peer-reviewed; A variety of anti-plagiarism software applications have appeared in recent years, but the pedagogical and institutional practices underpinning their use remains largely unexplored. It is essential to increase the amount of evidence-based literature that investigates the use of anti-plagiarism software in higher education. In the light of this, this chapter explores the integration of anti-plagiarism software in an Irish university since early 2006 and the progress made to date. We use data gathered from our own context to show how instructors are using this software to date, what trends emerge and what can be deduced about the adoption of the system to guide future research questions. Best practices are suggested for educators in order to help them to use anti-plagiarism software in proactive, positive, and pedagogically sound ways.
peer-reviewed; This chapter integrates existing literature and developments on electronic mentoring to build a constructive
view of this modality of mentoring as a qualitatively different concept from its traditional face-to-face
version. The concept of e-mentoring is introduced by looking first into the evasive notion of mentoring.
Next, some salient e-mentoring experiences are identified. The chapter goes on to note the differences
between electronic and face-to-face mentoring, and how the relationship between mentor and mentee
is modified by technology in unique and definitive ways. Readers are also presented with a collection
of best practices on design, implementation, and evaluation of e-mentoring programs. Finally, some
practice and research trends are proposed. In conclusion, the author draws an elemental distinction
between both modalities of mentoring, which defines e-mentoring as more than the defective alternative
to face-to-face contact.
peer-reviewed; On-line environments have been incorporated in the Distance learning programmes of the International
Equine Institute (IEI) in order to address concerns about streamlining assessment turn-around, distance
student attendance at tutorials, providing more detailed and quicker assignment feedback, student peer
interaction, student to tutor1 interaction and, of course, student support. The overriding concern was
to provide a more flexible, active learning environment to develop and enhance learning opportunities
while, concurrently, integrating more closely the learning activities of the student with the University
of Limerick (UL) community. The impetus, therefore, was to make studies convenient and attractive
to the location of the distance student, while maintaining educational quality through the provision
of pedagogical innovations and at the same time providing a social and interactive environment to
support the distance student. In so doing, the IEI uses the collaborative learning environment (CLE)
Sakai (www.Sakaiproject.org) to support the distance student and also utilises Adobe Connect Pro™
to deliver on-line synchronous desktop-to-desktop tutorials. This chapter outlines aspects drawn from
our experiences with the on-line support and delivery of distance learning programmes. Throughout...
non-peer-reviewed; LINK TO DIALOGUES: http://e-learning.coventry.ac.uk/ojs/index.php/joaw/article/view/110; On 29 June 2011, 280 delegates interested in the teaching, tutoring, research, administration and development of academic writing in higher education in Europe descended upon the University of Limerick to discuss the role of the student experience in shaping academic writing development in higher education. The EATAW 2011 conference invited all those interested in academic writing development in higher education to contribute to the discussion on enhancing the quality of the student experience through writing. Enhancing the student experience is central to the vision and mission of most higher education institutions in Europe and beyond. How students experience academic writing impacts upon their identities and on their participation in academic and disciplinary environments. Writing programmes and initiatives that actively engage students in the writing conventions and practices of their academic communities can enhance the quality of the student learning experience.
peer-reviewed; Despite some of the critiques of the conventions of
academic writing that have been outlined above,
it is also clear that nurturing good writing skills
among students enhances their ability to think in
complex and coherent ways (Bean, 2001). Writing
is not only valued in academia; good writing skil ls
are important for the enhancement of our students'
professional lives. Despite its centrality in academia
and professional life, it is often left up to the students
themselves to become good at writing. While there
have been notable changes in the UK and Ireland
in providing dedicated support for student writing,
many higher education contexts rely on students being
acculturated or somehow induced into academic
writing simply by being immersed into university life
(Lea and Street, 1998).
peer-reviewed; In 2007, when the authors of this chapter were being selected to get Ireland’s
first writing centre up and running, concerns about postgraduate writing for publication
coincided with national and institutional drives to up-skill the population
for participation in a knowledge economy. A feature of our context is that our
institution began its life as a National Institute of Higher Education and maintains
strong ties with local industry to this day. Student retention and transferable skills
development were Higher Education Authority concerns that largely determined
some goals for our target groups. Those groups included mature students, international
students and students coming in through the Access programme as a consequence
of low, or the absence of, Leaving Certification exam scores (http://www.
examinations.ie/). The national discourse about writing at third level in Ireland up
to that time was largely limited to talk about writing development for professional
peer-reviewed; Despite a lineage stretching back as far as the 1940s, it is only in recent years that Young Adult (YA) fiction has begun to shed its reputation as a niche category largely deemed unworthy of study. The current boom in popularity of YA fiction has instigated this change. One of the most significant strands of this boom is the proliferation of Young Adult dystopian novels, which began to appear in significant numbers in the early 21st century and which provide the focus for this study. Specifically, this thesis examines the issue of the body and its role in the exertion and resistance of disciplinary power in contemporary YA dystopias. The theoretical model, drawn from Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (1975), bolsters the study of power and the body in five contemporary YA dystopian trilogies: Suzanne Collins’ Hunger Games trilogy, Scott Westerfeld’s Uglies series, Lauren Oliver’s Delirium trilogy, Veronica Roth’s Divergent series and Ally Condie’s Matched trilogy. A focus on texts featuring female protagonists accounts for the secondary focus on feminist theory. Combining these approaches, this thesis features close readings facilitated also by Young Adult literary criticism...
peer-reviewed; This cross-sectional inter-cohort study explores the dominant motivational factors and
career orientations among conventional (CE) and self-initiated (SE) expatriates.
Quantitative data was obtained from a sample of 344 SEs and 74 CEs working in the
banking sector in Saudi Arabia. Firstly, a principal components analysis (PCA) was
conducted to validate a pull-push model of motivations governing the decision to
expatriate and a career anchors model. Secondly, six motivational hypotheses and
eight career hypotheses derived from a review of the extant literature were tested by
means of logistic regression using a forward stepwise procedure.
The results of the contextual validation provided support for a five factor pull-push
construct and for a nine-career-anchor construct model in contrast with the original
eight-anchor model. The findings from the logistic regression analysis reveal that age,
marital status and position level made significant contributions to the motivational
factors model. The push-motives factor was the strongest predictor in this study to
distinguish between CEs and SEs regardless of the effect of the control variables that
were included in the model. The results also showed that none of the pull motivational
factors produced significant results in predicting either cohort. With respect to career
peer-reviewed; This thesis provides an in-depth comparative analysis of the factors influencing local autonomy over human resource management (HRM) and industrial relations (IR) in foreign-owned multinational companies (MNCs) located in Ireland and Spain. It employs data from two large scale parallel surveys and a total sample of 452 foreign-owned MNC subsidiaries across both host locations. It examines the extent and use of international HRM structures by these MNCs in their efforts to integrate practices across subsidiaries and it assesses the relative impact of subsidiary characteristics relating to the sector of operations, the age, the size, the mode of entry and the trajectory of new investments. The results point to the significant role of international HRM structures in the MNCs under investigation whereby the higher incidence of such structures results in the subsidiary enjoying less local autonomy over HRM practices. In addition, while IR practices are found to be autonomous of these international structures, their impact on the suite of the HRM practices measured in the analysis varies. Subsidiary characteristics prove significant. Specifically, both the mode of entry and the undertaking of new investments in the host country hold significant explanatory power in accounting for variations in the level of local autonomy over HRM and IR experienced by the subsidiaries under study. The results are discussed in the context of the broader literature and the implications of the lines of enquiry pursued are set down.
peer-reviewed; Talent development (TD) in high performance sport is a complex process of
interacting genetic and experiential factors (Farrow, Baker, & MacMahon, 2013). In
current practice, there appears to be a considerable gap between what research
informs us we need for successful TD and what is applied in a real world setting
(Martindale et al., 2007). Consequently, if athletes fail to acquire essential
psychological characteristics or learn proficient fundamental movement skills then
they may never maximise their potential and dropout from sport prematurely. The
reasons underlying this apparent loss in translation between research and applied
sports science may be due to a lack of understanding of the TD processes and
inexperienced coaches operating at an under-age level when the fundamentals of
sports performance should be acquired. National Governing Bodies (NGBs) may also be
guilty of attempting to use a generic ‘one-size fits all’ approach to TD before
acknowledging and addressing the underlying competencies of their system. This
research project aims to help resolve these issues by critically examining a sample
talent development systems (TDS) of aspiring high performance athletes and identify
the key support factors and challenges that are instrumental for success. These
findings were used to offer support for existing research and provide novel methods
for coaches and those responsible for TD to operate more effective systems and
translate potential into successful performance.
The true value of this thesis is its strong interaction with coaches...
peer-reviewed; Well-being and mental health of psychologists and their clients can be strongly linked to the psychologists’ experience of work. We know from general theories of occupational health psychology that certain work factors will have a greater impact on well-being than others. Work engagement is positively related with occupational health, while burnout and workaholic tendencies relate negatively. An individual’s resources can buffer against these negative effects. Specifically, the environmental resource of social support can impede the impact and instance of workaholism and has a positive influence on burnout. Social support is often encouraged by sport psychologists in protecting an athlete’s well-being. Drawing on theory and research from work and organizational, health and social psychology we explore the lived experiences of burnout and work engagement among applied sport psychologists, investigating their perceptions of how these experiences impact their well-being. Thirty participants from five countries were asked, using semi-structured interviews, to recall specific incidents when feelings of work engagement and burnout occurred. We examined the influence of social support and its impact on these incidents. Thematic analysis revealed that burnout is frequently experienced despite high levels of work engagement. Sources of social support differ between groups of high burnout versus low burnout...
peer-reviewed; Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have long been considered a gold standard for intervention design and the most rigorous method for understanding causal mechanisms. However, their implementation in work and organisational health psychology (WOHP) can be challenging. We review the use of RCTs in WOHP interventions and demonstrate that their adoption has been relatively scarce in comparison to areas such as health psychology and medical sciences. For WOHP researchers to be able to compare the effectiveness of their work-specific health interventions with other interventions in health and medicine, it is important that the design methodology, rigor, and reporting are comparable. Thus, there is a need for a clearer road map and guidance for WOHP researchers, to encourage greater use of RCTs in WOHP intervention research. In the paper, we provide an overview of RCTs, and review past research that has utilised an RCT design when evaluating WOHP interventions. We develop an adapted RCT checklist for use in WOHP settings, which takes specific organisational issues into account. Thus, our paper provides for future researchers a clearer road map for the design and reporting of WOHP RCT studies.
peer-reviewed; This thesis interrogates uncertainty in transitional politics in South Africa, Zambia,
and Zimbabwe. It questions why some countries transition to democracy and some
stagnate or revert to authoritarianism. To address the dual nature of political
contingency and structural formations in transitional politics, it adopts a conceptual
framework based on economic complexity, to ascertain the relationship between
economic structures and the results of regime transition. This study engages with the
extensive literature linking economic development and democracy throughout the
world, to see if it can be applied to the recent and on-going transitional events across
Africa. It identified trade union confederations as economically important actors
whose political contingency was directly affected by the sectoral composition of
each country’s economy. In other world regions, trade unions have been of import
in determining transitional outcomes, and this thesis interrogated whether the same
was true in three African countries.
The concept of economic complexity was developed to offer a conceptual
framework through which to understand transitional politics. It was argued that the
more complex the economy, the more likely democracy was to emerge following
transition because there would be more factors in play in the political-economic
arena that could erode a regime’s relative power and thus bestow power onto other
actors who could utilize it for regime change. In terms of indicators...
peer-reviewed; This thesis studies the consideration requirement for verbally-made contract
variations in Irish construction contracts, and proposes how this specific
circumstance can be best served by the law of contract. Construction is a
complex and uncertain industry; and an effective construction industry is
important and necessary for Ireland: it is a key driver of a functioning, developed
economy, and it requires a sustainable level of activity to maintain infrastructure
and develop new assets, consistent with what is expected of a developed nation.
Yet it often involves projects of financial and technical vastness; and operates in
an environment of risk, contractual risk allocation and residual uncertainty. The
law of contract is essentially applied in the same way by the courts, regardless of
whether the transaction is one of a major or minor nature. This contract paradigm
is a straightforward and rigid system, which is designed for simple contracts
involving equally-met parties, conducting non-complex transactions.
Construction is an industry which operates within this contract paradigm, even
though construction contracts are rarely as straightforward as those envisaged by
the contract paradigm. When agreeing a construction contract...
peer-reviewed; The central argument of this thesis is that social class remains a persistent system of inequality in education, health, life chances and opportunities. Therefore class matters. But why is it that so little attention has been paid to class in the psychological literature? Three papers are presented here which draw together theoretical advances in psychological understandings of group processes and sociological understandings of the complexity of class. As western labour markets become increasingly credentialised the overarching aim is to reveal the hidden nature of privilege and disadvantage in the education context.
The first theoretical paper considers what it is that social psychology, a discipline so self-evidently interested in social context can offer to understanding class given its salience as a social category of consequence. Drawing on social identity approach the analysis considers the characteristics of class that make it difficult to conceptualise, measure and challenge. Paying particular attention to the political dimensions of class, contemporary theoretical developments and methodologies within psychology are used to highlight how class is rendered implicit rather than explicit in everyday life.
The second empirical paper suggests banal meritocratic and individualist ideologies construct class group boundaries as permeable...
peer-reviewed; The central argument put forward in this thesis is that, in the context of acquired brain injury (ABI) social identity matters. The first article is a theoretical paper which reviews an emerging literature that is trying to draw together social psychology and neuropsychology in the study of ABI. This article argues that the social identity approach is an appropriate vehicle for such integration and introduces the concept of identity sub-types based on belonging and based on participation in activities. Social support is recognized as an important factor in rehabilitation following ABI. The second paper is an empirical study which employs the concepts of affiliative and self as doer identities to explore reciprocal relationships between social identity, social support, and emotional status following ABI. Results support a hypothesised model indicating that affiliative identities have a significant indirect relationship with emotional status via social support and self as doer identification. Evidence supports an ‘upward spiral’ between social identity and social support such that affiliative identity makes social support possible and social support drives self as doer identities. The third paper examines relationships between cause of ABI...
peer-reviewed; The purpose of the ‘Mother of all Sport’ programme is to investigate the effect of a physical
activity programme on women in disadvantaged communities and evaluate whether this type
of programme can encourage women to participate in physical activity in their local
community. This research project subsequently examines women's perception of sport and
physical activity and explores whether a community approach to sport and physical activity
can change women's views and acceptance of physical activity. It is important to note that the
terms sport and physical activity are used interchangeably throughout the course of this paper.
Introduction: The ‘Mother of all Sport’ programme is a physical activity programme
developed by the researcher in conjunction with Limerick Sports Partnership. It was established
to encourage more women to get involved in sport and physical activity. The programme
primarily targeted mothers over the age of 18years from disadvantaged populations but as the
purpose of the programme was to encourage more women to get involved in physical activity
being a mother was not a prerequisite and therefore all interested women over 18years were
invited to take part. The researcher randomly chose three sports for the programme and
purposely picked team sports so groups would have to work together during training and when
competing against other teams
Background: While literature suggests that there is a need to increase physical activity among
women in disadvantaged areas (Kavanagh...
peer-reviewed; The effectiveness of 0.1% fat milk (M) at restoring fluid balance after exercise and heat induced hypohydration was compared to a commercially available carbohydrate-electrolyte (CE) sports drink and water (W) using a metered rate of fluid ingestion. After losing 2.1 (0.2) % body mass, participants (n = 7) consumed a drink volume equivalent to 150% of their body mass loss, over a period of 2.5-3 hours. A metered rate of fluid ingestion was chosen as it is widely acknowledged that rapid ingestion (< 60 min) of a large volume of fluid (>1000ml) can over-stimulate diuresis. Blood and urine samples were collected before and for 5 hours after exercise-induced loss of body mass. Mean plasma osmolality was higher in the M trial 289 (3) mOsmol/kg compared to W 286 (3) mOsmol/kg and CE 287 (3) mOsmol/kg, during this 5 hour period (p = 0.021). Indicative of a reduced diuretic response, urine volume was lower and urine osmolality higher in the M trial compared with CE and W. Total urine volume during the M trial was 774 (92) mL compared to CE 1314 (434) mL and W 1429 (345) mL (p = 0.023). A net positive fluid balance from 2h to 5h was achieved in the M trial, whereas the CE and W trials returned to net negative balance by the end of the 5h rehydration period. Final net fluid balance in the M trial was 117 (122) mL compared to CE -381 (460) mL and W trials -539 (390) mL (p = 0.049). This represents a final relative net fluid balance of 5.9 (5.9) % in the M trial compared with CE -22.7 (23.3) % (p = 0.048) and W - 30.9 (22.7) % (p = 0.012).
peer-reviewed; The introduction of a Regulatory body in Ireland with responsibility for ensuring high
standards of education and professionalism for ambulance, and other pre-hospital,
practitioners was a welcomed initiative in 2001 due to a need for improvement in care
delivered to patients before arrival at hospital.
This Regulatory body, the Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council (PHECC), was
established under Statutory Instrument with an initial priority being to develop three
levels of pre-hospital practitioner: Emergency Medical Technician (EMT); Paramedic;
Advanced Paramedic (AP). The introduction of these three levels meant that only
such registered practitioners could practice in the pre-hospital environment. However
for practitioners to renew their registration, they had only to meet simple and minimal
criteria with no requirement to demonstrate any level of competence.
The Council’s 2011-2014 Strategic plan identified the need to introduce a system of
continuous professional development/competence as a priority.
The purpose of the studies in this thesis was to engage with the three levels of
practitioner in Ireland and to seek their views and opinions so as to identify factors
that would inform the implementation of a continuous professional competence (CPC)
framework for all pre-hospital practitioners. The expectation in when initiating this
work was that the results would assist in the introduction of a framework for one
group of registrants in particular...
peer-reviewed; In Ireland, psychological morbidity has been reported in 21-27% of young people and
recent data has indicated that the youth suicide rate in Ireland is now the second highest
(of 26 countries) in the European Union, for 0-19 year olds. Early intervention in youth
mental health is increasingly viewed as easier, cheaper and more effective than
traditional approaches to care. GPs, as the health care professional most often consulted
by young people, have a central role in early detection of youth mental health and
substance use problems. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding the
experiences and attitudes of young people and health care workers towards screening
and treatment for mental and substance use disorders in primary care in Ireland.
The overarching aim of this thesis was to examine the role of primary care (with a
particular focus on the role of the GP) in providing early intervention and treatment for
mental health and substance use problems in young people. It was a mixed methods
study that involved qualitative interviews with health care workers (n=37) and young
people (n=20) from primary care, secondary care and community agencies in two of
Ireland’s most socio-economically disadvantaged areas...