Página 12 dos resultados de 42017 itens digitais encontrados em 0.031 segundos

Gênero em processos de escolha profissional; Gender in Vocational Guidance Processes

Santos, Alexandre dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Atualmente, os estudos de orientação profissional têm se ocupado de analisar o modo como o indivíduo constrói sua carreira e sua vida a partir de uma perspectiva social construcionista. As abordagens biográficas baseadas em narrativas têm se mostrado eficientes para que orientandos contem suas estórias, reflitam sobre elas, entendam seu significado e reformulem intenções, o que serve como ferramenta para processos de orientação profissional baseados no paradigma de construção de vida. Alguns aspectos transversais como gênero, raça e classes sociais necessitam que sejam investigados seus efeitos nas trajetórias sociais dos indivíduos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi buscar compreender como ocorre a relação entre a categoria gênero e a construção social de trajetórias profissionais femininas e masculinas e o valor dessa categoria para processos de orientação profissional. Este estudo realizou-se a partir de dois grupos de atendimento em orientação profissional com base na metodologia de ateliês biográficos de formação. Os grupos foram constituídos, cada um deles, por três mulheres com grau de instrução de ensino superior. No primeiro grupo, as atividades centraram-se na produção de narrativas biográficas focadas na trajetória profissional sem inclusão de qualquer tema para discussão. No segundo grupo...

Percepções de professores/as sobre gênero, sexualidade e homofobia: pensando a formação continuada a partir de relatos da prática docente; Teachers´ perceptions about gender, sexuality and homophobia: reflecting on continuous teacher training in the view of practice accounts

Rizzato, Liane Kelen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/04/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
O objetivo desta dissertação é compreender as percepções de professores/as sobre gênero, sexualidade e homofobia, bem como o modo como eles/as lidam com tais temáticas na prática docente. Trata-se de uma investigação de natureza qualitativa que teve como sujeitos de pesquisa professores/as da rede estadual de ensino de São Paulo que participaram de um curso intitulado Convivendo com a Diversidade Sexual na Escola, oferecido em 2007 por meio da parceria entre duas ONGs e financiado pelo Ministério da Educação (MEC) e pela Secretaria Especial dos Direitos Humanos (SEDH), em conformidade com a política de formação continuada em gênero e sexualidade. Os instrumentos teórico-metodológicos utilizados na pesquisa empírica consistiram em análise documental, aplicação de questionários e realização de entrevistas em profundidade. No exame do material obtido, foram fundamentais as reflexões teóricas sobre formação docente, relações de gênero, sexualidade, homofobia e, em especial, sobre o conceito de experiência social. Por meio da perspectiva pós-estruturalista, o estudo da homofobia intrinsecamente relacionada ao gênero e à sexualidade estruturou a discussão sobre os processos distintivos que organizam uma espécie de vigilância de gênero e agem como forças normativas na constituição das identidades docentes. As contradições e dissonâncias apresentadas nos discursos dos/as professores/as entrevistados/as evidenciaram que a construção da experiência social em homofobia por eles/as vivenciada tem a mesma dinâmica de produção-reprodução-resistência apresentada pela escola no que tange às relações gênero e sexualidade. No contexto analisado...

Disposições de gênero e violências escolares: entre traições e outras estratégias socializadoras utilizadas por jovens alunas de uma instituição privada no município de São Paulo; Gender dispositions and school violences: between cheating and other socializing strategies used by young students of a private school in the city of São Paulo

Neves, Paulo Rogério da Conceição
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Esta tese de doutorado apresenta os resultados da investigação realizada com jovens estudantes do ensino médio em uma escola particular localizada no distrito do Jabaquara, no município de São Paulo. Seu foco foi especialmente direcionado para as disposições de gênero acionadas por jovens alunas em diferentes episódios que envolviam violências, tanto nos relatos sobre sua socialização na família quanto na escola em questão. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de caráter exploratório, de natureza qualitativa que procura articular as contribuições de Pierre Bourdieu, no que se refere à teoria de habitus, com os estudos de gênero para a análise das violências vividas e produzidas na instituição escolar. A investigação empírica realizada na instituição escolar utilizou como técnicas para a coleta de dados observações e entrevistas individuais com alunas, alunos e representantes da gestão escolar. Foram consideradas, tanto nas observações quanto nos relatos, as distintas estratégias de sociabilidade utilizadas por garotas e garotos em relação às diversas expressões da violência, com destaque para a estreita relação entre as socializações e as disposições de gênero. Os resultados obtidos evidenciam que as socializações na família e na escola (dentre outras agências socializadoras)...

Influence of gender on psychomotor vigilance task performance by adolescents

Beijamini,F.; Silva,A.G.T.; Peixoto,C.A.T.; Louzada,F.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
During adolescence, the sleep phase delay associated with early school times increases daytime sleepiness and reduces psychomotor performance. Some studies have shown an effect of gender on psychomotor performance in adults and children. Males present faster reaction times (RT) compared with females. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of gender on Palm psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance in adolescents. Thirty-four adolescents (19 girls, 13 to 16 years old) attending morning school classes of a public school in Curitiba, PR, Brazil, participated in the study. Sleep patterns were measured using actigraphy and sleepiness data were accessed with the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS). KSS and PVT measurements were collected at two times in the morning (8:00 and 11:00 h). The data were compared using one-way ANOVA, considering gender as a factor. ANOVA indicated that gender did not affect sleep patterns and subjective somnolence; however, a statistically significant effect of gender was detected for PVT performance. Boys presented faster RT (RT-PVT1: 345.51 ms, F = 6.08, P < 0.05; RT-PVT2: 343.30 ms, F = 6.35, P < 0.05) and fewer lapses (lapses-PVT1: 8.71, F = 4.45, P < 0.05; lapses-PVT2: 7.82, F = 7.06...

Gender differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a literature review

Mathis,Maria Alice de; Alvarenga,Pedro de; Funaro,Guilherme; Torresan,Ricardo Cezar; Moraes,Ivanil; Torres,Albina Rodrigues; Zilberman,Monica L; Hounie,Ana Gabriela
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous condition, in which subtypes have been proposed. Previous studies suggested that gender plays a relevant role in OCD phenotypic expression. This study aimed to review the literature on gender differences in clinical, genetic or familial aspects of OCD. METHOD: A conventional review was conducted, including all papers that investigated demographic, clinical, and genetic aspects of OCD according to gender. The search was based on data available in Medline and PsycINFO databases in the last 20 years, using as keywords: obsessive-compulsive disorder; and: gender, sex, male, female, demographic characteristics, clinical features, clinical characteristics, genetic, genes, genetics gender OCD, genes OCD, genes OCD males, genes OCD females. RESULTS: Sixty three of 487 phenotypical and genetics studies were selected. Most studies indicate that male patients are more likely than females to be single, present early onset of symptoms and chronic course of the disorder, greater social impairment, more sexual-religious and aggressive symptoms, and greater comorbidity with tic and substance use disorders. Female patients present more contamination/cleaning symptoms and greater comorbidity with eating and impulse-control disorders. Genetic and family studies are inconclusive...

SP.406 / WMN.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005; Sexual and Gender Identities

Surkan, Kim
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical underpinnings of the emerging field of queer studies, from the nineteenth century to the present day. Tracing theories of and about gender, sexuality and sexual identity over time, we will examine the genealogy of "queer" as a term that has emerged to trouble and challenge static and essentialized notions of identity. The social, cultural, and political effect of "queer" has been to pose critical challenges to gay/lesbian/straight identities predicated on a sexual binary. Queer studies shifts the focus of inquiry from sexual identities to sexual practices, many of which contradict traditional assumptions about the relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality. The course moves from a philosophical consideration of key theoretical texts (Foucault, Freud, Sedgwick, Rubin, Butler, etc.) to an exploration of the impact of those theories on historical and contemporary sexual and gender identities and communities.

SP.406 / WGS.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005; Sexual and Gender Identities

Surkan, Kim
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical underpinnings of the emerging field of queer studies, from the nineteenth century to the present day. Tracing theories of and about gender, sexuality and sexual identity over time, we will examine the genealogy of "queer" as a term that has emerged to trouble and challenge static and essentialized notions of identity. The social, cultural, and political effect of "queer" has been to pose critical challenges to gay/lesbian/straight identities predicated on a sexual binary. Queer studies shifts the focus of inquiry from sexual identities to sexual practices, many of which contradict traditional assumptions about the relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality. The course moves from a philosophical consideration of key theoretical texts (Foucault, Freud, Sedgwick, Rubin, Butler, etc.) to an exploration of the impact of those theories on historical and contemporary sexual and gender identities and communities.

Global Monitoring Report 2007 : Millennium Development Goals, Confronting the Challenges of Gender Equality and Fragile States

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Broad-based global economic growth in 2006, and more generally since 2000, provides grounds for optimism about progress in advancing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The 2007 Global Monitoring Report (GMR) takes stock of this progress and assesses the contributions of developing countries, donor nations, and the international financial institutions toward meeting commitments under the 2002 Monterrey consensus. This fourth annual GMR finds both areas of progress and gaps where far greater effort is required. The GMR highlights two areas that require greater international attention: gender equality and fragile states. Risks from failure to advance multilateral trade liberalization and expand market access are also highlighted. To address these risks and advance the MDG agenda there is a pressing need for better aid coordination to strengthen aid quality and scale-up assistance.

Are Women More Credit Constrained? Experimental Evidence on Gender and Microenterprise Returns

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper analyzes data from a randomized experiment on mean returns to capital in Sri Lankan micro-enterprises. The findings show greater returns among men than among women; indeed, returns were not different from zero for women. The authors explore different explanations for the lower returns among female owners, and find no evidence that the gender gap is explained by differences in ability, risk aversion, or entrepreneurial attitudes. Differential access to unpaid family labor and social constraints limiting sales to local areas are not important. However, there is evidence that women invested grants differently from men. A smaller share of the smaller grants remained in the female-owned enterprises, and men were more likely to spend the grant on working capital and women on equipment. The gender gap is largest when male-dominated sectors are compared with female-dominated sectors, although female returns are lower than male returns even for females working in the same industries as men. The authors examine the heterogeneity of returns to determine whether any group of businesses owned by women benefit from easing capital constraints. The results suggest there is a large group of high-return male owners and a smaller group of poor...

Schooling, Violent Conflict, and Gender in Burundi

Van Bavel, Jan; Verwimp, Philip
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper investigates the effect of exposure to violent conflict on human capital accumulation in Burundi. It combines a nationwide household survey with secondary sources on the location and timing of the conflict. Only 20 percent of the birth cohorts studied (1971-1986) completed primary education. Depending on the specification, the probability of completing primary schooling for a boy exposed to violent conflict declines by 7 to 17 percentage points compared to a nonexposed boy, with a decline of 11 percentage points in the preferred specification. In addition, exposure to violent conflict reduces the gender gap in schooling, but only for girls from nonpoor households. Forced displacement is one of the channels through which conflict affects schooling. The results are robust to various specifications and estimation methods.

Gender Effects of Social Security Reform in Chile

Cox Edwards, Alejandra
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
In 1981 Chile replaced a mature government-run social security system that operated on a pay-as-you-go basis with a privately managed system based on individual retirement accounts. The new system is more fiscally sustainable because pension benefits are defined by contributions. The minimum pension guaranteed to beneficiaries with at least 20 years is funded from general taxes, preserving the tight matching between contributions and benefits. The new system also eliminates several cross-subsidies. Men and women with less than secondary education gain under the new system, but single women with more education lose. Comparison of the old and the new systems reveals a complex set of factors that cause gender effects given constant behavior or change behavior across genders.

Recasting Culture to Undo Gender

Sanyal, Paromita; Rao, Vijayendra; Majumdar, Shruti
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper brings together sociological theories of culture and gender to answer the question – how do large-scale development interventions induce cultural change? Through three years of ethnographic work in rural Bihar, the authors examine this question in the context of Jeevika, a World Bank-assisted poverty alleviation project targeted at women, and find support for an integrative view of culture. The paper argues that Jeevika created new “cultural configurations” by giving economically and socially disadvantaged women access to a well-defined network of people and new systems of knowledge, which changed women’s habitus and broke down normative restrictions constitutive of the symbolic boundary of gender.

Men-streaming food security: Gender, biodiversity and ecological sustainability

Wanner, T.
Fonte: Common Ground Publicador: Common Ground
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This paper examines the link between gender equality, biodiversity and food security by analysing the neglected role of men. The sustainability of biodiversity and the realisation of food security are issues with significant gender dimensions. Gender relations between men and women are important as it is becoming apparent that the future of food security is not only dependent on a reduction in resource-intensive agriculture but on more knowledge-intensive approaches which includes the exchange and interaction of different ideas and knowledge about natural resource management and food production, use and distribution. This paper argues that the emphasis on women and gender mainstreaming needs to include the role of men in food security. Gender mainstreaming approach with the sole focus on women can lead to declining ecological sustainability and thus food insecurity. In other words, food security not only needs to be gender mainstreamed but also men-streamed in order to establish and implement effective food security solutions.; Thomas Wanner

Gender, governance and climate change adaptation

Nursey-Bray, M.J.
Fonte: Springer; Germany Publicador: Springer; Germany
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
This chapter attempts to highlight the role that gender plays in the context of climate change adaptation. It uses a discourse analysis approach to comparatively present a review of the role gender plays in climate change adaptation. Currently, two discourse storylines dominate the exploration of gender and climate change. One tells a story about women being disproportionately impacted by climate change and constructs them as ongoing victims. The other storyline explores the role women play in building adaptation and simultaneously presents women as both being more resilient and having more agency in these contexts. Applying a gender lens to governance could include enhancing the role of existing communities of practice. This chapter attempts to provide a detailed review of and means by which to understand and present how climate change and climate change adaptation is driven by gender and the implications of this for ongoing adaptive governance. This chapter adds to gender analyses by considering the role of communities of practice arguing that their deliberate utilization can enable gender to be productively rather than negatively utilized to build robust, socially just, and innovative adaptation regimes.; Melissa Nursey-Bray

Political Representation in Chile from the Gender Perspective: Quotas as Solution

Juvonen, Katja
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Masterarbeit
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Various Latin American countries have adopted gender quota laws during the past years in an effort to target the deficit in women´s political representation. Although Chile is one of the most stables countries in the region, the number of women in political positions is far behind the regional average. Since Chile’s first female president, Michelle Bachelet, seized power at the beginning of 2006, gender issues have been booming in Chile. The main difficulties of Chilean women in entering the formal political sphere lie in the binominal electoral system, candidate selection procedures of the parties, the liberal citizenship model and the low participation of women in labor life. Through the examination of these institutional settings and discoursal context, I explore the possibilities for adopting a gender quota law in Chile in this dissertation. The highest barrier for gender quotas is posed by the binominal nature of the electoral system, which makes the application of quotas within this system problematic. Further restrictions are posed by the political ideology and the positioning of party elites of mainly right-wing parties towards gender quotas. The reform of the Chilean electoral system is a necessary condition for the quota adoption. On the discoursal level the adoption of the gender quotas depends on the outcome of political negotiations over the electoral reform and the positioning of different actors towards quotas.; Viele lateinamerikanische Länder haben Geschlechter-Quoten während der letzten Jahre eingeführt mit dem Ziel...

Promoting Value Beliefs in Mathematics: A Multidimensional Perspective and the Role of Gender

Gaspard, Hanna
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Students’ value beliefs for subjects such as mathematics are important predictors for their course and career choices (Wigfield, Tonks, & Klauda, 2009). Fostering students’ value beliefs for mathematics in school is one way to address the leaking pipeline towards science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) because mathematics can be seen as a gatekeeper for STEM careers. As females are underrepresented in many STEM disciplines compared to males and tend to show lower motivation in related subjects, they are a particular target group for motivational interventions in STEM. Previous intervention studies have shown that helping students understand the value of the course material can be an effective tool to promote motivation, achievement, and course choices in mathematics and sciences (e.g., Hulleman & Harackiewicz, 2009). However, a number of questions with regards to the effects of such interventions still remain unanswered. The three empirical studies that were conducted within this dissertation address some of these questions. Specifically, the dissertation closely examines (a) the effectiveness of value interventions from a multidimensional perspective on value beliefs and (b) the role of gender for value beliefs in mathematics and how gender differences in these beliefs are affected through value interventions. Each of the three studies used data from an intervention project that aimed to promote ninth grade students’ value beliefs for mathematics. Within a cluster randomized trial...

Gender quota spill-over in Sweden : from politics to business?

FREIDENVALL, Lenita
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Ever since the 1990s, legislated gender quotas have been adopted across the world as a means to increase the number of women in elected bodies. In recent years, legislated gender quotas have also been adopted to rectify the under-representation of women on company boards. Sweden diverges from this trend. Despite the fact that Sweden has been recognized as a model of gender equality, being ranked among the most gender equal countries in the world and having achieved gender balanced political assemblies, legal gender quotas have not been enacted, neither in the political sphere nor in the economic sphere. This paper analyses women’s path to power in Sweden. It studies the adoption of special measures and provides an assessment of the factors that facilitate or hinder increases in the proportion of women decision-makers in the political and economic sectors. By applying feminist institutional theory, the dynamics of institutional configurations facilitating or hindering change is investigated. It is argued that the interplay of institutions in the political sector operated in a mutually reinforcing way, thereby constituting a good fit, while the interaction of institutions in the economic sector functioned in a conflicting way. It is also claimed that women’s movement organisations (working both within and outside of the political parties) represented critical actors in implementing party quotas in Sweden. Such coordinated efforts did not exist in the corporate sector. There...

Segregated integration : recent trends in the Austrian gender division of labor

Kreimer, Margareta; Mora, Ricardo
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/draft; info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Using micro data from the Austrian Labor Force Survey, this paper explores how decreases in the gender differential in participation rates together with increasing differentials in the incidence of part-time jobs and stable or rising levels of occupational segregation by gender affect the gender division of labor. To so so, we propose an index for the gender division of labor based on the Mutual Information index. Our main results show that the gender division of labor is very stable along the 16-year period. This is so because although the rising female labor force participation reduces the gender division of labor, increases in gender differences in the incidence of part-time jobs and increases in occupational segregation result in greater division of labor across genders. These results are robust to alternative definitions of economic activity and labor market involvement and can also be found after controlling for educational levels and fields.; Mora acknowledges financial help from the Spanish government through grant ECO2009-11165.

Additively decomposable segregation indexes : the case of gender segregation by occupations in Spain

Mora, Ricardo; Ruiz-Castillo, Javier
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: text/plain; application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Building upon the ideas first exposed by Theil and Finizza (1971) and Fuchs (1975), this paper presents an additively decomposable segregation index based on the entropy concept used in information theory. For any pair of classification variables in a given year, the index is decomposed into a between-group and a within-group term. To analyze intertemporal changes in gender segregation for a given partition, the index is decomposed into two terms that capture, respectively, gender composition effects, and changes in the groups' demographic importance. These decompositions are illustrated with Spanish data on occupations and human capital levels for 1977 and 1992. It is found that, in both years, the higher the educational level, the smaller is gender segregation for most age groups. Moreover, gender segregation decreases with age in all educational categories. However, most gender segregation takes place within, rather than between, age/education categories. Lastly, changes in gender composition across occupations, nearly offset by occupational mix changes, account for a decline of 2% in total gender segregation over this period.

Gender Dimensions of Child Labor and Street Children in Brazil

Gustafsson-Wright, Emily; Pyne, Hnin Hnin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
The authors review child labor and the situation of street children in Brazil from a gender perspective. Relying primarily on Brazil's national household survey for 1996, the authors examine various dimensions of child labor by gender, including participation, intensity, and type of activities; the relationship between child labor, education, and future earnings; and the risks of child labor to health and well-being. They also summarize approaches to prevent and eliminate child labor and street children in Brazil. The authors find that more boys than girls work in Brazil especially in rural areas where boys are concentrated in the agricultural sector, that many children both work and attend school, and that girls attain higher levels of education than boys on average, even when considering number of hours worked. The exception is the 11-14 category. They also find that an individual's earnings are correlated with age of entry into the labor market. The earlier a child begins to work, the lower his or her earnings. And girls are more adversely affected by early labor force entry than boys...