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Perspective of a sustainable agricultural mechanization strategy in the Alentejo region

Conceição, Luís; Serrano, João; Dias, António; Pinheiro, Anacleto; Peça, José; Marques da Silva, José
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
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46.03%
The main purpose of this analysis was to discuss a possible strategy for sustainable use of agricultural mechanization in the Alentejo region, considering its social, business and cultural practices, as well as some limiting constraints. Considering several case studies in recent years, the combination of the concepts of conservation agriculture and precision agriculture may suggest a strategy for sustainable smart farming. Alentejo has certain strengths that support the growth of the agricultural sector: there are institutes and university departments that work at the forefront of this field, carrying out research that is vital to agriculture and related technologies, as well as innovative and dynamic farmers and a farm machinery market with innovative solutions compatible with sustainable concepts and precision farming technologies. Nevertheless, it is important to have a regulatory framework that better supports innovation and provides for increased investment in R&D, allowing faster and more widespread adoption of best practices and innovation across farming systems and farmers.

Impacto del tratado de Libre Comercio con Estados Unidos en el sector arrocero en el marco de gobernanza comercial

Parra Ramírez, Sandra Miyey
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de Grado Maestría Formato: Pdf
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Este documento es una revisión del impacto originado por el debilitamiento del Estado con la imposición de los Tratados de Libre comercio sobre un sector agrícola deprimido y ajusticiado por la gobernanza comercial que ejercen otros actores no estatales como lo son las empresas Organización Roa y Corporación Diana, que pretende demostrar que el Tratado de Libre Comercio forma parte de la problemática del sector agrario cuando el Estado reglamenta ciertas decisiones en pro del cumplimiento del Acuerdo pactado, para que los cultivadores se acojan a los estándares productivos allí regulados, como es el caso del uso de la semilla certificada, ignorando los problemas sociales y financieros de los pequeños arroceros.; This document is a review of the impact caused by the weakening of the state with the imposition of the Free trade on a depressed and executed by commercial governance exert other non-state actors such as agriculture enterprises Organization and Corporation Diana Roa, intended to show that the FTA is part of the problem in the agricultural sector where the state regulates certain decisions towards meeting the agreed Agreement for farmers to avail themselves of the regulated production standards there, such as the use of certified seed...

Financial Sector Ups and Downs and the Real Sector : Big Hindrance, Little Help

Aizenman, Joshua; Pinto, Brian; Sushko, Vladyslav
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper examines how financial expansion and contraction cycles affect the broader economy through their impact on eight real economic sectors in a panel of 28 countries over 1960-2005, paying particular attention to large, or sharp, contractions and magnifying and mitigating factors. Overall, the construction sector is the most responsive to financial sector growth, with a number of others -- such as government, public utilities, and transportation -- also exhibiting significant sensitivity to lagged financial sector growth. Sharp fluctuations in the financial sector have asymmetric effects, with the majority of real sectors adversely affected by contractions but not helped by expansions. The adverse effects of financial contractions are transmitted almost exclusively by the financial openness channel with foreign reserves mitigating these effects with a sizeable (10 to 15 times greater) impact during sharp financial contractions. Both effects are magnified during particularly large financial contractions (with coefficients on interaction terms two to three times greater than when all contractions are considered). Consequent upon a financial contraction...

Poverty and Social Impact in the Agricultural Sector: Lessons from Experience

Alwang, Jeffrey; Gacitúa-Marió, Estanislao
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This article draws on the donor experience in agriculture-sector reforms to analyse the contribution of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) to improved rural policy. A decision-theoretic framework is presented showing that effective PSIAs should target reforms where institutional distortions and uncertainty about key policy parameters are greatest. The framework is applied to nine cases of World Bank-sponsored PSIAs, and results show that, while they have generally been effective, their impacts can be improved by identifying key uncertainties a priori, better identifying and engaging stakeholders, and improving the integration of quantitative and qualitative components.

Using Traditional Knowledge in Economic Development : The Impact of Raised Field Irrigation on Agricultural Production in Puno, Peru

Middleton, Melisande
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
The Andean region of Puno, known as the altiplano, is located at 3,830 meters above sea level. The terrain is prone to flooding, and thus difficult to cultivate. In order to deal with this situation, Andean indigenous populations displaced huge amounts of soil in order to create raised fields that were better adapted to agricultural use. Raised fields resolved many of the problems that affect agriculture at high altitude. The technology combines the rehabilitation of marginal soils, drainage improvement, increased water storage, more efficient use of radiant energy, and attenuation of the effects of frosts. The raised platform allows farmers to double the depth of topsoil for crops, and provides dry surfaces in the wet and often flooded lake and river terrain.

Meat Sector Policy Note: Reducing Price Instability in the Mongolian Meat Market

Goodland, Andrew
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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Meat plays an important role in the diets of the majority of Mongolians. Since the economic and political transition in the early 1990s, seasonal meat price fluctuations have become increasingly marked. In parallel, Mongolia is becoming increasingly urbanized, and urban consumers are dependent upon markets to access food, including meat, for household food security. These two trends have meant that a rising number of urban residents are vulnerable to fluctuations of price in one of their main staples. Government has responded to this by trying to influence the price of meat through a price stabilization policy under which public funds support the purchase and storage of meat and the release of these reserves during periods of peak prices. While some public intervention to smooth prices is a legitimate area for policy engagement, this policy note concludes that there is no evidence that the current policy has an impact on prices, and worse still, it may even discourage private meat storage. This is set in a context of relatively low budget allocation (by international standards) to the agricultural sector. What is required is a more comprehensive approach for developing the meat market and the livestock sector more broadly...

The duration and frequency of drought under a changing climate (Briefing 2.9)

Törnros, Tobias; Menzel, Lucas
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Sonstiges
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Drought is an extended period of time with rainfall deficits. It is a natural hazard having environmental-, social and economical impacts. An index can be used to define the onset of drought and to simplify the wide range of impacts. By applying such an index, the severity of a current drought event can be quantified and compared to past conditions. In combination with climate projections, future droughts can furthermore be addressed. A drought index also facilitates the communication between scientist, decision makers and the public. In the present study, a drought index was applied and the duration as well as the frequency of droughts during a future time period (2031-2060) was compared to a current reference period (1961-1990). To furthermore address the impact of droughts on the agricultural sector, the Irrigation Water Demand (IWD) during drought was simulated with the hydrological model TRAIN. Results show that future droughts are projected to become longer and more severe and that the irrigation water demand is expected to rise under future drought conditions.

Is it becoming more difficult to research EU agricultural sector policies?

BURRELL Alison
Fonte: AgEcon Search Publicador: AgEcon Search
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Online
ENG
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This paper examines the idea, sometimes expressed by agri-economic policy researchers, that it is becoming increasingly difficult to analyse and evaluate the agricultural sector policies that are operating or being considered for implementation in the EU. It discusses some of the reasons why this perception may have arisen, and tries to find reasons for it in particular developments and features of the current policy environment. No unambiguous answer is offered for the question posed in the title, but nonetheless the paper concludes on a note of cautious optimism.; JRC.J.4-Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Economy

The Social Economic and Environmental Impacts of Trade Liberalization on Agriculture - Taking Jiangsu province as an example

Zhou, Shudong
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 62911 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
As China moves towards membership in the WTO, and therefore it becomes subject to the Agreement of Agriculture, the Chinese economy in general and the agricultural sector in particular would face with significant adjustment.

This paper aims to assess the social economic and environmental impacts of China's potential trade liberalisation in agriculture especially in view of China's expected imminent entry into the WTO. This study will analyse the impact of China's accession to the WTO on agriculture, through economic modelling, scenario analysis and integrated assessment, to find the social economic and environmental impacts of large agricultural imports.; no

China's WTO entry and its impact on the agricultural sector

Bingshen, K.E; Wan, Guang Hua
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 1216057 bytes; 353 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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[Introduction]: This paper begins with a summary of concessions made by Chinese negotiators and their implications for trade and domestic policy changes, it then attempts to predict the impact of China's WTO entry on its agricultural sector. Finally, it suggests possible development strategies and policy reforms.; yes

Mongolia : Raising Female Participation in the Large Scale Mining Sector

Khan, Tehmina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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As Mongolia has begun to develop its abundant mineral resources over the past decade, the share of mining in gross domestic product (GDP) has more than tripled to around 20 percent currently. The sector has also contributed up to a third of total government receipts in recent years and more than 80 percent of exports in 2010. Evidence suggests that women tend to miss out on the potential benefits associated with a booming mining sector. In addition, large scale mines typically tend to be the dominant employers in remote locations. The policy note starts by gauging potential growth and employment effects associated with the expansion of the mining sector on other sectors, using a computable general equilibrium model specially calibrated for the Mongolian economy. It then considers experience and lessons from other countries that are trying to integrate and ensure the participation of women in large-scale mining and the practical policy recommendations to do so. The key findings are that there is a high degree of occupational segmentation in the mining sector...

Morocco : Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The overall legal framework in Morocco is not a priority area for reform. The law-making process, however, is weak, resulting in poorly drafted laws, and legal dissemination is inadequate. Legal education relies upon outdated curricula and is offered in competing languages, French and Arabic, the selection of which largely determines students' choices for future employment. The training of legal professionals is minimal and is poorly supervised. The general public has little access to legal information. Legal aid is embryonic and restricted to criminal matters. This assessment of the legal and judicial sector offers recommendations in the areas of case law dissemination, capacity building of the law-making institutions, development of a legal toolkit for judges, redesign of legal studies, training of legal professionals to improve quality, supervision of translators and experts, redirecting the activities of lawyers towards legal advice, expanding the notaries, redesigning court operations, expanding judicial participation on the High Council for the Judiciary and ensuring greater judicial independence...

Los fondos de capital privado como una propuesta innovadora para la financiaci??n del sector agropecuario. Caso: Estructuraci??n para el cultivo de aguacate hass

Cardona, Ra??l A.; Huertas, Carolina; Santa, Carolina; Jim??nez, Edwin A.
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Econom??a y Finanzas Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Econom??a y Finanzas
Tipo: workingPaper; Documento de trabajo de investigaci??n; draf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
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La investigaci??n propone la adopci??n de los fondos de capital privado como una alternativa innovadora para financiar grandes proyectos en el sector agropecuario, con enfoque en los cultivos de tard??o rendimiento debido a que estos requieren inversiones significativas y durante los primeros a??os no generan flujos de caja para cubrir los servicios de la deuda bajo las l??neas de financiaci??n tradicionales. Como caso particular se analiza la propuesta de financiar el cultivo de aguacate Hass con un fondo de capital privado en Colombia, teniendo en cuenta las condiciones espec??ficas para su producci??n en las regiones aptas y el aprovechamiento de los incentivos y los beneficios fiscales a los cuales se puede acceder.; The research presented here proposes the adoption of private capital funds as an innovative alternative for financing large projects in the farming sector, focusing on late yield crops due to the fact that these crops require significant investments and do not generate cash flow during the first years to cover the financing charges under traditional financing practices. As a particular case, a proposal for Hass avocado financing with a private capital fund in Colombia is analyzed, taking into account the specific conditions for its production in appropriate regions and taking advantage of the incentives and fiscal benefits that can be obtained.

Estandarización de un método para valorar el contenido de ácido trans aconítico en jugos de caña de azúcar

Posada Mora, Laura
Fonte: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Naturales; Departamento de Ciencias Químicas Publicador: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Naturales; Departamento de Ciencias Químicas
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de Grado Formato: PDF; 56 páginas : ilustraciones; Digital; Application PDF
SPA
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Hoy en día el sector agrícola azucarero tiene un alto impacto en la economía colombiana, influyendo positivamente y de manera directa en el producto interno bruto (PIB) del país. Durante la fabricación del azúcar se generan diferentes residuos de desecho como lo son las hojas, el bagazo y la melaza. No obstante, existen otra cantidad de componentes presentes en la matriz o jugo de caña, los cuales son descartados debido a que se convierten en interferencias durante el proceso de extracción y purificación. Entre estos componentes se encuentran los ácidos orgánicos, tales como el ácido glicólico, el ácido málico, el ácido cítrico y el ácido aconítico (AA), siendo este último el que se encuentra en mayor concentración. Los ácidos orgánicos han sido utilizados en formulaciones cosméticas y dermatológicas por su efecto en peeling químico, actuando como exfoliantes y por tanto aumentando la permeabilidad de la piel, por tal motivo el AA podría ser utilizado en esta industria. .; Today the sugar agricultural sector has a high impact on the Colombian economy, influencing positively and directly in the gross domestic product (GDP). During the manufacture of sugar waste is generate such as leaves, bagasse and molasses. However...

Making agricultural resarch a priority for public investment.

ALVES, E. R. de A.
Fonte: In: YEGANIANTZ, L. (Ed.). Brazilian agriculture and agricultural research. Brasília, DF: EMBRAPA-DDT, 1984. 307 p. (EMBRAPA-DEP. Documentos, 9). Publicador: In: YEGANIANTZ, L. (Ed.). Brazilian agriculture and agricultural research. Brasília, DF: EMBRAPA-DDT, 1984. 307 p. (EMBRAPA-DEP. Documentos, 9).
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico-científico (ALICE) Formato: p.175-189
PT_BR
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From society's point of view, the question is whether investment in Agricultural research should be considered as a priority for the public sector. In other words, should a major objective be to. increase total funds allocated to agricultural research? This issue has been given inadequate treatment in the literature as upposed to establishing priorities for allocating available funds which has received considerable coverage in economic Iiterature.; 1984

The Common Agricultural Policy and its reform: the problem of reconciling budget and trade concerns

Ackrill, R.W.; Kay, Adrian; Morgan, C.Wyn
Fonte: Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society Publicador: Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
In 2008, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reached its fiftieth birthday. It has been a constant factor in directing resources to the EU agricultural sector, but the means of channelling these resources have changed considerably over time. This article

Individuals' opinion on agricultural multifunctionality

Vera Toscano, Esperanza; Gómez-Limón Rodríguez, José Antonio; Moyano Estrada, Eduardo; Garrido Fernández, Fernando E.
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España) Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 118287 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
[EN] This paper aims to contribute further research on the conceptualization of agricultural multifunctionality through quantitative methods. The empirical analysis is based on a large dataset (Agrobarometre of Andalusia) consisting of self-reported measures of individual opinions on multifunctionality. Ordered probit models are proposed to analyze the extent to which individuals’ perceptions of multifunctionality can be explained not only by individual and regional characteristics, but more importantly, by the preferences individuals have for a given type of agriculture. Results indicate that individuals are aware of the multi-dimensional nature of agriculture as a provider of private and public goods and services, although a big fraction of the population still focuses its demand on private goods production. It is not surprising that individuals’ perceptions about the multifunctionality concept are site-specific, depending on the surrounding farming systems. Given their stated preference for a type of agricultural multifunctionality, the proposed quantitative method highlights those attributes of the concept which do not fully satisfy individuals’ expectations. Overall, this manuscript provides a useful empirical tool for policy-makers concerned with improving satisfaction on the perception of multifunctionality in the agricultural sector.; [ES] El objetivo del presente trabajo es contribuir a la investigación sobre el concepto de multifuncionalidad de la agricultura...

Individuals’ opinion on agricultural multifunctionality; Opinión de los ciudadanos sobre la multifuncionalidad agraria

Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Gómez-Limón, José A.; Moyano Estrada, Eduardo; Garrido Fernández, Fernando E.
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España) Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 118287 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
[EN] This paper aims to contribute further research on the conceptualization of agricultural multifunctionality through quantitative methods. The empirical analysis is based on a large dataset (Agrobarometre of Andalusia) consisting of self-reported measures of individual opinions on multifunctionality. Ordered probit models are proposed to analyze the extent to which individuals’ perceptions of multifunctionality can be explained not only by individual and regional characteristics, but more importantly, by the preferences individuals have for a given type of agriculture. Results indicate that individuals are aware of the multi-dimensional nature of agriculture as a provider of private and public goods and services, although a big fraction of the population still focuses its demand on private goods production. It is not surprising that individuals’ perceptions about the multifunctionality concept are site-specific, depending on the surrounding farming systems. Given their stated preference for a type of agricultural multifunctionality, the proposed quantitative method highlights those attributes of the concept which do not fully satisfy individuals’ expectations. Overall, this manuscript provides a useful empirical tool for policy-makers concerned with improving satisfaction on the perception of multifunctionality in the agricultural sector.; [ES] El objetivo del presente trabajo es contribuir a la investigación sobre el concepto de multifuncionalidad de la agricultura...

Curbing agricultural exceptionalism: The EU's response to external challenge

Daugbjerg, Carsten; Swinbank, Alan
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
From 1948 to 1994, the agricultural sector was afforded special treatment in the GATT. We analyse the extent to which this agricultural exceptionalism was curbed as a result of the GATT Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, discuss why it was curbed and finally explore the implication of this for EU policy making. We argue that, in particular, two major changes in GATT institutions brought about restrictions on agricultural exceptionalism. First, the Uruguay Round was a 'single undertaking' in which progress on other dossiers was contingent upon an outcome on agriculture. The EU had keenly supported this new decision rule in the GATT. Within the EU this led to the MacSharry reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 1992, paving the way for a trade agreement on agriculture within the GATT. Second, under the new quasi-judicial dispute settlement procedure, countries are expected to bring their policies into conformity with WTO rules or face retaliatory trade sanctions. This has brought about a greater willingness on the part of the EU to submit its farm policy to WTO disciplines.

Adapted SERVQUAL for evaluating the provision of information as an agricultural Extension Service in South Africa

Simpson,A. P.; Calitz,A. P.
Fonte: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension Publicador: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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The paper describes the adaptation of the Service Quality Instrument (SERVQUAL) for measuring the provision of information as an Extension Service. It explores agricultural Extension Services as a customer service and SERVQUAL as a service evaluation tool. The study aims to provide an adapted SERVQUAL instrument which includes a dimension for the measurement of the provision of information as a service. The reliability of the adapted instrument is tested by examining the results of a practical implementation thereof. The reliability of the adapted instrument is confirmed by using quantitative analysis of empirical data. Data used in the analysis was collected by means of a case study involving an agricultural organisation in the South African grain sector. This paper serves as the impetus for a discussion on the evaluation of the provision of Information as a Service, as provided by an agricultural organisation using Extension Services.