Página 16 dos resultados de 55082 itens digitais encontrados em 0.035 segundos

Quality of life of the elderly people with chronic pain

Dixe, Maria dos Anjos; Querido, Ana Isabel Fernandes
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 14/08/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Comunicação apresentada no XVI Congreso INFAD, Turín, Itália, 2009.; Aims: To determine the prevalence of Chronic Pain in Elderly People, to evaluate health-related quality-of-life of the elderly experiencing pain; and determine predictive factors of their quality-of-life. Methodology: A Cross sectional co-relational study was conducted. The sample for this study was composed of 296 elderly people, to determine the pain prevalence and subsequently just 194 seniors remained part of the sample, because they were those who had chronic pain. The instrument of data collection was a structured interview composed of: socio-demographic, family, professional and clinical data and Short-Form Health Survey – SF-12 Main results: The prevalence of the chronic pain in the elderly people is 65,5% (164). Most reported having pain for ten years or more, it is a continuing pain, and it is felt in various places with moderate intensity; the quality of life of elderly people is bad in all dimensions. Have an occupation, age, gender; pain intensity and location of pain are predictors of quality of life.

Multidimensional pain evaluation scale; Escala multidimensional de avaliação de dor (EMADOR); Escala multidimensional de evaluación del dolor (EMEDOR)

SOUSA, Fátima Aparecida Emm Faleiros; PEREIRA, Lilian Varanda; CARDOSO, Roberta; HORTENSE, Priscilla
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This study developed a pain evaluation scale and validated it for the Portuguese language. Development of the inventory - 308 readily available pain descriptors - were searched in international literature and validated by six judges. One hundred descriptors of acute pain and 100 descriptors of chronic pain were found, which were used in the next stage. Statistical validation - 493 health professionals and 146 patients experiencing acute and chronic pain participated in the study. Instructions, pain descriptors and respective definitions, pen and measuring tape were provided to participants. Psychophysical methods were used to establish categories, magnitude and cross-modality matching using line-length. Results revealed the ranking of the most frequently used descriptors of acute and chronic pain, with power equal to 0.99, close to the predicted (one), using line-length estimations. The Multidimensional Pain Evaluation Scale is thus validated for the Portuguese language.; Os objetivos deste estudo foram elaborar escala de avaliação de dor e validá-la para a língua portuguesa. Elaboração de inventário - foram pesquisados 308 descritores de dor da literatura mundial e, a partir desses, seis juízes realizaram a validação aparente e de conteúdo. Como resultados foram encontrados 100 descritores de dor aguda e 100 de crônica...

Qualidade de vida de mulheres com dor pélvica crônica: um estudo de corte transversal analítico; Quality of life of women with chronic pelvic pain: a cross-sectional analytical study

BARCELOS, Priscilla Rodrigues; CONDE, Délio Marques; DEUS, José Miguel de; MARTINEZ, Edson Zangiacomi
Fonte: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia Publicador: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
OBJETIVOS: comparar a qualidade de vida (QV) de mulheres com e sem dor pélvica crônica (DPC) e investigar os fatores associados à QV de mulheres com DPC. MÉTODOS: conduziu-se estudo de corte transversal, incluindo 30 mulheres com DPC e 20 sem DPC. Foram avaliadas características sociodemográficas e clínicas. A QV foi investigada pelo questionário SF-36, que apresenta oito domínios: capacidade funcional, aspectos físicos, dor, estado geral de saúde, vitalidade, aspectos sociais, aspectos emocionais e saúde mental. Esses domínios podem ser resumidos em dois sumários: sumário do componente físico (SCF) e sumário do componente mental (SCM). A intensidade da dor foi pesquisada, aplicando-se a escala visual analógica. Utilizou-se análise de regressão linear para comparação dos escores de QV entre mulheres com e sem DPC e para identificação dos fatores associados à QV de mulheres com DPC. RESULTADOS: a média de idade das mulheres com e sem DPC foi de 35,2±7,5 e de 36±9,3 anos (p=0,77), respectivamente. Mulheres com DPC apresentaram menor renda familiar mensal (p=0,04) e maior prevalência de dismenorreia (87 versus 40%; p<0,01) e depressão (30 versus 5%; p=0,04) quando comparadas àquelas sem DPC. Na análise ajustada por potenciais variáveis confundidoras...

Síndrome dolorosa pós-laminectomia: estudo descritivo da abordagem terapêutica em 56 pacientes; Failed back surgery pain syndrome: therapeutic approach descriptive study in 56 patients

TEIXEIRA, Manoel Jacobsen; YENG, Lin Tchia; GARCIA, Oliver Garcia; FONOFF, Erich Talamoni; PAIVA, Wellingson Silva; ARAUJO, Joaci O
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
OBJETIVO: Os autores apresentam os resultados da avaliação clínica e acompanhamento de 56 pacientes com diagnóstico de síndrome dolorosa pós-laminectomia lombar. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, prospectivo realizado no período de um ano. Neste estudo foram avaliados 56 pacientes caracterizados com síndrome dolorosa pós-laminectomia lombar em nossa instituição. As idades variaram de 28 a 76 anos (média de 48,8 ± 13,9 anos). Avaliação da dor com Escala Visual e Analógica (EVA). RESULTADOS: A dor pós-operatória foi mais intensa (8,3, média de EVA) que a pré-operatória (7,2). Síndrome dolorosa miofascial (SDM) foi diagnosticada em 85,7% dos pacientes, anormalidades neuropáticas associadas ou não à SDM em 73,3%. O tratamento farmacológico associado à medicina física proporcionou melhora de mais de 50% da dor em 57,2% dos casos, a infiltração dos pontos-gatilho miofasciais em 60,1% e a infusão de morfina com lidocaína no compartimento epidural lombar em 69,3% dos casos refratários. CONCLUSÃO: Nos pacientes com síndrome pós-laminectomia, a dor pós-operatória foi mais intensa que a dor pré-operatória da hérnia de disco. Um componente miofascial foi verificado na maioria dos doentes.; OBJECTIVE: The authors show the clinical evaluation and follow-up results in 56 patients diagnosed with a failed back surgery pain syndrome. METHODS: Descriptive and prospective study conducted over a one-year period. In this study...

Massage for Low Back Pain An Updated Systematic Review Within the Framework of the Cochrane Back Review Group

FURLAN, Andrea D.; IMAMURA, Marta; DRYDEN, Trish; IRVIN, Emma
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Study Design. Systematic Review. Objectives. To assess the effects of massage therapy for nonspecific low back pain. Summary of Background Data. Low back pain is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal problems in modern society. Proponents of massage therapy claim it can minimize pain and disability, and speed return to normal function. Methods. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL from their beginning to May 2008. We also searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2006, issue 3), HealthSTAR and Dissertation abstracts up to 2006. There were no language restrictions. References in the included studies and in reviews of the literature were screened. The studies had to be randomized or quasi-randomized trials investigating the use of any type of massage (using the hands or a mechanical device) as a treatment for nonspecific low back pain. Two review authors selected the studies, assessed the risk of bias using the criteria recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group, and extracted the data using standardized forms. Both qualitative and meta-analyses were performed. Results. Thirteen randomized trials were included. Eight had a high risk and 5 had a low risk of bias. One study was published in German and the rest in English. Massage was compared to an inert therapy (sham treatment) in 2 studies that showed that massage was superior for pain and function on both short- and long-term follow-ups. In 8 studies...

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Is Efficacious as an Add-On to Pharmacological Therapy in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Type I

PICARELLI, Helder; TEIXEIRA, Manoel Jacobsen; ANDRADE, Daniel Ciampi de; MYCZKOWSKI, Martin Luiz; LUVISOTTO, Tatiana Barreira; YENG, Lin Tchia; FONOFF, Erich Talamoni; PRIDMORE, Saxby; MARCOLIN, Marco Antonio
Fonte: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE Publicador: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Single session repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the motor cortex (M1) is effective in the treatment of chronic pain patients but the analgesic effect of repeated sessions is still unknown We evaluated the effects of rTMS in patients with refractory pain due to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type I Twenty three patients presenting CRPS type I of 1 upper limb were treated with the best medical treatment (analgesics and adjuvant medications physical therapy) plus 10 daily sessions of either real (r) or sham (s) 10Hz rTMS to the motor cortex (M1) Patients were assessed daily and after 1 week and 3 months after the last session using the Visual Analogical Scale (VAS) the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) the Health Survey 36 (SF 36) and the Hamilton Depression (HDRS) During treatment there was a significant reduction in the VAS scores favoring the r rTMS group mean reduction of 4 65 cm (50 9%) against 2 18 cm (24 7%) in the s rTMS group The highest reduction occurred at the tenth session and correlated to improvement in the affective and emotional subscores of the MPQ and SF 36 Real rTMS to the M1 produced analgesic effects and positive changes in affective aspects of pain in CRPS patients during the period of stimulation Perspective This study shows an efficacy of repetitive sessions of high frequency rTMS as an add on therapy to refractory CAPS type I patients It had a positive effect in different aspects of pain (sensory discriminative and emotional affective) It opens the perspective for the clinical use of this technique (C) 2010 by the American Pain Society; Department of Neurology of the University of Sao Paulo (USP)Brazil

Changes in purines concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients experiencing pain: A case-control study

SCHMIDT, Andre P.; BOEHMER, Ana Elisa; SOARES, Felix A.; POSSO, Irimar P.; MACHADO, Sheila B.; MENDES, Fiorentino F.; PORTELA, Luis Valmor C.; SOUZA, Diogo O.
Fonte: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This study analyzes the relationship between extracellular purines and pain perception in humans. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of purines and their metabolites were compared between patients displaying acute and/or chronic pain syndromes and control subjects. The CSF levels of IMP, inosine, guanosine and uric acid were significantly increased in the chronic pain group and correlated with pain severity (P<0.05). Patients displaying both chronic and acute pain presented similar changes in the CSF purines concentration (P<0.05). However, in the acute pain group, only CSF inosine and uric acid levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). These findings suggest that purines, in special inosine, guanosine and uric acid, are associated with the spinal mechanisms underlying nociception. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.; FINEP[01.06.0842-00]; CNPq; CAPES; FAPERGS; UFRGS; INCT for Excitotoxicity and neuroprotection/CNPq

Influence of tinnitus on pain severity and quality of life in patients with temporomandibular disorders

Calderon,Patrícia dos Santos; Hilgenberg,Priscila Brenner; Rossetti,Leylha Maria Nunes; Laurenti,João Vítor El Hetti; Conti,Paulo César Rodrigues
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
OBJECTIVE:The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship among pain intensity and duration, presence of tinnitus and quality of life in patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-nine female patients presenting with chronic TMD were selected from those seeking for treatment at the Bauru School of Dentistry Orofacial Pain Center. Patients were submitted to the Research Diagnostic Criteria anamnesis and physical examination. Visual analog scale was used to evaluate the pain intensity while pain duration was assessed by interview. Oral Health Impact Profile inventory modified for patients with orofacial pain was used to evaluate the patients' quality of life. The presence of tinnitus was assessed by self report. The patients were divided into: with or without self report of tinnitus. The data were analyzed statistically using the Student's t-test and Pearson's Chi-square test, with a level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: The mean age for the sample was 35.25 years, without statistically significant difference between groups. Thirty-two patients (54.24%) reported the presence of tinnitus. The mean pain intensity by visual analog scale was 77.10 and 73.74 for the groups with and without tinnitus...

Sociodemographic and health factors associated with chronic pain in institutionalized elderly

Barbosa,Maria Helena; Bolina,Alison Fernandes; Tavares,Jordânia Lumênia; Cordeiro,Aldenora Laísa Paiva de Carvalho; Luiz,Raíssa Bianca; Oliveira,Karoline Faria de
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
OBJECTIVES: to characterize chronic pain in institutionalized elderly and verify the associated factors. METHOD: observational, cross-sectional and non-experimental study with a quantitative approach. The study participants were 124 elderly living in Long-Term Care Institutions for the Elderly (LTCIs) in a city in Minas Gerais (Brazil). Approval for the project was obtained from the Research Ethics Committee. The elderly's clinical and sociodemographic variables and pain-related aspects were assessed. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis (chi-squared). RESULTS: the prevalence of chronic pain corresponded to 58.1%; for more than 10 years (26.4%); in lower limbs (31.9%); characterized as "twinges" (33.3%); 33.3% adopted medication treatment; the pain did not improve (41.7 %); or worsen (34.7 %). It was evidenced that elderly aged 60├ 70 old had 70% less chances of chronic pain than those aged 80 years and older (p=0.018). CONCLUSION: institutionalized elderly have a high prevalence of chronic pain, mainly in the lower limbs. No factors of pain improvement or worsening were identified and medication was evidenced as the preferred treatment. Age showed to be associated with the presence of pain. It is considered important to accomplish multiprofessional actions at the LTCIs to guide prevention and rehabilitation actions of the pain episodes in these elderly.

Relationship of musculoskeletal pain with physical and functional variables and with postural changes in school children from 6 to 12 years of age

Pereira,Daniela S. L.; Castro,Shamyr S.; Bertoncello,Dernival; Damião,Renata; Walsh,Isabel A. P.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
BACKGROUND: Painful disorders can affect children and adolescents, causing distress and significant demand for health services. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and its relation to age, sex, body mass index (BMI), how to carry school supplies, postures used in ADLs, outside school physical exercises and postural changes in students. METHOD: Cross-sectional exploratory study with a convenience sample consisted of 262 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years (137 female). Data collection was conducted by questionnaire containing personal data, presence and location of pain, means of transportation and illustrative figures for choosing the way of carrying school supplies and postures ADL's. Postural evaluation was performed by observational analysis and body mass index calculated from information on height, weight, age and sex. Descriptive analysis was carried out with numbers and percentages. For inferential statistics, comparison of average age according to the presence of pain was performed by Kruskal-Wallis with Dunn's post-test. Categorical variables were compared with chi-square test. RESULTS: The presence of musculoskeletal pain was reported by 51.1% of the students and 38.93% had pain in only one region. The most affected regions were legs...

Dor nas Costas, Hábitos Posturais e Comportamentais de Escolares da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Teutônia, RS; Back Pain and the Postural and Behavioral Habits of Students in the Municipal School Network of Teotônia, Rio Grande do Sul

Noll, Matias; Candotti, Cláudia Tarragô; Rosa, Bruna Nichele da; Schoenell, Maria Cristina Wolf; Tiggemann, Carlos Leandro; Loss, Jefferson Fagundes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2013 ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Objetivos: verificar a prevalência de dor nas costas nos últimos três meses; identificar os hábitos posturais e comportamentais; e verificar se existe relação entre a dor nas costas e os hábitos de escolares do Ensino Fundamental da Rede Municipal de Ensino da cidade de Teutônia/RS. Método: trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico populacional, em que participaram 833 escolares de 5ª a 8ª séries de todas as Escolas da Rede Municipal de Ensino da cidade de Teutônia. Os escolares responderam o questionário BackPEI que avaliou a dor nas costas e os hábitos comportamentais e posturais. A análise foi feita a partir de estatística descritiva, do cálculo das razões de prevalência (RP) e dos intervalos de confiança de 95%. A variável dependente foi a dor nas costas e as variáveis independentes foram as questões posturais e comportamentais. As RP foram realizadas por meio da análise multivariada, com variância robusta (a=0,05). Resultados: a prevalência de dor nas costas nos últimos três meses foi de 54,1%, a maioria referiu sentir dor uma vez por mês e 17,4% dos escolares referiram impedimento da realização das suas atividades diárias devido à dor. A análise multivariada demonstrou associação entre dor nas costas e tempo diário assistindo televisão (p = 0...

Influence of tinnitus on pain severity and quality of life in patients with temporomandibular disorders

Calderon, Patrícia dos Santos; Hilgenberg, Priscila Brenner; Rossetti, Leylha Maria Nunes; Laurenti, João Vítor El Hetti; Conti, Paulo César Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
OBJECTIVE:The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship among pain intensity and duration, presence of tinnitus and quality of life in patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-nine female patients presenting with chronic TMD were selected from those seeking for treatment at the Bauru School of Dentistry Orofacial Pain Center. Patients were submitted to the Research Diagnostic Criteria anamnesis and physical examination. Visual analog scale was used to evaluate the pain intensity while pain duration was assessed by interview. Oral Health Impact Profile inventory modified for patients with orofacial pain was used to evaluate the patients' quality of life. The presence of tinnitus was assessed by self report. The patients were divided into: with or without self report of tinnitus. The data were analyzed statistically using the Student's t-test and Pearson's Chi-square test, with a level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: The mean age for the sample was 35.25 years, without statistically significant difference between groups. Thirty-two patients (54.24%) reported the presence of tinnitus. The mean pain intensity by visual analog scale was 77.10 and 73.74 for the groups with and without tinnitus...

Effect of experimental chewing on masticatory muscle pain onset

Conti, Paulo César Rodrigues; Silva, Rafael dos Santos; Araujo, Carlos dos Reis Pereira de; Rosseti, Leylha Maria N.; Yassuda, Shigueharu; Silva, Renato Oliveira Ferreira da; Pegoraro, Luiz Fernando
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a chewing exercise on pain intensity and pressure-pain threshold in patients with myofascial pain. METHODS: Twenty-nine consecutive women diagnosed with myofascial pain (MFP) according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria comprised the experimental group and 15 healthy age-matched female were used as controls. Subjects were asked to chew a gum stick for 9 min and to stay at rest for another 9 min afterwards. Pain intensity was rated on a visual analog scale (VAS) every 3 min. At 0, 9 and 18 min, the pressure-pain threshold (PPT) was measured bilaterally on the masseter and the anterior, medium, and posterior temporalis muscles. RESULTS: Patients with myofascial pain reported increase (76%) and no change (24%) on the pain intensity measured with the VAS. A reduction of the PPT at all muscular sites after the exercise and a non-significant recovery after rest were also observed. CONCLUSION: The following conclusions can be drawn: 1. there are at least two subtypes of patients with myofascial pain that respond differently to experimental chewing; 2. the chewing protocol had an adequate discriminative ability in distinguishing patients with myofascial pain from healthy controls.

Gerenciamento da dor na Síndrome Pós-poliomielite: estudo de caso; Pain management in Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome: case study

Orsini, Marco; Kale Júnior, Nelson; Mello, Mariana Pimentel; Machado, Dionis; Bastos, Victor Hugo; Joppert, Daniel; Reis, Carlos Henrique Melo; Silva, Júlio Guilherme; Oliveira, Acary Bulle; Menezes, Sara Lúcia de; Freitas, Marcos Raimundo de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
A Síndrome Pós-Pólio (SPP) caracteriza-se por um novo episódio de fraqueza muscular e/ou fadiga muscular anormal em indivíduos que apresentaram poliomielite anterior aguda (PAA) anos antes. Ainda são poucos os relatos na literatura sobre o gerenciamento da dor na SSP. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o controle da dor na síndrome pós-pólio por meio de um relato de caso. Um homem de 57 anos com SPP foi submetido a 24 sessões de fisioterapia para controle do quadro álgico na síndrome, baseada em recursos eletrotermofototerápicos e cinesioterapia. Para análise da dor pré e pós-intervenção fisioterapêutica foram aplicados dois instrumentos: a Escala Analógica Visual (EVA) e a Intensidade de Dor Presente (ID). O quadro álgico no joelho direito sofreu redução de grau 8 para 4 pela EVA e grau 5 para 2 pela ID, enquanto a dor no tornozelo direito reduziu de grau 2 pela EVA e grau 1 pela ID para zero em ambas as escalas. A dor é apontada como um sintoma predominante por muitos pacientes com SPP. O sujeito deste relato, após o programa de tratamento, apresentou melhora expressiva da dor. Entretanto, devido à escassez da literatura sobre dados substanciais referentes ao seu gerenciamento, especialmente na fisioterapia...

Differences between uni-and multidimensional scales for assessing pain in term newborn infants at the bedside

Arias, Maria Carmenza Cuenca; Guinsburg, Ruth
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the level of agreement between behavioral and multidimensional pain assessment scales in term newborn infants submitted to an acute nociceptive stimulus. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 healthy term newborns who received an intramuscular injection of vitamin K during the first 6 hours of life. Two behavioral pain scales (the Neonatal Facial Coding System and the Behavioral Indicators of Infant Pain) and one multidimensional tool (the Premature Infant Pain Profile) were applied by a single observer before the procedure, during cleansing, during injection and two minutes after injection. The Cochran Q, McNemar and kappa tests were used to compare the presence and degree of agreement between the three scales. The Hotelling T2 test was used to compare the groups of newborns for which the scales showed agreement or disagreement. A generalized linear regression was used to compare the results of the Neonatal Facial Coding System and the Behavioral Indicators of Infant Pain across the four study time points. RESULTS: The neonates studied had a gestational age of 39±1 weeks, a birth weight of 3169±316 g and and postnatal age of 67±45 minutes. During the stimulus procedure...

Aspectos cualitativo y cuantitativo del dolor de pacientes sometidos a la toracotomia postero-lateral; Aspectos qualitativo e quantitativo da dor de pacientes submetidos à toracotomia póstero-lateral; Qualitative and quantitative aspects of pain in lateral posterior thoracotomy patients

Xavier, Thaiza Teixeira; Torres, Gilson de Vasconcelos; Rocha, Vera Maria da
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2006 ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Descriptive study that proposed to compare the qualitative and quantitative behavior of the pain in lateral posterior thoracotomy patients. The sample was consisted of 18 individuals with an average age of 44 years. The instruments used were physiotherapy evaluation form, numerical pain scale and McGill questionnaire for pain. The pain on the numerical pain scale was considered moderate(5) for both sexes. The descriptors of the McGill questionnaire choosen by the patients with higher frequency were: in the sensorial component, beat4, pointed1, shock2, final and pull2; in the afetive component, tired1, bored1, punishald1 and miserable1 and in the evaluative component was flat. The characteristics of pain in the sensorial group were more evidents on male group. No significant statistical difeferences were observed between quantitative answers concerning pain between the men and women. On the qualitative aspects , was observed an predominancy of the same descriptors of pain in afetive component for both sexes. Pain intensity was categorized as moderate. No significant statistical difference were observed between the pain on the post-operatory lateral posterior thoracotomy. These data demonstrate a necessity for an analysis with a larger study group.; Estudio descriptivo que ha determinado comparar el comportamiento cualitativo y cuantitativo del dolor en pacientes sometidos a la Toracotomia Postero Lateral(TPL). La muestra fue constituida por 18 (dieciocho) individuos...

Quem sente é a gente, mas é preciso relevar: a lombalgia na vida das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau - Santa Catarina; One feels it but one must overlook it: low back pain in the life of women working in the textile sector of Blumenau - Santa Catarina

Polizelli, Karine Muniz; Leite, Silvana Nair
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Este estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de compreender o enfrentamento da lombalgia no cotidiano de mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, Santa Catarina. Três mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil daquela cidade foram as informantes principais do estudo, desenvolvido em encontros quinzenais e visitas a locais de trabalho. Foram utilizados como ferramentas de estudo um calendário com data e dias da semana para a marcação de dores relativas à lombalgia e uma Escala Análogo Visual (EAV). Além de relatos anotados em formulários de acompanhamento dos encontros quinzenais, utilizou-se um diário de campo para transcrição de fatos e relatos. Os dados coletados levaram à construção de duas categorias interpretativas: a dor lombar sob o aspecto da normalidade e a dor sentida. Os resultados da pesquisa levam à conclusão de que a lombalgia, sob o ponto de vista das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, apresenta-se como uma espécie de conflito entre a dor normal, sem importância social, e a dor sentida e limitante, que traz sofrimentos e angústias no âmbito privado. A dualidade da lombalgia é marcante, pois são mulheres que têm dor, real para elas, com um impacto importante para suas vidas, mas elas mesmas esforçam-se por negligenciá-la...

EARLY APPEARANCE OF THE CHRONIC PAIN PATTERN IN SUBACUTE MUSCULOSKELETAL PATIENTS

León,Leticia; Redondo,Marta; Pérez-Nieto,Miguel Ángel; Jover,Juan A.; Abasolo,Lydia
Fonte: Ciencias Psicológicas Publicador: Ciencias Psicológicas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
The chronic pain pattern implies high levels of negative emotions, pain and perceived disability disability perceived. Up to date few studies have assessed when this chronic pain pattern appears. This study is aimed at exploring this issue. Methods: were evaluated 146 subjects with 4 weeks sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) and 95 with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). All patients completed the following assessment instruments: the Sadness and Depression Questionnaire (CTD), Anxiety situations and responses. Inventory -Brief form- (ISRA-B), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), a visual analogy scale for intensity of pain and a likert type scale for the frequency of pain. The analyses included a comparison on the scores of the tests between patients on sick leave due to MD compared to RA patients. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. Results: Patients on sick leave due to MD and RA patients reported similar perception of their disability, showing a high HAQ score mean. Patients on sick leave due to MD reported more perceived frequency and intensity of pain than RA patients. In relation to negative emotions, both groups reported similar high levels with some poorer levels for RA patients compared to patients on sick leave due to MD for cognitive...

Evaluation of the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic therapy in the treatment of back pain: a randomized controlled trial in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria

Oke,KI; Umebese,PFA
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Musculoskeletal system disorders (MSDs) are amongst the most commonly encountered problems in orthopaedics and physiotherapy practice all over the world and back pain is amongst the most prevalent of musculoskeletal presentations encountered in clinical practice. The attendant deformities, huge economic loss among many other sequelae on the affected individuals have always informed the search for costeffective treatment modalities that are noninvasive and are devoid of, or at least have minimal side effects. This randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the therapeutic efficacy of the use of a nonpharmacological device [pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF)] modality in the treatment of back pain. A total of 16 patients (mean age: 42.82 ± 8.63 years) with back pain without radiculopathy who met the inclusion criteria were purposively enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A had eight patients treated with PEMF plus medications (analgesics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory - diclofenac sodium) while the eight patients in group B were treated with only standard medications. The PEMF device was applied in group A four times a day for the period the patients were admitted (maximum of nine days). Measured outcome parameters were reduction in pain as assessed with numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) and improvement in functional ability status as assessed with functional activity scale (FAS). Obtained data were analysed with paired and independent ttest to test the significant efficacy of the treatment outcomes in the two groups. There was a statistically significant faster pain relief and resumption of active functions in patients treated with PEMF plus analgesic compared with the rates exhibited by patients treated with standard analgesics alone. These results suggest that PEMF therapy is beneficial in reducing pain and disability in patients with back pain and should be made part of holistic care for back pain. Further studies using PEMF on larger patient populations are advocated to further confirm the efficacy of PEMF therapy in back pain management.

Relationship between orofacial pain and absenteeism among workers in Southern Brazil;

Nardi, Anderson; Crosato, Edgard Michel; Biazevic, Maria Gabriela Haye; Crosato, Edgard; Pizzatto, Eduardo; Queluz, Dagmar de Paula
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Aim: To verify the relationship between orofacial pain and absenteeism in workers of slaughter and meat processing industries in the Southern region of Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study, with the random sample of 401 workers of slaughter and meat processing industries in the Southern region of Brazil, was carried out. A questionnaire referred to the situation of absenteeism caused by nine different types of orofacial pain and also the amount of time the employee was kept from work. Results: Only 60 workers (15%) reported having missed work due to orofacial pain in the six months prior to the study. The prevalence of absenteeism resulting from orofacial pain was of 15%. The types of orofacial pain that resulted in absenteeism were: spontaneous toothache (9.7 %); toothache caused by cold or hot liquids or by sweet foodstuff (6.5%) and pain around and behind the eyes (3.2%). There was a predominance of absenteeism in half and full work shifts for the types of orofacial pain experienced. Associations between absenteeism from induced toothache and gender (p < 0.05), absenteeism and spontaneous toothache and family income (p = 0.011), and between absenteeism and the self awareness of their oral health condition, as well as the nine types of orofacial pain (p < 0.001) were observed. Conclusions: The prevalence of absenteeism as a result of orofacial pain was low.;