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Interrupção da gestação em situações de fetos portadores de malformações imcompativeis com a vida ultra-uterina ; : posicionamento de magistrados e membros do ministerio publico no Brasil; Interruption of pregnancy in fetuses bearing malformations incompatible with extra-uterine life : brazilian magistrates and prosecutors positions

Alexandre Wolf Jannini
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2008 PT
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Introdução: A legislação não permite a interrupção da gestação em casos de malformações fetais incompatíveis com a vida extra-uterina, cabendo ao Poder Judiciário decidir quando há uma solicitação deste tipo. Objetivos: Investigar a opinião de Magistrados e membros do Ministério Público sobre o abortamento nos casos de malformações fetais incompatíveis com a vida extra-uterina, especialmente em relação à anencefalia. Método: Análise parcial de dados obtidos em duas pesquisas realizadas pelo Centro de Pesquisas em Saúde Reprodutiva de Campinas (CEMICAMP), que objetivaram estudar a opinião destes profissionais acerca do aborto induzido. Foram obtidos dados de 1493 Magistrados e 2614 Promotores de Justiça. Foi constituído um banco de dados com as informações de interesse das pesquisas originais, analisado com auxílio do programa estatístico SAS versão 9.02, envolvendo análise bivariada e múltipla, por regressão logística. Resultados: Para 78,5% dos Magistrados e 82,6% dos membros do Ministério Público, a interrupção da gestação deveria ser permitida nos casos de qualquer malformação fetal incompatível com a vida extra-uterina. Em casos de diagnóstico de anencefalia, estes valores foram de 79...

Estimating the probability of spontaneous abortion in the presence of induced abortion and vice versa.

Hammerslough, C R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1992 EN
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An integrated approach to estimate the total number of pregnancies that begin in a population during one calendar year and the probability of spontaneous abortion is described. This includes an indirect estimate of the number of pregnancies that result in spontaneous abortions. The method simultaneously takes into account the proportion of induced abortions that are censored by spontaneous abortions and vice versa in order to estimate the true annual number of spontaneous and induced abortions for a population. It also estimates the proportion of pregnancies that women intended to allow to continue to a live birth. The proposed indirect approach derives adjustment factors to make indirect estimates by combining vital statistics information on gestational age at induced abortion (from the 12 States that report to the National Center for Health Statistics) with a life table of spontaneous abortion probabilities. The adjustment factors are applied to data on induced abortions from the Alan Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey and data on births from U.S. vital statistics. For the United States in 1980 the probability of a spontaneous abortion is 19 percent, given the presence of induced abortion. Once the effects of spontaneous abortion are discounted...

The public health need for abortion statistics.

Smith, J C; Cates, W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1978 EN
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As with the delivery of any medical service, abortion has definite public health effects that should be evaluated. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) has monitored the impact of abortion in three ways: (a) conducting epidemiologic surveillance of legally induced abortion beginning in 1969. (b) funding a multicenter study of abortion morbidity beginning in 1971, and (c) undertaking surveillance of abortion-related mortality beginning in 1972. These activities are intended to identify health problems related to abortion, to assess the magnitude of these problems, and to make recommendations directed at eliminating the problems. In addition to the Programmatic uses of abortion data, the CDC statistics have also provided a basis for both legislative and judicial decisions that have had national and local impact. The CDC and the National Center for Health Statistics are currently working collectively to strengthen the reporting of national abortion statistics so that the public health need for abortion statistics can be met.

Death after legally induced abortion. A comprehensive approach for determination of abortion-related deaths based on record linkage.

Shelton, J D; Schoenbucher, A K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1978 EN
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The sources for determination of abortion-related deaths in Georgia are the cause of death listed on the death certificate and reports from informal reporting channels. Although Georgia residents 10-44 years of age obtained 19,877 induced abortions in 1975, no deaths related to abortion were found through these two usual sources. To determine the sensitivity of this system, all abortion certificates for 1975 were compared with all death certificates of Georgia females aged 10-44 who died in 1975 and the first 2 months of 1976. Based on the age and racial distribution of the women who received abortions, approximately 13 deaths (from all causes) would be expected to have subsequently occurred during the period of time studied. The authors found only 10. From national death-to-case rates for legal abortion, the expected number actually atrributable to abortion was 0.78 death. Of the 10 deaths, 2 were potentially related to the previous abortion, but a causal relationship to the preceding abortion was not clearly evident for any of the 10 deaths. The data, therefore, tend to support the assertion that no large numbers of deaths related to abortion are undiscovered and that current measurements of abortion mortality are accurate.

Therapeutic abortion in Islam: contemporary views of Muslim Shiite scholars and effect of recent Iranian legislation

Hedayat, K M; Shooshtarizadeh, P; Raza, M
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2006 EN
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Abortion is forbidden under normal circumstances by nearly all the major world religions. Traditionally, abortion was not deemed permissible by Muslim scholars. Shiite scholars considered it forbidden after implantation of the fertilised ovum. However, Sunni scholars have held various opinions on the matter, but all agreed that after 4 months gestation abortion was not permitted. In addition, classical Islamic scholarship had only considered threats to maternal health as a reason for therapeutic abortion. Recently, scholars have begun to consider the effect of severe fetal deformities on the mother, the families and society. This has led some scholars to reconsider the prohibition on abortion in limited circumstances. This article reviews the Islamic basis for the prohibition of abortion and the reasons for its justification. Contemporary rulings from leading Shiite scholars and from the Sunni school of thought are presented and reviewed. The status of abortion in Muslim countries is reviewed, with special emphasis on the therapeutic abortion law passed by the Iranian Parliament in 2003. This law approved therapeutic abortion before 16 weeks of gestation under limited circumstances, including medical conditions related to fetal and maternal health. Recent measures in Iran provide an opportunity for the Muslim scholars in other countries to review their traditional stance on abortion.

Trends in Inequalities in Induced Abortion According to Educational Level among Urban Women

Pérez, Gloria; García-Subirats, Irene; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Díez, Elia; Borrell, Carme
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This study aims to describe trends in inequalities by women’s socioeconomic position and age in induced abortion in Barcelona (Spain) over 1992–1996 and 2000–2004. Induced abortions occurring in residents in Barcelona aged 20 and 44 years in the study period are included. Variables are age, educational level, and time periods. Induced abortion rates per 1,000 women and absolute differences for educational level, age, and time period are calculated. Poisson regression models are fitted to obtain the relative risk (RR) for trends. Induced abortion rates increased from 10.1 to 14.6 per 1,000 women aged 20–44 (RR = 1.44; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.41–1.47) between 1992–1996 and 2000–2004. The abortion rate was highest among women aged 20–24 and 25–34 and changed little among women aged 35–44. Among women aged 20–24 and 25–34, those with a primary education or less had higher rates of induced abortion in the second period. Induced abortion rates also grew in those women with secondary education. In the 35–44 age group, the induced abortion rate declined among women with a secondary education (RR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.60–0.73) and slightly among those with a greater level of education. Induced abortion is rising most among women in poor socioeconomic positions. This study reveals deep inequalities in induced abortion in Barcelona...

Reductions in abortion-related mortality following policy reform: evidence from Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh

Benson, Janie; Andersen, Kathryn; Samandari, Ghazaleh
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/12/2011 EN
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Unsafe abortion is a significant contributor to worldwide maternal mortality; however, abortion law and policy liberalization could lead to drops in unsafe abortion and related deaths. This review provides an analysis of changes in abortion mortality in three countries where significant policy reform and related service delivery occurred. Drawing on peer-reviewed literature, population data and grey literature on programs and policies, this paper demonstrates the policy and program changes that led to declines in abortion-related mortality in Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh. In all three countries, abortion policy liberalization was followed by implementation of safe abortion services and other reproductive health interventions. South Africa and Bangladesh trained mid-level providers to offer safe abortion and menstrual regulation services, respectively, Romania improved contraceptive policies and services, and Bangladesh made advances in emergency obstetric care and family planning. The findings point to the importance of multi-faceted and complementary reproductive health reforms in successful implementation of abortion policy reform.

Conducting Collaborative Abortion Research in International Settings

Gipson, Jessica D.; Becker, Davida; Mishtal, Joanna Z.; Norris, Alison H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
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Nearly 20% of the 208 million pregnancies that occur annually are aborted. More than half of these (21.6 million) are unsafe, resulting in 47,000 abortion-related deaths each year. Accurate reports on the prevalence of abortion, the conditions under which it occurs, and the experiences women have in obtaining abortions are essential to addressing unsafe abortion globally. It is difficult, however, to obtain accurate and reliable reports of attitudes and practices given that abortion is often controversial and stigmatized, even in settings where it is legal. To improve the understanding and measurement of abortion, specific considerations are needed throughout all stages of the planning, design, and implementation of research on abortion: Establishment of strong local partnerships, knowledge of local culture, integration of innovative methodologies, and approaches that may facilitate better reporting. This paper draws on the authors’ collaborative research experiences conducting abortion-related studies using clinic- and community-based samples in five diverse settings (Poland, Zanzibar, Mexico City, the Philippines, and Bangladesh). The purpose of this paper is to share insights and lessons learned with new and established researchers to inform the development and implementation of abortion-related research. The paper discusses the unique challenges of conducting abortion-related research and key considerations for the design and implementation of abortion research...

Prevalence of Abortion and Contraceptive Practice among Women Seeking Repeat Induced Abortion in Western Nigeria

Lamina, Mustafa Adelaja
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Background. Induced abortion contributes significantly to maternal mortality in developing countries yet women still seek repeat induced abortion in spite of availability of contraceptive services. The aim of this study is to determine the rate of abortion and contraceptive use among women seeking repeat induced abortion in Western Nigeria. Method. A prospective cross-sectional study utilizing self-administered questionnaires was administered to women seeking abortion in private hospitals/clinics in four geopolitical areas of Ogun State, Western Nigeria, from January 1 to December 31 2012. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0. Results. The age range for those seeking repeat induced abortion was 15 to 51 years while the median age was 25 years. Of 2934 women seeking an abortion, 23% reported having had one or more previous abortions. Of those who had had more than one abortion, the level of awareness of contraceptives was 91.7% while only 21.5% used a contraceptive at their first intercourse after the procedure; 78.5% of the pregnancies were associated with non-contraceptive use while 17.5% were associated with contraceptive failure. The major reason for non-contraceptive use was fear of side effects. Conclusion. The rate of women seeking repeat abortions is high in Nigeria. The rate of contraceptive use is low while contraceptive failure rate is high.

O aborto provocado como uma possibilidade na existência da mulher: reflexões fenomenológico-existenciais

Reboucas, Melina Séfora Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia; Psicologia, Sociedade e Qualidade de Vida Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia; Psicologia, Sociedade e Qualidade de Vida
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Abortion is a very controversial and stigmatized subject, target of many criticism and discussions, mainly regarding to the legal, bioethical and religious aspects involved. In Brazil, abortion is considered a serious public health problem, being the major cause of maternal death due to its criminalization. The woman who causes an abortion is not up looked by society, since motherhood, culturally and historically, was imposed as a destination. Our main goal is to understand, from the existential-phenomenological perspective, the unique experience of the woman who induced the abortion This study is an offshoot of a larger study from USP in partnership with UFRN. Our participants were women who checked in on a maternity hospital in Natal with a miscarriage diagnosis and, among them, those who reported having induced abortion. Altogether, five women were interviewed. The used method was a phenomenological hermeneutics. The research revealed that the experience of abortion is a possibility that permeates women s life, being understood as a choice. This choice pervaded by much suffering, once it goes against everything that women are culturally taught and meant to be. The feeling more surfacing in this experiment, confirming the literature review...

Obstetric Care in Poor Settings in Ghana, India, and Kenya

Mills, Samuel; Bos, Eduard; Lule, Elizabeth; Ramana, G.N.V.; Bulatao, Rodolfo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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Women are at much greater risk in childbirth in developing countries than in developed countries. This report explores why maternal mortality continues to be so high in developing countries, and why emergency obstetric services are little utilized, through research carried out in poor areas in Ghana (Kassena-Nankana district), India (Uttar Pradesh state), and Kenya (Nairobi slums). The study employed both quantitative (household surveys, verbal autopsies, and health facilities surveys) and qualitative (focus groups and in-depth interviews) methods. Among the three settings, maternal mortality ratio was highest in the Nairobi slums, followed by Uttar Pradesh, while the Kassena- Nankana district had the lowest. It is intriguing that among the three settings, Nairobi slums had the highest proportion of women (70 percent) who sought professional assistance during delivery and yet the highest maternal mortality. One possible explanation is the different extent of legality of induced abortion in these three countries. Of the major causes of maternal mortality...

Maternal Mortality; Mortalidade materna Mortalite maternelle Mortalidad materna

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Over 529,000 women die annually from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, or the postpartum period. Nearly all of these deaths occur in developing countries, where fertility rates are higher and a woman's life time risk of dying during pregnancy and childbirth is over 400 times higher than in developed countries. Additionally, an estimated 20 million women endure lifelong disabilities such as pelvic pain, incontinence, obstetric fistula, anemia and infertility. The main direct causes of maternal death are severe bleeding, unsafe abortion, infection, eclampsia, and obstructed labor; the indirect causes include anemia, malaria, heart disease, and HIV. Pregnancy complications are the main cause of death for women aged 15-19. High maternal mortality rates in many countries result from poor reproductive health care, including not having access to skilled care during pregnancy and childbirth and access to safe abortion even where it is legal, especially for the poorest women. Risks of poor outcomes during pregnancy and childbirth are exacerbated by poverty...

Applying the WHO Strategic Approach to Strengthening First and Second Trimester Abortion Services in Mongolia; Reproductive Health Matters

Tsogt, B.; Seded, K.; Johnson, B. R.; Strategic Assessment Team
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Journal Article; Journal Article
EN
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Abortion was made legal on request in Mongolia in 1989, following the collapse of the socialist regime, and later bound by a range of regulations. Concerned about the high number of abortions and inadequate quality of care in abortion services, the Ministry of Health applied the World Health Organization's Strategic Approach to issues related to abortion and contraception in 2003. The aim was to develop policies and programmes to reduce unintended pregnancies, mitigate complications from unsafe abortion, and improve the quality of abortion and contraception services for all socio-economic groups, including adolescents. This paper describes the changes that arose from a strategic assessment, highlighting the introduction of mifepristone-misoprostol for second trimester abortion. The aim was to replace mini-caesarean section and intra-uterine injection of Rivanol (ethacridine lactate), so that second trimester abortions could take place earlier than at 20 weeks gestation. Notional standards and guidelines for comprehensive abortion core were developed, the national pre-service training curriculum was harmonised with the new guidelines, at least one-third of the country's obstetrician-gynaecologists were trained in manual vacuum aspiration and medical abortion...

Reproductive Health

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Reproductive health (RH) problems account for a significant part of the burden of disease suffered by poor people in developing countries. Poor women and men are more afflicted with RH problems and often lack access to minimal RH care even when average levels of RH in the country are good. Many RH problems are most cost-effectively managed by prevention - serious problems are costly and very difficult to solve once manifest. This article covers the types of interventions needed to sustain reproductive health including increasing girls' education, preventing and managing sexually transmitted disease, providing contraception to avoid abortion, improving pre-natal and delivery care, increasing the number of skilled providers of health care, post-abortion care, bolstering maternal health services, and reducing practices that increase reproductive health risks such as unsafe sex, female genital mutilation, and domestic violence.

Le Mur dans la tête, vingt ans plus tard : législation sur l'avortement et discours féministes

Héroux, Geneviève
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Ce mémoire porte sur l’avortement en Allemagne depuis les vingt dernières années. La première partie s’attardera d’une part, aux différentes lois en matière d’avortement des deux États allemands avant les événements de 1989 et d’autre part, à l’analyse du discours tenu par le mouvement féministe ouest-allemand et est-allemand face à l’avortement. La deuxième partie examinera le débat qui entoura l’avortement lors du processus de la Réunification. En effet, la loi sur l’avortement de la République démocratique allemande était beaucoup plus libérale que celle de la République fédérale d’Allemagne et la majorité des citoyens et politiciens d’ex-RDA refusèrent que la loi restrictive ouest-allemande soit tout simplement étendue à l’Allemagne réunifiée. Il s’ensuivit un débat qui devint rapidement une sorte de symbole du clivage présent entre les Allemands de l’Est et ceux de l’Ouest, mais aussi entre les féministes des nouveaux et des anciens Länder. C’est finalement en 1995 qu’une nouvelle loi fut votée par le Parlement, loi qui, encore aujourd’hui, régit l’avortement. Vingt ans après la chute du Mur, le débat sur l’avortement reprit sa place dans l’actualité avec un nouveau projet de loi visant à restreindre l’accès aux avortements pratiqués après la 12e semaine de grossesse. La troisième partie portera donc sur ce débat plus actuel et examinera si le clivage Est-Ouest face à l’avortement à l’époque de la Réunification...

Saúde sexual e reprodutiva e saúde mental : follow-up 1 ano após a realização de uma interrupção voluntária da gravidez

Machado, Inês Castro Henriques Pinto
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 09/07/2012 POR
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A presente investigação tem como principais objectivos a compreensão da vivência de uma Interrupção Voluntária da Gravidez (IVG) um anos após a sua realização e a percepção pessoal do seu impacto efectivo na saúde mental, na saúde sexual e nas relações íntimas. A orientação metodológica aqui proposta é do tipo qualitativo, baseando-se, para a recolha de dados, na realização de entrevistas semi-estruturadas via telefónica a 6 mulheres que realizaram uma IVG há um ano, recrutadas através do Serviço de Ginecologia Obstetrícia de um hospital da área metropolitana do Porto. Após a sua transcrição integral, o conteúdo das entrevistas foi tratado e analisado, com o apoio do software NVIVO 9.0. Desta análise de conteúdo semi-indutiva emergiram cinco grandes temas: Impacto da experiência de IVG, Suporte Social, Planeamento Familiar, Processo de IVG e Importância da investigação sobre IVG. O impacto da IVG na saúde mental centra-se na manifestação temporária de reacções emocionais negativas, mas também positivas, não havendo relatos de recurso a acompanhamento psicológico, medicação psiquiátrica ou a alterações significativas no consumo de substâncias após a IVG. Todas as mulheres afirmam ter comparecido na consulta de planeamento familiar e todas alteraram a postura e o comportamento adoptado em relação à contracepção. O posicionamento face à IVG após a experiência é tendencialmente a favor...

Comments concerning the legislative bill on sexual and reproductive health and voluntary interruption of pregnancy; Comentarios al proyecto de ley orgánica de salud sexual y reproductiva y de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo; Comentários ao projeto de lei orgânica de saúde sexual e reprodutiva e da interrupção voluntária da gravidez

Germán-Zurriaráin, Roberto; Universidad de La Rioja
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
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The article examines, from a scientific, legal and ethical standpoint, the bill approved by the Spanish government to amend the law on abortion. The new law would guarantee abortion during the first fourteen weeks of pregnancy. As a result, abortion would go from being a crime to being a woman’s right to terminate the life of her child. However, pursuant to constitutional doctrine and Constitutional Court Ruling 53/1985, the woman’s right does not take absolute precedence over the life of the nasciturus, since that primacy assumes the disappearance of something that is not only protected constitutionally, but embodies a core value of the constitutional order.The article also reflects on abortion as a dilemma not only for the woman, but also for the unborn child, the father and society. Given the steady rise in abortions in Spain, it advocates legislation that is designed to protect the human being from the onset of life and the mother, as opposed to decriminalizing and favoring abortion. For that reason, it is urgent to promote legislation that offers the pregnant woman alternatives to abortion and public powers that guarantee protection for a woman who decides not to abort, by placing the necessary means at her disposal. Legislation of that sort would do justice to the unborn child and to the mother. Only then would abortion cease to be a completely isolated decision by the woman and become an informed...

Implementation of legal abortion in Nepal: a model for rapid scale-up of high-quality care

Samandari, Ghazaleh; Wolf, Merrill; Basnett, Indira; Hyman, Alyson; Andersen, Kathryn
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/04/2012 EN
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Unsafe abortion's significant contribution to maternal mortality and morbidity was a critical factor leading to liberalization of Nepal's restrictive abortion law in 2002. Careful, comprehensive planning among a range of multisectoral stakeholders, led by Nepal's Ministry of Health and Population, enabled the country subsequently to introduce and scale up safe abortion services in a remarkably short timeframe. This paper examines factors that contributed to rapid, successful implementation of legal abortion in this mountainous republic, including deliberate attention to the key areas of policy, health system capacity, equipment and supplies, and information dissemination. Important elements of this successful model of scaling up safe legal abortion include: the pre-existence of postabortion care services, through which health-care providers were already familiar with the main clinical technique for safe abortion; government leadership in coordinating complementary contributions from a wide range of public- and private-sector actors; reliance on public-health evidence in formulating policies governing abortion provision, which led to the embrace of medical abortion and authorization of midlevel providers as key strategies for decentralizing care; and integration of abortion care into existing Safe Motherhood and the broader health system. While challenges remain in ensuring that all Nepali women can readily exercise their legal right to early pregnancy termination...

Influence of past reproductive performance on risk of spontaneous abortion.

Regan, L.; Braude, P. R.; Trembath, P. L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/08/1989 EN
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OBJECTIVE--To investigate the incidence of spontaneous abortion in a population of women in order to establish their risk of spontaneous abortion and the obstetric factors predisposing to it. DESIGN--Prospective study of women recruited by radio and poster appeal and from hospital outpatient clinics. SETTING--English provincial community. PATIENTS--630 Women from the general population intending to become pregnant. INTERVENTIONS--The viability of the pregnancy was assessed by abdominal ultrasonography before completion of the eighth week, and the assessment was repeated if vaginal bleeding occurred. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Spontaneous abortion or live births in women with or without a previous history of spontaneous abortion. RESULTS--The overall incidence of clinically recognisable spontaneous abortion before 20 weeks of gestation was 12% (50/407 pregnancies). The risk of spontaneous abortion in each category of patient was classified with respect to the patient's past reproductive performance and found to be influenced greatly by her previous obstetric history. In primigravidas and women with a history of consistently successful pregnancies the incidences of abortion were low (5% (4/87) and 4% (3/73) respectively), whereas women with only unsuccessful histories had a much greater risk of aborting the study pregnancy (24% (24/98))...

The stigmatisation of abortion: a qualitative analysis of print media in Great Britain in 2010

Purcell, Carrie; Hilton, Shona; McDaid, Lisa
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The media play a significant part in shaping public perceptions of health issues, and abortion attracts continued media interest. Detailed examination of media constructions of abortion may help to identify emerging public discourse. Qualitative content analysis was used to examine if and how the print media in contributes to the stigmatisation of abortion. Articles from seven British and five Scottish national newspapers from 2010 were analysed for overall framings of abortion and emergent themes, including potentially stigmatising discursive constructs and language. Abortion was found to be presented using predominantly negative language and discursive associations as ‘risky’, and in association with other ‘discredited’ social practices. Key perspectives were found to be absent or marginalised, including those of women who have sought abortion. Few articles framed abortion as a positive and legitimate choice. Negative media representations of abortion contribute to the stigmatisation of the procedure and of women who have it, and reflect a discrediting of women's reproductive decision-making. There is a need to challenge the notion that abortion stigma is inevitable, and to encourage positive framings of abortion in the media and other public discourse.