Página 14 dos resultados de 42017 itens digitais encontrados em 0.028 segundos

Educação infantil, espaços de confronto e convívio com as diferenças: análise das interações entre professoras e meninas e meninos que transgridem as fronteiras de gênero; Early childhood education, spaces of confrontation and familiarization with differences: analysis of interactions between teachers and girls and boys who transgress the gender boundaries

Finco, Daniela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Esta tese apresenta o resultado de um estudo realizado em uma escola municipal de Educação Infantil da rede municipal de São Paulo (Emei). O objetivo foi observar e interpretar as interações entre professoras e crianças em geral e, especialmente, as crianças que transgridem os padrões de gênero que lhes são impostos, dando significados e estruturando suas experiências sociais. Trata-se de investigação qualitativa, de inspiração etnográfica, que envolveu quatro turmas de crianças de 3 a 6 anos e suas professoras e recorreu aos registros das observações em caderno de campo e às entrevistas realizadas com professoras. Apresenta os construtos e os conhecimentos nos quais as professoras se baseiam, ao lidar com os conflitos relativos às questões de gênero na infância, tais como a explicação das diferenças baseada na Biologia e na Genética e a compreensão da identidade de gênero das crianças como estática e universal. Os resultados apontam para práticas e estratégias de organização dos tempos e dos espaços, caracterizadas por uma disciplina heteronormativa de controle, regulação e normatização dos corpos e dos desejos de meninas e meninos. Destacou-se, nesta forma de organização institucional, uma intencionalidade pedagógica que tem no sexo um importante critério para a organização e para os usos dos tempos e dos espaços. Entretanto...

Meninas e meninos no recreio: gênero, sociabilidade e conflito; Childhood in scholl recess time: gender, sociability and conflict

Cruz, Tânia Mara
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender o conflito nas relações de gênero entre crianças das 1as às 4as séries. Em um recreio escolar procurei captar de que modo as culturas infantis eram ali produzidas e como se relacionavam com a cultura adulta. A escassez de pesquisas brasileiras levou-me a privilegiar a literatura internacional. O problema de pesquisa configurou-se da indagação sobre os mecanismos de interação e de organização grupal no recreio, que pareceu-me ocorrer numa forma conflituosa de relacionamento entre meninos e meninas. A etnografia serviu como mediação metodológica e ética na pesquisa construída a partir de diferentes enfoques disciplinares: a psicologia, a sociologia e a antropologia. A observação e as entrevistas resultaram no material de trabalho a ser analisado. No ano de 2001, realizei 28 registros de campo, sobre o recreio em que circulavam 240 crianças. No final desse ano assisti a 40 aulas de 50 minutos, distribuídas pelas quatro turmas de 3as e 4as séries, e priorizei as aulas de educação artística e educação física, por realizarem mais atividades grupais. Entrevistei 55 das 120 crianças das 3as e 4as séries. Estabeleci a diferença entre os conflitos como estratégias de aproximação e os que significavam rupturas e oposições. Para isso...

Construtos de gênero no Egito Ptolomaico: uma proposta de leitura das cartas gregas e demóticas; Constructs of gender in Ptolemaic Egypt: a reading proposal of Greek and demotic letters

Silva, Thais Rocha da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Parte significativa da historiografia sobre o Egito antigo ainda tem usado os termos gênero e mulheres como sinônimos. O estudo das cartas gregas e demóticas foi feito em grande parte com foco nas análises formais dos textos e na filologia. São raros os estudos de epistolografia que privilegiam o aspecto relacional e social das fontes. Se, por um lado, os autores interessados no gênero no Egito usam as cartas como um documento que pode dar acesso às mulheres, a historiografia sobre essas cartas parece negligenciar as mulheres e o gênero como temas relevantes. No período ptolomaico, as relações entre homens e mulheres foram constituídas por processos intrínsecos e específicos que operavam diferentes categorias de gênero simultaneamente, combinando uma multiplicidade de tradições e valores, muito além de nossas percepções do que é masculino e feminino, ou grego e egípcio. A proposta da dissertação é analisar a historiografia sobre gênero no Egito ptolomaico e como ela se apropriou de determinados grupos de papiros, em especial as cartas. A discussão sobre os estudos de gênero com base na epistolografia grega e demótica do Egito ptolomaico articula diferentes disciplinas que expõe os enquadramentos teóricos enviesados de leitura das cartas.; A significant part of the historiography on ancient Egypt has used the terms gender and women synonymously. The study of Greek and demotic letters focused mainly on formal textual analysis and philology...

Future gender relations in global restructuring processes case study evidence from knowledge-intensive, manufacturing and service occupations

Nierling, Linda
Fonte: IET Publicador: IET
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Global restructuring processes have not only strong implications for European working and living realities, but also have specific outcomes with regard to gender relations. The following contribution analyses in which way global restructuring shapes current gender relations in order to identify important trends and developments for future gender (in)equalities at the workplace. On the basis of a large qualitative study on global restructuring and impacts on different occupational groups it argues that occupational belonging in line with skill and qualification levels are crucial factors to assess the further development of gender relations at work. Whereas global restructuring in knowledge-based occupations may provide new opportunities for female employees, current restructuring is going to deteriorate female labour participation in service occupations. In contrast, manufacturing occupations can be characterised by persistent gender relations, which do not change in spite of major restructuring processes at the work place. Taking the institutional perspective into account, it seems to be crucial to integrate the occupational perspective in order to apply adequate policy regulations to prevent the reinforcement of gender related working patterns in the near future.

Health with equality: a proposal for the incorporation of the gender perspective in health care systems

Panisello,Maria Luisa; Pastor,Inma
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper presents an analysis of the incorporation of the gender perspective in health care-related policies. Based on the recommendations of international organizations, the importance of the incorporation of the gender concept in the health field is analyzed, in order to design health policies that seeking to redress existing inequalities by virtue of sex/gender. This paper presents an analysis of the published guidelines in order to facilitate the incorporation of the gender perspective in health care systems. The article concludes with a proposal of gender-sensitive health indicators that can ensure the gender perspective in health care policies.

The Impact of Sex and Gender on Adaptation to Space: Executive Summary

Mark, Saralyn; Scott, Graham B.I.; Donoviel, Dorit B.; Leveton, Lauren B.; Mahoney, Erin; Charles, John B.; Siegel, Bette
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/11/2014 EN
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This review article is a compendium of six individual manuscripts, a Commentary, and an Executive Summary. This body of work is entitled “The Impact of Sex and Gender on Adaptation to Space” and was developed in response to a recommendation from the 2011 National Academy of Sciences Decadal Survey, “Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration: Life and Physical Sciences for a New Era,” which emphasized the need to fully understand sex and gender differences in space. To ensure the health and safety of male and female astronauts during long-duration space missions, it is imperative to examine and understand the influences that sex and gender have on physiological and psychological changes that occur during spaceflight. In this collection of manuscripts, six workgroups investigated and summarized the current body of published and unpublished human and animal research performed to date related to sex- and gender-based differences in the areas of cardiovascular, immunological, sensorimotor, musculoskeletal, reproductive, and behavioral adaptations to human spaceflight. Each workgroup consisted of scientists and clinicians from academia, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and other federal agencies and was co-chaired by one representative from NASA and one from the external scientific community. The workgroups met via telephone and e-mail over 6 months to review literature and data from space- and ground-based studies to identify sex and gender factors affecting crew health. In particular...

An assessment of attitudes toward gender inequitable sexual and reproductive health norms in South Sudan: a community-based participatory research approach

Scott, Jennifer; Averbach, Sarah; Modest, Anna Merport; Hacker, Michele; Cornish, Sarah; Spencer, Danielle; Murphy, Maureen; Parmar, Parveen
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: Communities in South Sudan have endured decades of conflict. Protracted conflict exacerbated reproductive health disparities and gender inequities. This study, conducted prior to the country’s 2011 independence, aimed to assess attitudes toward gender inequitable norms related to sexual relationships and reproductive health and the effects of sex, age, and education on these attitudes. Methods: Applying a community-based participatory research approach and quota sampling, 680 adult male and female respondents were interviewed in seven sites within South Sudan in 2009–2011. The verbally administered survey assessed attitudes using the Gender Equitable Men scale. Data were stratified by sex, age (≤35 years and >35 years), and education. Results: Of 680 respondents, 352 were female, 326 were male, and 2 did not indicate their sex. The majority of women (77%) and men (74%) agreed “a man needs other women, even if things with his wife are fine”. Respondents who reported no education (60%) were more likely than those who reported any education (45%) to agree “if a woman is married, she should have sex with her husband whenever he wants to, even if she doesn’t want to” (p = 0.002). The majority of women (74%) and men (73%) agreed “it is a woman’s responsibility to avoid getting pregnant”. Respondents who reported no education (81%) were more likely than those who reported any education (72%) to agree with this statement (p = 0.04). When asked about condom use...

Impacts of International Migration and Remittances on Child Outcomes and Labor Supply in Indonesia : How Does Gender Matter?

Nguyen, Trang; Purnamasari, Ririn
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper aims to investigate empirically how international migration and remittances in Indonesia, particularly female migration, affect child outcomes and labor supply behavior in sending households. The authors analyze the Indonesia Family Life Survey data set and apply an instrumental variable estimation method, using historical migration networks as instruments for migration and remittance receipts. The study finds that, in Indonesia, the impacts of international migration on sending households are likely to vary depending on the gender of the migrants. On average, migration reduces the working hours of remaining household members, but this effect is not observed in households with female migrants. At the same time, female migration and their remittances tend to reduce child labor. The estimated impacts of migration and remittances on school enrollment are not statistically significant, but this result is interesting in that the directions of the effects can be opposite when the migrant is male or female

Agency, Education and Networks : Gender and International Migration from Albania

Stecklov, Guy; Carletto, Calogero; Azzarri, Carlo; Davis, Benjamin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This paper examines the causes and dynamics of the shift in the gender composition of migration, and more particularly, in the access of women to migration opportunities and decision making. The context of the analysis is Albania, a natural laboratory for studying migration developments given that out-migration was practically eliminated from the end of World War II to the end of the 1980s. The authors use micro-level data from the Albania 2005 Living Standards Measurement Study including migration histories for family members since migration began. Based on discrete-time hazard models, the analysis shows an impressive expansion of female participation in international migration. Female migration, which is shown to be strongly associated with education, wealth, and social capital, appears responsive to economic incentives and constraints. Yet, using unique data on the dependency of female migration to the household demographic structure as well as the sensitivity of female migration to household-level shocks...

Earnings Inequality Within and Across Gender, Racial, and Ethnic Groups in Four Latin American Countries

Cunningham, Wendy; Jacobsen, Joyce P.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Latin American countries are generally characterized as displaying high income and earnings inequality overall along with high inequality by gender, race, and ethnicity. However, the latter phenomenon is not a major contributor to the former phenomenon. Using household survey data from four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala, and Guyana) for which stratification by race or ethnicity is possible, this paper demonstrates (using Theil index decompositions as well as Gini indices, and 90/10 and 50/10 percentile comparisons) that within-group earnings inequality rather than between-group earnings inequality is the main contributor to overall earnings inequality. Simulations in which the relatively disadvantaged gender and/or racial/ethnic group is treated as if it were the relatively advantaged group tend to reduce overall earnings inequality measures only slightly and in some cases have the effect of increasing earnings inequality measures.

Uganda - Integrating Gender into Policy Actions

Canagarajah, Roy S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
The findings of both macro- and microeconomic analysis of the links between growth and gender inequality have shown that large gender disparities in basic human rights, resources, economic opportunity, and in political voice is directly and indirectly limiting growth in sub-Saharan Africa, and that women and girls are bearing the largest and most direct costs of these inequalities.

Incorporating Gender Activities into Cotton Lending Project Design : High Impact at Reasonable Cost

Billimoria, Raiomand; Ergashev, Adkham; Nosirova, Muhayyo; Kurbanova, Ziyoda
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Over 70 percent of the farm workers in Tajikistan are women. Most face difficult working conditions and are paid in agricultural outputs such as oil, rather than in cash. When the South Tajikistan Cotton Lending Project started in early 2007, IFC and its donor, the Canadian International Development Agency, decided to develop a Gender Equality Plan to address gender issues a high priority for both organizations. The challenge was to develop a plan that will show demonstrable results at a reasonable cost, and be acceptable to the men who manage the farms. The smart lessons represent some of what the team learned from this project.

Sectoral Allocation by Gender of Latin American Workers over the Liberalization Period of the 1990s

Cunningham, Wendy V.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
The recent restructuring of Latin American economies has renewed interest in the effects of trade liberalization, on labor markets, and on the gender division of labor. The author does not attempt to establish casuality between economic reforms, and the types of jobs that men and women hold. Instead, she provides a detailed description of the trends in male, and female formal, and informal sector participation during the economic reform period in Argentina, Brazil, and Costa Rica. The author first compares the gender composition of the formal, informal wage, and self-employment sectors in a year before reforms (1988 for Argentina, 1989 for Brazil, and Costa Rica), and a year after reforms implementation (1997 for Argentina, 1995 for Brazil and Costa Rica). Although women continued to be more likely than men to work in the informal wage sector, there is no trend of "masculinization" or "feminization" of the informal sector, or any other. Instead, in Argentina men have overtaken women as the most prevalent workers in the informal wage sector...

Gender Differences in the Influence of Protective Factors, Risk Factors, and Health Risk Behaviors on HIV Risk Behaviors Among Youth in South Florida

Navarro, Christi M
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Adolescents engage in a range of risk behaviors during their transition from childhood to adulthood. Identifying and understanding interpersonal and socio-environmental factors that may influence risk-taking is imperative in order to meet the Healthy People 2020 goals of reducing the incidence of unintended pregnancies, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections among youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in the predictors of HIV risk behaviors among South Florida youth. More specifically, this study examined how protective factors, risk factors, and health risk behaviors, derived from a guiding framework using the Theory of Problem Behavior and Theory of Gender and Power, were associated with HIV risk behavior. A secondary analysis of 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data sets from Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach school districts tested hypotheses for factors associated with HIV risk behaviors. The sample consisted of 5,869 high school students (mean age 16.1 years), with 69% identifying as Black or Hispanic. Logistic regression analyses revealed gender differences in the predictors of HIV risk behavior. An increase in the health risk behaviors was related to an increase in the odds that a student would engage in HIV risk behavior. An increase in risk factors was also found to significantly predict an increase in the odds of HIV risk behavior...

Is there a glass ceiling over Europe? Exploring the gender pay gap across the wages distribution

Arulampalam, Wiji; Booth, Alison L; Bryan, Mark L
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 875085 bytes; 350 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Using harmonised data from the European Union Household Panel, we analyse gender pay gaps by sector across the wages distribution for eleven countries. We find that the mean gender pay gap in the raw data typically hides large variations in the gap across the wages distribution. We use quantile regression techniques to control for the effects of individual and job characteristics at different points of the distribution, and calculate the part of the gap attributable to differing returns between men and women. We find that, first, gender pay gaps are typically bigger at the top of the wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of glass ceilings. Second, for some countries gender pay gaps are also bigger at the bottom of the wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with sticky floors. Third, the gender pay gap is typically higher at the top than the bottom end of the wage distribution, suggesting that glass ceilings are more prevalent than sticky floors. Fourth, the gender pay gap differs significantly across the public and the private sector wages distribution for each of our EU countries.; yes

Gender and invested agency: cultural expressions in the United Arab Emirates.

Schedneck, Jillian
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Based upon qualitative research with forty young Emirati women and men, this thesis explores the relationship between gender and nation within the United Arab Emirates. The study examines how this relationship affects young Emirati women in particular, and investigates the ways Emirati culture is being represented by young Emiratis to real and imagined audiences, and the implication of gender within those representations. This thesis argues that cultural expressions—such as artistic work, volunteering for a cultural program and wearing national dress—are best described in terms of a feminist poststructural model of agency I term “invested agency.” This research theorises the relationship between gender and nation as an investment by Emirati women within the discourse of the UAE’s state-sponsored women’s empowerment agenda. The term invested agency applies to the ways in which female participants’ subjectivities are shaped by the discourses around them, and speak both from within and to those discourses. The term also explains that agency is not always resistance against an oppressor, as in the liberal framework, but instead a strategic negotiation of contextualised choice from within available discourses. Participants’ subjectivities are embedded within the discourses of Orientalism...

Geschlechterstereotype - Qualifikationsbarrieren von Frauen in der Fußballtrainerausbildung?; Gender stereotypes - qualification barriers for women in football (soccer) coaching education?

Weigelt-Schlesinger, Yvonne
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Eines der letzten fast vollständig männlichen dominierten Reservoirs des Sports ist der Trainerbereich. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Einsicht setzt sich die Arbeit mit der Frage auseinander, weshalb Frauen erst gar keine Ausbildung zur Trainerin beginnen oder die begonnene Ausbildung wieder abbrechen. Dabei interessiert insbesondere die Bedeutung von Geschlechtsstereotypen bei der Ausgrenzung von Frauen aus oder der Benachteiligung während der Trainerausbildung. So fragt die Autorin danach, unter welchen Bedingungen z.B. Athletinnen eine Trainerausbildung aufnehmen bzw. die Trainerausbildung wieder abbrechen würden, darüber hinaus werden aber auch Ausbildungskonzepte auf potentiell exkludierende Wirkungen untersucht. Schließlich setzt sich die Arbeit mit den organisationalen Barrieren einer Trainertätigkeit von Frauen auseinander, wobei die Tiefenstrukturen der Sportorganisationen auf deren exkludierende Wirkungen hin beleuchtet werden. Die Dissertation ist in sechs Teile aufgegliedert. Nach einer Darstellung der Problemstellung wird der umfangreiche Literaturbestand zum Thema beleuchtet. Die daraus resultierenden Ergebnisse bilden den Ausgangspunkt für die Untersuchung, indem sie verdeutlichen, an welchen Stellen die Forschungsarbeit auf bereits vor-handenes Material rekurriert und wo neue Wege gesucht werden. Um das Phänomen der Trainerausbildung bzw. der Trainerinnenausbildung darzu-legen...

Thirty years of gender quotas in Germany : policy adoption between mainstreaming and minimal compliance

LANG, Sabine
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper reviews three decades of gender quota policies in Germany and assesses policy adoption in parties, public administration, as well as on corporate and public boards. Germany was an early adopter of quotas for women in political parties and in public administration. Even though both measures were controversial when first enacted in the 1980s and early 1990s, they have since become rather low-profile gender equality strategies. A recent initiative to adopt quotas for women on corporate and public boards, by contrast, produced substantial public discussion. The mainstreaming of positive action plans in public institutions that include decision quotas, fixed quotas and goal quotas has given gender advocates formally strong leverage to advance a gender equality agenda. At the same time, a culture of minimalist compliance has pervaded the public sector and parties. Male institutions and organizations tend to exhibit more passive resistance than vocal opposition, thus making it difficult for feminists to engage effectively with non-compliance. A lack of sanctions as well as intricate strategies to circumvent quota decisions add to a sense among German feminist activists that quotas are one, but by no means the only strategy for gender equality in public life.

Grupo Focal de discusión como herramienta para el estudio de las relaciones de género en miembros de una comunidad urbana; Focus Group discussion as tool to study gender relations in urban community members

Medina Maldonado, Venus Elizabeth; Torres Torres, Lydia Mariela; Navarro de Sáez, Mª Josefa
Fonte: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA; ENG
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Objetivo: Esta investigación cualitativa con perspectiva de género tiene como meta mostrar la utilidad del Grupo Focal de discusión en el estudio de los factores que influyen en las relaciones de género partiendo de las concepciones de los miembros de una comunidad urbana. La metodología incluyó la realización de un grupo focal con un total de n=5 mujeres y n=5 hombres, todos pertenecientes a la comunidad seleccionada para el estudio. Para la sistematización de los datos se manejó Atlas ti 6.2 (versión Demo) y en la etapa de razonamiento de los testimonios fue usado análisis del discurso. Los resultados mostraron: Las relaciones de género basadas en el modelo de género tradicional representan un riesgo para la salud física y mental del grupo estudiado. Las demostraciones de hombría, individualidad y promiscuidad en el género masculino ponen su salud en riesgo. En el género femenino la sumisión puede desencadenar baja autoestima, sentimientos de culpa y sufrimiento mental. Conclusiones: Este estudio describe cómo grupo focal de discusión representó una herramienta efectiva durante el ejercicio de la enfermería comunitaria, ya que este tipo de técnica promueve el dialogo y el intercambio con miembros de la comunidad.; Aim: This qualitative research with gender perspective aims to illustrate the usefulness of Focus Group Discussion in the study of factors influencing gender relations...

Gender segregation : from birth to occupation

Mora, Ricardo; Ruiz-Castillo, Javier
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/draft; info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper Formato: application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2000 ENG
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Most of the existing literature studies the gender segregation induced by occupational choices in the employed population. This paper also studies the segregation induced by age/education characteristics and labor market participation decisions in the population consisting of non-students of working age. The gender segregation index used, related to the entropy notion in information theory, is additively decomposable for any partition and it has a commutability property. The empirical part uses Labor Force Survey data for Spain for 1977 and 1992. In both years, most of the gender segregation takes place within, rather than between age/education subgroups. In 1977 labor market participation decisions account for 67.6 per cent of overall gender segregation. During the 1977-1993 period, most of the 27 per cent reduction in overall gender segregation can be attributed to labor market participation changes, while gender segregation induced by occupational choices remains essentially stable.