Página 2 dos resultados de 8802 itens digitais encontrados em 0.011 segundos

Uso da terapia fotodinâmica para a inativação de Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans em meio planctônico e em biofilme; The use of Photodynamic therapy to inactivate Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in planktonic medium and biofilm

Goulart, Rosangela de Carvalho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/01/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
A proposta deste trabalho foi de aplicar a Terapia Fotodinâmica (TFD) para avaliar a inativação da bactéria Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans), um patógeno que está associado à endocardite bacteriana, abscessos cerebrais e subcutâneos e principalmente à doença periodontal, que é caracterizada pela inflamação dos tecidos de suporte dos dentes, e consequentemente a perda de dentes. O surgimento de resistência bacteriana a diversas classes de antibióticos vem sendo um problema sério que surge como efeito do uso indiscriminado destes fármacos e até mesmo por fatores adaptativos dos microrganismos. Devido a este fator, várias investigações vêm surgindo com referências satisfatórias no que diz respeito ao emprego da TFD como medida terapêutica. O efeito da TFD foi verificado sobre a cultura da bactéria A. actinomycetemcomitans em meio planctônico e em biofilme. Foi utilizado como agentes fotossensibilizadores Rose bengal, Azul de metileno e Eritrosina, que em baixas concentrações não causam toxicidade para células de fibroblastos e células humanas. Como fonte de luz foi utilizado o fotopolimerizador de resina odontológica, que é de fácil acesso, baixo custo e apresenta uma faixa de emissão de luz de 300 a 800 nm. Rose Bengal até 1 µM não afetou as células de fibroblastos...

Influência dos óleos do tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare) e da pupunha (Bactris gasipae) na composição do biofilme dental e dinâmica do processo de cárie em esmalte: um estudo in situ; Influence of tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare) and peach palm (Bactris gasipae) oils on dental biofilm composition and dynamics of enamel caries: an in situ study

Emmi, Danielle Tupinambá
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
A cárie dental ainda afeta grande número de pessoas no mundo todo. Sua ocorrência depende da formação, sobre a superfície dentária, de um biofilme microbiano. As interações entre microrganismos do biofilme e os componentes da dieta, podem interferir de diferentes formas nessa patologia, pois alguns componentes alimentares atuam favorecendo o aparecimento de lesões, tal como os carboidratos, enquanto outros, atuam inibindo, como ácidos graxos, polifenóis, caseína e lectina. O tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare) e a pupunha (Bactries gasipae) são frutos oleaginosos nativos da Região Amazônica, que apresentam alto teor lipídico e de carotenos. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência dos óleos extraídos da polpa destes frutos na composição do biofilme dental e dinâmica do processo de desmineralização em esmalte. Os óleos foram extraídos sem adição de solventes, caracterizados e misturados a uma solução de 20% de sacarose, para serem testados por meio de um modelo de estudo in situ. Oito voluntários utilizaram dispositivos palatinos contendo 4 blocos de esmalte dental, durante 3 fases de 14 dias cada (n=96). As soluções controle (sacarose 20%) e as soluções com óleos testadas, foram aplicadas sobre os blocos de esmalte 8 vezes ao dia...

Production of biofilm by Listeria monocytogenes in different materials and temperatures

Bonsaglia, E. C R; Silva, N. C C; Fernades Júnior, A.; Araújo Júnior, J. P.; Tsunemi, M. H.; Rall, V. L M
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 386-391
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Listeria monocytogenes, considered as one of the most important foodborne pathogens, is easily found on surfaces, particularly in the form of a biofilm. Biofilms are aggregates of cells that facilitate the persistence of these pathogens in food processing environments conferring resistance to the processes of cleaning and may cause contamination of food during processing, thus, representing a danger to public health. Little is known about the dynamics of the formation and regulation of biofilm production in L.monocytogenes, but several authors reported that the luxS gene may be a precursor in this process. In addition, the product of the inlA gene is responsible for facilitating the entry of the microorganism into epithelial cells that express the receptor E-cadherin, also participates in surface attachment. Thus, 32 strains of L.monocytogenes isolated from different foods (milk and vegetables) and from food processing environments were analyzed for the presence of these genes and their ability to form biofilms on three different surfaces often used in the food industry and retail (polystyrene, glass and stainless steel) at different temperatures (4, 20 and 30°C). All strains had the ilnA gene and 25 out of 32 strains (78.1%) were positive for the presence of the luxS gene...

Chemical composition and activity of a biofilm during the start-up of an airlift reactor

Lopes, F. A.; Vieira, M. J.; Melo, L. F.
Fonte: IWA Publishing Publicador: IWA Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
For the successful operation of a biofilm reactor, it is important to characterise the fixed biomass, its activity and composition. The purpose of this research was to monitor the biofilm characteristics of an airlift reactor, namely its composition in terms of exopolymers (polysaccharides and proteins), attached biomass, thickness, total proteins, as well as its activity in terms of substrate consumption rates. During the early phases of biofilm development, a high exopolymer production was observed, which helped in promoting the initial cell adhesion. The high turbulence with strong abrasive conditions might also trigger the excretion of those polymers. Low levels of extracellular proteins were detected, showing that the proteins in the biofilm were mainly intracellular. The biofilm accumulation on the carrier was accompanied by an increased biological activity; however, at the end of the experiment, the specific substrate consumption rate decreased, probably because of a reduction of the cell density within the biofilm.; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) – PRAXIS XXI/BM/6699/95.

Chemical composition and activity of a biofilm during the start-up of an airlift reactor

Lopes, F. A.; Vieira, M. J.; Melo, L. F.
Fonte: IAWQ Publicador: IAWQ
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //1999 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
For the successful operation of a biofilm reactor, it is important to characterise the fixed biomass, its activity and composition. The purpose of this research is to monitor the biofilm characteristics of an airlift reactor, namely its composition in terms of exopolymers (polysaccharides and proteins), attached biomass, thickness, total proteins, as well as its activity in terms of substrate consumption rates. During the early phases of biofilm development, a high exopolymer production was observed, which helped in promoting the initial cell adhesion. The high turbulence with strong abrasion conditions might also trigger the excretion of those polymers. Low levels of extracellular proteins were detected, showing that the total proteins in the biofilm were mainly intracellular. The biofilm accumulation on the carrier was accompanied by an increase in biological activity; however, at the end of the experiment, the substrate consumption rates (surface reaction rate and specific removal rates) decreased, probably due to a reduction in the cellular density within the biofilm.; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) – PRAXIS XXI/BM/6699/95.

Evaluation of leguminous lectins activities against bacterial biofilm formation

Carneiro, Victor Alves; Cavalcante, Theodora Thays Arruda; Teixeira, Edson Holanda; Cavada, Benildo Sousa; Oliveira, Rosário; Henriques, Mariana; Pereira, Maria Olívia
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Biofilms are composed by microbial cells that are irreversibly associated with a surface and enclosed in a matrix of polymeric material. Lectins are sugar binding proteins of non immune origin that agglutinate cells and ⁄ or precipitate glycoconjugate molecules. Due to their capacity to bind and recognize specific carbohydrates, lectins can be a potent tool in biofilm studies. The search for potential phytochemicals as anti-biofilm agents has become an active area of research, and these proteins can bind to the bacteria or prevent the interaction with the surface and consequently decrease biofilm formation. Thus, the present work aims to evaluate in vitro the antibacterial activity of plant lectinsfrom Canavalia genus against a panel of bacteria of medical relevance, and to inspect their capacity to interfere on the initial adhesion events and biofilm formation. The assays were carried out using different concentrations of leguminous lectins, isolated from Canavalia ensiformis (ConA), C. maritima (ConM) and C. boliviana (ConBol). The effect of lectins was tested on Klebsiella oxytoca ATCC13182, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC10145, Staphylococcus epidermidis CECT231 and Staphylococcus aureus. The bacterial planktonic growth in the presence of the lectins was determined trough absorbance measurement at 640 nm. Adhesion and biofilm assays were performed in polystyrene plates...

Genetic risk markers for strong biofilm-formation in clinical methicillin-resitant Staphylococcus aureus and its the association with the clonal profile

Bastião, D.; Campos, P.; Camilo, N.; Naves, K.; Silva, H. A.; Martins, M; Pereira, Maria Olívia; Henriques, Mariana; Gontijo Filho, P.; Botelho, C. M.; Oliveira, Rosário; Ribas, Rosineide M.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the major human pathogens worldwide and its epidemiology has been the focus of numerous single and multicenter surveillance studies over the past years. In this study, a phenotypic and genotypic approach were used to determine the factors that influence adherence and biofilm production of the most common MRSA SCCmec types, and its relationship with antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes and the genetic background of S. aureus isolates. The strains used in this study were randomly selected from a collection of clinical MRSA strains recovered from patients hospitalized in the Teaching Hospital of the Federal University of Uberlandia, isolated from infections at various anatomical sites and evaluated for SCCmec type. Fifteen strains carrying different chromosomal cassettes were selected, five SCCmec II, five SCCmec III and five SCCmec IV, recovered predominantly from blood (67%), surgical site infections (27%) and pneumonia (6.0%). The SCCmec type and the presence of the virulence genes (icaA, icaD, fnbB, agr, IS256, bap) were assessed by PCR. The genetic relationship between the isolates and a possible association with the ability to form biofilm were investigated by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The initial adhesion and biofilm formation were examined by quantitative assays. To evaluate the correlation between the hydrophobicity and the ability of MRSA cell to adhere to an unmodified polystyrene surface...

Optimization of in vitro model for growth of Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm

Machado, Daniela Marlene da Silva; Oliveira, A. Palmeira de; Cerca, Nuno
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /06/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal disorder in women of reproductive age. Despite its high prevalence, BV aetiology remains elusive. Recently, it was described that BV occurrence involves the presence of an adherent biofilm on vaginal epithelium, being Gardnerella vaginalis the predominant bacterial species. Furthermore, this bacterial biofilm persists on the vaginal epithelium after therapy with metronidazole, suggesting that G. vaginalis biofilm plays a key role in treatment failure and recurrence of BV. Despite the relevance of G. vaginalis biofilms in the BV pathogenesis, there has not been detailed information addressing the environmental conditions influence in G. vaginalis biofilm formation. In this sense, we designed a series of in vitro assays in order to evaluate the influence of some common culture conditions on biofilm formation of this bacterial species. Thus, we used four G. vaginalis strains isolated from women with BV and compared their biofilm-forming ability using distinct culture conditions, namely inoculum concentration, incubation period, feeding conditions and culture medium composition. Our results showed that growth conditions strongly influenced G. vaginalis biofilm formation and that biofilm formation was enhanced when starting the culture with a higher inoculum...

Wild Mushroom Extracts as Inhibitors of Bacterial Biofilm Formation

Alves, Maria José; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Lourenço, Inês; Costa, Eduardo; Martins, Anabela; Pintado, M. E.
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Microorganisms can colonize a wide variety of medical devices, putting patients in risk for local and systemic infectious complications, including local-site infections, catheter-related bloodstream infections, and endocarditis. These microorganisms are able to grow adhered to almost every surface, forming architecturally complex communities termed biofilms. The use of natural products has been extremely successful in the discovery of new medicine, and mushrooms could be a source of natural antimicrobials. The present study reports the capacity of wild mushroom extracts to inhibit in vitro biofilm formation by multi-resistant bacteria. Four Gram-negative bacteria biofilm producers (Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii) isolated from urine were used to verify the activity of Russula delica, Fistulina hepatica, Mycena rosea, Leucopaxilus giganteus, and Lepista nuda extracts. The results obtained showed that all tested mushroom extracts presented some extent of inhibition of biofilm production.Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the microorganism with the highest capacity of biofilm production, being also the most susceptible to the extracts inhibition capacity (equal or higher than 50%). Among the five tested extracts against E. coli...

Proteome of biofilm produced by a S. pseudintermedius strain; Proteoma da matriz do biofilme de uma estirpe de S. Pseudintermedius

Magalhães, Ilídio Miguel Teixeira
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium responsible for most skin and post-surgical infections in dogs. The number of bacterial strains resistant to β-lactam antibiotics is increasing and are the major challenges now faced by veterinary medicine. Bacteria that produce biofilm are more resistant to treatment and thus, the production of this structure is already considered a virulence factor. In a biofilm, bacteria are embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) some of which are proteins. With the objective to know more of this array element, the characterization of the biofilm matrix proteome (BMP) from a highly virulent S. pseudintermedius strain isolated from a dog with severe pyoderma was performed. Biofilm was developed by culturing the S. pseudintermedius strain 5819/10 in specific media. The biofilm matrix was then be separated from bacterial cells and evaluated for their protein content and complexity. Finally, the proteome was separated by 1D electrophoresis and characterized by nanoLC-ESI-Q-TOF and analysed using bioinformatics tools. The BMP of strain S. pseudintermedius 5819/10 consisted in a diverse group of proteins, where 63% of the proteins could be related to either the extracellular region or the plasma membrane...

Effect of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin, amikacin and colistin on biofilm formation and virulence factors of Escherichia coli planktonic and biofilm forms isolated from human urine

Wojnicz,Dorota; Tichaczek-Goska,Dorota
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of subinhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of ciprofloxacin, amikacin and colistin on biofilm formation, motility, curli fimbriae formation by planktonic and biofilm cells of E. coli strains isolated from the urine of patients with various urinary system infections. Quantification of biofilm formation was carried out using a microtiter plate assay and a spectrophotometric method. Bacterial enumeration was used to assess the viability of bacteria in the biofilm. Curli expression was determined by using YESCA agar supplemented with congo red. Using motility agar the ability to move was examined. All the antibiotics used at sub-MICs reduced biofilm formation in vitro, decreased the survival of bacteria, but had no effect on the motility of planktonic as well as biofilm cells. The inhibitory effect of sub-MICs of antimicrobial agents on curli fimbriae formation was dependent on the form in which the bacteria occurred, incubation time and antibiotic used. Our results clearly show that all the three antibiotics tested reduce biofilm production, interfere with curli expression but do not influence motility. This study suggests that ciprofloxacin, amikacin and colistin may be useful in the treatment of biofilm-associated infections caused by E. coli strains.

Candida species biofilm and Candida albicans ALS3 polymorphisms in clinical isolates

Bruder-Nascimento,Ariane; Camargo,Carlos Henrique; Mondelli,Alessandro Lia; Sugizaki,Maria Fátima; Sadatsune,Terue; Bagagli,Eduardo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Over the last decades, there have been important changes in the epidemiology of Candida infections. In recent years, Candida species have emerged as important causes of invasive infections mainly among immunocompromised patients. This study analyzed Candida spp. isolates and compared the frequency and biofilm production of different species among the different sources of isolation: blood, urine, vulvovaginal secretions and peritoneal dialysis fluid. Biofilm production was quantified in 327 Candida isolates obtained from patients attended at a Brazilian tertiary public hospital (Botucatu, Sao Paulo). C. albicans ALS3 gene polymorphism was also evaluated by determining the number of repeated motifs in the central domain. Of the 198 total biofilm-positive isolates, 72 and 126 were considered as low and high biofilm producers, respectively. Biofilm production by C. albicans was significantly lower than that by non-albicans isolates and was most frequently observed in C. tropicalis. Biofilm production was more frequent among bloodstream isolates than other clinical sources,in urine, the isolates displayed a peculiar distribution by presenting two distinct peaks, one containing biofilm-negative isolates and the other containing isolates with intense biofilm production. The numbers of tandem-repeat copies per allele were not associated with biofilm production...

Contribution of biofilm to water quality, survival and growth of juveniles of the freshwater crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (Decapoda, Parastacidae)

Viau, Ver??nica; Ostera, Juan; Tolivia, Anal??a; Ballester, Eduardo Luis Cupertino; Abreu, Paulo Cesar Oliveira Vergne de; Rodr??guez, Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The effect of biofilm as an alternative food source and/or a complement for improving culture was assayed for early and advanced juveniles of Cherax quadricarinatus. For both kinds of juveniles, higher values of survival were seen in the experimental groups provided with either biofilm (B) or a combination of both formulated food and biofilm (B+F), compared to the group only receiving formulated food (F). Such higher survival was associated to a better water quality maintained by biofilm, in terms of low levels of both ammonium and nitrite, together with high levels of pH and dissolved oxygen. As for growing, specific growth rate was higher in the groups fed with formulated food, but only for early juveniles. Considering the crayfish biomass at the end of the experiment (i.e., an integrative index of both survival and growth), the best results were seen in the B+F group, for both kind of juveniles. The main micro-organisms present in biofilm were chlorophytas, xantophytas, pennate diatoms, cyanobacteria, flagellates, ciliates, rotifers and nematodes. Most of these items were found in the stomach of crayfishes fed on biofilm. The hepatopancreatic levels of total lipids were higher in animals of both B+F and F groups, compared to those of B group...

Efeito de cobertura antiaderente no ac??mulo de biofilme em dispositivos ortod??nticos; Effect of accumulation of coverage nonstick biofilm on orthodontic brackets

OLIVEIRA, Adau?? Siegert de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The use of orthodontic devices has been associated with an increase in dental biofilm retention. In this study, the effect of hydrophobic coatings, based on (fluorinated or not) organo-silanes, on the reduction of the contact angle and early biofilm retention in orthodontic devices was tested. Two different types of hydrophobic were tested: hydrophobic solution 1 (SH1), obtained by dilution of 2.5% of hexadecyl-triethoxy-silane in ethanol, and hydrophobic solution 2 (SH2), composed of 2.5% of perfluorodecyl-triethoxy-silane diluted in dimethyl sulfoxide. The solutions were applied in ceramic and stainless steel substrates and, via sol-gel process and crosslinking, siloxane networks were formed on the surface of the devices. The effect of the coatings was evaluated in two stages. In the first stage, aiming the characterization of the surface, the water contact angle was analyzed. Stainless steel and polycrystalline alumina plates were prepared, previously applying or not alumina sandblasting as surface treatment. A significant increase in contact angle was observed with the application of both hydrophobic solutions in both substrates, with the sandblasting allowing formation of super-hydrophobic surface in the ceramic substrate (contact angle up to 155o)...

Sélection de mutations affectant la formation de biofilm chez Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Grasteau, Alexandra
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) est l’agent étiologique de la pleuropneumonie porcine, une infection pulmonaire contagieuse chez les porcs. Parmi les nombreux mécanismes de virulence retrouvés chez les bactéries, la formation de biofilms joue souvent un rôle important dans la pathogenèse. Il a été récemment démontré qu’App avait la capacité de former des biofilms in vitro. Dans notre laboratoire, la formation de biofilms par App a été évaluée en microplaques dans différents milieux de culture. Nous avons démontré que la souche de référence de sérotype 1 est capable de former des biofilms. Le but de ce travail est d’identifier des gènes impliqués dans la biosynthèse et dans la régulation de l’expression des biofilms chez App. L’objectif de cette étude était de générer une banque de mutants d’App 4074NalR à l’aide du transposon mini-Tn10. Cette banque de 1200 mutants a été criblée à l’aide du modèle in vitro de formation de biofilms en microplaques et en tubes : 24 mutants démontrant une formation de biofilms modifiée par rapport à la souche mère App 4074NalR ont été sélectionnés et identifiés, nous permettant ainsi de localiser le site d’insertion du transposon. Une analyse a permis d’identifier de nouveaux gènes impliqués dans la biosynthèse et dans la régulation de l’expression des biofilms chez App. Notre criblage a permis d’identifier 16 gènes connus impliqués dans la formation de biofilms chez App (hns) ou chez d’autres pathogènes (potD2...

Wild mushroom extracts as inhibitors of bacterial biofilm formation

Alves, Maria José; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Lourenço, Inês; Costa, Eduardo; Martins, Anabela; Pintado, Manuela
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Microorganisms can colonize a wide variety of medical devices, putting patients in risk for local and systemic infectious complications, including local-site infections, catheter-related bloodstream infections, and endocarditis. These microorganisms are able to grow adhered to almost every surface, forming architecturally complex communities termed biofilms. The use of natural products has been extremely successful in the discovery of new medicine, and mushrooms could be a source of natural antimicrobials. The present study reports the capacity of wild mushroom extracts to inhibit in vitro biofilm formation by multi-resistant bacteria. Four Gram-negative bacteria biofilm producers (Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii) isolated from urine were used to verify the activity of Russula delica, Fistulina hepatica, Mycena rosea, Leucopaxilus giganteus, and Lepista nuda extracts. The results obtained showed that all tested mushroom extracts presented some extent of inhibition of biofilm production. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the microorganism with the highest capacity of biofilm production, being also the most susceptible to the extracts inhibition capacity (equal or higher than 50%). Among the five tested extracts against E. coli...

Rifampicin fails to eradicate mature biofilm formed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Reiter,Keli Cristine; Sambrano,Gustavo Enck; Villa,Bárbara; Paim,Thiago Galvão da Silva; Oliveira,Caio Fernando de; d'Azevedo,Pedro Alves
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial activity on biofilms depends on their molecular size, positive charges, permeability coefficient, and bactericidal activity. Vancomycin is the primary choice for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection treatment; rifampicin has interesting antibiofilm properties, but its effectivity remains poorly defined. METHODS: Rifampicin activity alone and in combination with vancomycin against biofilm-forming MRSA was investigated, using a twofold serial broth microtiter method, biofilm challenge, and bacterial count recovery. RESULTS: Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration for vancomycin and rifampicin ranged from 0.5 to 1mg/l and 0.008 to 4mg/l, and from 1 to 4mg/l and 0.06 to 32mg/l, respectively. Mature biofilms were submitted to rifampicin and vancomycin exposure, and minimum biofilm eradication concentration ranged from 64 to 32,000 folds and from 32 to 512 folds higher than those for planktonic cells, respectively. Vancomycin (15mg/l) in combination with rifampicin at 6 dilutions higher each isolate MIC did not reach in vitro biofilm eradication but showed biofilm inhibitory capacity (1.43 and 0.56log10 CFU/ml reduction for weak and strong biofilm producers...

Identification and characterization of biofilm formation-defective mutants of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

Malamud, Florencia; Homem, Rafael Augusto; Conforte, Valeria Paola; Yaryura, Pablo Marcelo; Castagnaro, Atilio Pedro; Marano, Maria Rosa; Do Amaral, Alexandre Morais; Vojnov, Adrian Alberto
Fonte: Society for General Microbiology Publicador: Society for General Microbiology
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Xanthomonas citri spp. citri (Xcc)develops a biofilm structure both in vitro and in vivo. Despite all the progress achieved by studies regarding biofilm formation, many of its mechanisms remain poorly understood. This work focuses on the identification of new genes involved in biofilm formation and how they are related to motility, virulence and chemotaxis in Xcc. A Tn5 library of approximately 6,000 Xcc (strain 306) mutants was generated and screened to search for biofilm formation defective strains. We identified 23 genes whose association with the biofilm formation resulted in a novelty. The analysis of the 23 mutants revealed not only the involvement of new genes in biofilm formation but also reinforced the importance of exopolysaccharide production, motility and cell surface structures in this process. This collection of biofilm defective mutants underscores the multifactorial genetic program underlying the establishment of biofilm in Xcc.; Fil: Malamud, Florencia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología;; Fil: Homem, Rafael Augusto. Ministerio da Agricultura Pecuaria e Abastecimento de Brasil. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria. Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnología; Brasil; Instituto Agronômico de Campinas. Centro Avançado de Pesquisa Tecnológica do Agronegócio de Citros Sylvio Moreira; Brasil;; Fil: Conforte...

Insights into Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri biofilm through proteomics

Zimaro, Tamara; Thomas; Ludivine; Marondedze, Claudius; Garavaglia, Betiana Soledad; Gehring, Chris; Ottado, Jorgelina; Gottig Schor, Natalia
Fonte: Biomed Central Ltd Publicador: Biomed Central Ltd
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Background: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (X. a. pv. citri) causes citrus canker that can result in defoliation and premature fruit drop with significant production losses worldwide. Biofilm formation is an important process in bacterial pathogens and several lines of evidence suggest that in X. a. pv. citri this process is a equirement to achieve maximal virulence since it has a major role in host interactions. In this study, proteomics was used to gain further insights into the functions of biofilms. Results: In order to identify differentially expressed proteins, a comparative proteomic study using 2D difference gel electrophoresis was carried out on X. a. pv. citri mature biofilm and planktonic cells. The biofilm proteome showed major variations in the composition of outer membrane proteins and receptor or transport proteins. Among them, several porins and TonB-dependent receptor were differentially regulated in the biofilm compared to the planktonic cells, indicating that these proteins may serve in maintaining specific membrane-associated functions including signaling and cellular homeostasis. In biofilms, UDP-glucose dehydrogenase with a major role in exopolysaccharide production and the non-fimbrial adhesin YapH involved in adherence were over-expressed...

A steady-state module for modeling anaerobic biofilm reactors

Mussati,M. C.; Fuentes,M.; Aguirre,P. A.; Scenna,N. J.
Fonte: Latin American applied research Publicador: Latin American applied research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
A steady state model of an anaerobic methanogenic biofilm reactor-module that accounts for the biological interactions of four microbial groups, ionic equilibrium in solution, gas-liquid transfer phenomena and biofilm processes is presented. The model consists of a continuous stirred tank reactor type that allocates an inert support material, whose specific surface is taken into account. The biofilm model assumes an homogeneous biofilm of uniform thickness and constant density with no mass transfer resistance. The biofilm detachment process rate is modeled as a second-order function on the biofilm thickness and a first-order function on the mass fraction of the fixed biomass concentration of each microbial group. The balance equations for non-active biomass in liquid and biofilm are included. The model predictions have been satisfactorily compared with steady state experimental data reported in literature from a one-phase methanogenic biofilm system treating an acetic acid-based synthetic effluent, and a two-phase system with combined suspended (acidogenic) and attached (methanogenic) microbial growth treating a food industry wastewater composed by two residual process streams.