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Imigração internacional em São Paulo: retorno e reemigração, 1890-1920; International immigration in São Paulo: return and remigration, 1890-1920

Rocha, Ilana Peliciari
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2007 PT
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Este estudo sobre imigração internacional em São Paulo do fim do século XIX e início do século XX aborda o refluxo dos migrantes pela reemigração e pelo retorno. Apresenta o fenômeno com a perspectiva do movimento imigratório internacional, como parte importante de um movimento maior e mais dinâmico, e não apenas como reflexo das condições econômicas e sociais locais. Analisa o perfil dos imigrantes em refluxo a partir das listas de bordo de saída do porto de Santos em 1908 e dos relatórios oficiais entre 1890 - 1920. As fontes permitiram identificar o destino, a nacionalidade, os vínculos familiares, a idade, o sexo e a religião dos envolvidos. Essas características foram interpretadas e relacionadas com os condicionantes econômicos e demográficos, bem como com os padrões definidos pela historiografia da imigração.; This study about international immigration in São Paulo at the end of 19th century and the begining of 20th century has the purpose to approach the migrants reflow from remigration and from return. It shows the mentioned phenomenon with the international immigration movement perspective, as an important feature from a higher and dynamic movement and not only as a reflex of economic and social conditions from this place. The analysis was made based on the immigrants's profile in reflow...

Transformações da legislação imigratória brasileira: os (des)caminhos rumo aos direitos humanos; Transformations of the Brazilian legislation for immigration: the (mis)direction for human rights

Andena, Emerson Alves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/06/2013 PT
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O presente trabalho tem como principal objetivo a análise de transformações da legislação imigratória brasileira. Buscou-se, inicialmente, traçar um panorama do contexto migratório no mundo e no Brasil, para, em seguida, evidenciar as diretrizes da legislação e da política imigratória brasileira em momentos históricos diferentes. Verificou-se, ao final da pesquisa, que as grandes mudanças da regulação das imigrações no Brasil foram causadas, sobretudo, por fatores políticos e econômicos e que em nenhum momento houve predominância da orientação normativa para os direitos humanos. Somente uma das atuais propostas de alteração da política imigratória nacional, se aprovada nos moldes em que se encontra, pode instaurar um marco regulatório onde os direitos humanos dos imigrantes poderão ser amplamente respeitados.; The present study aims to analyze transformations of the Brazilian legislation for immigration. It was intended, initially, to give a migrations overview in the world and Brazilian context, then to show the guidelines of Brazilian policy and law for immigration in different historical moments. It was verified, at the end of the research, the major changes to the immigration regulation in Brazil were caused by political and economic factors and that there wasnt predominance of normative guidance based on human rights. Only one of the proposals to amend the national immigration policy...

Imigração judaico-alemã para Rolândia-PR na primeira metade do século XX : manifestações identitárias; German-Jewish immigration to Rolândia in the first half of the century : identity manifestations

Harfuch, Lívia
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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O Brasil é formado por uma nação que se caracteriza pela constante imigração, ora mais ora menos intensa. Esse fluxo permite a formação do que historicamente se convencionou chamar de relações interétnicas que acarretam interferências identitárias aos agentes nele envolvidos. Por esse motivo, adota-se como objeto da presente pesquisa a imigração judaico-alemã na cidade de Rolândia no Paraná, durante a primeira metade do século XX, visando analisar como se efetivou a convivência entre grupos étnicos diferentes, particularmente entre judeus e alemães, que se mantiveram divergentes, mesmo após a guerra. Para tanto, optou-se por práticas teóricas e metodológicas diversificadas que vão do levantamento teórico-bibliográfico sobre a História Comparada e de concepções acerca de termos pertinentes, como “identidade” e “representação”, por exemplo, aos relatos orais de alemães e alemães-judeus que vivenciaram esse período de imigração, além de evidências de caráter documental (como registros iconográficos de sepulturas, de instituições formais de ensino e de monumentos). A junção do referencial teórico à pesquisa de campo permite, ao final, que se esboce um perfil de identidade étnica híbrida que as manifestações identitárias conferem aos agentes envolvidos no processo imigratório na cidade de Rolândia...

Imigração da Europa de Leste no Minho : um estudo sociológico; Eastern Europe immigration in Minho : a sociological study

Ribeiro, Rui Alexandre Barreira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
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Dissertação de mestrado em Sociologia (área de especialização em Desenvolvimento e Políticas Sociais); Nas últimas décadas, tem vindo a crescer o número de imigrantes em Portugal, contribuindo assim, para o crescimento de uma sociedade multicultural. Desses grupos, os imigrantes oriundos da Europa de Leste são o segundo mais numeroso a residir no nosso país. O fluxo da imigração do leste europeu em Portugal iniciou-se no final dos anos de 1990 do século passado e primeiros anos de 2000, período, aliás, onde a maior vaga de imigração deste grupo ocorreu. Foi, também, precisamente neste período em que foram implementadas reformas nas políticas de imigração portuguesas, no sentido de apoiar e facilitar a integração social de imigrantes. Com o decorrer dos anos, verifica-se que as oportunidades socio-laborais, que o mercado de trabalho português tinha prometido, no início da imigração, aos imigrantes de leste, modificou-se de forma generalizada. A situação de crise económica e financeira que Portugal enfrenta, teve, desde o início, grande impacto em vários estratos sociais e os grupos de imigrantes foram dos primeiros a sofrer os efeitos. Esta dissertação pretende compreender o percurso migratório...

An evaluation of opinions concerning immigration and multiculturality in the School for Teacher Training; Evaluación de las opiniones sobre la inmigración y la multiculturalidad en la escuela de alumnos de Magisterio

León del Barco, Benito; Mira, António Ricardo; Gómez Carroza, Teresa
Fonte: Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology Publicador: Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Introduction During the past academic year in Spain, more than 500,000 immigrant students were enrolled in primary and secondary schools. School is one of those places available to society for creating spaces for coexistence and for changing attitudes. The teacher plays a very important role in this task. In this paper we will observe opinions and attitudes of future teachers regarding immigration, and particularly immigration at school. Method In order to analyze these attitudes, we have developed two instruments: the scale of attitudes towards immigration and the scale of attitudes towards multiculturality at school. In order to analyze the psychometric characteristics of these scales we worked with 300 students in Teacher Training at the Universities of Extremadura (Spain) and of Évora (Portugal). For data analysis related to this work we selected 200 students at the University of Extremadura. Results Both attitude scales have very acceptable psychometric characteristics. There were significant differences in the factor “Negative Social Distance” associated with the variables for type of degree program and for knowledge of, or lack of knowledge of, an immigrant group. There are significant correlations between the total scores and scale factors. Discussion For an explanation of differences associated with type of degree program...

Immigration Regimes and Schooling Regimes: Which Countries Promote Successful Immigrant Incorporation?

Hochschild, Jennifer L.; Cropper, Porsha Quiana
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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While Canada is often described as the most and France as one of the least successful countries in the realm of immigrant incorporation, the question remains unresolved of how to evaluate a country’s policies for dealing with immigration and incorporation relative to that of others. Our strategy is to examine the relationships among 1) countries’ policies and practices with regard to admitting immigrants, 2) their educational policies for incorporating first and second generation immigrants, and 3) educational achievement of immigrants and their children. We compare eight western industrialized countries. We find that immigration regimes, educational regimes, and schooling outcomes are linked distinctively in each country. States that are liberal, or effective, on one dimension may be relatively conservative, or ineffective, on another, and countries vary in their willingness and ability to help disadvantaged people achieve upward mobility through immigration and schooling. We conclude that by some normative standards, France has a better immigration regime than does Canada. Overall, this study points to new ways to study immigration and new normative standards for judging states’ policies of incorporation.; Government

The New Local Governance of Immigration in Canada: Regulation and Responsibility

Pero, Rebecca
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
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In 2010, the Government of Canada significantly cut settlement service funding that helps immigrants integrate into Canadian communities. Concurrently, within the last three years, Citizenship and Immigration Canada and the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration have funded forty-five Local Immigration Partnerships across the Province of Ontario. Local Immigration Partnerships serve to coordinate efforts and capture capacity within communities to attract and retain new immigrants; however, these Partnerships do not deliver services to immigrants living in the host community. While community-based endeavours to develop sustainable environments for immigrants to live, work and play in are valuable, this particular shift in responsibility from government to community groups and individuals cannot go unnoticed. It is this new local governance of immigration in Canada that will be the focus of this Master’s essay.

Immigration to Switzerland : The Case of the Former Republic of Yugoslavia

Gross, Dominique M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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From less than 5 percent in 1980, the share of residents from the former Republic of Yugoslavia in the total foreign population in Switzerland rose to almost 25% in 2000, to become one of the largest foreign communities. The largest increase occurs mostly between 1985 and 1998 and represents a unique development in the composition of immigration to Switzerland, as it coincides with a new policy, which from 1995 gives priority to workers from the European Union for new permits and severely restricts work permits for migrants from the rest of the world. The empirical analysis shows that when there is no discriminatory treatment by immigration policy, immigrant workers from the former Yugoslavia respond to financial and cultural incentives in the same way as their unskilled counterparts from Southern European countries. The restriction on permit availability in the mid-1990s appears to have weakened the financial and cultural attractiveness of Switzerland for immigrants from the former Yugoslavia. This may signal a change in the characteristics of migrants from the region toward higher skill levels.

Demographic Alternatives for Aging Industrial Countries : Increased Total Fertility Rate, Labor Force Participation, or Immigration

Holzmann, Robert
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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The paper investigates the demographic alternatives for dealing with the projected population aging and low or negative growth of the population and labor force in the North. Without further immigration, the total labor force in Europe and Russia, the high-income countries of East Asia and the Pacific, China, and, to a lesser extent, North America is projected to be reduced by 29 million by 2025 and by 244 million by 2050. In contrast, the labor force in the South is projected to add some 1.55 billion, predominantly in South and Central Asia and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The demographic policy scenarios to deal with the projected shrinking of the labor forth in the North include moving the total fertility rate back to replacement levels, increasing labor force participation of the existing population through a variety of measures, and filling the demographic gaps through enhanced immigration. The estimations indicate that each of these policy scenarios may partially or even fully compensate for the projected labor force gap by 2050. But a review of the policy measures to make these demographic scenarios happen also suggests that governments may not be able to initiate or accommodate the required change.

Immigration, asylum and extremist politics - Europe and Australia

Jupp, James
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 61852 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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The States of Europe and Australasia share democratic institutions and political party traditions in many respects. They also share a concern with influxes of immigrants and refugees which are changing the ethnic composition of what were previously regarded as ‘nation states’. However there are considerable differences between them in their political reaction to these changes. Some European states have racist or fascist traditions which have been entrenched for many years and were previously directed against long-resident minorities. Others have been relatively homogenous and ethnic variety is a new experience. The immigration policies of the states vary, with Australia and to a lesser extent New Zealand having a long history of carefully planned and controlled intakes, designed to enhance the economy and avoid ethnic conflict. Others can scarcely be said to have immigration policies at all and see the control of entry largely in law enforcement terms. This variety is reflected in different political responses, which range all the way from mass support for anti-immigration parties at the ballot box to anti- democratic street violence. The established parties may attempt to pre-empt new movements by adopting some of their platform. Resisting this temptation is a particular dilemma for parties of the ‘Left’ which rely on working class support. Traditional ‘left-right’ divisions may become confused. However many of the new movements are very unstable and this may help to contain their impact...

The economics of immigration

Withers, Glenn
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 117512 bytes; 356 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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A larger population results in a larger economy. A greater number of people generate more demand for goods and services and provide an increase in the number of workers available to meet that demand. Since immigration has contributed a major part of Australia’s population growth over the two centuries since European settlement, it follows that it has also contributed substantially to creating the Australian economy as it is today. A summary measure of the economy is gross domestic product (GDP). Australia’s GDP at the end of the 20th Century is approaching $600billion. Migrants and the children of migrants have provided almost 60 percent of post-war growth in the Australian workforce. Without migration it is likely that the economy might have been as small as one half of its current size, a much reduced presence in the world economy. Of course while GDP is relevant, and is seen by many as a measure of the contribution of migration to ‘development’, there is much more that is of interest in the linkage even from immigration to the economy, let alone to broader issues. In the long-run a crucial question is whether immigration also increases per capita income and not just aggregate national income. There is also the question of how income growth is distributed...

European immigration and integration : Finland

Koivukangas, Olavi
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 45800 bytes; 357 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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The 1990s witnessed a period of strong immigration in Finland with the number of foreign arrivals increasing five-fold during the course of the decade. A major reason was the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the arrival of the Ingrians and other ethnic Finns. A significant proportion (roughly one-fifth) of the immgratory flow were refugees. Yet Finland remains an homogeneous society, with the proportion of foreign citizens accounting for only 1.9 per cent, the lowest among EU countries. Nevertheless, the challenge Finland faces is one of transition from a monolithic to a polyvalent culture. The recent increase in immigration has created a number of problems. Unemployment among foreign citizens is still over 30 per cent; it is eight per cent nationally. Negative attitudes and xenophobia among the native population towards foreigners remains. The varied composition of migration - refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons, ordinary migrants and family members – places unique pressures on policy-makers and the citizenry alike. The flows have become more flexible, and the incidence of illegal migration and people smuggling is increasing. To address these challenges, the EU is gradually moving towards adopting a common policy on immigration and refugee issues as flagged under the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. This shift to greater supra-national authority is inevitable. Finland is currently alone among EU states in having a Russian border. However...

Explaining trends in UK immigration

Hatton, Timothy J
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 245525 bytes; 350 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Since the 1970s Britain has gone from being a country of net emigration to one of net immigration, with a trend increase in immigration of more than 100,000 per year. This paper represents the first attempt to model the variations in net migration for British and for foreign citizens, across countries and over time. A simple economic model, which includes the selection effects of differing income distributions at home and abroad, largely accounts for the variations in the data. The results suggest that, while improved economic performance in the UK relative to overseas has tended to increase immigration, rising UK inequality has had an even larger effect. Immigration policies at home and abroad have also increased net immigration, particularly in the 1990s.; no

Immigration and the Transnational European Centre-Right: A Common Programmatic Response?

DUNCAN, Fraser; VAN HECKE, Steven
Fonte: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd Publicador: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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As aspects of immigration policy are brought into the competence of the EU, the role of transnational parties in co-ordinating policy choices across national boundaries grows in importance. Yet immigration is often seen as a cross-cutting issue and transnational parties have limited capacity to enforce programmatic uniformity across national member parties. We explore both of these issues by mapping the stances of transnational and national party manifestos on immigration policy at EP elections. We argue that ideology does structure party positions on immigration but that separating immigration control from migrant integration is essential to understanding partisan differences. While Christian Democrat and Conservative parties do not differ significantly from their Socialist equivalents on control issues, Liberal parties are less restrictionist. On integration, both Christian Democrats/Conservatives and Liberals are less multicultural than Socialist and Green parties.

Keeping it in the Family: The (Re-) Production of Conjugal Citizens Through Canadian Immigration Policy and Practice

Gaucher, MEGAN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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This is an examination of how conjugality acts as an access point for Canadian citizenship. The conjugal family unit — married or common-law — continues to be privileged in Canadian law and policy; this is especially evident in immigration policy and practice. Family class immigration continues to be a steady source of immigrants for Canada, spousal/partner sponsorship being the primary type of family reunification. In order to control access, a strict understanding of conjugality is used to distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate families. When it comes to family class immigration, it is not simply a case of individuals sponsoring individuals; it is about the state producing and maintaining the ideal family unit through the provision of citizenship. My analysis proceeds in two main parts. First, I engage with mainstream Canadian citizenship theory — focusing specifically on the work of Will Kymlicka and Rita Dhamoon — and analyze its focus on the individual citizen. Moreover, I examine how the state’s asymmetrical treatment of conjugality has created two versions of the conjugal family — the inside family (families within Canadian borders) and the outside family (families outside Canadian borders). Second, I explore the state’s reliance on conjugal relationships in their assessment of potential immigrants and refugees in three areas of immigration policy — the assessment of sexual minority refugee claimants...

Immigration et identité face aux enjeux de la Guerre Froide : une étude du débat sur la politique d'immigration dans la sphère publique américaine (1952-1965)

Neamtan-Lapalme, Louis
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Résumé: Au lendemain de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, la nécessité de moderniser la politique d’immigration américaine fait l’unanimité, la principale loi régissant l’immigration datant de 1924. Cependant, la question des paramètres de la réforme fait naître un débat fortement polarisé. Les défenseurs du statu quo, qui souhaitent maintenir le système des quotas nationaux faisant de l’origine nationale le premier critère d’admission, auront initialement le dessus, comme en fait foi le passage du McCarran-Walter Act en 1952. D’autre part, les partisans d’une libéralisation affirment que cette loi restrictive et discriminatoire va à l’encontre des objectifs de la politique étrangère américaine, particulièrement dans un conflit aussi idéologiquement chargé que la Guerre Froide. Au courant des années cinquante et au début des années soixante, les réformateurs libéraux auront progressivement le dessus dans le débat, si bien qu’une nouvelle loi sera adoptée en 1965. Ce mémoire propose d’aborder cette période de réforme sous l’angle de l’opinion publique. À partir, des sources permettant de prendre le pouls de la société américaine au sujet de la politique d’immigration, il a été possible d’observer une libéralisation progressive de l’opinion publique durant la période. Dans le cadre de ce mémoire...

Public opinion about immigration in Spain: utilitarian, cultural and pluralist trends

Desrues, Thierry; Pérez-Yruela, Manuel; Molina Molina, Oscar
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo Formato: 227116 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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Since the early 1990's, Spain has received very substantial flows of immigration. These flows are characterised by the great diversity of the immigrants’ origin, the massive trend and the novelty of the phenomenon. In sum, that means that Spanish society has become in the space of a very few years a multiethnical society. This paper explores the social image of foreign migrants in Spain based on the outcome of a national survey produced in December 2005 by the Institute for Advanced Social Studies (IESA) of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research and commissioned by the Secretary of Immigration and Emigration of the Ministry of Labour and Social Issues. In accordance with the theories of the “new racism” that suggest that opinions and attitudes against immigration represent a new form of the expression of racism and xenophobia, this paper wants to contribute to the debate about the nature and the factors that determine prejudice, discrimination and segregation in the context of the rising success of populist political parties in Europe. The data of the survey throws light upon two main dimensions which explain the perception of the immigrants in the case of Spain: the socio-economic and the cultural one. According to the public perception of immigrants...

Turning the immigration policy paradox upside down? Populist liberalism and discursive gaps in South America

Acosta Arcarazo, Diego; Freier, Luisa Feline
Fonte: Wiley on behalf of the Center for Migration Studies Publicador: Wiley on behalf of the Center for Migration Studies
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 EN; EN
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A paradox of officially rejecting but covertly accepting irregular migrants has long been identified in the immigration policies of Western immigrant receiving states. In South America, on the other hand, a liberal discourse of universally welcoming all immigrants, irrespective of their origin and migratory status, has replaced the formally restrictive, securitized and not seldomly ethnically selective immigration rhetoric. This discursive liberalization has found partial translation into immigration laws and policies, but contrary to the universality of rights claimed in their discourses, governments reject recently increasing irregular south–south migration from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean to varying degrees. This paper applies a mixed methodological approach of discourse and legal analysis and process tracing to explore in how far recent immigration policies in South America constitute a liberal turn, or rather a reverse immigration policy paradox of officially welcoming but covertly rejecting irregular migrants. Based on the comparative analysis of Argentina, Brazil and Ecuador, the study identifies and explains South American “populist liberalism” in the sphere of migration. We highlight important implications for migration theory...

Local-Federal Immigration Enforcement in North Carolina: Mapping the Criminal-Immigration Overlap

Griesbach,Kathleen Ann
Fonte: UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte Publicador: UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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This essay explores local-federal immigration enforcement in North Carolina's Wake, Durham, and Guilford Counties through ethnographic analysis. It situates 287(g) and Secure Communities partnerships in their regional, historical, and structural contexts, namely the broader southern response to immigration, the expansion of local-federal enforcement, and the contemporary U.S. immigration detention pipeline. Section 287(g) and Secure Communities highlight growing linkages between criminal and immigration law with increasingly punitive consequences. Comparing these programs illuminates the gap between policy and practice and subsequent barriers to justice. The article discusses the significance of narrative and coalition-building in contemporary resistance work and concludes with preliminary policy recommendations related to identification and federal detainer usage.

The Declaration of Independence and Immigration in the United States of America

White,Kenneth Michael
Fonte: UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte Publicador: UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
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The United States has always been a nation of immigrants, and immigration policy has always been controversial. The history of immigration in the United States is contrasted in this article with a normative standard of naturalization (immigration policy) based on the Declaration of Independence. The current immigration debate fits within a historical pattern that pits an unrestricted right of immigration (the left) against exclusive, provincial politics (the right). Both sides are simultaneously correct and incorrect. A moderate policy on immigration is possible if the debate in the United States gets an infusion of what Thomas Paine called "common sense".