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Acessibilidade como fator de equiparação de oportunidades para pessoas com deficiência na escola: análise de garantias legais em países da América Latina.; Accessibility as a tool on the equiparation of opportunities for people with disabilities at schools: comparative analysis of Latin America legal warranties.

Teixeira, Valquiria Prates Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta é uma pesquisa qualitativa, de análise documental, cujo objeto de estudo é a legislação vigente sobre acessibilidade em três países da América Latina: Brasil, Bolívia e México, no período entre 1990 e 2005. Os objetivos deste estudo são analisar a legislação de acessibilidade nos países citados e comparar seus conteúdos, verificando quais as relações entre as mesmas e as recomendações internacionais relacionadas ao tema neste período. Os documentos foram abordados a partir de três categorias, desenvolvidas para este estudo: acessibilidade física / arquitetônica; ajudas técnicas para a educação escolar e Cultura de acessibilidade. As indagações que nortearam este estudo buscaram identificar: as especificidades dos direitos da pessoa com deficiência na educação escolar (MAZZOTA, 2006; ROMITA, 2007; GARCIA, 2004; ODEH, 2000; STAINBACK & STAINBACK 1999; AINSCOW, 2001; SASSAKI, 2004; FÁVERO, 2004; SOUSA & PRIETO, 1999; PRIETO, 2003), o papel das recomendações internacionais referentes à pessoa com deficiência no processo de elaboração de garantias legais (IDRM, 2004; CEPAL, 2003) e os desdobramentos do termo acessibilidade como fator de equiparação de oportunidades na educação escolar da pessoa com deficiência (NUNES & SOBRINHO...

Facilidades e dificuldades à adesão de adolescentes obesos com deficiência intelectual e suas famílias, para cumprir programa de orientação e prevenção de complicações da obesidade; Facilities and the Difficulties that obese adolescents with intellectual disabilities and their families have in accessing the Obesity Education and Prevention Program (POPO)

Queiroz, Claudia Regina Lieto de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2010 PT
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Introdução - A obesidade é uma doença crônica de origem multifatorial, considerada como um dos principais problemas de saúde pública nos países desenvolvidos, que constitui fator de risco para outras doenças graves. Sua prevalência vem aumentando mundialmente e em especial, em crianças e adolescentes. Acredita-se que as principais causas estão ligadas tanto a fatores genéticos como ambientais. Objetivo - Identificar por meio do relato de pais e de equipe interdisciplinar as facilidades e as dificuldades à adesão de adolescentes obesos com deficiência intelectual e de suas famílias para cumprir programa de orientação e prevenção das complicações da obesidade. Métodos - Trata-se de estudo de coorte histórica, descritiva e quali-quantitativa com um número de 47 adolescentes obesos com deficiência intelectual, seus responsáveis e equipe interdisciplinar, que no período de 2006 a 2008, participaram de um programa de orientação e prevenção de complicações da obesidade (POPO), oferecido pela Sociedade Pestalozzi de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados dos prontuários, das fichas de acompanhamento do programa, dos questionários de estudo sócio-econômico e por meio de entrevistas utilizando um roteiro de questões específicas dirigidas às famílias e profissionais envolvidos no processo. Resultados - A caracterização dos adolescentes envolvidos no estudo mostrou uma prevalência da Síndrome de Down representada em 19 (40...

Learning disabilities: analysis of 69 children

Meister,Eduardo Kaehler; Bruck,Isac; Antoniuk,Sérgio Antônio; Crippa,Ana Chrystina de Souza; Muzzolon,Sandra Regina Baggio; Spessatto,Adriane; Gregolin,Reni
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2001 EN
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With this article we intend to demonstrate the importance of evaluation and follow up of children with learning disabilities, through a multidisciplinary team. As well as to establish the need of intervention. We evaluate 69 children, from Aline Picheth Public School, in Curitiba, attending first or second grade of elementary school, through general and evolutionary neurological examination, pediatric checklist symptoms, and social, linguistic and psychological (WISC-III, Bender Infantile and WPPSI-figures) evaluation. The incidence was higher in boys (84,1%), familiar history of learning disabilities was found in 42%, and writing abnormalities in 56,5%. The most frequent diagnosis was attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, in 39,1%. With this program, we aimed to reduce the retention taxes and stress the importance of this evaluation, and, if necessary, multidisciplinar intervention in the cases of learning disabilities.

Resilience factors of university and college students with learning disabilities as revealed through retrospective interviews /

Bulthuis, Tracey J.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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This qualitative study examined resilience factors of eight university and college students with learning disabilities as revealed through retrospective interviews. This study has added to the existing literature surrounding resilience especially as it relates to individuals with learning disabilities. This study may provide additional insight into the emotional impacts of repeated and chronic risks on students with learning disabilities. The major themes that emerged using the interpretive phenomenological analysis method (Smith & Osborn, 2003) were organized under these four major headings: Challenges and Obstacles, Surviving Challenges, Supportive Conditions, and A Journey of Discovery and Hope. An adaptation of the listening guide analytical method (Gilligan, Spencer, Weinberg, & Bertsch, 2003) was also utilized and offered a more personal depiction of the participants and an exploration of the unique contributions their stories made to this study. Specifically, a theme of feeling trapped/wanting to escape emerged as a reaction to adversity faced during elementary school years. Furthennore, this study has demonstrated that for several of the participants, the benefits of positive outlets extended beyond nurturing areas of strength and self-esteem to also include the provision of a short respite from their challenges and enhanced feelings of overall well-being. Additionally...

Lived experiences of children with disabilities in various movement programs

Hedley, Melanie
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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This research offered children with disabilities the opportunity to express their voices in the description of their movement experiences. Three children aged 10-13 shared their experiences in school physical education and adapted physical activity. Observations of participants using interactive media activities in an adapted physical activity program were used to supplement interviews. The aim of this research was to discover how future professionals are prepared to design and implement physical activity and physical education programs for children with disabilities. A document analysis of Ontario university course calendars in the fields of physical education and kinesiology, disability studies, and teacher education was utilized. Data from each data context underwent four levels of reduction: 1) content, 2) categorical, 3) thematic, and 4) indigenous typologies. Findings are presented at each level leading to the presentation of indigenous typologies. Typologies of Forbidden-ness and Dichotomous Thinking were identified in the research.

Caregiving for children with developmental disabilities is associated with a poor antibody response to influenza vaccination

Gallagher, Stephen; Phillips, Anna C; Drayson, Mark T; Carroll, Douglas
Fonte: Lippincott, Williams & Wilins Publicador: Lippincott, Williams & Wilins
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; Objective: Older spousal caregivers of dementia patients have been found to show a relatively poor antibody response to medical vaccination. The present case control study compared the antibody responses to vaccination of younger parental caregivers of children with developmental disabilities and parents of typically developing children. Methods: At baseline assessment, 32 parents of children with developmental disabilities and 29 parents of typically developing children completed standard measures of perceived stress and child problem behaviours. They also provided a blood sample and were then vaccinated with the thymus-dependent trivalent influenza vaccine. Further blood samples were taken at 1- and 6-month follow-ups. Results: Relative to parents of typically developing children (mean titre = 458, SD = 155.7 at 1-month and mean titre = 265, SD = 483.0 at 6-month followup) caregivers (mean titre = 219, SD = 528.4 at 1-month and 86, SD = 55.0 at 6- month) mounted a poorer antibody response than controls to the B/Malaysia strain of the vaccine. It was those caregivers reporting more child problem behaviours that tended to show the weakest antibody response. Conclusion: The negative impact of caregiving on antibody response to vaccination would not appear to be restricted to older spousal caregivers...

Unlocking the Economic Potential of Persons with Disabilities in MENA

Demarco, Gustavo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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According to the World health Organization (WHO), there are currently more than 650 million People with Disabilities (PWD) globally. Their numbers grow daily due to chronic diseases, illness, injuries, violence, and aging. Of further note is the fact that, in general, PDWs have education attainment rates well national averages, while illiteracy among children is well national averages. Overall, there are low incentives to hire PWDs, especially in the private sector, and often income protection and rehabilitation programs are not extended in the degree to which they would meet their needs.

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities

Gonzalez, Liana
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when included (Bost). Accordingly, this study investigated the potential significance of inclusive settings and other school-related variables within the context of promoting the graduation potential of students with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) or EBD. This mixed-methods study investigated specified school-related variables as likely dropout predictors, as well as the existence of first-order interactions among some of the variables. In addition, it portrayed the perspectives of students with SLD or EBD on the school-related variables that promote graduation. Accordingly, the sample was limited to students with SLD or EBD who had graduated or were close to graduation. For the quantitative component the numerical data were analyzed using linear and logistic regressions. For the qualitative component guided student interviews were conducted. Both strands were subsequently analyzed using Ridenour and Newman’s (2008) model where the quantitative hypotheses are tested and are later built-upon by the related qualitative meta-themes. Results indicated that a successful academic history...

Child problem behaviours are associated with obesity in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities

Gallagher, Stephen; Hannigan, Ailish
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
peer-reviewed; Epidemiological evidence suggests that obesity and depression are highly co-morbid. In a national cohort study, we examined whether parents caring for children with disabilities were more likely to be classified as obese compared to parents of children without disabilities and if obesity was associated with depressive symptoms or child behaviour characteristics. Using data from the Growing Up in Ireland National Longitudinal Study of Children (2006 to date), 627 parents of children with developmental disabilities were compared with 7941 parents of typically developing children on objectively measured levels of obesity (body mass index >= 30 kg/m(2)), depression, health behaviours, chronic health conditions, socio-demographic and child behavioural characteristics. Parents of children with disabilities were more likely to be classified as obese compared to control parents (24.5% vs. 19.6%, p = 0.005, Cramer's V; ACCEPTED; peer-reviewed

Student attitudes toward individuals with disabilities: Inclusive versus traditional classrooms in elementary school

Young, Heather
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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In recent years, many schools have begun to include students with disabilities in general education classrooms. Studies on "inclusion," have shown several positive effects for students with and without disabilities. This study examines the self-reported attitudes of 185 elementary school students in inclusive and traditional classrooms, as measured by the Scale of Children's Attitudes Toward Exceptionalities (SCATE). Self-reported attitudes and experiences of general education teachers were also assessed using a survey developed by the researcher. Although statistically significant relationships were found on the SCATE, these were not logical or conclusive. Results of the teacher surveys indicate that teachers of inclusive classes more strongly support the district philosophy for including students with disabilities than teachers of traditional classes. The results of this study do not support the hypothesis that students in "inclusive" classrooms have more positive attitudes toward peers with disabilities than students in "traditional" classrooms. Implications for these results and possibilities for future research are discussed.

Community-Based Education Alliance Students’ Engagement in Campus-Based Activities

Eisenman, Laura T.; Pedicone, Deanna
Fonte: Center for Disabilities Studies Publicador: Center for Disabilities Studies
Tipo: Outros
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In the 2006-07 school year, the Center for Disabilities Studies expanded its campus and community-based transition partnerships for students with significant disabilities, ages 18-21, from one school district (Red Clay Consolidated) to three. The newly formed Community-Based Education Alliance (CBEA) included: • Meadowood’s Transition Partnership Project (TPP) - Red Clay Consolidated; • Delcastle High School’s Transition to Adult Life (TAL) - New Castle County Vo-Tech; and • Delaware Autism Program’s Student Transition Experience Program (STEP) - Christina.

Health Risks of Adults with Disabilities: A Retrospective Analysis of Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Gilman, Lisa M.
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 274054 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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In an effort to better understand the demographic characteristics and health status among the adult population of persons with disabilities in the State of Delaware, a retrospective analysis of data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance (BRFSS) Survey was undertaken. This study provides important baseline information necessary for developing public policy and identifying service needs intended to improve the quality of life among adults with disabilities in the State of Delaware. The results indicate that the health status of adults with disabilities in the State of Delaware is fair to poor and this population has a much greater risk of having various other chronic health conditions, such as coronary heart disease and diabetes, than individuals who do not have a disability.; Delaware Health and Social Services, Division of Developmental Disabilities Services

Healthy Delawareans with Disabilities: Health Status Report for Children with Disabilities and Special Health Care Needs

Riddle, Ilka K.
Fonte: Center for Disabilities Studies and Division of Developmental Disabilities Services Publicador: Center for Disabilities Studies and Division of Developmental Disabilities Services
EN_US
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Prepared for the Division of Developmental Disabilities Services, Delaware Health and Social Services.; This report presents information about the health status of children with disabilities and special health care needs in Delaware. Topics that are addressed in this report are their health, care needs, access to medical care and a medical home, and daily support variables such as schooling, friendships and safety.

Participação de alunos com deficiência física no contexto da escola regular - revisão de literatura; Participation of students with physical disabilities in mainstream schools - literature review

Ghedini, Lívia Santos Lara; Mancini, Marisa Cotta; Brandão, Marina de Brito
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 POR
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A educação inclusiva é uma realidade vigente, que consiste não somente na socialização da criança com deficiência, mas também na criação de oportunidades para que a mesma possa participar dos diversos contextos da escola. Para tanto, é fundamental o preparo dos profissionais envolvidos nesse processo, de forma que a criança receba o suporte necessário e adequado. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar, através de uma revisão da literatura, evidências disponíveis sobre a participação da criança com deficiência física no contexto da escola regular. Foram realizadas buscas em bases eletrônicas de dados e em revistas de educação. As palavras chaves utilizadas foram: paralisia cerebral ou deficiência física, inclusão escolar, participação escolar e as respectivas traduções destes termos na língua inglesa. Oito artigos foram incluídos no estudo. A síntese da evidência aponta que os principais fatores que contribuíram para a participação da criança com deficiência física no ambiente escolar referiram-se às habilidades motoras, especificamente mobilidade, à comunicação, ao nível de comprometimento motor e à idade. Barreiras que restringiram a participação, como falta de acesso e inadequação do espaço físico das escolas foram identificadas.; The inclusive education is a current reality...

Inclusão no trabalho: A vivência de pessoas com deficiência intelectual; Inclusion in work: The experience of persons with intellectual disabilities

Pereira-Silva, Nara Liana; Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora; Furtado, Adelaine Vianna; Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/01/2013 POR
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Work is an important context of development for young people/adults with disabilities. This report presents the experience of people with intellectual disabilities about their inclusion at work. Four interviews were conducted with apprentices with the diagnosis of intellectual disability that had occupational experience in the trade sector. The results show that the failure to include these young people/adults was caused either by lack of professional preparation, personal and socio-emotional issues, as well as the difficulty of companies to receive people with disabilities. Stronger links between vocational institutions and companies are critical to the success of inclusion, among other factors.   Keywords: inclusion in the work; intellectual disabilities; special education; professionalization.;   O trabalho constitui um dos principais contextos de desenvolvimento dos jovens/adultos com deficiência. O presente relato apresenta a experiência de pessoas com deficiência intelectual sobre sua inclusão no trabalho. Realizaram-se entrevistas com quatro aprendizes com diagnóstico de deficiência intelectual e experiência ocupacional no comércio. Os resultados apontam que o insucesso na inclusão destes jovens/adultos se deveu tanto pela falta de preparação profissional...

Criatividade e deficiência: por que parecem distantes?; Creativity and disabilities: why do they seem so distant?

Mitjáns Matínez, Albertina
Fonte: Linhas Críticas; Critical Lines Publicador: Linhas Críticas; Critical Lines
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/03/2012 POR
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O objetivo principal é discutir as possíveis razões pelas quais a criatividade nos portadores de deficiências tem sido um tema pouco tratado na literatura científica e fundamentar como novas concepções de criatividade e de deficiência permitem compreender as possibilidades criativas dessa população. A partir de uma análise da produção científica nas áreas da criatividade e do estudo das deficiências, analisam- se três elementos que podem estar explicando a distância entre os conceitos de criatividade e deficiência. Na sequência, a partir da perspectiva histórico-cultural do desenvolvimento humano, apresentam-se alternativas teóricas, que mesmo que não sejam dominantes nos campos da criatividade e da deficiência, emergem como alternativas promissoras para uma articulação produtiva de ambos os conceitos. Por último, fundamenta-se a necessidade de desenvolver a criatividade nos portadores de deficiências pela significação que os processos e as realizações criativas têm para o desenvolvimento da subjetividade e para a saúde psicológica.   ; The main purpose of this paper is to discuss possible explanations that can elucidate why the lack of `creativity' in individuais with disabilities has been scarcely addressed in Lhe scientific literature. In addition...

Co-design: A central approach to the inclusion of people with disabilities

Sarmiento-Pelayo,Martha Patricia
Fonte: Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Publicador: Revista de la Facultad de Medicina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
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This essay seeks to position the experiences of people who live with disabilities in their interactions with the built environment that surrounds them. It argues, in part, that a hands-on approach such as co-design, which relates the personal experiences of individuals with the processes of design, can promote the inclusion of people living with disabilities. This paper also recognizes the existence and possibility of alterations to the built environment initiated by people with disabilities who, despite their disabilities, transform their surroundings to better their conditions. For these types of processes, the term user-initiated design -UID- can be defined, becoming a tool of empowerment for these individuals. These writings briefly develop the concept of user participation in design processes, analyze the use of empathic participation methods utilized in design processes with disabled individuals, and conclude that design directed towards this population cohort requires a participation that involves knowledge based on these individuals, and which should be deemed irreplaceable.

The WHO atlas on global resources for persons with intellectual disabilities: a right to health perspective

Lecomte,Jocelin; Mercier,Céline
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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This paper focuses on the links between the WHO atlas on global resources for persons with intellectual disabilities (Atlas-ID) project and the right to health in international human rights law. The WHO Atlas-ID project initiated by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse of the WHO was designed to collect, compile and disseminate data on intellectual disabilities services and resources throughout the world. The right to health, as linked to all other human rights, brings a set of globally agreed upon norms and standards, and out of these norms arise governmental obligations. Even in countries which have a relatively high standard of living, persons with intellectual disabilities are very often denied the opportunity to enjoy the full range of economic, social and cultural rights. This paper aims at establishing the WHO Atlas-ID and the international human rights instruments as two parts of a holistic approach in regards to State provided services to persons with intellectual disabilities and their families.

Employing people with disabilities in South Africa

Maja,PA; Mann,WM; Sing,D; Steyn,AJ; Naidoo,P
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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South Africa has developed policy and legislation to overcome barriers that people with disabilities face in the labour force, yet there remain practical issues relating to the implementation of these policies. This research aimed at identifying the knowledge, attitudes and perceptions and experiences of employers when hiring People with Disabilities (PWDs). Two organisations were selected using a purposive sampling method where interviews were conducted based on a completed questionnaire. It was found that there was a lack of knowledge about disability and although there were negative attitudes presented toward disabled people from fellow employees as well as physical barriers to their employment within the organisations, there were also clear benefits. These benefits were related to among others, the positive contribution made by the employees with a disability.

The WHO atlas on global resources for persons with intellectual disabilities: a right to health perspective

Lecomte,Jocelin; Mercier,Céline
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
This paper focuses on the links between the WHO atlas on global resources for persons with intellectual disabilities (Atlas-ID) project and the right to health in international human rights law. The WHO Atlas-ID project initiated by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse of the WHO was designed to collect, compile and disseminate data on intellectual disabilities services and resources throughout the world. The right to health, as linked to all other human rights, brings a set of globally agreed upon norms and standards, and out of these norms arise governmental obligations. Even in countries which have a relatively high standard of living, persons with intellectual disabilities are very often denied the opportunity to enjoy the full range of economic, social and cultural rights. This paper aims at establishing the WHO Atlas-ID and the international human rights instruments as two parts of a holistic approach in regards to State provided services to persons with intellectual disabilities and their families.