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Problems with accessibility to health services by persons with disabilities in Sao Paulo, Brazil

CASTRO, Shamyr S.; CIEZA, Alarcos; CESAR, Chester L. G.
Fonte: INFORMA HEALTHCARE Publicador: INFORMA HEALTHCARE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Purpose. To describe the occurrence of self-reported problems of accessibility to health services used by persons with disabilities in terms of social and health services variables. Methods. We performed a cross-sectional household survey designed to assess problems with accessibility to health services faced by persons with disabilities. We interviewed 333 persons in Sao Paulo city, in 2007. Variables related to the presence of accessibility problems, disabilities, gender, age, family head income, ethnicity, use of health services and others were analysed using frequencies, percentages, chi(2)-test, ANOVA and Poisson regression models. Results. 15.92% of the interviewed persons reported problems with accessibility to health services. Persons having multiple (prevalence ratios; PR = 2.91) or mobility disability (PR = 6.46) had more problems with accessibility than persons with hearing disability. Persons younger than 78 years old had more problems with accessibility; those who needed help to go to the health service (PR = 3.01) also. Conclusions. Persons with multiple or mobility disability, younger than 78 years, and those who needed help of others to go to the health service were more likely to have problems with accessibility to health services. This information could be one of the first steps to the management and/or planning of appropriate health services for persons with disabilities.; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)[proc. 409724/2006-8]; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)[proc. 290006/2008-2]; State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)[proc. 2006/59655-2]; German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)

Acessibilidade de pessoas com deficiência a serviços de saúde em áreas do Estado de São Paulo - Projeto AceSS; Accessibility by people with disabilities to health services in areas of São Paulo state - AceSS Project

Castro, Shamyr Sulyvan de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Introdução. As pessoas com deficiência são um grupo populacional que em virtude de suas condições de saúde, apresentam algumas dificuldades na acessibilidade aos serviços de saúde. Objetivo. Estudar os problemas de acessibilidade de pessoas com deficiências físicas, visuais e/ou auditivas aos serviços de saúde em áreas do Estado de São Paulo, bem como as variações existentes segundo o tipo de deficiência e variáveis sociodemográficas. Material e Métodos. Estudo transversal com entrevistas domiciliares realizado em duas fases distintas. Fase I: entrevistas com 25 indivíduos com alguma deficiência, por meio de questionário qualitativo, com perguntas abertas, sobre os problemas de acessibilidade enfrentados no uso dos serviços de saúde, analisadas pelo método do "Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo". Fase II: entrevistas com 333 pessoas com deficiência, por meio de questionário fechado, que teve como tema os problemas de acessibilidade aos serviços de saúde, além de outros. Esse questionário originou-se dos resultados da Fase I, de perguntas encontradas em outras pesquisas e de conceitos da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde (CIF). Os dados foram analisados com frequências simples...

Factors associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in patients with leprosy in São Luis, State of Maranhão, Brazil

de Araujo e Araujo,Ana Eugenia Ribeiro; de Aquino,Dorlene Maria Cardoso; Goulart,Isabela Maria Bernardes; Pereira,Silma Regina Ferreira; Figueiredo,Ivan Abreu; Serra,Humberto Oliveira; de Almeida Fonseca,Poliana Cristina; de Jesus Mendes Caldas,Arlene
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Introduction Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that is caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk factors that are associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in leprosy patients at the time of diagnosis. Methods A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 155 leprosy patients who participated in a program that aimed to eliminate leprosy from São Luis, State of Maranhão. Results Patients who were 31-45 years of age, were older than 60 years of age or had a partner were more likely to have a disability. Patients with partners were 1.14 times more likely (p = 0.025) to have disabilities of the hands. The frequency of disabilities in the feet among the patients with different clinical forms of leprosy was statistically significant. Conclusions The identification of risk factors that are associated with neural alterations and physical disabilities in leprosy patients is important for diagnosing the disease because this approach enables physicians to plan and prioritize actions for the treatment and monitoring of patients.

Issues in aging in individuals with life long disabilities

Connolly,BH
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
INTRODUCTION: The major research data and findings related to aging among persons with developmental disabilities are discussed. Topics addressed include prevalence and mortality rates, as well as the effects of aging on the sensory systems, the neuromusculoskeletal system and the cardiopulmonary system. The discussion also focuses on the clinical implications of these changes among aging individuals with developmental disabilities. CONCLUSION: Although the individual needs of persons with developmental disabilities vary greatly, knowledge of the effects of aging on this group of individuals can facilitate more effective healthcare by physical therapists for all adults with developmental disabilities.

Invisible disability, visible people: a closer look at the experiences of teachers with learning disabilities /

Kitchura, Catherine.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Throughout their schooling experiences, students with learning disabilities (LD) face numerous academic and socioemotional challenges. Some of these individuals rise above these obstacles to obtain a postsecondary education and become professionals. Recently, there have been a number of individuals with learning disabilities who have chosen a career in teaching. There is a lack of research that documents the experiences of teachers with learning disabilities. The purpose of this qualitative study is to gain an understanding of the challenges that the teachers with learning disabilities strive to overcome and the supports that they receive ^^^ch facilitate their inception into teaching. Four teachers with learning disabilities were the participants in this collective case study research. Data were collected through semistructured interviews. These data were coded, collapsed into themes, and the results were presented in a narrative form. The resultant 9 themes are: (a) Perspectives on School Experiences, (b) Identification and Effective Accommodations, (c) Isolation, Frustration, and Support, (d) Awareness of Learning Disability at Age 18, (e) Disclosure of Learning Disability, (f) Negative Impact of the Learning Disability Label...

Predictors of Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing Services Utilization Among People with Disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Aderemi, Toyin Janet; Mac-Seing, Muriel; Woreta, Seblewangel Ayalew; Mati, Komi Agbemavi
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
The study investigated HIV testing prevalence and factors associated with the utilization of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) services among individuals with disabilities in Addis Ababa. The analysis was based on a survey of 209 men and 203 women with disabilities, aged 15–49, who had ever heard about HIV and AIDS in four sub-cities in Addis Ababa. HIV testing prevalence was 53.2%, with no significant difference between males and females. Comprehensive HIV knowledge, living with spouse, and religious affiliations positively predicted utilization of VCT services among participants. Living with both parents and having physical or mental/intellectual disabilities were negative predictors of VCT services utilization. More research on the predictors of utilization of VCT services by gender and urban/rural divides are needed among people with disabilities.

Everyday Assistive Technology on the Go: Identifying Characteristic of Popular Apps for People with Disabilities

Wray, Christina C.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
This study examined 287 applications (apps) available in Apple???s iTunes App Store that had been identified as popular apps for people with disabilities using the tiered checklisting method compiled from lists of apps recommended by developers, caregivers, service providers and people with disabilities as being useful for people with disabilities. These apps were examined to discover patters regarding content, platform, cost and popularity to help with the selection of apps for libraries??? circulating mobile technology. This study found that popular apps tended to be more supportive than skill acquisitions based and apps popular for people with disabilities tended to be more expensive, especially if the app was marketed for people with autism spectrum disorders. Further research is needed to identify the causes of the cost disparity as well as identifying key characteristics of successful apps for people with disabilities.

Parental stress is associated with poor sleep quality in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities

Gallagher, Stephen; Phillips, Anna C; Carroll, Douglas
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
peer-reviewed; Objective This study examined the psychosocial predictors of poor sleep quality in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities. Methods Sixty-seven parents of children with developmental disabilities and 42 parents of typically developing children completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and measures of parental stress, child problem behaviors, and social support. Results Parents of children with developmental disabilities reported poorer sleep quality. Further, the majority of these parents met the established ‘poor sleepers’ criterion. The strongest predictor of poor sleep quality was parental stress. This finding withstood adjustment for a number of potential confounders. Conclusions Parental stress is associated with poor sleep quality in parents of children with developmental disabilities. The monitoring and management of sleep issues in these parental caregivers should be a priority for health professionals.

Teacher Characteristics and the Achievement of Students with Disabilities

Edmonds, Ben
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, School of Education, 2010; In today's climate of school accountability, the consequences of failing to meet state and federal requirements are too great to ignore. Schools are under pressure to find ways to make all students successful or face the prospects of increasingly punitive measures. Schools find it especially difficult to be successful with students with disabilities and, in many instances, by the performance of that subgroup fall short of meeting annual goals. The role of the teacher in the success of students is well documented. Policymakers and legislators alike recognize the value of the effective teacher and have taken steps to ensure that all students receive instruction in core subjects from highly qualified teachers. That an effective teacher is important appears unquestioned; however, how to predict who will become an effective teacher has not met with the same consensus. Teacher inputs on student achievement such as quality of teacher training institutions attended, amount of training, licensure area and status, and teacher self-efficacy have all been studied. What has not been studied is how these inputs manifest themselves on the performance of students with disabilities on high-stakes tests. This study addresses that gap by examining teacher inputs for 55 special education teachers on the performance of 462 students with disabilities using the Ohio Achievement Test for reading. Results indicate that the quality of the teacher training institution attended by the teacher has a significant effect on student achievement; however...

No Child Left Behind Act and Students with Disabilities

Barkley, Megan
Fonte: Theresa A. Ochoa, School of Education, Indiana University Publicador: Theresa A. Ochoa, School of Education, Indiana University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 259988 bytes; application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Thank you to Jeanne Sept, Dean of Faculties,and Dean Geraldo Gonzalez and Sarah Baumgart at the School of Education, Indiana University.; No Child Left Behind (NCBL) will affect many aspects of education for a student with a disability. The standardized tests are not taking into consideration the special needs of these students, and due to schools not meeting the national standards, they are losing a great deal of funding that could be used to acquire more assistance and electronic equipment that would benefit students with disabilities. Most importantly, NCBL might also compromise the individualized education that students with disabilities need and deserve. When students with disabilities lives are changed, so are the teacher's who educate them. Teachers are pressured to find ways to educate their students with disabilities so that when they are tested they are also spending a great deal of time writing Individualized Education Plans (IEP's) for their students with disabilites and are attempting to assist these students with limited money and resources.; Dean of Faculties and School of Education, Indiana University.

Sex Education for Students with Disabilities

Boehning, Alison
Fonte: Theresa A, Ochoa, School of Education, Indiana Univeristy Publicador: Theresa A, Ochoa, School of Education, Indiana Univeristy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 580264 bytes; application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Thank you to Jeanne Sept, Dean of Faculties,and Dean Geraldo Gonzalez and Sarah Baumgart at the School of Education, Indiana University.; What accounts for the high rates of teen pregnancy, contraction of sexually transmitted diseases and infections? Sex education is crucial for students with developmental disabilities, and the current sex education curriculum violates the spirit of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act which offers a free and appropriate education to students with disabilities. Educators, parents, and health professionals must not only be available, but also must find the necessary curriculum to establish healthy living skills for America's youth in general and more specifically for students with disabilities.; Dean of Faculties and School of Education, Indiana University

School integration and the friendships of youth with developmental disabilities

Sciberras, Juliann Marie.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
- The present study was an investigation into the effect ofschool integration on the friendships ofyouth with developmental disabilities and their peers without disabilities. The youths, their parents, and their teachers provided insights into the youths' friendships. A qualitative paradigm was used in this research. The researcher guided the collection and analysis ofthe data with the phenomenologicallifeworld existentials of body, space, time, and human relation (Van Manen, 1990). Individual interviews were conducted with each youth, and group interviews were conducted with each triad (a youth, their parent(s), and their teacher) to discuss the youth's friendships and the supports necessary to facilitate the friendships. Through phenomenological analysis of the data, four thematic statements emerged: friendships are far from perfect, to have a friend you have to be a friend, parents as choreographers offriendship, and teachers as reluctant partners in friendship facilitation. Based on the results ofthis study, it was concluded that the development of friendships between youth with developmental disabilities and their peers without disabilities was happening in integrated school settings. However, it was also evident that the support ofteachers and parents alike were required to facilitate the development and maintenance ofsuch friendships. Recommendations for practice are discussed...

Breaking the silence : exploring the workplace experiences of six women with learning disabilities

Augustin, Melissa L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
In the current economic climate, employees are expected to upgrade their skills in order to remain productive and competitive in the workplace, and many women with learning disabilities! may feel doubly challenged when dealing with such expectations. Although the number of people with reported learning disabilities who enter the workforce is expected to increase, a dearth of research focuses on work-related experiences of women with learning disabilities; consequently, employers and educators often are unaware ofthe obstacles and demands facing such individuals. This qualitative narrative study sheds light on the work experiences of women with diagnosed or suspected learning disabilities. The study used semistructured interviews to explore their perspectives and reflections on learnlng in order to: (a) raise awareness of the needs of women with learning disabilities, (b) enhance their opportunities to learn in the workplace, and (c) draw attention to the need for improvement of inclusiveness in the workplace, especially for hidden disabilities. Study findings reveal that participants' learning was influenced by work relationships, the learning environments, self-determination, and taking personal responsibility. Moreover...

The impact of a co-morbid mental disability on the experience of labour force disparities among Canadians with physical disabilities: an examination of the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS)

LILLIE, ERIN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Purpose: I examined two labour force disparities – unemployment and underemployment, among working-aged individuals (20-64 years) with self-reported disabilities using the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS). As disability type was the predictor of interest, two groups were compared: individuals with one or more physical disabilities (e.g. mobility, agility, pain) exclusively vs. those with one or more physical disabilities and a co-morbid mental disability (including depression, phobias or substance use). Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of the 2006 PALS, a cross-sectional survey conducted by Statistics Canada to gather information about individuals whose everyday activities are limited due to a physical or mental condition that used the 2006 census as a sampling frame. I estimated the prevalence of unemployment (last week) and underemployment (last five years) and used multiple logistic regression to measure the association between disability type and each outcome, while considering other relevant covariates. Results: Disability type was significantly associated with both unemployment and underemployment. Other significant effects were age, education level and family income quintile (in addition to current labour force status and frequency of health services access in underemployment)...

Students with Disabilities: the understanding of physical education teachers on the Accessibility to places of practice for classes; Alunos com deficiência física: a compreensão dos professores de Educação Física sobre a acessibilidade nos espaços de prática para as aulas

Palma, Luciana Erica; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul; Manta, Sofia Wolker; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Avaliados por pares"; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/10/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Within the scope of Educational Policies, a series of transformations has been occurring since the 80s and 90s regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities in the regular school system. The study aimed to analyze both the understanding of physical education teachers in the Initial Series about the participation of students with disabilities in physical education classes and accessibility of the spaces for practice. The teachers participating in the study are from a regular Public School system of Rio Grande do Sul. The instrument used for data collection was a semi-structured interview with a pre-established script to physical education teachers and teachers of Initial Series who taught classes with the inclusion of students with Disabilities. Through the analysis of data from the interviews with the teachers it was identified that the spaces for the practice of physical education classes did not have access or accessibility to ensure the safety and independence for students with physical disabilities (FD), but these students did not fail to participate in physical education classes. One can still see the attitudinal barriers that students with FD face in everyday school, and it urgently needs to be removed so that the inclusion of these students takes place in a participatory manner and free from prejudices. Finally...

An empowerment model of entrepreneurship for people with disabilities in the United States

Balcazar,Fabricio E.; Kuchak,JoAnn; Dimpfl,Shawn; Sariepella,Varun; Alvarado,Francisco
Fonte: Psychosocial Intervention Publicador: Psychosocial Intervention
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
People with disabilities are greatly underrepresented in the workforce, often face discrimination by employers, and often are not effectively served by the U.S. Vocational Rehabilitation System whose primary purpose is to get individuals with disabilities employed. Additionally, many individuals with disabilities face discrimination and/or fear of becoming a liability by business owners. The Chicago Add Us In (AUI) Initiative sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy, created an entrepreneurship program for people with disabilities in order to counteract these barriers, promote empowerment and facilitate economic self-sufficiency for people with disabilities. The model includes a course on how to write a business plan, one-on-one business mentoring, technical assistance, start-up business grants, and assistance from a business incubator. In addition to the core program components, there was an emphasis on creating systems change in the Illinois Division of Rehabilitation Services (DRS) to ensure program sustainability. In-depth case studies are offered to illustrate the process of consumer empowerment and the impact of the entrepreneurship program on the lives of the entrepreneurs who have participated thus far.

Education of persons with intellectual disabilities in India

Rao,L Govinda
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Historically in India, persons with disabilities enjoyed co-existence, though at different times, the treatment and attitudes were at variance. Out of all the types of disabilities, an intellectual disability poses greater challenges than the other types. The families of persons with intellectual disabilities do also have needs different from others, which cannot be segregated from the needs of children with intellectual disability. Specific legislations have been put in place to ensure empowerment of persons with disabilities. Through Rehabilitation Council of India, human resource development programs are standardized. The National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped has developed many service models and contributed toward human resource development and research. Many Non-Government Organizations have started special education and vocational training programs. National Trust, a statutory body, supports the individuals and families and seeks to protect those individuals having no parents. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All), has special focus on education of children with disabilities. Vocational training centres have an obligation to develop eco-centric and commercially viable jobs. As per the National Policy, the Government of India envisages that every child with a disability should have access to appropriate preschool...

Livelihoods of youths with and without disabilities in peri-urban South Africa

Adams,Fasloen; de Witt,Patricia; Franzsen,Denise; Maseko,Patrick; Lorenzo,Theresa
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
South Africa has good legislation advocating for the rights of youth with disabilities although consistent implementation remains problematic. In order to inform policy implementation barriers and opportunities must be identified within each unique context and how these influence the ability of youth with disabilities to sustain their livelihood. This study aimed to investigate the human and financial assets of youth with disabilities living in the disadvantaged communities of Diepsloot and Cosmo City compared to their non-disabled counterparts. The study used a cross-sectional survey design using snowball sampling to identify 189 participants. This study found that the majority of the youth, whether they had a disability or not, had difficulties sustaining their livelihoods particularly the participants with disabilities who had a lower level of education and fewer employment opportunities. Youth with disabilities were financially more stable than their non-disabled counterparts due to their ability to access disability grants.

Persons with disabilities, cancer screening and related factors

Castro,Shamyr Sulyvan de; Cieza,Alarcos; Cesar,Chester Luiz Galvão
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
The scope of this article is to describe persons with disabilities (PwD) being subjected to cancer screening and the relationship between some social variables and inequalities in performing these tests. A cross-sectional study of cancer screening among PwD was conducted in 2007 with 333 participants interviewed in residence in 4 cities of São Paulo. Variables in the practice of cancer screening, disabilities, gender, age, income of main family breadwinner, ethnicity, use of health services, assistance required, private health insurance, and coverage by the family health program were studied. Frequencies, χ²-test, trend χ² percentages and the Odds Ratios (OR) were used for data analysis. 44% of PwD attended at least one cancer screening at the appropriate time. Persons with visual disabilities and with hearing disabilities were subjected to more screening examinations than those with mobility disabilities and women were attended in screening exams more than men. Persons between the ages of 21 and 60 reported cancer screening more frequently than those between 80 and 97 years of age. The outcomes indicate that PwD have different attitudes toward cancer screening according to the type of disability, gender, and age, which were the variables that directly influenced cancer screening exams.

Education of persons with intellectual disabilities in India

Rao,L Govinda
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Historically in India, persons with disabilities enjoyed co-existence, though at different times, the treatment and attitudes were at variance. Out of all the types of disabilities, an intellectual disability poses greater challenges than the other types. The families of persons with intellectual disabilities do also have needs different from others, which cannot be segregated from the needs of children with intellectual disability. Specific legislations have been put in place to ensure empowerment of persons with disabilities. Through Rehabilitation Council of India, human resource development programs are standardized. The National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped has developed many service models and contributed toward human resource development and research. Many Non-Government Organizations have started special education and vocational training programs. National Trust, a statutory body, supports the individuals and families and seeks to protect those individuals having no parents. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All), has special focus on education of children with disabilities. Vocational training centres have an obligation to develop eco-centric and commercially viable jobs. As per the National Policy, the Government of India envisages that every child with a disability should have access to appropriate preschool...