Página 15 dos resultados de 42017 itens digitais encontrados em 0.029 segundos

Cross-national gender differences in the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea

French, Davina J.; Jang, Soong-nang; Tait, Robert J.; Anstey, Kaarin J.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 23 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Objectives: We compared rates of smoking among those aged 45 years and older in Australia, the United States of America and South Korea, and examined cross-national gender differences in key socioeconomic differentials in smoking. Methods: We conducted weighted analyses on cross-sectional data from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2006. Results: Current smoking was more prevalent for males than females in all countries; the gender difference was largest in Korea. Being unpartnered increased the likelihood of smoking in all countries, while greater wealth reduced it. In Korea these effects interacted with gender; both indicators showed larger differentials among women than men. Lower educational attainment increased the likelihood of smoking for all groups except Korean women, among whom high school educated women were less likely to smoke than the tertiary educated. Conclusions: Our findings support a cultural interpretation of gender differences in smoking: in countries with low gender empowerment, gender differences in smoking are greater. With increasing divorce and female tertiary education rates in nations like Korea, we highlight the need for health promotion messages targeted towards older and more educated women.

Gender relations in Melanesia: the role cf reproductive rights in pursuing the Millennium Development Goals

O'Hanlon, Ayleen
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Australia's engagement with the Pacific region, articulated in the Port Moresby declaration of March 2008, has prompted a 'new era' of cooperative development in assisting Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) to achieve the Millenium Development Goals. However, the Pacific Partnerships for Development are light on any specific measures that demonstrate a commitment to addressing development challenges as they impact differently on men and women. In this study, a life course approach is applied to assess how relations between men and women influence poor reproductive health outcomes and hinder progress towards the MDGs, with a specific focus on the third and fifth MDGs relating to gender equality and maternal health. The statistics available tell a sad story about the status of women in Melanesia. The evidence provided for Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu is a strong indication of the need for greater attention directed at the link between gender equality and reproductive health in order to identity where government advocacy can influence tangible, effective outcomes. By contrasting the current experiences of women with the discourse pursued through policy and donor assistance programs, it is possible to identifY a gap that highlights a need for better understanding of social and cultural norms surrounding gender relations in Melanesia...

Gender Inequalities in Papua New Guinea

Chandler, Jessica
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of Australia's closest neighbours and is a country that most Australian citizens are ignorant of the ingrained social problems that affect women throughout the country. Due to low social indicators PNG receives aid and assistance from a number of Non-Government Organisation$ (NGOs) such as a number of United Nations agencies and CARE Australia and international governmental agencies, such as from Australia and New Zealand. This brings to mind images of development or an improvement in the situation in PNG as they are working with a number of organisations to bring about gender equality and sustainable development. The mirage that the knowledge of assistance creates is one that is shattered instantly when the statistics of the Human Development Index are examined. PNG is still experiencing high levels of gender inequality throughout the nation. Health care, education, employment and political representation are all affected by lack of development, growing levels of poverty, and an ingrained system of patriarchy and male dominance. Gender base d violence is a common occurrence for women throughout PNG, most believing that it is just a fact of life; its part and parcel with marriage and is experienced by all women in society. The situation in PNG is one that is in need of change. Due to the interconnectedness of issues affecting women it is very difficult to address any one problem. If health care is focused upon people lack the education to alleviate superstition and practices such as sorcery-related killings can occur. If education is focused upon solely there will be less focus on the accountability of the police force and corruption will continue...

Gender In Motion: Negotiating Bengali Social Statuses Across Time and Territories

Chaudhuri, Mayurakshi
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Hindu Indian Bengalis as an ethno-linguistic and transnational group have negotiated their social locations historically, contemporaneously, and transnationally. In this dissertation, I examine and argue how transnational migration is the most recent in a long line of Bengali strategies to negotiate their social location vis-à-vis other populations in India. Since the early years of the nineteenth century, in Bengal specifically, a series of socio-political dynamics have reshaped and reconstituted Bengali social status. These dynamics can be observed across various geographic scales - national, regional, and local -- and have continued to inform their contemporary gender relations. En route to this examination, the dissertation exposes assumptions about who constitutes families, problematizes "family" centrally en route to examining spousal relations among Indian-Bengalis. I have examined the lived realities and experiences of migrant spouses in the U.S. and their family living in India amidst differing—and often conflicting-- imaginaries and practices of families. Through my work, I thus illustrate that family and marriage relations can be, and often are, strategic and fluid even as many people view them as structural and enduring. Over time...

Gender Issues in Ethiopia : Implementing the National Policy on Women; Questions liees aux inegalites de sexes en Ethiopie : mise en oeuvre de la politique nationale de promotion feminine

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The National Policy on Women (Women's Policy) formulated in 1993, aimed to create appropriate structures within government offices and institutions to establish equitable and gender-sensitive public policies. The Government of Ethiopia in 1995, under its new constitution, renewed its commitment towards this policy. The government initiated an ambitious and extensive process of regionalization, whereby new regional boundaries were demarcated and administrative powers devolved to regional governments which were authorized to implement all development policies. This represented a departure from the earlier practice of centralized project management by ministries. This more participatory and decentralized form of governance made the implementation of the national policy a more challenging endeavor. There was correspondingly a great need to build the delivery capacity of the regional governments. While the central level of government promoted gender-sensitive policies and development interventions, very little was known about the constraints and issues at the regional levels.

Ten Years After Morocco's Family Code Reforms : Are Gender Gaps Closing?

Prettitore, Paul
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
In 2004, the Government of Morocco (GoM) made major amendments to its family code, known as the Moudawana, which covers personal status issues such as marriage, divorce, alimony, child support, child custody, and inheritance. These reforms increased the rights of women within the family, and should boost women s agency beyond family matters, for example increasing control of economic assets. The revisions followed a process of relatively open public debate with much of the discussion driven by women s civil society organizations (CSOs). It does suggest that women have made gains in determining who to marry, and are more able to access to divorce without renouncing their financial assets. On many other key issues, such as the use of stipulations in marriage contracts to increase women's decision-making within marriage and control of economic assets, as well as the extent to which community property regimes have been adopted by married couples, the lack of data prevents effective measurement of progress. Plans of the Ministry of Justice and Liberty to measure implementation of the Moudawana linked with the charter for the reform of the judicial system will hopefully provide the GoM a useful tool in ensuring further narrowing of gender equality gaps.

Measuring the Effect of Gender-Based Policies on Economic Growth

Agénor, Pierre-Richard; Canuto, Otaviano
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
To this day, policy makers, policy advisers, and economists in development institutions do not have any practical tools to help them to assess the impacts of policies aimed at promoting gender equality and quantify the effect of these policies on growth. Yet, there has been limited effort in that direction. This note lays out such a tool, a framework for quantifying the growth effects of gender-based policies in developing economies, developed recently in the context of a research project sponsored by the World Bank. The framework is based on analysis using a computable overlapping generation's model that accounts for the impact of access to infrastructure on women's time allocation, as well as human capital accumulation and inter- and intergenerational health externalities. The analysis also presents illustrative gender-based experiments in a calibrated version for a low-income country (Benin).

Boys at Risk : A Gender Issue in the Caribbean Requiring a Multi-Faceted and Cross-Sectoral Approach

Orlando, María Beatriz; Lundwall, Jonna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
The Latin American and Caribbean region has made significant progress in some basic indicators of gender equality (access to education and health services and female labor force participation) and lags behind in others. However, a second generation of emerging issues suggests that, although women continue to be disadvantaged in a number of indicators, boys' underachievement in education and their participation as perpetrators and victims of violent crime require a new gender paradigm that includes male issues. Despite the traditional focus on female-related indicators, there is a clear gender dimension to the problems of at-risk youth, since young boys and girls engage in different kinds of risky behaviors and in different ways. Boys and girls also tend to engage differently with schools, communities, and the labor market. This implies that programs and policies need to be designed and implemented with different approaches and tools to benefit and to reach effectively both girls and boys.

Consumption, Health, Gender, and Poverty

Case, Anne; Deaton, Angus
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Standard methods of measuring poverty assume that an individual is poor if he or she lives in a family whose income or consumption lies below an appropriate poverty line. Such methods provide only limited insight into male and female poverty separately. Nevertheless, there are reasons why household resources are linked to the gender composition of the household: women's earnings are often lower than men's; families in some countries control their fertility through differential stopping rules; and women live longer than men. It is also possible to link family expenditure patterns to the gender composition of the household, something the authors illustrate using data from India and South Africa. Such a procedure provides useful information on who gets what, but cannot tell us how total resources are allocated between males and females. More can be gleaned from data on consumption by individual household members, and for many goods, collecting such information is good survey practice in any case. Even so, it will be some time before such information can be used routinely to produce estimates of poverty by gender. A more promising approach is likely to come within a broader definition of poverty that includes health (and possibly education) as well as income. The authors discuss recent work on collecting self-reported measures of nonfatal health and argue that such measures are already useful for assessing the relative health status of males and females. The evidence is consistent with non-elderly women generally having poorer health than non-elderly men. The authors emphasize the importance of simultaneously measuring poverty in multiple dimensions. The different components of well-being are correlated...

A Tangled Web? Asking the Gender Question in the Multilateral Development Banks’ Law and Justice Policies in India

Iyengar, Ahalini
Fonte: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM) Publicador: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Over the course of the last two decades, IFIs (most prominently the World Bank) have begun acknowledging the centrality of human development as an essential element of the economic development process if the growth aimed at is to be holistic and sustainable. Strikingly, there is no agreement on the manner in which this approach is to be achieved, especially in the field of gender and development. This paper focuses on the issue of whether the Multilateral Development Banks’ policies have truly attempted at implementing their stated model of gender mainstreaming through their programmes and projects in India, with a specific focus on the legal sector, since that sector has both instrumental and intrinsic value for gender rights advocates. This article will aim at reviewing their approach towards rule of law projects and the manner in which gender equality norms have or have not been addressed within that framework; it will end with recommendations as to the necessary issues which gender programmes must address within the rule of law framework in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of gender equity.

Gender characterization in a large series of Brazilian patients with spondyloarthritis

de Carvalho, Hellen M. S.; Bortoluzzo, Adriana B.; Goncalves, Celio R.; Braga da Silva, Jose Antonio; Ximenes, Antonio Carlos; Bertolo, Manoel B.; Ribeiro, Sandra L. E.; Keiserman, Mauro; Menin, Rita; Skare, Thelma L.; Carneiro, Sueli; Azevedo, Valderilio
Fonte: SPRINGER LONDON LTD; LONDON Publicador: SPRINGER LONDON LTD; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
An increasing number of women have been diagnosed with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in recent decades. While a few studies have analyzed gender as a prognostic factor of the disease, no studies have addressed this matter with a large number of patients in South America, which is a peculiar region due to its genetic heterogeneity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of gender on disease patterns in a large cohort of Brazilian patients with SpA. A prospective study was carried out involving 1,505 patients [1,090 males (72.4%) and 415 females (27.6%)] classified as SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropaties Study Group criteria who attended at 29 reference centers for rheumatology in Brazil. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded and the following disease indices were administered: Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiologic Index (BASRI), Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES), and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL). Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was the most frequent disease in the group (65.4%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (18.4%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%)...

Gênero, tecnologia e economia solidária : reflexões a partir da experiência de uma associação de mulheres rurais; Gender, technology and solidarity economy : reflections through the experience of an association of rural women

Bruna Mendes de Vasconcellos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Os estudos feministas da tecnologia têm argumentado, de maneira geral, que a tecnologia tem implicações nas relações de gênero. Mais especificamente, os estudos nesta tradição apontam que a construção histórica da tecnologia enquanto território próprio da masculinidade (e do capitalismo) afeta diretamente a vida das mulheres; mais recentemente, argumentam ainda que a tecnologia não apenas define as relações de gênero, mas que é também moldada por esta. Partindo desta perspectiva, que compreende a tecnologia, assim como o gênero, enquanto construção social, este estudo buscou identificar e analisar as relações entre gênero e tecnologia no contexto das recentes experiências da Economia Solidária, a partir do estudo de caso de uma associação de mulheres rurais. Realiza-se para tanto uma revisão da literatura feminista no âmbito dos Estudos Sociais da Ciência e Tecnologia (ESCT) e tendo em vista o estudo de caso selecionado, contextualiza-se a agricultura familiar no Brasil, ressaltando as relações de gênero nesse cenário, assim como as características próprias dos empreendimentos de economia solidária organizados pelas mulheres no campo. O trabalho de campo foi desenvolvido de forma paralela ao processo de incubação realizado pela Incubadora Tecnológica de Cooperativas Populares (ITCP/UNICAMP) com uma associação de mulheres em assentamento rural. Além de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com as integrantes da associação...

O genero na educação tecnologica : uma analise de relações de genero na socialização de conhecimentos da Area de Construção Civil do Centro Federal de Educação Tecnologica de Mato Grosso; Gender in the technological education : an analysis of Civil Construction of the Federal Center for Technological Education of Mato Grosso

Luiz Carlos de Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Os estudos de gênero e tecnologia apontam que a engenharia é um reduto da masculinidade. Considerando a engenharia como o cerne da tecnologia e que esta é um processo de construção social com significativa participação das mulheres, este trabalho analisa o processo de ensino-aprendizagem em um centro federal de educação tecnológica. O fio condutor é a aparente neutralidade do processo de ensino-aprendizagem empregado na educação tecnológica. Os sujeitos dos estudo são os professores homens e mulheres - e os alunos - homens e mulheres - do curso técnico de Construções Prediais e de graduação superior de Controle Tecnológico de Obras. O corpo teórico que ancora este trabalho, guia-se pelas autoras dos estudos feministas inseridas nos Estudos Sociais da Ciência e Tecnologia. Por oportuno este trabalho examina a história recente do ingresso de mulheres no Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Mato Grosso - CEFETMT - com ênfase no curso técnico de Edificações que deu origem aos cursos referidos acima. As questões norteadoras deste o trabalho foram: a prática dos professores do CEFETMT reforça as desigualdades em relação ao gênero? As professoras modificam as condições de assimetria em relação ao gênero? Os professores consideram o gênero na socialização dos conhecimentos tecnológicos explícitos? O percurso metodológico constou de entrevistas e grupos focais alicerçado pelos dados primários levantados no CEFEMT e os indicadores nacionais da educação superior e de nível técnico. Os resultados indicaram que houve um intenso ingresso de mulheres na Área Educacional da Construção Civil...

Gender characterization in a large series of Brazilian patients with spondyloarthritis

de Carvalho, Hellen M. S.; Bortoluzzo, Adriana B.; Goncalves, Celio R.; Braga da Silva, Jose Antonio; Ximenes, Antonio Carlos; Bertolo, Manoel B.; Ribeiro, Sandra L. E.; Keiserman, Mauro; Menin, Rita; Skare, Thelma L.; Carneiro, Sueli; Azevedo, Valderilio
Fonte: Springer; London Publicador: Springer; London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
An increasing number of women have been diagnosed with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in recent decades. While a few studies have analyzed gender as a prognostic factor of the disease, no studies have addressed this matter with a large number of patients in South America, which is a peculiar region due to its genetic heterogeneity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of gender on disease patterns in a large cohort of Brazilian patients with SpA. A prospective study was carried out involving 1,505 patients [1,090 males (72.4%) and 415 females (27.6%)] classified as SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropaties Study Group criteria who attended at 29 reference centers for rheumatology in Brazil. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded and the following disease indices were administered: Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiologic Index (BASRI), Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES), and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL). Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was the most frequent disease in the group (65.4%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (18.4%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%)...

Depression and Sexual Orientation During Young Adulthood: Diversity Among Sexual Minority Subgroups and the Role of Gender Nonconformity

Li, Gu; Pollitt, Amanda M.; Russell, Stephen T.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
This is the accepted manuscript of a paper published in Archives of Sexual Behavior (Li G, Pollitt AM, Russell ST, Archives of Sexual Behavior 2015, doi:10.1007/s10508-015-0515-3). The final version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-015-0515-3.; Sexual minority individuals are at an elevated risk for depression compared to their heterosexual counterparts, yet less is known about how depression status varies across sexual minority subgroups (i.e., mostly heterosexuals, bisexuals, and lesbians and gay men). Moreover, studies on the role of young adult gender nonconformity in the relation between sexual orientation and depression are scarce and have yielded mixed findings. The current study examined the disparities between sexual minorities and heterosexuals during young adulthood in concurrent depression near the beginning of young adulthood and prospective depression 6 years later, paying attention to the diversity within sexual minority subgroups and the role of gender nonconformity. Drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 9421), we found that after accounting for demographics, sampling weight, and sampling design, self-identified mostly heterosexual and bisexual young adults, but not lesbians and gay men...

Gênero, autoconceito e trabalho na perspectiva de brasileiros e angolanos; Gender, self-concept and work in Brazilan and Angolan perspectives

Gondim, Sônia Maria Guedes; Amparo Sobrinho, José Bonifácio do; Santana, Vitor Santos; Santos, Vanda Martins dos; Saveia, João Manuel
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/12/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
O estudo apresenta uma análise descritiva e qualitativa das diferenças e similaridades de atributos femininos e masculinos de trabalhadores brasileiros e angolanos, com ou sem função gerencial. A suposição é que os atributos de gênero presentes no autoconceito pessoal estão relacionados à socialização e à experiência de trabalho nos dois países. Participaram 431 trabalhadores – trezentos do Brasil e 131 de Angola –, sendo 164 homens e 267 mulheres. Foi utilizado um Inventário dos Esquemas de gênero do Autoconceito. Os dados foram analisados mediante frequência, teste do qui-quadrado e análise qualitativa, levando em conta país, sexo e função gerencial. Os resultados indicam a prevalência de atributos femininos na amostra geral, não diferenciando países. O atributo responsável destaca-se entre trabalhadores, independentemente de país, sexo e função gerencial. O atributo dedicado está mais fortemente presente naqueles que não assumem funções gerenciais. Os atributos masculinos, apesar de em menor número, estão fortemente associados a homens e se diferenciam por país e função gerencial. Conclui-se que os atributos femininos estão presentes na autoavaliação de trabalhadores, independentemente do sexo e do exercício da função gerencial...

Gender, Loneliness, and Friendship Satisfaction in Early Adulthood: The Role of Friendship Features and Friendship Expectations

Weeks, Molly Stroud
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%

Three studies focus on an intriguing paradox in the associations between gender, friendship quality, and loneliness, and examine whether gender differences in friendship expectations help explain why the paradox occurs. Study 1 (n = 1761 college undergraduates) documents the three elements of this paradox: (1) females reported higher levels of various positive features in their friendships than did males; (2) higher levels of positive friendship features were associated with lower levels of loneliness; and (3) males and females reported similar levels of loneliness. Consistent with this paradox, when friendship features were statistically controlled, a statistical suppression effect was found such that females reported higher levels of loneliness than did males.

Study 2 (n = 1008 young adults aged 18 to 29) replicated each of the findings from Study 1 using a revised and expanded measure that reliably assessed a broader set of distinct friendship features. In addition to measuring friendship features and loneliness, Study 2 also examined friendship satisfaction, and here too a striking suppression effect emerged. Specifically, although females reported slightly higher levels of friendship satisfaction than did males...

Acts of Love (and Work): Gender Imbalance in Emotional Work and Womens' Psychology Distress

Strazdins, Lyndall; Broom, Dorothy
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Family members do work to meet people's emotional needs, improve their well-being, and maintain harmony. When emotional work is shared equally, both men and women have access to emotional resources in the family. However, like housework and child care, the distribution of emotional work is gendered. This study examines the psychological health consequences of gender divisions in emotional work. Quantitative and qualitative data from a sample of 102 couples with young children show that the gender imbalance affected women's, but not men's, experience of love and conflict in their marriage. Through this erosion of the marriage, the gender imbalance posed a health risk to women and helped explain gender differences in psychological distress. Couples preserved a sense of mutuality by accounting for the gender imbalance as something beyond men's choice or control, or in terms of women's excess emotional needs, thus entrenching gender differences in the performance and consequences of emotional work.

Age and gender effects in self-reported urinary schistosomiasis in Tanzania

Clements, Archie; Barnett, Adrian G; Nyandindi, U; Lwambo, Nicholas J S; Kihamia, Charles M; Blair, L
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Objectives: To characterize age-gender prevalence profiles of urinary schistosomiasis according to the questionnaire responses, compare the profiles to field survey data from selected regions, and determine if the profiles varied spatially throughout Tanzania. Methods: In 2004, a national school-based questionnaire survey for self-reported schistosomiasis and blood in urine (BIU) was conducted in all regions of mainland Tanzania, to assist targeted mass distribution of praziquantel. Field survey data were collected in six north-western and five coastal regions using microscopic examination of urine samples for the presence of Schistosoma haematobium eggs and assessment of micro-haematuria with chemical reagent strips. Bayesian logistic regression models were created to calculate age-gender profiles adjusted for demographic and ecological covariates and spatial correlation in the questionnaire data. Separate odds ratios (OR) for age-gender effects were calculated in each administrative area. Results: Data were obtained from > 2.5 million schoolchildren. Boys had higher prevalence of self-reported schistosomiasis and BIU than girls. In boys, prevalence according to the questionnaire and field surveys followed similar age profiles. However...

Brigas de galo pelo avesso: Fazendo “sexo” e desfazendo “gênero” em Chatila, Líbano; Non-Cock Fights: On Doing "Sex" and Undoing "Gender" in Shatila, Lebanon

Barbosa, Gustavo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/08/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Uma oficina de ONG na temática de “gênero” e a atividade de criar pombos dão as deixas para que este artigo exponha as dificuldades envolvidas na caracterização das experiências de rapazes (shabâb) do campo de refugiados palestinos de Chatila, no Líbano, como “performance de gênero”. O conceito de “gênero”, com efeito, não funciona em todos os contextos e momentos. Se serve para iluminar as biografias dos pais dos atuais shabâb de Chatila – os fidâ(iyyîn (combatentes), cuja passagem à vida adulta foi acentuadamente informada pela luta para retornar à terra natal – não dá conta de apreender a experiência daqueles que dispõem de acesso muito limitado a elementos de poder, caso dos shabâb. Em lugar de tomá-los como “emasculados”, por não poderem “performatizar” adequadamente um “gênero” devido aos constrangimentos político-econômicos a que estão submetidos, o que antes faço é problematizar o próprio conceito de “gênero”. Assim, o estudo sugere que tal conceito, na medida em que se move num universo semântico definido pela busca de poder político, levanta questionamentos quando aplicado a ambientes anti-Estado, como é o caso de Chatila nos dias correntes – uma problemática não de todo estranha à linha clastriana de pensamento.; Using a workshop on “gender” held at a NGO and pigeonraising as cues...