est donc en s’appuyant sur la théorie des communautés imaginées d’Anderson et sur la théorie des frontières ethniques de Barth qu’ont été analysés de nombreux ouvrages et articles d’ordre analytique et idéologique afin de démontrer l’influence que le maintien d’une identité nationale forte peut avoir sur le développement et la mise en place de politiques d’immigration au Japon. Ainsi, après avoir passé en revue les origines et l’évolution du peuple japonais moderne, autant sur le plan politique, éducatif, social, qu’économique et en présentant le développement des politiques migratoires jusqu’à aujourd’hui...

'We're so lucky': meeting challenges to deliver benefits to children in immigration detention

Every, D.; Thompson, K.; Rainbird, S.; Whetton, S.; Procter, N.; Abdul-Halim, S.; Sebben, B.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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Under pressure from crowded immigration detention centres and an election commitment to remove children from detention, in 2010 the Australian government opened a low security immigration detention facility for families and children in the Adelaide Hills. Children from this alternative place of detention (APOD) attend nine local schools. However, many local residents feared their enrolment would create conflict, reduce educational outcomes for local students, and overburden teachers and school resources. To answer these concerns we conducted an ethnography of the schools and interviewed school teachers, principals, parents, the education managers in the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) and the Department of Education and Children’s Services (DECS). This paper reports our findings on the impacts of the new arrivals on school finances, teacher time and resources, the local children, and the broader Hills community. As did previous quantitative studies, we found no negative effects. Rather, the new arrivals created a newly enriched learning environment and social experiences. The schools also played an integral role in changing the initially hostile community attitudes towards asylum seekers. Our qualitative research approach allowed us to explore factors that created this outcome. We found that the absence of negative impacts was the result of the funding for specialised support staff...

Canadian Immigration: The Immediate and Long-term Effects of Immigration since Confederation

Kapteyn, Kari; Stanford, Kathleen; Heron, Emily
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
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The goal of the resource pack is to provide educators with a set of comprehensive, engaging, and accessible lesson plans focused on 19th and 20th century Canadian immigration, developed through the lens of the historical thinking concepts. These six diverse lesson plans emphasize the importance of the history of Canadian immigration since Confederation in terms of its immediate and ongoing effects on the make-up of Canada, Canadian culture, and Canadian identity.; Historical thinking resource pack of 6 history lesson plans for Queen's University Faculty of Education B.Ed. course: Intermediate-Senior History.

The Lobby That Cried Wolf; Restrictive Immigration Reform Does Cost the American Agricultural Industry

Amgott, Jonathan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 10/12/2010
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This thesis examines the effects of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA) on the American agricultural industry. This industry prospered throughout the 20th century regardless of favorable immigration reform. IIRIRA contained a particularly strong combination of border security and workplace provisions which posed the most serious policy threat yet to the industry‘s immigrant labor supply. However, the history of American immigration policy suggests that the legislation would not be sufficiently implemented to achieve its intended effects. Interrupted time series analysis of farm worker employment data demonstrates a sharp increase in wage and hours per week growth after the implementation of IIRIRA. Mexican migrant data corroborates the hypothesized IIRIRA influence by demonstrating a shift out of agricultural occupations and away from traditional state destinations. Additional specifications do not support alternative explanations based on changes in minimum wage or welfare legislation. Thus, all evidence strongly suggests that IIRIRA is the first piece of American immigration legislation with adverse consequences for the U.S. agricultural industry.; Honors Thesis

An Application of the Bass diffusion model to border security and illegal immigration

Ohene-Asah, Ayeh
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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This research's objective was to apply the Bass Diffusion model to border security and illegal immigration. The Potential Actual Illegal Immigration Population (PAIIP) model was created using the Vensim software program to illustrate and simulate illegal border crossings and assess the impact of detention, deportation, and amnesty on the communication between potential and actual illegal immigrants. This systems modeling approach combined with a secondary analysis method was used for data collection and analysis. Results indicate that no single or combination of policies solves the problem of illegal immigration. This study's conclusions point out that the greater the quality of information communicated between actual illegal immigrants that reside in the United States and potential illegal immigrants that live outside of the United States increases the probability of illegal crossings. Policymakers should ensure that institutions and agencies work in unison at the local, state, and federal level to deter illegal immigration and provide national security.

Book review: Europe’s immigration challenge: reconciling work, welfare and mobility

Afonso, Alexandre
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2013 EN; EN
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"Europe’s Immigration Challenge: Reconciling Work, Welfare and Mobility." Elena Jurado and Grete Brochmann (eds.). IB Tauris/Policy Network. January 2013. --- Debates over immigration in Europe have intensified since the start of the Eurozone crisis. This book compiles a number of contributions on the effect of immigration on European economies and welfare states. Alexandre Afonso finds the chapters to vary significantly in quality, but argues that taken as a whole, the book provides a good integrated overview of the challenges that immigration, fiscal austerity and changes in labour market structures entail.

Book Review: foreign relations: American immigration in global perspective

Gabaccia , Donna; Martin, Susan F
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2012 EN; EN
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Histories investigating U.S. immigration have often portrayed America as a domestic melting pot, merging together those who arrive on its shores. Yet this is not a truly accurate depiction of the nation’s complex connections to immigration. Donna Gabaccia examines America’s relationship to immigration and its debates through the prism of the nation’s changing foreign policy over the past two centuries. Susan F. Martin finds Gabaccia’s book a welcome addition to the growing literature on the historical antecedents of the most pressing immigration issues of today.

Shrimp postlarvae immigration during the high current velocity period of the flood tide in the Southern Gulf of Mexico

Flores-Coto,César; Becerril-Martínez,José A.; Zavala-García,Faustino; Gracia,Adolfo; Burke,John S.
Fonte: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa, Publicador: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 EN
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The immigration pattern of shrimp postlarvae was analysed in the Santana inlet (Tabasco State, Mexico) during the high current velocity period of the flood tide at the time of the full Moon, throughout the period of greatest postlarvae abundance (April-November). Nets with a 50 cm diameter mouth, 1.5 m long, and a 505 µm mesh were used for simultaneous sampling at three depth levels: 1, surface (0.5 m), 2, mid-water (3.5 m) and 3, bottom (6.5 m). A total of 15,530 postlarvae of Farfantepenaeus duorarum and Litopenaeus setiferus were collected in 101 samples: 33 at level 1, 34 at level 2, and 34 at level 3. More than 75% of L. setiferus larvae were larger than 8 mm and more than 81% of F. duorarum were larger than 9 mm. Temperature and salinity varied only slightly, indicating that they do not play a strong role in postlarvae immigration. Postlarvae entered at all water depths. A larvae immigration pattern may be established for both species, with the greatest postlarvae density at the start of the high current velocity period of the flood tide, and a marked decrease towards the end of the period. It is assumed that this immigration pattern allows a deeper penetration into nursery areas and enhances the success of the process of recruitment into estuaries.