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Sinais clínicos e ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Chlamydophila abortus em ovinos de São Paulo e Minas Gerais; Clinical signs and occurrence of antibodies anti-Chlamydophila abortus in ovines of São Paulo and Minas Gerais

Rossi, Rodolfo Santos; Rizzo, Huber; Piatti, Rosa Maria; Gregory, Lilian
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.91%
A Chlamydophila abortus, anteriormente conhecida como Chlamydia psittaci sovovar 1, é uma bactéria Gram negativa, intracelular obrigatória. Esse micro-organismo é frequentemente encontrado em distúrbios reprodutivos em ovinos, bovinos e caprinos, sendo o aborto epizoótico dos bovinos e o aborto enzoótico dos ovinos e caprinos as manifestações mais importantes. Considerando-se o pouco material literário a respeito da clamidofilose no Brasil, a pesquisa teve como objetivo determinar a presença de anticorpos fixadores de complemento anti-Chlamydophila abortus, correlacionando os resultados obtidos com achados no exame clínico e histórico dos animais, além de alterações nos índices zootécnicos, em especial na esfera reprodutiva, tais como alto índice de repetição de cio, número elevado de abortamentos, elevado número de natimortos, entre outros. Foram testadas para prova de fixação do complemento 220 amostras de soro de ovinos, de 26 propriedades, distribuídas em 19 municípios, com relato de manifestação reprodutiva, obtendo-se 19,55% (43/220) de testes positivos para Chlamydophila abortus, com ocorrência de foco constatada de 61,53%. No geral, a titulação de anticorpos encontrada foi baixa, com título não superior a 64. A frequência de manifestação reprodutiva mais observada foi o aborto...

Measuring abortion-related mortality: challenges and opportunities

Gerdts, Caitlin; Tunçalp, Ozge; Johnston, Heidi; Ganatra, Bela
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Two recent efforts to quantify the causes of maternal deaths on a global scale generated divergent estimates of abortion-related mortality. Such discrepancies in estimates of abortion-related mortality present an important opportunity to explore unique challenges and opportunities associated with the generation and interpretation of abortion-related mortality estimates. While innovations in primary data collection and estimation methodologies are much needed, at the very least, studies that seek to measure maternal deaths due to abortion should endeavor to improve transparency, acknowledge limitations of data, and contextualize results. As we move towards sustainable development goals beyond 2015, the need for valid and reliable estimates of abortion-related mortality has never been more pressing. The post-MDG development agenda that aims to improve global health, reduce health inequities, and increase accountability, requires new and novel approaches be tested to improve measurement and estimation of abortion-related mortality, as well as incidence, safety and morbidity.

Porta-enxertos para pereira (Pyrus sp.): implica????es sobre a dorm??ncia, biologia floral e conte??do de carboidratos.; Rootstock for pear (Pyrus sp.): implication on dormancy, floral biology and carbohydrate content.

VERISSIMO, Valtair
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Agronomia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Agronomia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Floral bud abortion has been the main limiting factor to the expansion of the pear crop in Brazil. That floral bud abortion has been considered as a complex problem that may be affected by physiological, sanitary, genetic and climatic factors. The rootstock that is the main subject of this study could also be an influencing factor in pear floral abortion, since until the year 2000, only the vigorous rootstocks Pyrus calleryana and Pyrus betulaefolia were used in Brazil. After that year, the pear growers of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states started using dwarfing quince rootstocks such as Adams and EMC and the results has been satisfactory. In general these quince rootstocks are more sensitive to water stress during drought periods, since they develop a relatively small root system. However, the influence of these rootstocks on the physiology of dormancy, carbohydrate metabolism and floral biology are not known. With the objective of studying such unknown aspects, five experiments were carried out from 2005 to 2007 growth seasons. Part of these experiments was conduced under field conditions in a commercial orchard in Vacaria, RS, whereas other experiment activities were developed at Embrapa Clima Temperado research center in Pelotas...

Two Mifepristone Doses and Two Intervals of Misoprostol Administration for Termination of Early Pregnancy : A Randomised Factorial Controlled Equivalence Trial

von Hertzen, H.; Piaggio, G.; Wojdyla, D.; Marions, L.; My Huong, N. T.; Tang, O. S.; Fang, A. H.; Wu, S. C.; Kalmar, L.; Mittal, S.; Erdenetungalag, R.; Horga, M.; Pretnar-Darovec, A.; Kapamadzija, A.; Dickson, K.; Anh, N. D.; Tai, N. V.; Tuyet, H. T.; P
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of 100 mg and 200 mg of mifepristone and 24- and 48-hour intervals to administration of 800 microg vaginal misoprostol for termination of early pregnancy. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled, randomized, equivalence trial, stratified by centre. SETTING: 13 departments of obstetrics and gynecology in nine countries. POPULATION: 2,181 women with 63 days or less gestation requesting medical abortion. METHODS: Two-sided 95% CI for the risk differences of failure to complete abortion were calculated and compared with 5% equivalence margin between two doses of mifepristone and two intervals to misoprostol administration. Proportions of women with adverse effects were compared between the regimens using standard testes for proportions. OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of complete abortion without surgical intervention and adverse effects associated with the regimens. RESULTS: Efficacy outcome was analysed for 2,126 women (97.5%) excluding 55 lost to follow up. Both mifepristone doses were found to be similar in efficacy. The rate of complete abortion was 92.0% for women assigned 100 mg of mifepristone and 93.2% for women assigned 200 mg of mifepristone (difference 1.2%, 95% CI: -1.0 to 3.5). Equivalence was also evident for the two intervals of administration: the rate of complete abortion was 93.5% for 24-hour interval and 91.7% for the 48-hour interval (difference -1.8%...

Feminism and the "woman equals mother" discourse in reproductive politics in Australia.

Duvnjak, Angella
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis explores the persistence of a ‘woman equals mother’ discourse within the terrain of reproductive politics in Australia. It finds that women are reduced to an essentialised maternal subjectivity through the deployment of an underlying ‘woman equals mother’ discourse across a range of feminist, medical/health and media discourses in Australia. Using abortion and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) as case studies, this thesis suggests that dominant feminist and mainstream discourses on abortion and ART remain located within three main frameworks, those of ‘rights/choice’, ‘moral/ethical’ and ‘health/medical’. All three discourses privilege a view of maternal subjectivity as essential to normative womanhood. While abortion and ART are often situated as separate or even opposing areas of reproductive politics, examining these two sites of reproductive practice alongside one another draws attention to the connections between these two seemingly disparate fields of reproductive practice. Specifically it enables us to identify the strength and persistence of a ‘woman equals mother’ discourse across these realms of reproductive practice. This thesis analyses the contributing factors behind the persistence of this discourse. The first three chapters in the thesis examine key feminist approaches towards abortion and ART in the late 20th and early 21st centuries...

The European Court of Human Rights, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, and the Right to Abortion: Roe v. Wade on the other side of the Atlantic?

FABBRINI, Federico
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
This Article analyzes the legal regulation of abortion within the context of Europe’s multilevel system for the protection of fundamental rights. The Article examines the constitutional dynamics and challenges that emerge in the field of abortion law from the overlap between national and supranational norms in Europe, comparing the European multilevel architecture with the United States (U.S.) federal system. To this end, the Article summarizes the main trends in the regulation of abortion in the various European Union (“EU”) countries, assesses the growing impact of the EU and the European Convention on Human Rights in the field of abortion law, and emphasizes how supranational law generates new pressures and creates several inconsistencies within the domestic legal systems of those states which restrict abortion rights. It then explores how analogous dynamics have historically been at play in the U.S. federal system. Finally, the Article evaluates—in light of the U.S. experience—the potential consequences upon the European abortion regime of the most recent developments in the European Court of Human Rights case law and the entry into force of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights via the Lisbon reform Treaty.

Population dynamics and the stability of obligate pollination mutualisms

Holland, J. Nathaniel; DeAngelis, Donald L.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
journal article; Mutualistic interactions almost always produce both costs and benefits for each of the interacting species. It is the difference between gross benefits and costs that determines the net benefit and the per-capita effect on each of the interacting populations. For example, the net benefit of obligate pollinators, such as yucca and senita moths, to plants is determined by the difference between the number of ovules fertilized from moth pollination and the number of ovules eaten by the pollinator’s larvae. It is clear that if pollinator populations are large, then, because many eggs are laid, costs to plants are large, whereas, if pollinator populations are small, gross benefits are low due to lack of pollination. Even though the size and dynamics of the pollinator population are likely to be crucial, their importance has been neglected in the investigation of mechanisms, such as selective fruit abortion, that can limit costs and increase net benefits. Here, we suggest that both the population size and dynamics of pollinators are important in determining the net benefits to plants, and that fruit abortion can significantly affect these. We develop a model of mutualism between populations of plants and their pollinating seed-predators to explore the ecological consequences of fruit abortion on pollinator population dynamics and the net effect on plants. We demonstrate that the benefit to a plant population is unimodal as a function of pollinator abundance...

Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveals mechanisms of embryo abortion during chrysanthemum cross breeding

Zhang, Fengjiao; Wang, Zhiquan; Dong, Wen; Sun, Chunqing; Wang, Haibin; Song, Aiping; He, Lizhong; Fang, Weimin; Chen, Fadi; Teng, Nianjun
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Embryo abortion is the main cause of failure in chrysanthemum cross breeding, and the genes and proteins associated with embryo abortion are poorly understood. Here, we applied RNA sequencing and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) to analyse transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of normal and abortive embryos. More than 68,000 annotated unigenes and 700 proteins were obtained from normal and abortive embryos. Functional analysis showed that 140 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 41 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were involved in embryo abortion. Most DEGs and DEPs associated with cell death, protein degradation, reactive oxygen species scavenging, and stress-response transcriptional factors were significantly up-regulated in abortive embryos relative to normal embryos. In contrast, most genes and proteins related to cell division and expansion, the cytoskeleton, protein synthesis and energy metabolism were significantly down-regulated in abortive embryos. Furthermore, abortive embryos had the highest activity of three executioner caspase-like enzymes. These results indicate that embryo abortion may be related to programmed cell death and the senescence- or death-associated genes or proteins contribute to embryo abortion. This adds to our understanding of embryo abortion and will aid in the cross breeding of chrysanthemum and other crops in the future.

Abortion applicants: characteristics distinguishing dropouts remaining pregnant and those having abortion.

Swigar, M E; Quinlan, D M; Wexler, S D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
This study, of two groups of women who applied for induced hospital abortion, compares 100 women who had the abortion with 100 women who dropped out to carry to term. Dropout applicants who elected to carry to term had less education, had partners with less education, tended to be indecisive, and when they told their partners tended to receive negative responses toward abortion. In addition, these women expressed greater concern about the procedure and about the moral implications of abortion. Implications of this study for further research on women's and their partners' decision-making about abortion using the Janis-Mann model are discussed.

Contraception and abortion in two Vietnamese communes.

Gorbach, P M; Hoa, D T; Nhan, V Q; Tsui, A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVES: The authors examined factors predicting abortion use in two communes in northern Vietnam. METHODS: A survey of 504 rural and 523 urban women of childbearing age was conducted. RESULTS: For the 13.6% of urban and 19% of rural commune women having had an abortion in the previous year, logistic regression analyses demonstrated that use of an intrauterine device reduced the likelihood of subsequent abortion in both communes. Traditional method use in the rural commune, however, increased women's likelihood of a subsequent abortion. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use in these 2 communes affected abortion more than sociodemographic factors. Traditional method use by rural women is a risk for abortion.

Roles of pharmacists in expanding access to safe and effective medical abortion in developing countries: A review of the literature

Sneeringer, Robyn K; Billings, Deborah L; Ganatra, Bela; Baird, Traci L
Fonte: Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Palgrave Macmillan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Unsafe abortion continues to be a major contributor to maternal mortality and morbidity around the world. This article examines the role of pharmacists in expanding women's access to safe medical abortion in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Available research shows that although pharmacists and pharmacy workers often sell abortion medications to women, accurate information about how to use the medications safely and effectively is rarely offered. No publication covered effective interventions by pharmacists to expand access to medical abortion, but lessons can be learned from successful interventions with other reproductive health services. To better serve women, increasing awareness and improving training for pharmacists and pharmacy workers about unsafe abortion – and medications that can safely induce abortion – are needed.

Uterine Natural Killer Cell and Human Leukocyte Antigen-G1 and Human Leukocyte Antigen-G5 Expression in Vaginal Discharge of Threatened-Abortion Women: A Case-Control Study

Shobeiri, Saeideh Sadat; Rahmani, Zahra; Hossein Nataj, Hadi; Ranjbaran, Hossein; Mohammadi, Masoud; Abediankenari, Saeid
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
The immunotolerant human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) molecules have a major role in fetal-maternal tolerance during pregnancy. Interaction between these molecules and uterine natural killer (uNK) cells inhibitory receptors prevents NK cell invasion against fetus trophoblast cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the percentages of uNK cells and HLA-G1 and HLA-G5 isoforms expression in vaginal discharge of threatened-abortion women in comparison with control. In a case-control study, we investigated 30 threatened-abortion women with bleeding or spotting less than 20 weeks of pregnancy as compared to 30 normal pregnant women. uNK cells percentage was assessed by flow cytometry. Furthermore, we evaluated HLA-G1 and HLA-G5 isoforms expression by Real-Time PCR in these groups. The results of this study showed that threatened-abortion women had increased uNK cells and decreased T cells percentage in vaginal discharge in comparison with normal pregnant women (p = 0.01, p = 0.003, resp.). In addition, HLA-G1 isoform had lower expression in threatened-abortion women in comparison with control group (p = 0.0001). The increase of uNK cells level with the decrease of HLA-G expression in vaginal discharge of threatened-abortion pregnant women is an indicator of mother's immune dysregulation. It is concluded that HLA-G expression level with uNK cells percentage can be determined as a diagnostic marker for threatened-abortion women.

The decision: Relations to oneself, authority and vulnerability in the field of selective abortion

Risøy, Sølvi Marie; Sirnes, Thorvald
Fonte: Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Palgrave Macmillan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
This article is about selective abortion. It concentrates on the existential, moral and social conditions that arise when pregnant women, using prenatal diagnosis (PND), are told that there is something seriously wrong with the foetuses that they are carrying. This is characterised as a micro state of emergency, where both normal cognitive categories and normative orders are dissolved. The analyses are anchored in the womens' own presentations and understandings of the processes and dilemmas related to the abortion decisions, and our most important empirical materials are interviews with women who have experienced them. Our main ambition is to show the relation between some important dimensions of the situation in which the abortion decision has to be made, and the special kind of authority on behalf of the women that presents itself. Of equal importance is the vulnerability of the pregnant women, resulting in a co-production of the women as both Sovereigns and Homo Sacer in the decision situation. We also analyse some of the experienced relations between the women and the foetuses, and how the women constitute themselves as moral subjects, with a particular emphasis on the motifs of sacrifice and self-sacrifice. It is a central argument in the article that we have to understand the specificity of the decision situation...

Association of petrochemical exposure with spontaneous abortion

Xu, X.; Cho, S. I.; Sammel, M.; You, L.; Cui, S.; Huang, Y.; Ma, G.; Padungtod, C.; Pothier, L.; Niu, T.; Christiani, D.; Smith, T.; Ryan, L.; Wang, L.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between petrochemical exposure and spontaneous abortion, a retrospective epidemiological study in a large petrochemical complex in Beijing, China was conducted. METHODS: Plant employment records identified 3105 women who were married, were 20-44 years of age, and had never smoked. Of those, 3070 women (98.8%) reported at least one pregnancy. From this group, 2853 (93%) of the women participated in the study. According to their plant employment record, about 57% of these women workers reported occupational exposure to petrochemicals during the first trimester of their pregnancy. Trained interviewers administered a standardised questionnaire to this group of women and their husbands, collecting information on reproductive history, pregnancy outcomes, employment history, occupational exposure, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, indoor air pollution, and demographic variables. The results from the womens' first pregnancies were analysed. RESULTS: There was a significantly increased risk of spontaneous abortion for women working in all of the production plants with frequent exposure to petrochemicals (8.8%; range of 5.8%-9.8%) compared with those working in nonchemical plants (2.2%; range of 0.0%-7.1%). Also...

Neospora caninum: analysis of reproductive parameters in dairy herds in Brazil; Neospora caninum: análise dos parâmetros reprodutivos em rebanhos leiteiros no Brasil

Cardoso, José Márcio Sbruzzi; Amaku, Marcos; Araujo, Ana Júlia Urias dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/06/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Neosporosis is one of the most important causes of abortion in both dairy and beef cattle in many countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of Neospora caninum seropositivity on reproductive parameters in three dairy herds and the dynamics of anti-N. caninum antibodies during gestation in naturally infected cows. Blood samples from all animals were collected nine times on each of the three farms over a two-year period. Serum was tested for antibodies against N. caninum using the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) with a cutoff value of 1:100. The relative risk of abortion between N. caninum-seropositive and seronegative cows varied between samplings at all farms, but there was only a statistically significant difference (P<0.05) on Farm III in samplings 4, 7 and 8, with positive animals presenting higher risk of abortion. No significant differences (P>0.05) were found regarding gestational age at abortion, repeated abortion, number of inseminations for conception and calving intervals, between seropositive and seronegative cows on all the farms.; Neosporose é uma das causas mais importantes de abortamento em bovinos leiteiro e de corte em muitos países. O objetivo desse estudo foi quantificar o efeito da soropositividade para Neospora caninum nos parâmetros reprodutivos em três rebanhos leiteiros e a dinâmica dos anticorpos anti-N. caninum durante a gestação em vacas infectadas naturalmente. Amostras de sangue de todos os animais foram colhidas nove vezes em cada uma das três fazendas dentro do período de dois anos. O soro foi testado para anticorpos contra N. caninum usando o teste de reação imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI) com valor de corte de 1:100. O risco relativo de abortamento entre vacas N. caninum-soropositivas e soronegativas variou entre as amostragens em todas as fazendas...

Experiencia de mulheres com aborto provocado na adolescencia por imposicao da mae; Experiencia de mujeres con el aborto provocado en la adolescencia por imposicion de la madre; The experience of women with abortion during adolescence as demanded by their mothers

Domingos, Selisvane Ribeiro da Fonseca; Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa; Jesus, Maria Cristina Pinto de; Oliveira, Deise Moura de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2013 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
OBJETIVO: compreender a experiência de mulheres que provocaram o aborto na adolescência por imposição da mãe. MÉTODO: pesquisa qualitativa com abordagem da fenomenologia social, realizada em 2010, com três mulheres, por meio de entrevista com questões abertas. RESULTADOS: as participantes tentaram esconder da mãe a gravidez, e essa, ao descobrir, decidiu que elas deveriam interrompê-la, impondo o aborto, o qual foi realizado de modo inseguro, independentemente da vontade das filhas. Após o acontecimento, o que restou foi sofrimento, culpa e arrependimento por não ter lutado contra a decisão materna. Essas mulheres têm como expectativas ter autonomia para tomar suas próprias decisões, cuidar da saúde e engravidar novamente. CONCLUSÃO: o estudo evidenciou a decisão sobre o aborto centrada na mãe da adolescente, o que merece ser explorado em outras investigações que aprofundem a relação estabelecida entre mãe e filha na situação de aborto provocado. Sugere-se a criação de espaços de diálogo para a tríade profissional saúde/adolescente/família, com destaque para a mãe, que, no contexto das relações familiares, pode ajudar a filha a enfrentar de modo seguro a gravidez precoce e a fazer sua prevenção...

O impacto do aborto ilegal na saúde reprodutiva: sugestões para melhorar a qualidade do dado básico e viabilizar essa análise

Silva, Rebeca de Souza e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/1997 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Estatísticas fidedignas sobre o aborto provocado, provenientes de países em que essa prática é legalizada, permitem uma adequada avaliação do impacto do aborto na Saúde Reprodutiva. Paradoxalmente, é justamente nesses países que observam-se os menores danos à Saúde da Mulher enquanto que, mesmo pautando-se em dados pouco ou nada confiáveis, o custo da prática clandestina é altíssimo: suas sequelas são bastante frequentes e, não raras vezes, levam ao óbito. Avaliar-se o quão alto é este custo, contudo, é uma tarefa bastante árdua e, infelizmente, dependendo do enfoque desejado pode até ser inexequível. A solução mais acertada para a resolução desse dilema seria, a julgar pela literatura especializada, legalizar-se o aborto. Nessa eventualidade, além de se reduzir, automaticamente, os custos da prática clandestina, a análise do dueto Aborto/ Saúde, por si, permitiria remover os custos remanecentes.Mas, enquanto se convive com uma legislação restritiva, a solução mais sensata, é buscar otimizar a qualidade de análise daquele dueto. Nesse sentido, pode-se recorrer à adoção de uma técnica estatística que remove o maior dos entraves na determinação da dinâmica do aborto ilegal - a saber, a sub-declaração e/ou sub-registro da frequência de recorrência ao aborto -...

Social inequalities in teenage fertility outcomes: childbearing and abortion trends of three birth cohorts in Finland

Väisänen, Heini; Murphy, Michael J.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2014 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Context: Teenagers of low socioeconomic status are more likely to get pregnant, and less likely to choose abortion, than more privileged teenagers. Few studies have used longitudinal data to examine whether these differences persist as overall teenage pregnancy rates decline. Methods: Nationally representative register data from 259,242 Finnish women in three birth cohorts (1955-1959, 1965-1969 and 1975-1979) were analyzed using Cox regression to assess socioeconomic differences in teenagers' risks of pregnancy and abortion. Binary logistic regression was used to assess socioeconomic differences in the odds of pregnant teenagers' choosing abortion. Results: Socioeconomic differences in abortion risk did not change substantially across cohorts; however, differences in the risk of childbirth rose between the first two cohorts and then returned to their earlier level. In all cohorts, teenagers from upper-level employee backgrounds, the most privileged group, had the lowest risks of abortion and childbirth (44-53% and 53-69% lower, respectively, than those for manual workers' children). Teenagers whose parents were lower-level employees or farmers also had reduced risks of both outcomes in all cohorts; results for other socioeconomic groups were less consistent. Pregnant teenagers from upper-level employee backgrounds had 2-3 times the odds of abortion of manual workers' children; the largest difference was found in the 1950s cohort. Conclusions: Despite the declining overall teenage pregnancy rate...

REFLEXIVE VIEW ON ABORTION IN THE VISION OF NURSING THROUGH A GENDER READING; OLHAR REFLEXIVO SOBRE O ABORTO NA VISÃO DA ENFERMAGEM A PARTIR DE UMA LEITURA DE GÊNERO

Silva, João Paulo Lopes da; Araújo, Maria Zélia
Fonte: Universidade Federal da Paraíba Publicador: Universidade Federal da Paraíba
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/05/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.96%
Objective: To verify the construction of the nursing professionals on the abortion and its influence in the assistance given to the woman in the abortion process. Material and methods: This is an exploratory-descriptive study, with qualitative approach, carried out in September 2010 with nursing staff professionals. Results and Discussion: In the sample surveyed, it was noted that the construction the professional has regarding abortion may influence or not in the assistance to be provided to the patient, regardless the cause that led to abortion. Conclusion: Based on the analysis of results, it has been verified a contradiction between the position on the abortion issue and the way of assisting those women. It is necessary for professionals to rethink their labor actions and to provide care predicated on respect, equality, according to holistic principles which guide humanization. DESCRIPTORS Abortion. Nursing Care. Gender. Humanization.; Objetivo: Verificar a construção dos profissionais de Enfermagem sobre o aborto e sua influência na assistência prestada à mulher em processo de abortamento. Material e Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória-descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em setembro de 2010, com os profissionais da equipe de enfermagem. Resultados e Discussão: Na amostra pesquisada...

Medical abortion in primary care: pitfalls and benefits

Boersma,AA; Meyboom-de Jong,B
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We describe five pitfalls of medical abortion: ectopic pregnancy not terminated after misoprostol, but without negative side-effects; long-term vaginal blood loss with suspicious retained products which disappeared spontaneously; a patient with uterus myomatatosus with severe pain and retained products in the uterus; repetition of misoprostol because of retained products in the uterus after two weeks and an allergic reaction to methotrexate. Despite these pitfalls, there are enough benefits to consider medical abortion with methotrexate and misoprostol as a safe method with a high success rate of more than 91% and a good alternative for surgical abortion. An invasive procedure is not necessary, there are no long-term complications and it can be performed at an earlier stage, which makes it more acceptable in society. In Curaçao, where abortion is legally restricted, medical abortion is performed with methotrexate and misoprostol. In countries where abortion is legal, mifepristone and misoprostol are the first choice.