Página 15 dos resultados de 527 itens digitais encontrados em 0.002 segundos

Political Ideology, Quality at Entry and the Success of Economic Reform Programs

Smets, Lodewijk; Knack, Stephen; Molenaers, Nadia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This study investigates how government ideology matters for the success of World Bank economic policy loans, which typically support market-liberalizing reforms. A simple model predicts that World Bank staff will invest more effort in designing an economic policy loan when faced with a left-wing government. Empirically, estimates from a Heckman selection model show that the quality at entry of an economic policy loan is significantly higher for governments with a left-wing party orientation. This result is robust to changes in the sample, alternative measures of ideology, different estimation techniques and the inclusion of additional control variables. Next, robust findings from estimating a recursive triangular system of equations indicate that leftist governments comply more fully with loan agreements. Results also suggest that World Bank resources are more productive -- in terms of reform success -- in the design of policy operations than in their supervision. Anecdotal evidence from several country cases is consistent with the finding that left-wing governments receive higher quality loans.

International Development Cooperation : Set of Lectures

Bartenev, Vladimir; Glazunova, Elena
Fonte: World Bank, Moscow Publicador: World Bank, Moscow
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This set of lectures is structured in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. It is divided into four parts. Part one examines the theoretical-methodological issues of development studies that remain largely a terra incognita for the Russian audience. The authors deliberately differentiated between two terms, development and international development assistance . The most voluminous Part two examines the key issues pertaining to aid architecture. In the beginning the authors reconstruct the terminological and institutional-legal system in which international development assistance is provided currently, classify the main criteria, forms, and modalities of aid, as well as identify key international development actors. The first introductory lecture is followed by a description of the latest trends in composition and distribution of aid flows with breakdowns by donor group, aid modality, region, country, income group, and sector. There is an analysis of those trends which hinder progress in increasing aid effectiveness. The authors develop the idea that international development assistance is a form of cooperation in which both donors and recipients (regardless of the differences in their motivation...

Marxists into Muslims: The Iranian irony

Javadzadeh, Abdolrahim
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This dissertation examines the influence of Islamic ideology on Iranian Marxists during the 1979 revolution. The purpose of this study is to extricate the influence of Islamic culture, ideology, and terminology on Marxist organizations and on individuals who identified themselves as Marxists in Iran. This is especially of interest since in many ways Marxism and Islam are ideologically in conflict. Were Marxists aware of the influences of Islam in their behavior and ideology? To investigate the irony publications put forth by several Marxist organizations before and after the 1979 revolution were examined. A history of such influence both ideologically and contextually is depicted to demonstrate their political and cultural significance. ^ Through the study of Marxist political organs, theoretical publication and political flyers distributed during and after the revolution, the phenomenon of Marxists converting to an Islamic ideology became clearer. Many Marxist organizations were demonstrably utilizing Islamic political ideology to organize and mobilize masses of Iranians. This study shows a historical precedence of Marxists’ usage of Islam in the political history of Iran dating back to early twentieth-century. ^ Primary and secondary Marxist literature showed that Islam was an inescapable social and political reality for Iranian Marxists. Not only was there a common upbringing but a common enemy fostered provisional collusion between the two. The internalizing the idea of martyrdom—of Shi’a Islam—was a shared belied that united Marxists with Muslins in their attempt to effect sociopolitical change in Iran. Studying Marxist publications shows evidence that many Iranian Marxists were not conscious of using Islamic ethics and terminology since Islamic beliefs are part of the taken-for-granted world of Iranian culture. This contextual belief system...

Marxists into Muslims: An Iranian Irony

Javadzadeh, Abdolrahim
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This dissertation examines the influence of Islamic ideology on Iranian Marxists during the 1979 revolution. The purpose of this study is to extricate the influence of Islamic culture, ideology, and terminology on Marxist organizations and on individuals who identified themselves as Marxists in Iran. This is especially of interest since in many ways Marxism and Islam are ideologically in conflict. Were Marxists aware of the influences of Islam in their behavior and ideology? To investigate the irony publications put forth by several Marxist organizations before and after the 1979 revolution were examined. A history of such influence both ideologically and contextually is depicted to demonstrate their political and cultural significance. Through the study of Marxist political organs, theoretical publication and political flyers distributed during and after the revolution, the phenomenon of Marxists converting to an Islamic ideology became clearer. Many Marxist organizations were demonstrably utilizing Islamic political ideology to organize and mobilize masses of Iranians. This study shows a historical precedence of Marxists’ usage of Islam in the political history of Iran dating back to early twentieth-century. Primary and secondary Marxist literature showed that Islam was an inescapable social and political reality for Iranian Marxists. Not only was there a common upbringing but a common enemy fostered provisional collusion between the two. The internalizing the idea of martyrdom—of Shi’a Islam—was a shared belied that united Marxists with Muslins in their attempt to effect sociopolitical change in Iran. Studying Marxist publications shows evidence that many Iranian Marxists were not conscious of using Islamic ethics and terminology since Islamic beliefs are part of the taken-for-granted world of Iranian culture. This contextual belief system...

Gravel music

Borrebac, Peter Andew
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Gravel Music is a collection of poems, encompassing a wide range of styles from free verse to sonnets, including several unique forms, using rhyme where it was deemed pertinent, but also operating in a deconstructive mode where prosody is concerned. The book is divided into three sections. Poems in the first section strive toward political and critical utterance, addressing Marxism, Darwinism, neo-pragmatism, and humanism in a sequence of interrogations of the barriers between aesthetics, politics, critical theory, and philosophy, hoping to find traces of truth, fact, and authenticity that transcend category. The second section is comprised of a single lyrical narrative which follows a married couple as they interact on their small farm in late Autumn, addressing themes of literacy, love, and domesticity. The third section continues the focus on domestic life, but also addresses themes of nostalgia for childhood and lost love. The poems of this section move away from the formal, socio-political outbursts of the first section, instead operating primarily through persona and voice, bringing the book to a quiet, personal close.

Something Wicked This Way Comes: How to Save the University

Nelson, Cary
Fonte: Center for the Humanities and the Public Sphere, University of Florida; Center for the Humanities and the Public Sphere, University of Florida ( Gainesville, FL ) Publicador: Center for the Humanities and the Public Sphere, University of Florida; Center for the Humanities and the Public Sphere, University of Florida ( Gainesville, FL )
Tipo: moving image
Publicado em //
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
(Biographical) Cary Nelson received his Ph.D. from the University of Rochester, and since 1970 has taught modern poetry and literary theory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he is Jubilee Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences and Professor of English. He was active in the effort to unionize the Champaign-Urbana faculty in the 1970s and in the drive to recognize a graduate employee union twenty years later. For the last ten years he has served on the National Council of the American Association of University Professors; in 2006 he took office as the AAUP’s President, being reelected in 2008. He coauthored the Association’s Redbook statements on graduate students and on academic professionals. His twenty-five authored or edited books include The Incarnate Word: Literature as Verbal Space (1973), Our Last First Poets: Vision and History in Contemporary American Poetry (1981), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture (1987), Cultural Studies (1992), Higher Education Under Fire: Politics, Economics, and the Crisis of the Humanities (1994), Will Work for Food: Academic Labor in Crisis (1997), Academic Keywords: A Devil’s Dictionary for Higher Education (1999), Revolutionary Memory: Recovering the Poetry of the American Left (2001)...

Economic crisis, Henryk Grossman and the responsibility of socialists

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Journal article; Accepted Version Formato: 25 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Henryk Grossman’s discussion of economic crises was designed to complement his Leninist understanding of politics. For Grossman, as for Marx, the fundamental contradiction of capitalist production is between the unlimited scope for expanding the output of use values and restrictions imposed by the framework of producing profits. The increasing weight of capitalists’ outlays on dead compared to living labour, which is the only source of new value, gives rise to the system’s tendency to break down and hence to economic crises. Deep financial crises can only be understood in the context of developments in production and particularly movements in the rate of profit. The initial widespread hostility to Grossman’s development of Marxist economics can mainly be explained in terms of the logics of social democratic and Stalinist politics. In contrast to dominant views on the left today, the Marxist tradition in which Grossman stood places the construction of organisations capable of assisting the working class’s conquest of political power at the heart of the responsibility of socialists. Grossman’s political practice expressed his understanding of the close relationship between capitalism’s breakdown tendency and the importance of building a revolutionary party.

The making of White Australia: Ruling class agendas, 1876-1888

Griffiths, Philip Gavin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This thesis argues that the colonial ruling class developed its first White Australia policy in 1888, creating most of the precedents for the federal legislation of 1901. White Australia was central to the making of the Australian working class, to the shaping of Australian nationalism, and the development of federal political institutions. It has long been understood as a product of labour movement mobilising, but this thesis rejects that approach, arguing that the labour movement lacked the power to impose such a fundamental national policy, and that the key decisions which led to White Australia were demonstrably not products of labour movement action. ¶ It finds three great ruling class agendas behind the decisions to exclude Chinese immigrants, and severely limit the use of indentured “coloured labour”. ...; yes

The history of class analysis in Australia

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 257264 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Populist and Marxist class analysis in Australia from the mid 19th to the 2000s.

Jewish socialists in Galicia and Marxist debates over the national question before World War I

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 328136 bytes; 384 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
The policies of the Polish Social Democratic Party were an obstacle to social democrats who sought to organise the Jewish working class in Galicia during the first decade of the 20th Century. Over a period they developed an organisational and programmatic perspective for mobilising Jewish workers. There were several competing Marxist analyses of the national and Jewish question in eastern Europe at the time. Apart from the Polish Social Democratic Partys approach, the General Austrian Party, the Polish social democrats of Congress Poland, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party as well as the Bund had distinctive positions on these questions. The Jewish militants in Galicia eventually adopted a Bundist orientation. Political circumstances in Galicia, the success of the Bundist model in Russia and, initially at least, the hope that it could be reconciled with continuing membership of the Austrian Party were important factors in this choice.; The proceedings from this conference were never published.; no

Continuity or discontinuity in the recent history of the Australian Labor Party?

Bramble, Tom; Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Recent characterisations of the Australian Labor Party as a ‘cartel party’ suggest that there was, after the 1970s, a fundamental discontinuity in Labor’s history. We assess this contention not only in terms of the ALP’s policies but also the mechanisms which link it with different classes and social groups: Labor’s electoral support, membership and local branches, the backgrounds of the Party’s parliamentarians and leaders, the role of trade unions inside the ALP, and its sources of funding. While there have been some quantitative changes in these characteristics, we conclude that Labor remains, on balance, a ‘capitalist workers’ party’.

Economic crisis, Henryk Grossman and the responsibility of socialists: Isaac and Tamara Deutscher Memorial Lecture 2008

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Henryk Grossman’s discussion of economic crises was designed to complement his Leninist understanding of politics. For Grossman, as for Marx, the fundamental contradiction of capitalist production is between the unlimited scope for expanding the output of use values and restrictions imposed by the framework of producing profits. The increasing weight of capitalists’ outlays on dead compared to living labour, which is the only source of new value, gives rise to the system’s tendency to break down and hence to economic crises. Deep financial crises can only be understood in the context of developments in production and particularly movements in the rate of profit. The initial widespread hostility to Grossman’s development of Marxist economics can mainly be explained in terms of the logics of social democratic and Stalinist politics. In contrast to dominant views on the left today, the Marxist tradition in which Grossman stood places the construction of organisations capable of assisting the working class’s conquest of political power at the heart of the responsibility of socialists. Grossman’s political practice expressed his understanding of the close relationship between capitalism’s breakdown tendency and the importance of building a revolutionary party.

The Beginnings of Capitalism and the New Mass Morality

Grossman, Henryk
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 78047 bytes; application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Grossman criticises Max Weber’s argument, recapitulated by Franz Borkenau, about Calvinism’s role in the emergence of capitalism. According to Grossman’s Marxist account, Calvinism emerged as a doctrine neither the masses nor the bourgeoisie but of the craft stratum. Capitalism arose two centuries earlier than Calvinism. A crucial aspect of ‘education in labour discipline’, that Borkenau and Weber neglected, was coercion. Religion in general serves as ‘an instrument of mass domestication’. Strands of Catholic thought were better suited to be mass capitalist moralities than Protestantism.

The rise of anti-Muslim racism in Australia: who benefits?

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Since the mid 1990s, Australia experienced a cascade of moral panics and racist campaigns against Aborigines, Arabs, refugees and Muslims. The targetting of Muslims in Australia by the Howard government intensified dramatically from mid 2005. The paper outlines this offensive, the circumstances in which it occurred and answers the question ‘who benefits?’, using a framework neglected in even some of the richest contributions to the recent critical literature on racism in Australia.; Paper presented to the Humanities Research Centre Work in Progress Seminar Tuesday 20 February 2007; no

The transformation of the Australian Labor Party

Bramble, Tom; Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
To what extent does the traditional characterisation of the Australian Labor Party as a reformist, trade union based party operating within the framework of capitalism still apply today? It is important not only to consider the Party’s policies but also mechanisms which link the Labor Party with different classes and social groups: Labor’s electoral support, membership and local branches, the backgrounds of the Party’s parliamentarians and leaders, the role of trade unions and leftwing currents inside the ALP, and its sources of funding.; Joint Social Sciences Public Lecture 8 June 2007 Australian National University; no

Economic Crisis and Socialist Revolution: Henryk Grossman’s Law of accumulation, Its First Critics and His Responses

Rick, Kuhn
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Henryk Grossman was the first person to systematically explore Marx’s explanation of capitalist crises in terms of the tendency for the rate of profit to fall and to place it in the context of the distinction between use and exchange value. His The law of accumulation and breakdown of the capitalist system remains an important reference point in the Marxist literature on economic crises. That literature has been plagued by distortions of Grossman’s position which derive from early hostile reviews of his book. These accused Grossman of a mechanical approach to the end of capitalism and of neglecting factors which boost profit rates. Grossman, in fact, contributed a complementary economic element to the recovery of Marxism undertaken by Lenin (particularly in the area of Marxist politics) and Lukács (in philosophy). In both published and unpublished work, Grossman also dealt with and even anticipated criticisms of his methodology and treatment of countertendencies to the tendency for the rate of profit to fall. Far from being mechanical, his economic analysis can still assist the struggle for working class self-emancipation.; postprint of ‘Economic Crisis and Socialist Revolution: Henryk Grossman’s Law of accumulation, Its First Critics and His Responses’...

Jewish anti-Zionism in the Galician socialist movement

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny; http://www.jewishinstitute.org.pl/pl/home/index/0.html Publicador: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny; http://www.jewishinstitute.org.pl/pl/home/index/0.html
Tipo: Book chapter; Published Version Formato: 19 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
This chapter examines the attitudes of the Jewish Social Democratic Party of Galicia (the Austrian-occupied province of partitioned Poland) to Zionism between 1905 and 1920.; "This paper derives the larger project which gave rise to Rick Kuhn’s Henryk Grossman and the Recovery of Marxism, University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago, 2007"

The odd couple: Jesus and Marx

Speaker: Ollman, Bertell (1935- )
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Sound Formato: 1hr 12min 48sec; sound tape reel
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Professor Ollman, a noted Marxist scholar, speaks about the Christian re-discovery of Marxism and the Marxist re-discovery of Christianity; the when, where, why and how of the phenomenon, its potential and its critics.

Making capitalism acceptable? The economic policy of Australian social democracy since the 1970s

Bramble, Tom; Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 33 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
Labor governments since the early 20th Century have consistently attempted to boost business profits. The way they have done so has changed but their policies have been consistently shaped by both the shifting requirements of Australian capitalism and the ALP’s nature as a capitalist workers party. From the 1940s until the early 1970s, Labor advocated a program of Keynesian and protectionist economics. As the economics profession turned against protectionism, the Whitlam Government sought to integrate Australian capitalism more closely with the global economy. The Hawke and Keating Governments went much further in opening the economy, deregulating, privatizing and corporatizing than their conservative predecessor. In most areas, with the notable exception of industrial relations, they generally acted in line with the new, neo-liberal orthodoxy in economics. The logic of the Rudd and Gillard Governments’ responses to the global economic crisis, invoking a mixture of neo-liberal and Keynesian precepts, like the economic policies of its Labor predecessors, can only be grasped in terms of the ALP’s distinctive material constitution.

A radical alternative?: a re-evaluation of Chantal Mouffe’s radical democratic approach.

Skrzypiec, Leah
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.37%
The catalyst for this thesis is the current debate addressing the nature and practice of liberal democracies. Many critics have argued that liberal democracies are failing their constituents, and in order to revitalise the key features of “robust” democracies, a number of alternatives have been proposed. Chantal Mouffe’s radical democratic approach offers one such alternative. Mouffe has written extensively on this subject and is considered an eminent proponent of a left, democratic, alternative and it is her body of work that I take as my explicit focus. This thesis examines to what degree Mouffe’s alternative can be considered radical. There are three important elements to this evaluation, all of which relate to the different definitions of the term. Specifically, these criteria are embodied in the following questions: “How different to the other alternatives is Mouffe’s approach?”; “How left is it?”; and “How democratic is it?”. While it is clear that some of Mouffe’s work has progressive, disruptive, democratic, and therefore “radical” elements, this thesis argues that this radicalness does not reach its full potential. The lacunae in Mouffe’s work, which relate to a lack of detail and theoretical clarification on many important concepts...