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State-civil society partnership: issues for debate and new researches

Vasconcellos,Mário; Vasconcellos,Ana Maria de A.
Fonte: Escola de Administração da Universidade Federal da Bahia Publicador: Escola de Administração da Universidade Federal da Bahia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
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35.81%
In this paper we look at the literature related to partnership between state and civil society, especially partnership between public and non-for-profit organisations. We discuss the differing perspectives of partnership and attempt to identify some of the main theoretical concerns about partnership between state and civil society in the governance context. In this paper, we argue that the historical background of partnership has not been included among factors used in explaining the resort to partnership in governance. In spite of existing analyses showing that partnership brings social benefits in their own right, we try to show that there is no evidence that this ‘social technology’ contributes effectively to bringing power to powerless people and social groups. Most of the literature shows that partnership tries to make relationship between local people and local governance stronger and improve the possibilities for powerless people and social groups to participate in local governance. However, we do not find clear evidence in the literature that partnership allows for a shift in political power. Finally, we show that it is unclear whether the interaction between ordinary people and the state through a participatory process has successfully helped to build social cohesiveness for different social groups. The main contribution of this paper is to expand the understanding of the factors that influence the process of partnership between state and civil society (positively and negatively) for local development.

Keratin gene expression profiles after digit amputation in C57BL/6 vs. regenerative MRL mice imply an early regenerative keratinocyte activated-like state

Cheng, Chia-Ho; Leferovich, John; Zhang, Xiang-Ming; Bedelbaeva, Khamilia; Gourevitch, Dmitri; Hatcher, Cathy J.; Basson, Craig T.; Heber-Katz, Ellen; Marx, Kenneth A.
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Mouse strains C57BL/6 (B6) and MRL were studied by whole mouse genome chip microarray analyses of RNA isolated from amputation sites at different times pre- and postamputation at the midsecond phalange of the middle digit. Many keratin genes were highly differentially expressed. All keratin genes were placed into three temporal response classes determined by injury/preinjury ratios. One class, containing only Krt6 and Krt16, were uniquely expressed relative to the other two classes and exhibited different temporal responses in MRL vs. B6. Immunohistochemical staining for Krt6 and Krt16 in tissue sections, including normal digit, flank skin, and small intestine, and from normal and injured ear pinna tissue exhibited staining differences in B6 (low) and MRL (high) that were consistent with the microarray results. Krt10 staining showed no injury-induced differences, consistent with microarray expression. We analyzed Krt6 and Krt16 gene association networks and observed in uninjured tissue several genes with higher expression levels in MRL, but not B6, that were associated with the keratinocyte activated state: Krt6, Krt16, S100a8, S100a9, and Il1b; these data suggest that keratinocytes in the MRL strain, but not in B6, are in an activated state prior to wounding. These expression levels decreased in MRL at all times postwounding but rose in the B6...

State Perspectives on Health Care Reform: Oregon, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Rhode Island

Thome, Jean I.; Bianchi, Barbara; Bonnyman, Gordon; Greene, Clark; Leddy, Tricia
Fonte: CENTERS for MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES Publicador: CENTERS for MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1995 EN
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The general consensus among States which have had their section 1115 demonstration projects approved is that there is no one best way to implement State health care reform. The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), however, wished to discern how States were accomplishing the task of implementing the demonstrations, and solicited responses from State representatives whose section 1115 demonstration waivers had been approved. The resulting article gives an overview of this implementation process from four State perspectives. Written by representatives from Oregon, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Rhode Island, the ideas presented here are indicative of the complex undertaking of State health care reform.

Mass Privatization, State Capacity, and Economic Growth in Post-Communist Countries

Hamm, Patrick; King, Lawrence; Stuckler, David
Fonte: American Sociological Association Publicador: American Sociological Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Why did the transition from socialism to capitalism result in improved growth in some countries and significant economic decline in others? Scholars have advanced three main arguments: (1) successful countries rapidly implemented neoliberal policies; (2) failures were not due to policies but to poor institutional environments; and (3) policies were counterproductive because they damaged the state. We present a state-centered theory and empirically demonstrate for the first time one of several possible mechanisms linking neoliberal policies to poor economic performance: mass privatization programs, where implemented, created a massive fiscal shock for post-communist governments, thereby undermining the development of private-sector governance institutions and severely exacerbating the transformational recession. We performed cross-national panel regressions for a sample of 25 post-communist countries between 1990 and 2000 and found that mass privatization programs negatively affected economic growth, state capacity, and property rights protection. We further tested these findings with firm-level data from a representative survey of managers in 3,550 companies operating in 24 post-communist countries. Within countries that implemented mass-privatized programs...

Using System Dynamics to Model and Better Understand State Stability

Choucri, Nazli; Goldsmith, Daniel; Madnick, Stuart E.; Mistree, Dinsha; Morrison, J. Bradley; Siegel, Michael
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
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The world can be complex and dangerous - the loss of state stability of countries is of increasing concern. Although every case is unique, there are important common processes. We have developed a system dynamics model of state stability based on an extensive review of the literature and debriefings of subject matter experts. We represent the nature and dynamics of the ‘loads’ generated by insurgency activities, on the one hand, and the core features of state resilience and its ‘capacity’ to withstand these ‘loads’, on the other. The challenge is to determine when threats to stability override the resilience of the state and, more important, to anticipate conditions under which small additional changes in anti-regime activity can generate major disruptions. With these insights, we can identify appropriate and actionable mitigation factors to decrease the likelihood of radical shifts in behavior and enhance prospects for stability.

A complexidade do processo de democratização e de participação na elaboração do plano estadual de educação de Alagoas 2006- 2015; The complescity of the democratization process and the participation in the elaboration of Alagoas education state plan

Souza, Somaya de Albuquerque
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Educação brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Educação brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This work aims at analyzing the complexity of the democratization process and the participation of the Management Committee in the elaboration of the Education State Plan of Alagoas for the period of 2006 up to 2015. The work has as main objectives: to identify the context of the educational planning in Brazil and in the State of Alagoas, and to characterize the democratization process and the participation in the educational planning in the cited state during the XXI century. Besides the participating observation, some semi-structured interviews were carried out, and two categories were chosen to analyze the material: democracy and participation. The non-existence of popular participation practices of some thematic subcommittees has brought difficulties to the mobilization with several collective political subjects to discuss and elaborate proposals of the Education State Plan of Alagoas.; Este trabalho se propõe a analisar a complexidade do processo de democratização e de participação do Comitê Gestor na elaboração do Plano Estadual de Educação do Estado de Alagoas (PEE/AL) 2006-2015. Tem como objetivos principais: identificar o contexto do planejamento educacional no Brasil e no Estado de Alagoas, além de caracterizar o processo de democratização e de participação no planejamento educacional neste Estado no decorrer do século XXI. Além da observação participante...

Pesquisa de anticorpos anti-hantavírus na população do estado de Alagoas; Survey of antibodies to hantavirus in the population from state of Alagoas

Santos Júnior, José Alfredo dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Biologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Biologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae, includes rodent-borne viruses that are transmitted to humans by inhalation of rodent secretions and excreta, or through direct contact with an infected rodent. They are associated with hemorrhagic fever and renal syndrome (HFRS) and with Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). In Brazil, more than 1,500 HCPS cases have been recorded, since 1993. In this study, it was investigated the presence of hantavirus antibodies in the population of Alagoas. For this, it was carried out an active surveillance for acute cases of hantavirus infection in hospitals of Alagoas State and also it was analyzed sera samples sent by LACEN-AL, from patients suspected of having other diseases, such as dengue and leptospirosis. In addition, it was investigated the presence of memory antibodies IgG to hantavirus in rural workers from Coruripe-AL, by performing a pilot study of serological survey in Usina Coruripe. Sera samples were tested by an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) in house for detection of hantavirus antibodies, using a recombinant N protein of Araraquara hantavirus as antigen. Of the 64 samples analyzed by serology from patients who were classified as suspected of HCPS or HFRS, none was positive for IgM anti-hantavirus...

Discovering State Constraints for Planning: DISCOPLAN

Gerevini, Alfonso ; Schubert, Lenhart K.
Fonte: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department. Publicador: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department.
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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DISCOPLAN is an implemented set of efficient preplanning algorithms intended to enable faster domain-independent planning. It includes algorithms that use a hypothesize-and-test paradigm to discover and inductively verify state constraints (invariants) implicit in the structure of a given set of planning operators and initial state. Such state constraints have been shown to be very useful, for example, for speeding up SAT-based planning, regression planning, and heuristic decomposition of planning problems. DISCOPLAN handles operators with conditional effects, and efficiently discovers constraints of the following types: (1) type constraints; (2) predicate domain constraints; (3) simple implicative constraints involving up to two fluent literals and any number of static literals, where one of the fluent literals contains all of the variables occurring in the other literals; (4) single-valuedness (sv-) and n-valuedness constraints; (5) implicative and sv-constraints, relaxing the restrictions on variable subsumption and requiring simultaneous induction; (6) antisymmetry constraints; (7) XOR-constraints; and (8) some additional constraints obtainable by an iterative version of the hypothesize-and-test paradigm. The methods for (6) and (8) involve "expanding" operators so as to include preconditions and effects implied by constraints discovered earlier. We also provide provably correct (and provisionally implemented) methods for discovering additional types of constraints...

Os intelectuais no Estado Novo (1937-1945) : a trajetória de Paulo Figueiredo e as Revistas Cultura Política e Oeste; Intellectuals in the New State (1937-1945): the trajectory of Paulo Figueiredo and Culture Magazines Policy and West

SCHWAB, Mariana de Castro
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em História; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em História; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
Our overall aim in this dissertation is to develop an analysis based on some case studies on how was proceeded the formulation and dissemination of the ideology of a key moment of the history of Brazil: the New State (1937 - 1945). The historiographical development of this objective will be effected through an analysis of institutional practices from the center of power (National State) to the regional government of the State of Goiás, practices perceived through the journals Cultura Política (Rio de Janeiro) and Oeste (Goiânia ) and mediated with emphasis on a study of intellectual history focusing on institutional action of Paulo Augusto de Figueiredo. Through the path of Paulo de Figueiredo we historically realize how ideological connections between the federal capital and the center of the country have been organized in the process of consolidation of the New State; Nosso objetivo geral nesta dissertação é o de desenvolver uma análise com base em alguns estudos de caso sobre como era procedida a formulação e a divulgação ideológica de um dos momentos fundamentais da História do Brasil: o Estado Novo (1937 1945). O desenvolvimento historiográfico deste objetivo se efetivará por meio de uma análise das práticas institucionais do centro do poder (Estado Nacional) com o poder público regional do Estado de Goiás...

Biogeochemistry of Paleozoic brachiopods from New York State and Ontario

Bates, Nicholas R.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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A comprehensive elemental, isotopic and microstructural analyses was undertaken of brachiopod calcites from the Hamilton Group (Middle Devonian), Clinton Group (Middle Silurian) and Middle to Upper Ordovician strata of Ontario and New York State. The majority of specimens were microstructurally and chemically preserved in a pristine state, although a number of specimens show some degree of post-depositional alteration. Brachiopod calcites from the Hamilton and Clinton Groups were altered by marine derived waters whereas Trenton Group (Middle Ordovician) brachiopods altered in meteorically derived fluids. Analysis of the elemental and isotopic compositions of pristine Hamilton Group brachiopods indicates there are several chemical relationships inherent to brachiopod calcite. Taxonomic differentiation of Mg, Sr and Na contents was evident in three co-occuring species from the Hamilton Group. Mean Mg contents of pristine brachiopods were respectively Athyris spiriferoides (1309ppm), Mucrospirifer mucronatus (1035ppm) and Mediospirifer audacula (789ppm). Similarly, taxonomic differentiation of shell calcite compositions was observed in co-occuring brachiopods from the Clinton Group (Middle Silurian) and the Trenton Group (Middle Ordovician). The taxonomic control of elemental regulation into shell calcite is probably related to the slightly different physiological systems and secretory mechanisms. A relationship was observed in Hamilton Group species between the depth of respective brachiopod communities and their Mg...

Corporate Governance and Bank Performance : A Joint Analysis of the Static, Selection, and Dynamic Effects of Domestic, Foreign, and State Ownership

Berger, Allen N.; Clarke, George R. G.; Cull, Robert; Klapper, Leora; Udell, Gregory F.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The authors jointly analyze the static, selection, and dynamic effects of domestic, foreign, and state ownership on bank performance. They argue that it is important to include indicators of all the relevant governance effects in the same model. "Nonrobustness" checks (which purposely exclude some indicators) support this argument. Using data from Argentina in the 1990s, their strongest and most robust results concern state ownership. State-owned banks have poor long-term performance (static effect), those undergoing privatization had particularly poor performance beforehand (selection effect), and these banks dramatically improved following privatization (dynamic effect. However, much of the measured improvement is likely due to placing nonperforming loans into residual entities, leaving "good" privatized banks.

Bringing the State Back into the favelas of Rio de Janeiro : Understanding Changes in Community Life after the UPP Pacification Process

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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For many years, Rio de Janeiro has held the dubious distinction of being one of the world s most beautiful cities, and at the same time, one of the most dangerous. This report is the story of Rio s attempt to break with history and establish a new kind of state presence in its favelas. This report documents how life in the favelas is changing as a result of the Police Pacification Unit (UPP) pacification effort, as seen through the eyes of favela residents themselves. This study used a qualitative, case-study approach and consisted of observations, focus groups, and key informant interviews in four favelas. The study fits into the broader territorial approach to urban and social development that the World Bank has been supporting in both the state and city of Rio de Janeiro, and for which the historical alliance between federal, state and municipal governments in Rio has been crucial. These projects have focused on strengthening planning and management of urban growth in the metropolitan region, promoting the provision of affordable housing with access to infrastructure and service...

State-Society Synergy for Accountability : Lessons for the World Bank

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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The paper first surveys the literature on accountability and establishes a categorization of the different ways by which civil society can interact with the state in order to improve accountability. It then explores in detail seven case studies of successful experiences of state-society synergy for accountability. The studies draw from a wide range of different contexts (Brazil, India, Mexico, the United States) and from a variety of different areas of government activity (corruption control, environmental regulation, poverty reduction, election monitoring, infrastructure provision, school reform, police reform). The paper concludes with a series of conceptual and practical lessons for World Bank staff on how best to initiate, design, and implement successful pro-accountability mechanisms grounded in state-society synergy. Some of the most important lessons include the need to fully institutionalize participative mechanisms, to involve societal actors from the very beginning of the design stage of the process...

Brazil - Poverty Reduction, Growth, and Fiscal Stability in the State of Ceara : A State Economic Memorandum, Volume 2. Annexes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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Although the State of Ceara, in Brazil, is a model of good economic, and fiscal performance given its poverty status, recent analysis show poverty remains severe, in spite of significant reductions over the last decade. The combination of good governance, and sound fiscal management, industrial promotion, and public investments have been successful, but the report questions whether different policies, could have led to higher growth, and poverty reduction, or, whether it is simply a matter of time to further reduce poverty rates. Arguably, Ceara can continue to develop economically, based on favorable assets, such as agriculture, or tourism, on a large labor force with wages comparatively low by Brazilian standards, and on fiscal responsibility. But development is constrained by low productivity, low education levels, and by large populations living in stagnant regions, where water accessibility is limited. While alternatives either suggest to: strengthen the existing policy on industry development; focus on massive public investments...

The Modern State and the Re-Creation of the Indigenous Other: The Case of the Authentic Sámi in Sweden and the White Man’s Indian in the United States of America.

Zini, Luca
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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The present study comparatively examined the socio-political and economic transformation of the indigenous Sámi in Sweden and the Indian American in the United States of America occurring first as a consequence of colonization and later as a product of interaction with the modern territorial and industrial state, from approximately 1500 to 1900. The first colonial encounters of the Europeans with these autochthonous populations ultimately created an imagery of the exotic Other and of the noble savage. Despite these disparaging representations, the cross-cultural settings in which these interactions took place also produced the hybrid communities and syncretic life that allowed levels of cultural accommodation, autonomous space, and indigenous agency to emerge. By the nineteenth century, however, the modern territorial and industrial state rearranges the dynamics and reaches of power across a redefined territorial sovereign space, consequently, remapping belongingness and identity. In this context, the status of indigenous peoples, as in the case of Sámi and of Indian Americans, began to change at par with industrialization and with modernity. At this point in time, indigenous populations became a hindrance to be dealt with the legal re-codification of Indigenousness into a vacuumed limbo of disenfranchisement. It is...

University record; University record (Gainesville, Fla.)

University of the State of Florida; University of Florida
Fonte: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla ) Publicador: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //May 1906 ENGLISH
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(Dates or Sequential Designation) Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 1906)-; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issue for Vol. 2, no. 1 (Feb. 1907) is misnumbered as Vol. 1, no. 1.; Title from cover.; Imprint varies: Gainesville, Fla. : University of the State of Florida, ; Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida.; Issues also have individual titles.

University record; University record (Gainesville, Fla.)

University of the State of Florida; University of Florida
Fonte: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla ) Publicador: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //May 1909 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 1906)-; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issue for Vol. 2, no. 1 (Feb. 1907) is misnumbered as Vol. 1, no. 1.; Title from cover.; Imprint varies: Gainesville, Fla. : University of the State of Florida, ; Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida.; Issues also have individual titles.

University Record; University record (Gainesville, Fla.)

University of the State of Florida; University of Florida
Fonte: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla ) Publicador: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1905 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 1906)-; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issue for Vol. 2, no. 1 (Feb. 1907) is misnumbered as Vol. 1, no. 1.; Title from cover.; Imprint varies: Gainesville, Fla. : University of the State of Florida, ; Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida.; Issues also have individual titles.

University record; University record (Gainesville, Fla.)

University of the State of Florida; University of Florida
Fonte: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city, Fla ) Publicador: University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida; University of the State of Florida,; University of the State of Florida ( Lake city, Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1906 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 1906)-; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issue for Vol. 2, no. 1 (Feb. 1907) is misnumbered as Vol. 1, no. 1.; Title from cover.; Imprint varies: Gainesville, Fla. : University of the State of Florida, ; Gainesville, Fla. : University of Florida.; Issues also have individual titles.

Annual report ; Annual report of the Florida State Geological Survey

Florida Geological Survey
Fonte: Capital Pub. Co., State printer,; Capital Pub. Co., State printer; Capital Pub. Co., State printer,; Capital Pub. Co., State printer ( Tallahassee Fla ) Publicador: Capital Pub. Co., State printer,; Capital Pub. Co., State printer; Capital Pub. Co., State printer,; Capital Pub. Co., State printer ( Tallahassee Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ill. (some folded), maps (some folded, some in pockets) ; 23 cm.
Publicado em /1921/1920 ENGLISH
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(Internal Comments) Florida Geological Survey. Annual Report 1 (1907-1908); (Additional Physical Form) Also issued online.; (Statement of Responsibility) Florida State Geological Survey.; (Dates or Sequential Designation) 1st (1907/08)-24th (1930-1932).; (Numbering Peculiarities) Some parts of the reports also issued separately.; (Numbering Peculiarities) Report year ends June 30.; (Numbering Peculiarities) Tenth to Eleventh, Twenty-first to Twenty-second, and Twenty-third to Twenty-fourth annual reports, 1916/18, 1928/30-1930/32 are issued in combined numbers.