Página 19 dos resultados de 42017 itens digitais encontrados em 0.029 segundos

Foreign Wage Premium, Gender and Education : Insights from Vietnam Household Surveys

Fukase, Emiko
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This paper investigates the differential impacts of foreign ownership on wages for different types of workers (in terms of educational background and gender) in Vietnam using the Vietnam Household Living Standards Surveys of 2002 and 2004. Whereas most previous studies have compared wage levels between foreign and domestic sectors using firm-level data (thus excluding the informal sector), one advantage of using the Living Standards Surveys in this paper is that the data allow wage comparison analyses to extend to the informal wage sector. A series of Mincerian earnings equations and worker-specific fixed effects models are estimated. Several findings emerge. First, foreign firms pay higher wages relative to their domestic counterparts after controlling for workers personal characteristics. Second, the higher the individual workers' levels of education, the larger on average are the wage premiums for those who work for foreign firms. Third, longer hours of work in foreign firm jobs relative to working in the informal wage sector are an important component of the wage premium. Finally...

The Structure of Social Disparities in Education : Gender and Wealth

Filmer, Deon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Using internationally comparable household data sets (Demographic and Health Surveys), the author investigates how gender and wealth interact to generate within country inequalities in educational enrollment and attainment. He carries out multivariate analysis to assess the partial relationship between educational outcomes and gender, wealth, household characteristics (including level of education of adults, in the households), and community characteristics (including the presence of schools in the community). He finds that: 1) women are at a great educational disadvantage in countries in South Asia and North, Western, and Central Africa. 2) Gender gaps are large in a subset of countries, but wealth gaps are large in almost all of the countries studied. Moreover, in some countries where there is a heavy female disadvantage in enrollment (Egypt, India, Morocco, Niger, and Pakistan), wealth interacts with gender to exacerbate the gap in the educational outcomes. In India, for example, where there is a 2.5 percentage point difference between male and female enrollment for children from the richest households...

Bangladesh : Attaining the Millennium Development Goals in Bangladesh, How Likely and What Will it Take to Reduce Poverty, Child Mortality and Malnutrition, Gender Disparities, and to Increase School Enrollment and Completion?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This report focuses on the attainment of five major human development-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Bangladesh - consumption poverty, infant and under-five mortality, child malnutrition, schooling enrollment and completion, gender disparities in schooling. The report stipulates that of these MDGs, Bangladesh has already attained (or nearly attained) the goal relating to elimination of gender disparity in schooling opportunities. Bangladesh is the only country in South Asia (other than Sri Lanka) to have achieved parity in male and female enrollments, not just at the primary level, but also at the secondary level. The analysis in this report suggests that attainment of two other MDGs - in particular, the reduction of consumption-poverty and under-five mortality - is also feasible with a combination of interventions, including sector-specific interventions (such as expanding immunization coverage and reducing pupil-teacher ratios), economic growth, improved coverage of infrastructure, and social safety-net programs (such as the District Education Stipends Program, and the Vulnerable Group Development programs). However, it will be challenging for Bangladesh to attain the child malnutrition-related MDG, as well as the education MDGs relating to universal net primary enrollment...

Gender and Growth : Africa's Missed Potential; Genre et developpement : un potentiel occulte en Afrique

Gelb, Alan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
In the study "Can Africa claim the 21st century?" the author argues on the enormous unexploited potential the region has in its people, "a hidden growth reserve" as he refers to them, and, most importantly in its women, who now provide more than half the region's labor, but who lack equal access to education, concluding that gender equality can be a potential force for accelerated poverty reduction in Africa. The note looks at women and men in African economies, identifying that women work far longer hours than men, being prominent in agriculture, which leads to estimate that women contribute about two thirds of the total rural transport effort. Case studies show how gender inequality limits growth, and the note further compares this reality to the potential productivity, given a gender-inclusive growth, suggesting key tasks should focus on systematic sex-disaggregation of data, to include economic production data and integration of gender modules in statistical surveys, so as to be reflected in national accounts.

Gender and Governance in Rural Services : Insights from India, Ghana, and Ethiopia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
As the first output from the gender and governance in rural services project, this report presents descriptive findings and qualitative analysis of accountability mechanisms in agricultural extension and rural water supply in India, Ghana, and Ethiopia, paying specific attention to gender responsiveness. The gender and governance in rural services project seeks to generate policy-relevant knowledge on strategies to improve agricultural and rural service delivery, with a focus on providing more equitable access to these services, especially for women. The project focuses on agricultural extension, as an example of an agricultural service, and drinking water, as an example of rural service that is not directly related to agriculture but is of high relevance for rural women. A main goal of this project was to generate empirical micro level evidence about the ways various accountability mechanisms for agricultural and rural service provision work in practice and to identify factors that influence the suitability of different governance reform strategies that aim to make service provision more gender responsive. Three out of four poor people in the developing world live in rural areas...

Gender and Public Goods Provision in Tamil Nadu's Village Governments

Gajwani, Kiran; Zhang, Xiaobo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Using data from 144 village-level governments in India's Tamil Nadu state, this paper investigates political reservations for women and whether the gender of village government leaders influences the provision of village public goods. A knowledge test of village government presidents and a survey about the interaction between village presidents and higher-level officials reveal that female village government presidents have much lower knowledge of the village government system than do their male counterparts and have significantly less contact with higher-level government officials. Although male and female presidents provide similar amounts of some public goods, there is strong evidence that village governments led by a woman built fewer schools and roads two public goods that require relatively more contact and coordination with higher-level officials.

"Gender trouble" westernien : les représentations genrées dans les westerns de l'âge d'or étasunien (1948-1962)

Lemieux Lefebvre, Catherine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Les westerns de l’âge d’or étasunien (1948-1962) mettent en scène un "gender trouble" en créant des personnages de femmes et d’hommes qui empruntent les uns et les autres aux caractéristiques genrées associées par la société nord-américaine et occidentale en général aux genres binaires du féminin et du masculin. Ce trouble genré se développe entre autres par la volonté de trois hommes de recréer la cellule familiale nucléaire conventionnelle dans "Red River" (1948) de Howard Hawks, par le rapport de peur et d’oppression du groupe social sur les individus dans "High Noon" (1952) de Fred Zinnemann et "Johnny Guitar" (1954) de Nicholas Ray, ainsi que par la rencontre opposant l’homme de l’Est et l’homme de l’Ouest dont les idéologies et les valeurs divergent dans "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance" (1962) de John Ford.; Golden Age American westerns movies (1948-1962) display "gender trouble" by creating male and female characters who borrow gendered characteristics from one another. In North American and Western societies en general, these characteristics are associated with binary feminine and masculine gender constructions. For instance, "gender trouble" develops in three men's attempt to recreate a conventional nuclear family cell in Howard Hawk's "Red River" (1948)...

Homens, saúde e políticas públicas: a equidade de gênero em questão; Men, health and public policies: gender equality in question

Falcão, Marcia Thereza Couto; Gomes, Romeu
Fonte: ABRASCO; RIO DE JANEIRO Publicador: ABRASCO; RIO DE JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
O artigo tem por objetivo estabelecer questões acerca do tema Homens, Saúde e Políticas Públicas para a viabilização do debate sobre o assunto, com base em referências teóricas e empíricas relacionadas a essas questões. Inicialmente, alguns marcos históricos de temática são apresentados para que melhor se situe o debate. Em seguida, apresenta-se panorama da agenda de gênero nas políticas públicas para se introduzir a discussão acerca da inserção dessa perspectiva no âmbito das políticas de saúde. Após essa discussão, aborda-se o questionamento sobre o fato de as políticas de saúde dos homens promoverem ou não a equidade de gênero. Nas considerações finais, aponta-se para a complexidade que envolve a elaboração, a implementação e a avaliação das políticas de saúde que visam à equidade de gênero, bem como se destaca a necessidade de a política brasileira voltada para a saúde dos homens articular-se com outras políticas para que a matriz de gênero seja transversal no campo da saúde.; The scope of this article is to pose questions on the theme of Men, Health and Public Policies to render debate on the subject viable, based on theoretical and empirical references related to these issues. Initially...

Overcoming Gender Disadvantages. Social Policy Analysis of urban middle-class women in Colombia

Buchely, Lina
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em // SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
The World Bank Report 2012 starts with this statement: “Gender equality matters in itself andit matters for development because, in today’s globalized worlds, countries that use the skillsand talents of their women would have an advantage over those which do not use it.” With theframe that suggest that gender equality matters, this paper describes some policy alternativesoriented to overcome gender disadvantages in the formal labor market incorporation of theurban middle class women in Colombia. On balance, the final recommendation suggest that itis desirable to adopt policy alternatives as Community Centers, which are programs orientedto a social redistribution of the domestic work as a way to encourage women participationin the formal labor market with the social support of the members of their own community.The problem that the social policy needs to address is the segregation of women in the formallabor market in Colombia. Although the evidence shows that the women overcome theeducational gap by showing better performance in education that their male peers, womenare still segregated of the labor market. The persistence of high rates of unemployment on thefemale population, the prevalence of the informal labor market as a women labor market...

21H.153J / SP.421J / WMN.421J Race and Gender in Asian America, Fall 2002; Race and Gender in Asian America

Chung, Emma Teng
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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EN-US
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An interdisciplinary examination of the Asian-American experience with particular emphasis on gender and race from mid-nineteenth century to present. Topics include: Asian American women's history, Asian American feminisms, gender and ethnic nationalism, images of Asian American men and women in film and media, sexuality, and the impact of immigration on gender roles. Uses extensive primary sources and audio-visual media.

21H.153J / SP.421J / WGS.421J Race and Gender in Asian America, Fall 2002; Race and Gender in Asian America

Anonymous
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
An interdisciplinary examination of the Asian-American experience with particular emphasis on gender and race from mid-nineteenth century to present. Topics include: Asian American women's history, Asian American feminisms, gender and ethnic nationalism, images of Asian American men and women in film and media, sexuality, and the impact of immigration on gender roles. Uses extensive primary sources and audio-visual media.

Going beyond Conflict: Secular Feminists, Islamists, and Gender Policy Reform

Shehabuddin, Sarah Tasnim
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Today, most Muslim-majority countries must contend with two realities: Islamists’ increasing access to political participation on the one hand and domestic and international pressures for women’s rights on the other. This dissertation seeks to identify the conditions necessary for resolving tensions between Islamist demands for political inclusion and secular feminists’ demands for the institutionalization of women’s rights in Muslim-majority countries. Attempts at gender reform have not only been rare, but have also usually excluded either secular feminists or Islamists due to state actors’ inability or unwillingness to resolve conflict between them. In some contexts, however, power holders have initiated inclusive consultative arrangements, mechanisms (commissions, committees, and mediation) that enable both secular feminists and Islamists to participate in gender policy-making processes, in spite of divergent ideological preferences, and thereby generated more broadly supported reforms. This dissertation argues that attempts at conflict resolution between secular feminists and Islamists are more likely to arise in the context of an autonomous state where the power holder needs the support of both groups. Such a state has both the flexibility and willingness to include both Islamists and secular feminists in the policy-making process. In states that do not enjoy autonomy from non-state actors...

The practice of family health strategy workers when caring for women in gender violence situations

Rodrigues,Vanda Palmarella; Machado,Juliana Costa; Simões,Aline Vieira; Pires,Vilara Maria Mesquita Mendes; Paiva,Mirian Santos; Diniz,Normélia Maria Freire
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
The aim of the present study was to describe the practice of Family Health Strategy workers when dealing with women in gender violence situations. It is a qualitative study, conducted with 25 healthcare workers from three Family Health Strategy units in a municipality of the state of Bahia, Brazil. Data were collected through a semi-structured interview and analyzed based on the discourse analysis method. The results yielded two empirical categories: expression of violence against women due to gender issues, with display of physical and psychological violence by a spouse, and strategies to face up gender violence. The second category displayed that the unit's actions that do not contemplate gender issues and that referrals to assistance services do not receive counter-referrals. We emphasize the need for Family Health Strategy staff to receive qualification for acting in gender violence situations, and for public management to promote a network structure for assistance services.

Couples' joint decision-making: the construction and validation of a key proxy for understanding gender relations in contemporary families

Covre-Sussai,Maira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Gender relations have become a key dimension in family studies, and understanding gender relations as both determining and resulting from outcome of new family configurations requires the use of specific surveys aimed at the dynamics of couples. Unfortunately, nationally representative surveys of this type are not available for Latin American countries. Nonetheless, the most recent versions of the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) include a section called "Women's Status and Empowerment", which can provide information about gender relations as well. This study aims at assessing the construct of gender relations in terms of couples' joint decision-making for all five Brazilian geographical regions. To this end, a step-by-step multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) was applied in order to verify whether this concept can be compared across Brazilian regions. Results show that the DHS items can be used reliably for measuring couples' joint decision-making and that this construct can be meaningfully compared over the regions. These findings will contribute to further demographic and sociological research on gender relations which can use this concept and other indicators provided by the DHS to identify the causal processes related to it.

Social right to education: initial elements to situate a gender policy at the university; Direito social à educação: elementos iniciais para situar uma política de gênero na universidade

Ferreira, Márcia Ondina Vieira; Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Avaliados por pares"; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/09/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
The text aims at providing some information in order to trigger some thinking concerning a gender policy at the University. In order to do so, initially some concepts related to social inequality are presented with the purpose of making clear which types of inequality are involved whenever gender is concerned. Afterwards, the concept of gender itself is discussed, previously to speaking of education as a means of production and reproduction of gender relations in society, and of how such phenomenon can be perceived within the University. With such purpose some data concerning the masculine and feminine presence at the University is presented: students enrolled, professors, researchers and Senior Researchers (with grant). Finally, as a conclusion, some conditions for female empowerment in higher education will be highlighted: fostering research on the mechanisms and practices which ascribe specific places for men and women at the University; settling a more effusive policy on the preparation of faculty; and interfering towards the establishment of more equal gender relationships since the school years, overcoming the idea of mixed school towards the one of coeducation.; O texto tem como objetivo fornecer alguns subsídios para pensar-se uma política de gênero na Universidade. Para tanto...

Gender and geography in Africa : developments, challenges and trajectories for the future

Awumbila, Mariama
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This paper provides an overview of current developments in the study of women and gender studies in general and in geography in particular in Africa. It begins by locating gender and women’s studies in the context of international women’s movements and examines the context of gender and women’s studies in Africa. It also traces how gender has evolved and transformed in geography over the decades in sub Saharan Africa and outlines challenges and potential trajectories for future direction on gender and geography in Africa.; Aquest article ofereix una visió àmplia de la situació actual dels estudis de les dones i de gènere, en general, i en geografia, en particular, a l’Àfrica. S’inicia amb la localització d’aquests estudis en el context dels moviments femenins internacionals i s’examina quin és el seu marc a l’Àfrica. Tanmateix, s’hi explica com el gènere s’ha desenvolupat i s’ha transformat dins la geografia al llarg de les darreres dècades a l’Àfrica sub-sahariana, i s’hi subratllen els reptes i les trajectòries potencials de cara al futur de la geografia i el gènere en aquest continent.; Este artículo ofrece una visión amplia de la situación actual de los estudios de las mujeres y de género...

Gender dimension in media and communication studies : main concepts and illustrations in mass mediated texts

Rodriguez, Maria Pilar; Cucklanz, Lisa
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This article defends the notion that incorporation of the gender dimension in all Communication and Media studies is highly desirable because of its contribution to the study of ideology, ethics, and balance in media. The first part of the article explores the main reasons for the need of such transversal integration of gender studies in university curricula, especially in the field of Communication and Media Studies and indicates the main concepts that should be part of undergraduate degrees that include these areas. The second part of the article provides an illustration of the pervasive presence of gender bias in mass mediated texts including mainstream news stories and television programs. The exposition of insights related to gender stereotypes and biases in these two areas are intended as illustrative examples that point to the range and significance of scholarship on gender and communication/media more generally.; En este artículo se defiende la idea de que la incorporación de la dimensión de género en los estudios de comunicación y medios es muy conveniente debido a su contribución al estudio de la ideología, la ética, y el equilibrio en los medios de comunicación. En la primera parte del artículo se exploran las principales razones de la necesidad de esta integración transversal de los estudios de género en los programas universitarios...

Gender in the news, revisited. Tackling global and Austrian/German findings from the 1970s to the 2000s

Wolf, Birgit
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
The news media are still contributing to gender inequality despite the fact that from the 1970s onwards, together with the second wave of the women’s movement, gender equality has been on the news media agenda as a result of a series of directives and recommendations for news media from UNESCO in 1979, the Council of Europe in 1985, and the United Nations 4th Women’s World Conference at Beijing in 1995. The news media participate in “doing gender” through recognition or misrecognition of a realistic image of women in news reportage. In addition, under-representation of women in the media should be seen as a form of symbolic violence. The present article traces the (under-) representation of women in news coverage from the 1970s through the first decade of the 21st century both on a global level, discussing the four monitoring results of the Global Media Monitoring Project (1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010) and, on a more regional level, those in Germany and Austria.; Els mitjans de comunicació contribueixen a la desigualtat de gènere, malgrat que ja des de la dècada de 1970, coincidint amb la segona onada del moviment de dones, s’exigeix la igualtat de gènere en l’agenda dels mitjans de comunicació a través d’una sèrie de directives i recomanacions de la UNESCO (1979)...

Legal Pluralism, Cultural Contestation and Gender (In)justice: An Interpretation of Women?s Rights Cases in the Supreme Court of Nepal; 8th Britain-Nepal Academic Council Annual Lecture

Pradhan, Rajendra
Fonte: Digital Himalaya Project & the Britain-Nepal Academic Council Publicador: Digital Himalaya Project & the Britain-Nepal Academic Council
Tipo: Áudio
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Dr Rajendra Pradhan is currently Dean of Nep? School of Social Sciences and Humanities and was a founding member and the Chair of Social Science Baha (January 2002 - June 2010). He received his PhD from the Department of Sociology, University of Delhi. He has conducted research on several topics, including religion among Hindu Newars of Kathmandu, care of the elderly in a Dutch village, food habits of Tarai inhabitants, water rights in Nepal, legal history of land, forest and water in Nepal, traditional dispute settlement processes, and more recently court cases. He has served as research consultant to various organisations, including the International Water Management Institute, the International Food Policy Research Institute, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He has conducted several research workshops and training sessions for Nepali and international participants, including on topics such as legal pluralism, ethnography, and water rights. His publications include several edited and co-edited books such as Water Rights, Conflict and Policy (1997), Water, Land and Law: Changing Rights to Land and Water in Nepal (2000), Law, History and Culture of Water in Nepal (2003), Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law in Social, Economic and Political Development (2003) and articles in books and journals on a wide range of topics. He is currently co-editing a book entitled Unpacking Water Rights: A Comparative Reader to be published in 2011 by Sage and is working on a manuscript on Supreme Court cases pertaining to women?s rights and gender justice.; In the nineteen nineties...

Gênero e culturas infantis: os clubinhos da escola e as trocinhas do Bom Retiro; Gender and children's culture: school clubinhos and the trocinhas of Bom Retiro

Cruz, Tânia Mara
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2012 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Este estudo trata de gênero e culturas infantis, entrecruzando os clubinhos das séries iniciais, analisados em pesquisa feita em uma escola do bairro de Pinheiros, São Paulo, em 2001, e as trocinhas do Bom Retiro, estudadas por Florestan Fernandes em 1942. Na busca de aspectos microestruturais e do efeito dessas interações na construção de diferentes significados de gênero, emergiram questões como: em que medida tais agrupamentos conseguiam estabelecer espaços de autonomia perante o mundo adulto?; elaboravam relações de gênero próprias de uma cultura infantil?; quais eram os pontos centrais sobre os quais se desenrolava a trama das relações de gênero em cada tempo e lugar? A partir da etnografia, foram produzidos 28 registros de campo do recreio de 1ª a 4ª série. Apenas nas 3as e 4as séries assistiu-se a quarenta aulas de cinquenta minutos (de educação artística e educação física), e foram entrevistados 29 meninos e 26 meninas. Ora segregadores ora agregadores, observou-se que os clubinhos (mistos ou de mesmo sexo) eram o modo como as crianças geriam suas relações, fosse para permitir grupos mistos sem conflito, fosse para manter o distanciamento entre os sexos de modo pacífico. Este estudo contribui para trazer à tona um pouco das culturas infantis em seu protagonismo relacionado ao gênero e possibilita a caracterização da escola como espaço contraditório...