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Assessment of changes in nicotine dependence, motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression among smokers in the initial process of smoking reduction or cessation: a short-term follow-up study

Figueiró,Luciana Rizzieri; Bortolon,Cassandra Borges; Benchaya,Mariana Canellas; Bisch,Nadia Krubskaya; Ferigolo,Maristela; Barros,Helena Maria Tannhauser; Dantas,Denise Conceição Mesquita
Fonte: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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Introduction: The first days of a quit attempt represent an important challenge to long-term abstinence, especially because of the changes that take place over this period. Objective: To examine whether smokers who have recently changed their smoking behavior show changes in the intensity of nicotine dependence, motivational stage, or symptoms of anxiety and depression relative to smokers without recent changes in smoking behavior. Methods: Smokers attending a support group for smoking cessation in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, were invited to participate. The program consisted of four weekly sessions. Smokers answered questionnaires covering intensity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression at baseline and in the fourth week. Urine was collected at both time points, tested for cotinine concentration, and used to determine the final status of smokers. Results: Of the 54 smokers included in the study, 20 (37%) stopped smoking or decreased tobacco use. Both smokers who stopped or reduced tobacco use and those who did not change their behavior presented a decrease in nicotine dependence scores (p = 0.001). Conversely, only the smokers who changed behavior presented an increase in scores in the maintenance stage (p < 0.001). Conclusion: When modifying tobacco use...

Blood carboxyhaemoglobin changes during tobacco smoking

Russell, M. A. H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1973 EN
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Using multiple samples collected via an indwelling venous cannula changes in blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) were studied in five subjects before, during and up to 2½ hr after smoking. On average the smoking, with inhalation, of one cigarette in 6½ min raised the% COHb by 1·6, compared with 2·2 for 24 min of inhaled cigar smoking and only 0·2 for 20 min of non-inhaled pipe smoking. It is suggested that it may be paradoxically safer to smoke high rather than low nicotine cigarettes as those with a high nicotine content will tend to be inhaled less.

Animal Models of Drug Self-Administration by Smoking

Wood, Ronald W.
Fonte: U.S. Government Printing Office Publicador: U.S. Government Printing Office
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
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This monograph is based on the papers and discussion from a technical review on “Research Findings on Smoking of Abused Substances” held on November 10, 1988, in Rockville, MD.; Animal models of drug self-administration have made major contributions to understanding the behavioral and pharmacologic determinants of substance abuse practices. Intravenous (IV) administration has been the predominant route employed in such studies; the limited self-administration literature on organic solvents and volatile anesthetics demonstrates that the inhalation route is useful and practical. The literature on animal models of smoking is less persuasive because the experimental designs have been limited and because the technical challenges offered by these experiments can be substantial. Description of the dose delivered by smoking may be complex because of the number of compounds present and the differences in deposition and absorption associated with gases and particulates. The pattern of particulate deposition is species and particle-size dependent. Combustion products may be aversive because of eye or airway stimulation; behavior of the user may minimize aversive stimulation. In some species, the trigeminal reflex limits exposure to acutely aversive atmospheres. Combustion or pyrolysis need not occur if cocaine base is heated gently; the smoke observed under these conditions is a condensation aerosol that may not be aversive. Special generation techniques will be required to generate: (1) reliable exposure concentrations with stable particle size distributions; (2) test atmospheres of low irritancy that are appropriate for the species under study; and (3) exposures tailored specifically for studies of selfadministration...

A study of associations between cigarette smoking, nearby industry and high lung cancer mortality in North West Adelaide

Smith, B.; Whitrow, M.; Pilotto, L.; Pisaniello, D.; Esterman, A.; Selim, P.
Fonte: Australian Institute of Environmental Health Publicador: Australian Institute of Environmental Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
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An industrial/residential region in North West (NW) Adelaide has lung cancer standardised mortality twice that expected. We conducted a case control study to evaluate potential risk factors, including residential exposures to industrial air pollution. The cases were from the Cancer Registry, and controls from the electoral roll. Lifetime exposure indices were calculated: cigarette smoking (pack-years), passive smoke duration, hobbies, occupation exposures by hygiene panel (weighted by intensity, duration), residential pollution exposure model (proximity to industry, duration, time down-wind) for six industries. The analysis was conditional logistic regression. One hundred and forty two (142) lung cancer cases, and 415 controls (response rates: 62%, 52%) were interviewed. Participating controls resided closer to industry than non-participants. Relationships with lung cancer (p<0.05) were for smoking pack-years (dose response relationship evident, OR up to 9.25, 95%CI: 4.62, 18.55 for 40 pack-years) and age left school <14 years (OR 2.52, 95%CI: 1.29, 4.95). No other risk factors were demonstrated, including cumulative residential exposure to the six industries. The conclusions were that cigarette smoking is the primary cause of elevated regional lung cancer mortality. While having more thorough exposure assessment than previous reports...

Palatal changes asssociated with reverse smoking in Filipino women

Ortiz, G.; Pierce, A.; Wilson, D.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 EN
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OBJECTIVE: To determine baseline data for the presence or absence of reverse-smoking and conventional smoking associated oral palatal mucosal changes in women. DESIGN: A cross-sectional evaluation of the clinical and cytological changes associated with the condition. SETTING: Nine rural barangays in Cabanatuan City, Philippines. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine-one volunteer women smokers (61 reverse and 30 conventional) were examined clinically and photographically. Smears were also taken from three areas and the palate to investigate the cytology of palatal mucosal epithelium. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Variations in colour, texture and topography of the palatal mucosa; determination of epithelial cell characteristics and inflammatory cell populations present in the lesions. RESULTS: Clinical findings showed that subjects could be grouped into three categories: Group A subjects showed pigmentation and some erythema only; Group B subjects included those with ulceration, marked erythema and non-descript mucosal roughening; Group C subjects (comprising the majority of reverse smokers) exhibited various combination of leukoplakia, fissuring, thickening and pigmentation of the palatal mucosa. Additional features, including nodularity, erythema...

Antepartum haemorrhage of unknown origin and maternal cigarette smoking beyond the first trimester

Van Altvorst, M.; Chan, E.; Taylor, R.; Kenny, L.; Myers, J.; Dekker, G.; North, R.; McCowan, L.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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BACKGROUND: Antepartum haemorrhage of unknown origin (APHUO) is associated with preterm birth and perinatal mortality. AIM: To determine whether smoking beyond the first trimester of pregnancy was an independent risk factor for APHUO. METHODS: Rates of APHUO were compared between non-smokers and smokers, and non-smokers and ceased smokers. Participants were healthy nulliparous women recruited to the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) prospective cohort study in New Zealand, Australia, Ireland and United Kingdom. Logistic regression was used to compare adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence intervals (OR, 95% CI) of APHUO between continued smokers and non-smokers, adjusting for possible confounders. RESULTS: Of the 3513 participants, 77.9% (n = 2737) were non-smokers, 10.6% (n = 371) ceased in the first trimester and 11.5% (n = 405) continued smoking beyond the first trimester. APHUO rates were higher in smokers than non-smokers (7.4%, n = 30 vs 4.5%, n = 122; P = 0.01), but there was no difference between ceased smokers and non-smokers (4.3%, n = 16 vs 4.5%, n = 122; P = 0.90). Smoking was no longer significantly associated with APHUO after adjustment for confounders (adjusted OR = 1.28, 95% CI 0.76–2.14), but vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (adjusted OR = 2.98...

Consumo de tabaco y hábitos sexuales de riesgo en la población universitaria española; Smoking habits and risky sexaul behaviour in the spanish university population

Pérez Giraldo, Alberto
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
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OBJETIVO: Investigar la asociación entre hábito tabáquico y distintos comportamientos sexuales de riesgo en la población universitaria española. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra de 2780 estudiantes de primer curso de 9 universidades españolas. Se ha utilizado la OR y su IC95%, ajustada mediante regresión logística como medida de asociación entre tabaquismo y hábitos sexuales. RESULTADOS: Los estudiantes fumadores están más expuestos a comportamientos sexuales de riesgo que los no fumadores y los exfumadores. Aquellos que empiezan de forma precoz con este hábito usan menos el preservativo en sus relaciones sexuales, tienen más probabilidades de haber tenido una ITS, se inician precozmente en las relaciones sexuales y son más promiscuos. Aquellos que fuman diariamente son más promiscuos, se inician más precozmente en el sexo y usan menos el preservativo que los que tienen un consumo esporádico. CONCLUSIÓN: El tabaco se ha relacionado con una mayor exposición a hábitos sexuales de riesgo, siendo aquellos que se inician precozmente en este hábito los más expuestos, por lo que las medidas de prevención son claves en este grupo.; OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between smoking habits and risky sexual behavior in Spanish university population. METHOD: The cross-sectional study is based on a sample of 2780 students of first year from 9 Spanish universities. Logistic adjusted regression models have been used to examine the association between smoking and sexual behavior...

Nicotine dependence and levels of depression and anxiety in smokers in the process of smoking cessation

Cardozo Pawlina, Maritza Muzzi; Rondina, Regina de Cassia; Espinosa, Mariano Martinez; Botelho, Clovis
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 101-105
ENG
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Background: Depression and anxiety are psychiatric disorders that are related to tobacco use and associated with dependence, the process of cessation, lapses and relapses after quitting smoking. Objective: To analyze the association of nicotine dependence with the level of anxiety and depression in patients who are in the process of smoking cessation. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with patients who sought the smoking cessation program in Cuiabá/MT. All the smokers enrolled from May to August 2012, participated in this study. Four instruments were applied: Socio-demographic Questionnaire, Fagerstrom test, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory. Following bivariate analysis, using the crude prevalence ratio, with level of significance lower than 5% (p < 0.05), having as variable outcome the nicotine dependence >= 5 (Fagerstrom). The associations with p < 0.20 were selected for robust Multiple Poisson Regression (RPa). Results: Associations of Fagerstrom >= 5 with the male sex (RP = 1.15 CI 95% 1.03-1.28); number of cigarettes/day (RP = 1,33; CI 95% 1.19-1.48); and moderate/severe level of depression (RP = 1.15; CI 95% 1.04-1.28) were found. In the final model (RPa), the following variables remained associated: male gender (RPa 1.12; CI 95% 1.01-1.24)...

Association of maternal smoking and alcohol consumption with young adults' cannabis use: A prospective study

Hayatbakhsh, M.; Alati, R.; Hutchinson, D.; Jamrozik, K.; Najman, J.; Mamun, A.; O'Callaghan, M.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Inc Publicador: Oxford Univ Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
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This 2006 study examined 1) whether maternal use of tobacco and consumption of alcohol when a child is 5 and 14 years of age predict cannabis use in young adults, and 2) whether this association is explained by possible confounding or mediating factors. Data were taken from a prospective birth cohort study of mothers and their children in Brisbane, Australia. This study was based on a cohort of 3,176 young adults who participated at the 21-year follow-up of the study and for whom data were available on maternal smoking and alcohol consumption 5 and 14 years after their birth. After controlling for possible confounders, the authors found that maternal smoking at 14 years was associated with frequent use of cannabis in offspring at 21 years, regardless of maternal smoking at 5 years. Children of mothers who drank more than one glass of alcohol at 5 years and continued at 14 years were more likely to use cannabis in early adulthood. The association between maternal substance use and offspring cannabis use was partially mediated by adolescent externalizing behavior and smoking measured at 14 years. Prevention programs that address maternal and adolescent tobacco use and adolescent externalizing behavior should be considered as strategies to reduce cannabis use by young adults.; Mohammad Reza Hayatbakhsh...

Six-month outcomes of a multi-campus smoking cessation contest

Wilson, Julie Dawn.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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Background: Up to 40% of North American post-secondary students smoke at least occasionally, and most want to quit. Given students' preferences for free, easy-to-access, self-directed, convenient cessation methods, a motivational, incentive-based cessation contest may be an effective way to assist students to quit. The current study describes 3- and 6-month outcomes experienced by post-secondary student smokers who entered the 'Let's Make A Deal!' contest. Methodology: Contestants from five university campuses who chose to quit completely ('Quit For Good') or reduce their tobacco consumption by 50% ('Keep The Count') were invited to participate in a study of the contest. Three and six months after registration, participants were contacted by phone to assess their smoking and quitting behaviours. Qualitative and quantitative measures were collected, including weekly tobacco consumption, efficacy to resist temptations to smoke, use of quitting aids, and strategies to cope with withdrawal. Quitting was assessed using 7-day point prevalence and continuous abstinence. Results: Seventy-four (64.9%) of the 114 participants recruited for the study completed the follow-ups. Over 31 % of participants who entered Quit For Good and 23.5% of participants who entered Keep The Count were identified as quitters at the 6-month follow-up. Among the quitters...

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and primary headache in school-aged children: a cohort study

Fabbri, Carlos E.; Barbieri, Marco A.; Silva, Antonio M.; Gutierrez, Manoel R.; Bettiol, Heloisa; Speciali, Jose G.; Rona, Roberto J.
Fonte: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD; LONDON Publicador: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Background: It is not known whether smoking by mothers during pregnancy is associated with headache in their offspring. Methods: Two prospective cohorts of 869 children aged 10-11 years from Ribeirao Preto (RP) and 805 children aged 7-9 years from Sao Luis (SL) were studied. Data on maternal smoking were collected at birth. Primary headache was defined as a reporting of >= 2 episodes of headache in the past 2 weeks, without any associated organic symptoms. Results: Prevalence of headache was 28.1% in RP and 13.1% in SL as reported by the mothers and 17.5% in RP and 29.4% in SL as reported by the children. Agreement between mothers' report and children's self-report of primary headache in the child was poor. After adjustment, children whose mothers smoked >= 10 cigarettes per day during pregnancy presented higher prevalence of primary headache than their counterparts in both cohorts, as reported by the mother and in RP as reported by the children. Conclusions: Maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with headache in 7- to 11-year-olds. With one exception, the consistency of the results, despite poor agreement between maternal and children reports of headache, indicates that maternal smoking during pregnancy may contribute to headaches in their children.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico); Brazilian National Research Council [523474/96-2...

Consequences of smoking during pregnancy for mother and child

Marin,Gustavo Horacio; Delgado,Liliana; Sager,Gustavo; Visentín,Silvana; Azzaro,Sebastiana; Tozzi,Mabel
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
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OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the consequences of maternal smoking METHODS: a prospective study of 1.103 pregnant women. A survey in the state Hospital San Martin, de La Plata, Buenos Aires determined general data. Newborn and placenta data were also reported. Mother and child cord samples were obtained to determine blood elements and flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte subsets performed. Data from smoking (S) and non-smoking (NS) groups were evaluated through relative risk, chi square and Student's t test. RESULTS: of all patients, 887 were NS and 226 said they smoked over five-cigarettes/day (S). The S group showed a higher probability of premature deliveries when compared to the NS group, with newborns weighing under 2,5kg, small in relation to gestational age, with Apgar scores at the 5th minute under six and hyaline membrane syndrome; intrauterine death risk was higher in this group who attended less medical appointments than scheduled. Umbilical cord blood analysis indicated lower reticulocyte index for S mothers, neutrophil count and CD4/CD8 ratio and increased erythroblast, eosinophil, basophil, total and CD8+T lymphocyte counts. CONCLUSIONS: data could explain the observations by other authors related to an increased incidence of allergy and infections in newborns caused by maternal smoking.

Passive smoking and breast cancer in never smokers: prospective study and meta-analysis

Pirie, Kirstin; Beral, Valerie; Peto, Richard; Roddam, Andrew W; Reeves, Gillian K; Green, Jane; Austoker, Joan; Banks, Emily; Church, Judith; English, Ruth; Patnick, Julietta; Vessey, Martin; Wallis, Matthew
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background: Active smoking has little or no effect on women's risk of developing breast cancer, but it has been suggested that passive exposure to tobacco smoke may increase this risk among women who have never smoked. Objective: To evaluate the possible

The role of gender in a smoking cessation intervention : a cluster randomized clinical trial

Puente, Diana; Cabezas, Carmen; Rodriguez Blanco, Teresa; Fernández Alonso, Carmen; Cebrian, Tránsito; Torrecilla, Miguel; Clemente, Lourdes; Martín Cantera, Carlos
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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Background: The prevalence of smoking in Spain is high in both men and women. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of gender in the effectiveness of a specific smoking cessation intervention conducted in Spain. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomized clinical trial in which the randomization unit was the Basic Care Unit (family physician and nurse who care for the same group of patients). The intervention consisted of a six-month period of implementing the recommendations of a Clinical Practice Guideline. A total of 2,937 current smokers at 82 Primary Care Centers in 13 different regions of Spain were included (2003-2005). The success rate was measured by a six-month continued abstinence rate at the one-year follow-up. A logistic mixed-effects regression model, taking Basic Care Units as random-effect parameter, was performed in order to analyze gender as a predictor of smoking cessation. Results: At the one-year follow-up, the six-month continuous abstinence quit rate was 9.4% in men and 8.5% in women (p = 0.400). The logistic mixed-effects regression model showed that women did not have a higher odds of being an ex-smoker than men after the analysis was adjusted for confounders (OR adjusted = 0.9...

Financial incentives for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a single arm intervention study assessing cessation and gaming

Ierfino, Diana; Mantzari, Eleni; Hirst, Julie; Jones, Tina; Aveyard, Paul; Marteau, Theresa M.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
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This is the final version of the article. It was first published by Wiley at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12817/abstract; Aims: Financial incentives were the single most effective intervention for smoking cessation in pregnancy in a recent Cochrane Review, but based on a few, small trials in the USA using only 7-day point prevalence measures of cessation. This study estimates (a) prolonged cessation in an unselected population of English pregnant smokers who are offered financial incentives for quitting and (b) ?gaming? i.e. false reporting of smoking status to enter the scheme or gain an incentive. Design: Single arm intervention study Setting Antenatal clinic and community Participants 239 pregnant smokers enrolled in the financial incentive scheme, attending for maternity care at one hospital in an area of high deprivation in England over a 42 week period. Measurements: Smoking cessation at delivery and six months postpartum, assessed using salivary cotinine; Gaming assessed using urinary and salivary cotinine at enrolment, 28, 36 weeks gestation, and two days and six months post-partum. Findings: 39% (239/615) of smokers enrolled on the scheme, 60% (143/239) of whom made a quit attempt. Of those enrolled...

Smoking: major avoidable cause worldwide; Tabagismo: maior causa evitável de morte do mundo

Muakad, Irene Batista
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2014 POR
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The objective of this paper is to present the fact that smoking is one of the greatest addictions of mankind: about one-third of the world’s adult population makes use of tobacco products. Smoking has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, causing the death of four million people a year, which means one person dies every eight seconds. That’s why we recognize that smoking is the most serious, yet avoidable, cause of sickness and premature deaths. The addiction to tobacco is a great challenge for society and government because of its high medical costs, considering that is a duty of the State to care for and preserve the life of its citizens. This matter is not a specific issue just for Brazil, it strikes other countries of the world. It’s possible to notice the stimulation of agencies responsible for campaigns and measures to carry out real control supervision on the smoker, on the banishment of smoking in enclosed places, limiting the use of tobacco to open spaces. Thus people’s habits and lifestyle should be modified in order to prioritize health, inner, familiar and moral values, guiding these consumers to sport, to culture and to self-esteem, i.e. the pride of oneself.; Este estudo tem por objetivo apresentar o fato que o tabagismo é um dos maiores vícios da humanidade: cerca de um terço da população adulta do mundo faz uso de produtos do tabaco. O tabagismo atingiu a proporção de epidemia global...

The construct of internalization: conceptualization, measurement, and prediction of smoking treatment outcome

Acton, G. Scott; Kunz, Jeffrey; Wilson, Mark; Hall, Sharon
Fonte: Psychological Medicine; Cambridge University Press Publicador: Psychological Medicine; Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 208300 bytes; 53418 bytes; 2062 bytes; 676 bytes; 7642 bytes; 49 bytes; 208300 bytes; application/pdf; text/plain; text/plain; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/pdf
EN_US
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Background. Depression symptoms and diagnoses are associated with failure to quit smoking in most studies, but not all. Method. A new measure of internalization (i.e. symptoms of depression or anxiety, or poor mood) was created to investigate whether internalization would predict smoking cessation in 549 smokers from three randomized clinical trials with inconsistent findings. Results. Predicted item locations based on a map of the construct of internalization agreed with empirical locations based on item response theory. Internalization was highly correlated with neuroticism. Logistic regressions showed that internalization improved upon the predictions of other affect-related measures. High baseline internalization decreased abstinence from smoking at end of treatment and 3 months thereafter. History of major depression (single-episode or recurrent) failed to predict abstinence. Conclusions. The broad, dimensional construct of internalization as conceptualized herein appears to be an important predictor of smoking cessation.

The smoking prevalence among undergraduate students of the University of São Paulo, school of nursing; A prevalência do tabagismo entre estudantes de graduação da escola de enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo

Oguisso, Taka; Seki, Lúcia Kanako
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2001 POR
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Survey among undergraduate students to find out whether they were daily or occasional smokers, and whether this habit was acquired before or after their entrance into the School. From the total of 314 students registered in 1998, 80,9% filled out the questionnaire, among those 49,2% have already experienced to smoke, and 15,0 % have continued smoking at the date of the study. Among smokers, 16 have started to smoke between the age of 16 and 20, 12 students started before, and three at age 21 or older. At the end, it is proposed that the School spread out "no smoking" signs within its environment; periodically organise workshops and seminars to encourage lecturers and students on smoking cessation; to actively participate in the World no Tobacco Day or include such activity in the work of a specific committee. At last, to disseminate WHO data and statistics on smoking consequences.; Estudo feito entre estudantes da EEUSP para saber se eles eram fumantes habituais ou ocasionais, e se esse hábito havia sido adquirido antes ou depois do ingresso na Escola. Do total de 314 estudantes matriculados em 1998, 80,9% responderam ao questionário, dos quais 49,2% já haviam experimentado fumar, e dentre esses, 38 continuavam a fumar na data do estudo. Entre os fumantes encontrados...

Tabagismo em gestantes de área urbana da região Sul do Brasil: 1982 e 1993; Tobacco smoking among pregnant women in an urban area in Southern Brazil: 1982-93

Lessa Horta, Bernardo; Gomes Victora, Cesar; Barros, Fernando C.; Silva dos Santos, Ina da; Menezes, Ana M. B.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1997 POR
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OBJETIVO: Avaliar as mudanças na prevalência de tabagismo durante a gravidez na cidade de Pelotas, RS, Brasil, com base nos estudos da população materno-infantil realizados nos anos de 1982 e 1993. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal, tendo sido identificados 6.011 e 5.304 recém-nascidos, cujas famílias residiam na área urbana da cidade de Pelotas, respectivamente em 1982 e 1993. RESULTADOS: O tabagismo materno durante a gestação apresentou uma discreta redução de 35,7%, em 1982, para 33,5% em 1993 (p < 0,05). O hábito de fumar esteve inversamente relacionado com a renda e o número de consultas no pré-natal.; OBJECTIVE: A comparison between on the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in 1982 and that in 1993 in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study. All hospital deliveries in 1982 and 1993 - corresponding to over 99% of all births in those years - were studied. A total of 6,011 and 5,304 mothers were interviewed, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy showed a small decrease from 35.7% in 1982 to 33.5% in 1993 (p < 0.05). In the two years under study, family income and number of antenatal care visits were inversely associated with the prevalence of maternal smoking. The rate of stopping smoking during pregnancy was 20.6%.

Atenção aos tabagistas pela capacitação de profissionais da rede pública; Approach on smoking cessation by training public health providers

Azevedo, Renata Cruz Soares de; Higa, Celina Matiko Hori; Assumpção, Isilda Sueli Andreolli Mira de; Fernandes, Rejane Firmino; Boscolo, Marília Montoya; Frazatto, Cecília Regina Gonzaga; Goulart, Welson
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2008 POR; ENG
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O estudo avaliou desdobramentos de um treinamento para abordagem de tabagistas para 40 profissionais da rede pública, de novembro de 2004 a março de 2007. Os profissionais realizaram abordagem mínima individual (3.419 tabagistas) e grupal (982). Dos pacientes fumantes que participaram dessas atividades, 9,2% conseguiram parar de fumar. As dificuldades relatadas pelos profissionais foram baixa adesão dos pacientes (11%), falta de medicação (38%) e de apoio/estrutura da unidade (29%). O treinamento aumentou a população abordada pelas unidades de saúde nas estratégias de prevenção do tabagismo.; The study evaluated the results of a smoking cessation training program including 40 public health providers from November 2004 to March 2007. A total of 3,419 smokers received minimum individual intervention and 982 had group intervention. Of all, 9.2% quit smoking. The main difficulties for smoking cessation reported by health providers were: low patient compliance (11%); lack of medications (38%); and lack of health unit infrastructure/support (29%). The training allowed to reaching out a larger population through smoking cessation approaches at health units.