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Efeito da complexação de metais aos antiinflamatórios na ação contra agentes oxidativos e radicais livres: ação do cetoprofeno

Manente, Francine Alessandra; Mello, Lucas Rosolen de Almeida; Khalil, Omar Arafat Kdudsi; Carvalho, Cláudio Teodoro de; Bannach, Gilbert; Vellosa, José Carlos Rebuglio
Fonte: Editora Unesp Publicador: Editora Unesp
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 107-127
POR
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Os radicais livres são espécies altamente reativas geradas nos organismos vivos com a finalidade de proteção. Porém, em algumas circunstâncias, estes são responsáveis pela ocorrência ou o agravo de danos teciduais. Muitos antiinflamatórios apresentam ação direta sobre radicais livres e espécies reativas não radicalares, o que contribui para suas ações contra a inflamação. O cetoprofeno é um antiinflamatório não esteroidal que gera radicais livres ao sofrer fotoirradiação e tem com isso um efeito hemolítico importante. A complexação de metais a diferentes fármacos tem sido utilizada como estratégia para melhorar a ação farmacológica de diferentes moléculas e reduzir seus efeitos colaterais. Neste trabalho são apresentados resultados do estudo de ação do cetoprofeno e seus complexos de cério e cobre sobre radicais livres e sobre eritrócitos. Observou-se que o cério intensifica as propriedades scavenger do cetoprofeno sobre radicais livres enquanto o cobre intensifica as ações sobre oxidantes não radicalares. O cobre ainda reduziu o efeito hemolítico apresentado pelo cetoprofeno e mantido pelo seu derivado de cério.; Free radicals are highly reactive species generated in living organisms for the purpose of protection. However...

Polimerização via radical livre fotoiniciada de sistemas multicomponentes para utilização em dispositivos oftalmicos : aspectos opticos e mecanicos; Free radical polymerization photoinitiated of multicomponent systems for us e in ophthalmic devices : optical and mechanical aspects

Marco Henrique Zangiacomi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/10/2009 PT
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45.92%
0 mercado atual procura por materiais que apresentem boas propriedades ópticas, que satisfaçam os consumidores e os usuários em geral e que sejam de fácil manuseio e processabilidade. No geral, um polímero deve apresentar boas propriedades ópticas, resistência ao impacto e dureza, compatíveis com o seu uso como lentes oftálmicas. O processo de fabricação de lentes oftálmicas poliméricas por muito tempo foi feito por meio de processos térmicos (cura térmica, processo que ainda é usado), levando cerca de 20 horas ou mais na obtenção de lentes que não apresentassem problemas de trincas por diferença de propriedades no corpo da lente. Dessa forma a introdução da tecnologia de cura pela luz ultravioleta (UV) permitiu a obtenção de materiais com a mesma característica e até superiores aquelas obtidas através da cura térmica e com a vantagem da diminuição do tempo de processo, diminuindo de horas para minutos, resultando também em redução dos custos. Neste trabalho foram utilizados os monômeros e oligômeros listados a seguir: metil metacrilato de metila (MAM), 1,6-Hexanediol diacrilato (HDDMA), diacrilato uretano alifático tetrafuncional (Ebecryl 5129) e diacrilato epóxi bisfenol-A (Ebecryl 3700) e em cada formulação foi aplicado um sistema de fotoiniciadores (nomes comerciais) compostos por Darocur 1173...

Studies of semiquinone free radicals by ESR in the whole soil, HA, FA and humin substances

Saab,Sérgio C; Martin-Neto,Ladislau
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2004 EN
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In this work it was studied soil organic matter from a gley soil, using ESR (electron spin resonance spectroscopy). The studied soil samples were collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Humic and fulvic acid, humin macromolecules, and whole soil samples were analyzed. The results showed that the amount and line width of semiquinone free radical from whole soil samples had good correlation with humin fraction and no correlation with humic and fulvic acids contents.

Reactive free radical generation in vivo in heart and liver of ethanol-fed rats: correlation with radical formation in vitro.

Reinke, L A; Lai, E K; DuBose, C M; McCay, P B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1987 EN
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Rats fed a high-fat ethanol-containing diet for 2 weeks were found to generate free radicals in liver and heart in vivo. The radicals are believed to be carbon-centered radicals, were detected by administering spin-trapping agents to the rats, and were characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The radicals in the liver were demonstrated to be localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Rats fed ethanol in a low-fat diet showed significantly less free radical generation. Control animals given isocaloric diets without ethanol showed no evidence of free radicals in liver and heart. When liver microsomes prepared from rats fed the high-fat ethanol diet were incubated in a system containing ethanol, NADPH, and a spin-trapping agent, the generation of 1-hydroxyethyl radicals was observed. The latter was verified by using 13C-substituted ethanol. Microsomes from animals fed the high-fat ethanol-containing diet had higher levels of cytochrome P-450 than microsomes from rats fed the low-fat ethanol-containing diet. The results suggest that the consumption of ethanol results in the production of free radicals in rat liver and heart in vivo that appear to initiate lipid peroxidation.

Recombinant superoxide dismutase reduces oxygen free radical concentrations in reperfused myocardium.

Zweier, J L; Rayburn, B K; Flaherty, J T; Weisfeldt, M L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1987 EN
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It has been proposed that oxygen free radicals mediate damage that occurs during postischemic reperfusion. Recombinant human superoxide dismutase (r-h-SOD) has been shown to be effective at reducing reperfusion injury, but it is not known if this infused enzyme actually reduces oxygen free radical concentrations in the myocardial tissue. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to directly measure the effect of r-h-SOD on free radical concentrations in the postischemic heart. Hearts were freeze clamped at 77 degrees K after 10 min of normothermic global ischemia followed by 10 s of reflow with control perfusate (n = 7) or perfusate containing 60,000 U r-h-SOD (n = 7). The spectra of these hearts exhibited three different signals: signal A isotropic, g = 2.004, identical to the carbon-centered ubiquinone free radical; signal B anisotropic with axial symmetry, g parallel = 2.033, g perpendicular = 2.005, identical to the oxygen-centered alkyl peroxyl free radical; and the signal C an isotropic triplet, g parallel = 2.000, an = 24 G, similar to a nitrogen-centered free radical such as a peroxyl amine. With r-h-SOD administration the concentration of the oxygen free radical, signal B, was reduced 49% from 6.8 +/- 0.3 microM to 3.5 +/- 0.3 microM (P less than 0.01) and the concentration of the nitrogen free radical...

Free-radical chemistry of cigarette smoke and its toxicological implications.

Church, D F; Pryor, W A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1985 EN
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Cigarette smoke contains two very different populations of free radicals, one in the tar and one in the gas phase. The tar phase contains several relatively stable free radicals; we have identified the principal radical as a quinone/hydroquinone (Q/QH2) complex held in the tarry matrix. We suggest that this Q/QH2 polymer is an active redox system that is capable of reducing molecular oxygen to produce superoxide, eventually leading to hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals. In addition, we have shown that the principal radical in tar reacts with DNA in vitro, possibly by covalent binding. The gas phase of cigarette smoke contains small oxygen- and carbon-centered radicals that are much more reactive than are the tar-phase radicals. These gas-phase radicals do not arise in the flame, but rather are produced in a steady state by the oxidation of NO to NO2, which then reacts with reactive species in smoke such as isoprene. We suggest that these radicals and the metastable products derived from these radical reactions may be responsible for the inactivation of alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor by fresh smoke. Cigarette smoke oxidizes thiols to disulfides; we suggest the active oxidants are NO and NO2. The effects of smoke on lipid peroxidation are complex...

Influence of ACTH-(1-24) on free radical levels in the blood of haemorrhage-shocked rats: direct ex vivo detection by electron spin resonance spectrometry.

Guarini, S.; Bazzani, C.; Ricigliano, G. M.; Bini, A.; Tomasi, A.; Bertolini, A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1996 EN
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1. The influence of ACTH-(1-24) on the blood levels of highly reactive free radicals in haemorrhagic shock was studied in rats. 2. Volume-controlled haemorrhagic shock was produced in adult rats under general anaesthesia (urethane, 1.25 g kg-1 intraperitoneally) by stepwise bleeding until mean arterial pressure stabilized at 20-23 mmHg. Rats were intravenously (i.v.) treated with either ACTH-(1-24) (160 micrograms kg-1 in a volume of 1 ml kg-1) or equivolume saline. Free radicals were measured in arterial blood by electron spin resonance spectrometry using an ex vivo method that avoids injection of the spin-trapping agent (alpha-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone). 3. Blood levels of free radicals were 6490 +/- 273 [arbitrary units (a.u.) ml-1 whole blood, before starting bleeding, and 30762 +/- 2650 after bleeding termination (means +/- s.e. mean of the values obtained in all experimental groups). All rats treated with saline died within 30 min, their blood levels of free radicals being 35450 +/- 5450 a.u. ml-1 blood, 15 min after treatment. Treatment with ACTH-(1-24) produced a rapid and sustained restoration of arterial pressure, pulse pressure, heart rate and respiratory function, with 100% survival at the end of the observation period (2 h); this was associated with an impressive reduction in the blood levels of free radicals...

Free radical production from the interaction of 2-chloroethyl vesicants (mustard gas) with pyridine nucleotide-driven flavoprotein electron transport systems*

Brimfield, A.A.; Mancebo, A.M.; Mason, R.P.; Jiang, J.J.; Siraki, A.G.; Novak, M.J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The biochemical sequelae to chloroethyl mustard exposure correspond very well to toxic processes initiated by free radicals. Additionally, mustard solutions contain spontaneously formed cyclic onium ions which produce carbon free radicals when reduced electrochemically. Therefore, we hypothesized that the onium ions of sulfur or nitrogen mustards might produce carbon free radicals upon being reduced enzymatically, and that these radicals might constitute a metabolic activation. We set out to document radical production using an in vitro metabolic system and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Our system consisted of NADPH, one of several pyridine nucleotide-driven flavoprotein reductases, cytochrome c as a terminal electron acceptor, various sulfur or nitrogen mustards and the spin trap α-[4-pyridyl-1-oxide]-N-tert-butylnitrone in buffer. Reactions were started by adding the reductase to the other materials, vortexing and immediately transferring the mixture to a 10 mm EPR flat cell. Repeated scans on a Bruker ESP 300E EPR spectrometer produced a triplet of doublets with hyperfine splitting constants of aN = 15.483 G and aH = 2.512 G. The outcome supported our hypothesis that carbon-centered free radicals are produced when mustard-related onium ions are enzymatically reduced. The EPR results varied little with the chloroethyl compound used or with porcine or human cytochrome P450 reductase...

Lipid antioxidants: free radical scavenging versus regulation of enzymatic lipid peroxidation

Samhan-Arias, Alejandro K.; Tyurina, Yulia Y.; Kagan, Valerian E.
Fonte: the Society for Free Radical Research Japan Publicador: the Society for Free Radical Research Japan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The essentiality of polyunsaturated lipids makes membranes susceptible to peroxidative modifications. One of the most contemporary examples includes selective peroxidation of cardiolipin in mitochondria of cells undergoing apoptosis. Cardiolipin peroxidation products are required for the mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, release of pro-apoptotic factors and completion of the cell death program. Therefore, search for effective inhibitors of cardiolipin peroxidation is critical to discovery and development of anti-apoptotic antioxidants. Mitochondria contain significant amounts of α-tocopherol, a well known scavenger of reactive free radicals. In the present study, we used an oxidative lipidomics approach to evaluate the effect of α-tocopherol and its homologues with different lengths of the side-chain such as 2,5,7,8,-tetramethyl-2(4-methylpentyl)-6-chromanol and 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethyl-6-chromanol, on oxidation of tetralinoleoyl cardiolipin induced by cytochrome c in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Our data indicate that vitamin E homologues inhibit not only accumulation of tetralinoleoyl cardiolipin hydroperoxides but also hydroxy-derivatives of tetralinoleoyl cardiolipin formed in the enzymatic peroxidase half-reaction catalyzed by cytochrome c. This suggests that protective effects of vitamin E homologues against tetralinoleoyl cardiolipin peroxidation catalyzed by cytochrome c/hydrogen peroxide are realized largely due to their effects on the peroxidase activity of cytochrome c towards tetralinoleoyl cardiolipin rather than via their scavenging activity.

Forgotten Radicals in Biology

Luc, Rochette; Vergely, Catherine
Fonte: Master Publishing Group Publicador: Master Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2008 EN
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Redox reactions play key roles in intra- and inter-cellular signaling, and in adaptative processes of tissues towards stress. Among the major free radicals with essential functions in cells are reactive oxygen species (ROS) including superoxide anion (O2•-), hydroxyl radical (•OH) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) such as nitric oxide (•NO). In this article, we review the forgotten and new radicals with potential relevance to cardiovascular pathophysiology. Approximately 0.3% of O2•- present in cytosol exists in its protonated form: hydroperoxyl radical (HO2•). Water (H2O) can be split into two free radicals: •OH and hydrogen radical (H•). Several free radicals, including thiyl radicals (RS•) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2•) are known to isomerize double bonds. In the omega-6 series of poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), cis-trans isomerization of γ-linolenate and arachidonate catalyzed by RS• has been investigated. Evidence is emerging that hydrogen disulphide (H2S) is a signaling molecule in vivo which can be a source of free radicals. The Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme can oxidize the ionized form of H2S to hydro-sulphide radical: HS•. Recent studies suggest that H2S plays an important function in cardiovascular functions. Carbonate radical...

Free oxygen radicals regulate plasma membrane Ca2+- and K+-permeable channels in plant root cells

Demidchik, V.; Shabala, S.; Coutts, K.; Tester, M.; Davies, J.
Fonte: Company of Biologists Ltd Publicador: Company of Biologists Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
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Free oxygen radicals are an irrefutable component of life, underlying important biochemical and physiological phenomena in animals. Here it is shown that free oxygen radicals activate plasma membrane Ca²⁺- and K⁺-permeable conductances in Arabidopsis root cell protoplasts, mediating Ca²⁺ influx and K⁺ efflux, respectively. Free oxygen radicals generate increases in cytosolic Ca²⁺ mediated by a novel population of nonselective cation channels that differ in selectivity and pharmacology from those involved in toxic Na⁺ influx. Analysis of the free oxygen radical-activated K⁺ conductance showed its similarity to the Arabidopsis root K⁺ outward rectifier. Significantly larger channel activation was found in cells responsible for perceiving environmental signals and undergoing elongation. Quenching root free oxygen radicals inhibited root elongation, confirming the role of radical-activated Ca²⁺ influx in cell growth. Net free oxygen radical-stimulated Ca²⁺ influx and K⁺ efflux were observed in root cells of monocots, dicots, C3 and C4 plants, suggesting conserved mechanisms and functions. In conclusion, two functions for free oxygen radical cation channel activation are proposed: initialization/amplification of stress signals and control of cell elongation in root growth.; Vadim Demidchik...

Mathematical and computational modeling for describing the basic behavior of free radicals and antioxidants within epithelial cells

Garcia, Alvaro Juan Ojeda
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/01/2012
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The traditional methods of the biology, based on illustrative descriptions and linear logic explanations, are discussed. This work aims to improve this approach by introducing alternative tools to describe and represent complex biological systems. Two models were developed, one mathematical and another computational, both were made in order to study the biological process between free radicals and antioxidants. Each model was used to study the same process but in different scenarios. The mathematical model was used to study the biological process in an epithelial cells culture; this model was validated with the experimental data of Anne Hanneken's research group from the Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, published by the journal Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science in July 2006. The computational model was used to study the same process in an individual. The model was made using C++ programming language, supported by the network theory of aging.; Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures. Treball de Recerca, gener de 2012

Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals

Fleisher, Adam J.; Bjork, Bryce J.; Bui, Thinh Q.; Cossel, Kevin C.; Okumura, Mitchio; Ye, Jun
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/07/2014
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We demonstrate time-resolved frequency comb spectroscopy (TRFCS), a new broadband absorption spectroscopy technique for the study of trace free radicals on the microsecond timescale. We apply TRFCS to study the time-resolved, mid-infrared absorption of the deuterated hydroxyformyl radical trans-DOCO, an important short-lived intermediate along the OD + CO reaction path. Directly after photolysis of the chemical precursor acrylic acid-d_1, we measure absolute trans-DOCO product concentrations with a sensitivity of 5 × 10^(10) cm^(–3) and observe its subsequent loss with a time resolution of 25 μs. The multiplexed nature of TRFCS allows us to detect simultaneously the time-dependent concentration of several other photoproducts and thus unravel primary and secondary chemical reaction pathways.

PAPEL DOS NUTRIENTES NA PEROXIDAÇÃO LIPÍDICA E NO SISTEMA DE DEFESA ANTIOXIDANTE; ROLE OF NUTRIENTS ON LIPID PEROXIDATION AND ANTIOXIDANT DEFENSE SYSTEM

Vannucchi, Helio; Moreira, Emilia A.M.; Cunha, Daniel Ferreira da; Junqueira-Franco, Márcia V. M.; Bernardes, Mônica M.; Jordão-Jr, Alceu A.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/03/1998 POR
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Espécies reativas de oxigênio são formadas durante o metabolismo aeróbico e podem danificar lipídios, proteínas, carboidratos e o DNA. Essas reações, potencialmente deletérias, são controladas por um sistema de antioxidantes enzimáticos e não enzimáticos, que eliminam os próoxidantes e “varrem” os radicais livres. Esta revisão mostra o papel de alguns nutrientes na peroxidação lipídica e no sistema de defesa antioxidante. Enfatizam-se os mecanismos que levam ao dano oxidativo e sua proteção, assim como as implicações na saúde humana.; Reactive oxygen species are generated in aerobic metabolism and can damage lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and DNA. These potentially deleterious reactions are controlled by a system of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants which eliminates prooxidants and scavenge free radicals. This revision focuses the role of particular nutrients in lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense system. Emphasis was placed on mechanisms for damage and protection, as well implications in human healthy issues.

Estudo da isquemia quente e reperfusão em membro inferior de ratos: efeito do allopurinol e estreptokinase; Study of warm ischemia followed by reperfusion on a lower limb model in rats: effect of allopurinol and streptokinase

Cunha, Marcelo Sacramento; Silva, Jose Carlos Faes da; Nakamoto, Hugo Alberto; Ferreira, Marcus Castro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2005 ENG
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A isquemia prolongada dos tecidos leva a alterações na microcirculação e liberação de radicais livres do oxigênio, evento que pode resultar na morte do tecido, conhecido como fenômeno de não reperfusão. Um modelo em ratos de isquemia quente e reperfusão do membro posterior é proposto, e os efeitos dos fármacos alopurinol e estreptoquinase foram estudados. MÉTODO: Secção do membro posterior com preservação dos vasos e nervos foi realizada em 110 ratos. O pinçamento vascular e posterior reperfusão após isquemia quente de 0, 2, 4, 6 e 8 horas formou os grupos M0, M2, M4, M6 e M8 respectivamente. Outros grupos E1, E2 e E3 receberam, respectivamente, alopurinol, estreptoquinase e a combinação de ambas as drogas, após seis horas de isquemia. RESULTADOS: As taxas de viabilidade dos membros isquêmicos, observadas após sete dias foram: M0 - 100%, M2 - 80% ,M4 - 64%,M6 - 50% e M8 - 20%. As taxas de viabilidade dos grupos experimentais foram 67%(E1), 70%(E2) e 70%(E3). Os grupos M0, M2, M4, M6 e M8 foram diferentes entre si exceto os grupos M4 e M6. E1, E2 e E3 resultaram em viabilidade de membros maiores que M6(controle), mas não em relação ao M2 e M4. DISCUSSÃO: Os resultados sugerem um aumento da viabilidade de membros após 6 horas de isquemia quando utilizado os fármacos alopurinol ou estreptoquinase. A associação de estreptoquinase e alopurinol não mostrou efeito adicional.; Prolonged tissue ischemia leads to changes in microcirculation and production of oxygen free radicals. The event eventually responsible for tissue death is the no-reflow phenomenon and its management is a challenge for the surgeon dealing with replantation or transplantation. We introduce a model of warm ischemia and reperfusion of the lower limb of rats with which we studied the effect of allopurinol and streptokinase. METHOD: Section of the lower limb with preservation of vessels and nerves was performed in 110 rats. Femoral vessels clamped for periods of 0...

Effect of methionine load on homocysteine levels, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in rats receiving ethanol

Jordao Júnior, Alceu Afonso; Domenici, Fernanda Aparecida; Lataro, Renata Cristina; Portari, Guilherme Vannucchi; Vannucchi, Helio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 ENG
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Alterações no metabolismo da metionina podem ocasionar hiper-homocisteinemia, quadro indutivo de aterosclerose, hipertensão e aumento do estresse oxidativo. A geração de radicais livres e dano oxidativo ao DNA são importantes na injúria hepática provocada pelo etanol. Neste estudo avaliaram-se os efeitos da sobrecarga de metionina associada ou não à administração aguda de etanol sobre valores de homocisteína, dano ao DNA, lipoperoxidação e vitamina E. Foram utilizados 30 ratos Wistar distribuídos em 3 Grupos: Grupo Etanol 24 horas (GE24), Grupo Metionina 24 horas (GM24) e Grupo Metionina e Etanol 24 horas (GME24). Realizaram-se determinações hepáticas de SRATB, vitamina E, GSH, homocisteína e Teste do Cometa e determinações plasmáticas de GSH e homocisteína. Valores aumentados de GSH, vitamina E e homocisteína foram observados para o GME24, e de SRATB no GE24. O Teste do Cometa mostrou aumento do dano ao DNA no GE24 e proteção ao DNA no GME24. A administração de etanol diminuiu os níveis de antioxidantes e aumentou o de SRATB, indicando ocorrência de estresse oxidativo, podendo ocasionar dano ao DNA. A presença da metionina associada com o etanol agiu como protetora contra os danos do etanol, mas aumentou os níveis de homocisteína.; Changes in the metabolism of methionine can cause hyperhomocysteinemia...

Bond dissociation energies and radical stabilization energies associated with substituted methyl radicals

Henry, David; Parkinson, Christopher; Mayer, Paul; Radom, Leo
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Bond dissociation energies (BDEs) and radical stabilization energies (RSEs) associated with a series of 22 monosubstituted methyl radicals (·CH2X) have been determined at a variety of levels including, CBS-RAD, G3(MP2)-RAD, RMP2, UB3-LYP and RB3-LYP. In

Fast qualitative method based on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to date Gmelina arborea and Araucaria angustifolia wood

Bolzón-de Muñiz,G. Inés; Lomelí-Ramírez,M. Guadalupe; Mangrich,Antonio S.; Carbajal- Arizaga,G. Guadalupe
Fonte: Colegio de Postgraduados Publicador: Colegio de Postgraduados
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2014 EN
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In Brazil, Gmelina arborea is a common tree to produce char and the content of carbon is an important factor to correlate with the energy content or carbon sequestration capability, whereas Araucaria angustifolia occupies 6 % of its original territory and Brazilian laws protect old native specimens, since the commercial use of wood is restricted for young cultivated specimens. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is used for detection and quantification of organic free radicals (OFR) and, in this study, it was utilized for exploring OFR content along the rings of one log from G. arborea and A. angustifolia trees, both randomly chosen. The amount of OFR correlated with the carbon content in G. arborea and the age of rings in G. arborea and A. angustifolia. The content of OFR in rings of Gmelina arborea was compared with previous analyses of carbon sequestration in the same tree. Without statistical treatment, an inverse relationship between the carbon and OFR content was found. The concentration of OFR in inner rings (older ages) of A. angustifolia was higher than in outer rings (younger ages). This trend was also observed in G. arborea, suggesting that EPR provides qualitative information about the age. Additionally, a Pleistocene sample of A. angustifolia was analyzed and the content of OFR was one order of magnitude higher than that in the young sample. In conclusion...

Do Casiopeinas® Prevent Cancer Disease by Acting as Antiradicals? A Chemical Reactivity Study Applying Density Functional Theory

Avelar,Mayra; Martínez,Ana
Fonte: Sociedad Química de México A.C. Publicador: Sociedad Química de México A.C.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
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The main goal of this investigation is to study the possible mechanisms of Casiopeinas® as anticancer agents. Electrodonating (χ-) and electroaccepting (χ+) electronegativity were calculated applying Density Functional Theory. Two different anticancer mechanisms of Casiopeínas® are proposed. There might be antiradical molecules preventing the formation of cancer cells or these molecules could reduce the amount of GSH and as a result over-produce free radicals, increasing the oxidative stress which in turn kills the cancer cells.

The life span of Drosophila melanogaster is affected by melatonin and thioctic acid

Terán,Raikelin; Bonilla,Ernesto; Medina-Leendertz,Shirley; Mora,Marylú; Villalobos,Virginia; Paz,Milagros; L Arcaya,José
Fonte: Universidad del Zulia Publicador: Universidad del Zulia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
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Aging and reduced longevity are due in part to the action of free radicals (FR). Melatonin (Mel) and thioctic acid (TA) are effective in protecting against the damage caused by FR. In this study, the effect of Mel and TA on the life cycle of Drosophila melanogaster was determined. We used a control group of flies, another group that was provided with Mel (0.43 mM) throughout their life cycle (Mel-c), a third group received Mel upon reaching adulthood (Mel-a) and two groups were fed with TA (2.15 mM) in the same manner (TA-c and TA-a). The number of eclosed, survival, phenotype changes, motor activity and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was evaluated in each group. Mel-c increased the eclosion rate and the motor activity of the flies. Mel-c and Mel-a increased the life span and decreased the concentrations of MDA. By contrast, TA-c diminished the eclosion rate, produced phenotypic changes and increased MDA levels and motor activity of the flies. TA-a extended the life span of flies, and did not alter MDA levels and motor activity when compared with the control group. In conclusion, Mel mitigated the effects caused by FR generated during aging, while TA-c increased lipid peroxidation and altered the phenotype of flies